Livermore, Mary A. (Mary Ashton), 1820-1905

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Mary Livermore, born Mary Ashton Rice, (December 19, 1820 – May 23, 1905) was an American journalist, abolitionist, and advocate of women's rights.

When the American Civil War broke out, she became connected with the United States Sanitary Commission, headquarters at Chicago, performing a vast amount of labor of all kinds—organizing auxiliary societies, visiting hospitals and military posts, contributing to the press, answering correspondence, and other things incident to the work done by that institution. She was one of those that helped organize the great fair in 1863, at Chicago, when nearly US$100,000 was raised, and for which she obtained the original draft of the Emancipation Proclamation from President Lincoln, which was sold for $3,000.

When the war was over she instituted a paper called the Agitator, which was afterwards merged in the Woman's Journal. Of this, she was editor for two years and a frequent contributor thereafter. On the lecture platform, she had a remarkable career, speaking mostly in behalf of women's suffrage and the temperance movements. Many years, she traveled 25,000 miles (40,000 km) annually, speaking five nights each week for five months of the year.

Her printed volumes included: Thirty Years Too Late, first published in 1847 as a prize temperance tale, and republished in 1878; Pen Pictures; or, Sketches from Domestic Life, What Shall We Do with Our Daughters? Superfluous Women, and Other Lectures, My Story of the War. A Woman's Narrative of Four Years' Personal Experience as Nurse in the Union Army, and in Relief Work at Home, in Hospitals, Camps and at the Front during the War of the Rebellion. For Women of the Day, she wrote the sketch of the sculptress, Miss Anne Whitney; and for the Centennial Celebration of the First Settlement of the Northwestern States, at Marietta, Ohio, July 15, 1788, she delivered the historical address.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Levy, Edward G.,. Edward G. and Hortense R. Levy Collection, 1829-1972 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Lindseth, Jon A.,. Lindseth collection of American woman suffrage, [ca. 1820-1920]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Anonymous. Papers, 1700-1913 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn White, Sallie Elizabeth Joy. Papers, 1828-1936 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Marshall, Andrew, Mrs. Papers, 1871-1884 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. ALS, 1886 May 7 : Melrose, [Massachusetts], to Mrs. Start. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Letter of Mary Ashton Rice Livermore, 1899. Library of Congress
creatorOf Wells, Dora, 1862-1948. Dora Wells papers, 1870-1943. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Eliot, Christopher Rhodes, 1856-1945. Papers, 1872-1943 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Autograph letter signed M.A. Livermore to: Prof. Whiting February 19, 1896. Wellesley College
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Strickland, Edward F. Autograph collection, 1780-1918 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn National American Woman Suffrage Association. National American Woman Suffrage Association records, 1839-1961 (inclusive), 1890-1930 (bulk), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926. Papers, ca. 1849-1963 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1784-1944 (bulk: 1832-1939) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Letter to [?]. Melrose, MA. 1894 Dec. 10. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1700-1913 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Kate Sessions Collection, 1876-1940 San Diego History Center Document Collection
referencedIn Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893. Letters, 1850-1893 (bulk: 1876-1893) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Diaz, Abby Morton, 1821-1904. ALS : Belmont [Mass.], to [Mary] Livermore, 1889 Aug. 30. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Levy, Edward G. and Hortense R. Collection, 1829-1972 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records of the First Lady's Office (Clinton Administration), 1993 - 2001. Christine Macy's Files, 1998 - 1999 William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Letter, 1901 April 4, Melrose [to] Mrs. Ward. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Eliot, Christopher Rhodes, 1856-1945. Papers, 1872-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Harbert, Elizabeth Boynton, 1845-1925. Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1870-1939 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926. Papers, ca. 1849-1963 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Robinson, Harriet Jane Hanson, 1825-1911, and Shattuck, Harriette Lucy Robinson, 1850–1937. Papers, 1833-1937 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1784-1944 (inclusive), 1832-1939 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Autograph letter signed Mary A. Livermore to: Prof. Whiting March 12, 1896. Wellesley College
referencedIn National American Woman Suffrage Association Records, 1839-1961, (bulk 1890-1930) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Letter : Melrose, Mass., to Mr. [Sidney Homer?] Buttrick, 1899 Nov. 15. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Curtis, Isabel Gordon, 1863-1914. Booklet of autograph recipes, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Papers, 1882-1951 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dodge, Jane Gay, 1881-1963. Papers, 1861-1951 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Heinzen, Henriette M. Biographical notes in commemoration of Fritz Anneke and Mathilde Franzis Giesler Anneke. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1857-1962. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn White, Sallie Joy, 1847-1909. Papers, 1828-1936 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Letter, 1894, April 20, Melrose, Mass., to Louise P. Bates. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1832-1981 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Harbert, Elizabeth Boynton, b. 1845. Series II of the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1870-1939 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911. Autograph letter signed : "The Round Table" [Boston], to Mrs. [Mary Ashton Rice] Livermore, 1892 May 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Autograph letter signed M.A.Livermore to: Mrs. Palmer January 21, 1891. Wellesley College
