Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974

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Alaska Governor, 1939-1953, who supported statehood ; U.S. Senator, 1959-1968, who was one of the earliest opponents of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.

From the description of Gruening diaries [microform], 1910, 1930-1970. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 42066998

Ernest Gruening was born in New York City, February 6, 1887. He graduated from Harvard College in 1907 and from Harvard Medical School in 1912. He began as a reporter for Boston American in 1912, served as the managing editor of the New York Tribune in 1917 and was editor at several other newspapers until 1933, when he was appointed adviser to the United States delegation to the Seventh Inter-American Conference in Chile. Gruening served as director of the Division of Territories and Island Possessions of the Dept. of Interior from 1934-1939, was a member of the Alaska International Highway Commission from 1938-1942, and was appointed Governor of Alaska in 1939 serving until 1953. Gruening was elected to the United States Senate in 1958, serving through 1962. He died in Washington, D.C. in 1974.

From the description of Ernest Gruening Papers, 1914-1974. (University of Alaska, Fairbanks). WorldCat record id: 309450448

U.S. Senator for the State of Alaska, 1958-1968.