referencedIn Universalist Club of Boston. Records, 1884-1954 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Papers, 1870-1904 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Letter from Mary Ashton Rice Livermore [manuscript], 1870. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Dodge, Henry Nehemiah, 1843-1937. Papers, 1857-1962 (inclusive), 1857-1936 (bulk). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Page, Mary Hutcheson, 1860-1940. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1892-1943 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Frank Parsons papers, 1888-1908 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Papers of Harriet Jane Hanson Robinson and Harriette Lucy Robinson Shattuck, 1833-1937 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. Houghton Library
referencedIn Collection of autographed American correspondence, 1832-1969. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn May family. Papers of the May and Goddard families, 1766-1912 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Mary A. Livermore Collection, 1870 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Louisa May Alcott papers, 1849-1931. Houghton Library
referencedIn Cantwell, John Simon. Papers, 1804-1907. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Autograph letter signed Mary A. Livermore to: Prof. Whiting March 6, 1896. Wellesley College
referencedIn Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. Papers, 1867-1931 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Letter, Melrose, Mass., to Mrs. Skinner. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Strickland, Edward F., 1820-1907. Autograph collection, 1780-1918 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910. Papers, 1874-1910 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Adams, James Truslow, 1878-1949. Barrett assorted authors collection, 1814-1947 University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. Papers, 1867-1931 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Autograph File, L, 1641-1976. Houghton Library
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Correspondence with Miss Dyer, Oct. 12, 1889, "Josie", Feb. 2, 1895, and Mrs. Oliver, Melrose, Dec. 14, 1897, Mrs. Banlett, Boston, Dec. 29, 1878, Mr. Bacon, Feb. 1, 1901, Mrs. Fannie Pratt, Jan. 30, 1893-Dec. 16, 1904, Jno. C. Maker, Melrose, June 25, 1893, Bro. Dearborn / Mary A. Livermore. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1832-1981 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Savage, Minot J. (Minot Judson), 1841-1918. Letter : Boston, to Mary A. Livermore, 1894 May 15. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Sophia Smith Collection. Temperance Collection, 1832-1987. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Bickerdyke, Mary Ann, 1817-1901. Papers, 1847-1905 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Temperance Collection MS 440., 1832-1987 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Weld, Theodore Dwight, 1803-1895. Letters, 1880-1890 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Gunsaulus, Frank Wakeley, 1856-1921. Letter to H. P. Harrison. Chicago, IL. 1917 February 1. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Lindseth collection of American woman suffrage, [ca. 1820-1920]. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. [Letter, 1909]. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists, Part 2 (Liv-W), 1775-1943 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Bickerdyke, Mary Ann, 1817-1901. Mary Ann Bickerdyke papers, 1847-1905. Library of Congress
creatorOf Harbert, Elizabeth Boynton, b. 1845. Papers of Elizabeth Boynton Harbert, 1863-1925. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910. Julia Ward Howe papers, 1891-1898. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
referencedIn Dowse, Aaron Coolidge, b. 1856. Correspondence, 1882-1922. American Antiquarian Society
referencedIn May family. Papers of the May and Goddard families, 1766-1912 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers, 1874-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Horton, Elizabeth R. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association. Letter, 1884. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library
referencedIn Bent, Bartlett, 1829-1889. Bartlett Bent papers, 1831-1882. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893. Papers, 1832-1892 Houghton Library
referencedIn Carr, Jeanne C. Smith. Papers of Jeanne C. Smith Carr, 1842->1903. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn National American Woman Suffrage Association. National American Woman Suffrage Association records, 1839-1961 (inclusive), 1890-1930 (bulk), [microform]. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hamilton Library
referencedIn National American Woman Suffrage Association. National American Woman Suffrage Association records, 1839-1961 bulk (1890-1930). Library of Congress
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Autograph, n.d. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Letter [manuscript] : Melrose, to Mrs. Thompson, 1895 December 6. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Autograph letter signed M.A. Livermore to: Miss Whiting April 3, 1892. Wellesley College
referencedIn Hollander, Maria Theresa Baldwin, 1820-1885. Papers, 1835-1884 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Gould, Elizabeth Porter, 1848-1906. Papers, 1890-1904 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838. Bowditch Family Papers, 1712-1927. Peabody Essex Museum
referencedIn Lutz, Alma, 1890-1973. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists, 1775-1943 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Clapp, William Warland, Jr., 1826-1891. Correspondence, 1790-1891 (bulk 1840-1891) Houghton Library
referencedIn Page, Mary Hutcheson, 1860-1940. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1892-1943 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Anna Howard Shaw in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Robinson, Harriet Jane Hanson, 1825-1911, and Shattuck, Harriette Lucy Robinson, 1850–1937. Papers, 1833-1937 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series I, 1874-1944 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905. Mary A. Livermore autograph and quotation [manuscript], 1890 March 12, undated. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Parsons, Frank, 1854-1908. Frank Parsons papers, 1888-1908 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Curtis, Isabel Gordon, 1863-1914. Booklet of autograph recipes [manuscript], n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn May family. Papers of the May and Goddard families, 1766-1912 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn "Objections to Woman Suffrage Answered," by Henry Blackwell United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Circular Letter from the Woman's Protest Committee on the Statehood Bill United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Mary A. Livermore United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Petition for Woman Suffrage from Residents of Melrose, Middlesex, Massachusetts United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Relation Name
correspondedWith Alcott, Louisa May, 1832-1888 person
associatedWith ALMA LUTZ, 1890-1973 person
associatedWith Anna Howard Shaw, 1847-1919 person
associatedWith Anonymous. person
associatedWith Anthony, Lucy Elmina, 1861-1944 person
memberOf Association for the Advancement of Women corporateBody
correspondedWith Barrows family. family
associatedWith Bates, Louise P., person
associatedWith Bent, Bartlett, 1829-1889. person
correspondedWith Bickerdyke, Mary Ann, 1817-1901. person
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith BLACKWELL FAMILY family
associatedWith BLACKWELL FAMILY family
associatedWith Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838. person
correspondedWith Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893 person
associatedWith Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926. person
associatedWith Buttrick, Sidney Homer. person
associatedWith Cairns Collection of American Women Writers. corporateBody
associatedWith Cantwell, John Simon. person
associatedWith Carr, Jeanne C. Smith. person
associatedWith Clapp, William Warland, 1826-1891 person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. person
correspondedWith Diaz, Abby Morton, 1821-1904. person
correspondedWith Dodge, Henry Nehemiah, 1843-1937 person
associatedWith Dodge, Henry Nehemiah, 1843-1937. person
associatedWith Dodge, Jane Gay, 1881-1963. person
associatedWith Dowse, Aaron Coolidge, b. 1856. person
associatedWith EDWARD G. AND HORTENSE R. LEVY person
associatedWith Eliot, Christopher Rhodes, 1856-1945. person
associatedWith Elizabeth Morrison (Boynton) Harbert, 1845-1925 person
associatedWith Ellet, E. F. (Elizabeth Fries), 1818-1877. person
associatedWith Gould, Elizabeth Porter, 1848-1906. person
associatedWith Gunsaulus, Frank Wakeley, 1856-1921. person
associatedWith Harbert, Elizabeth Boynton, b. 1845. person
associatedWith Heinzen, Henriette M. person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911. person
associatedWith Hoge, Mrs. (Jane Currie Blaikie), 1811-1890 person
associatedWith Hollander, Maria Theresa Baldwin, 1820-1885. person
associatedWith Horton, Elizabeth R. person
correspondedWith Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910. person
associatedWith JANE GAY DODGE, 1881-1963 person
correspondedWith Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909 person
associatedWith Jon A., Lindseth person
associatedWith Levy, Edward G., person
associatedWith Lindseth, Jon A., person
associatedWith Lutz, Alma, person
associatedWith Maker, John Crosby. person
associatedWith Marshall, Andrew, Mrs. person
associatedWith Mary Hutcheson Page, 1860-1940 person
associatedWith MARY (WARE) DENNETT person
associatedWith Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith May family. family
associatedWith May family. family
associatedWith MAY-GODDARD FAMILY family
memberOf National American Woman Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith OLYMPIA BROWN, 1835-1926 person
associatedWith Page, Mary Hutcheson, 1860-1940. person
associatedWith Palmer, Alice (Freeman), 1855-1902. person
associatedWith Parsons, Frank, 1854-1908. person
associatedWith Pratt, Fannie B. person
descendantOf Rice, Edmund, 1594-1663. person
associatedWith Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933. person
associatedWith Roberts, Ernest William, 1858-1924. person
associatedWith Robinson, Harriet Jane Hanson, 1825-1911. person
associatedWith Sallie Joy White, 1852? -1909 person
associatedWith Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917 person
associatedWith Savage, Minot J. (Minot Judson), 1841-1918. person
associatedWith Sessions, Kate Olivia, 1857-1940 person
correspondedWith Shattuck, Harriette Lucy Robinson, 1850-1937 person
associatedWith Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. person
associatedWith Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Strickland, Edward F., person
associatedWith Thompson Publishing Group Mrs., corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House corporateBody
associatedWith United States sanitary commission corporateBody
memberOf United States Sanitary Commission. Chicago Branch corporateBody
associatedWith Universalist Club of Boston. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Wisconsin--Madison. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith Weld, Theodore Dwight, 1803-1895. person
associatedWith Wells, Dora, 1862-1948. person
correspondedWith Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931 person
associatedWith Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. person
associatedWith White, Sallie Elizabeth Joy. person
associatedWith Whiting, Sarah Frances, 1847-1927. person
associatedWith Wintergreen Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Women's Educational and Industrial Union (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Charlestown MA US
Duxbury MA US
Melrose MA US
Chicago IL US
Boston MA US
Subject
Woman--Suffrage
Women--Periodicals
Authors, American--19th century--Autographs
Women--Suffrage--Periodicals
Vivisection
Temperance
Polygamy
Antislavery movements
American literature--Women authors
Mormon Church--Doctrines--Controversial literature
Women--Suffrage
Occupation
Tutors
Lecturers
Abolitionists
Teachers
Newspaper editors
Journalists
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1820-12-19

Death 1905-05-23

Female

Americans

French,

English,

Latin,

Italian

Information

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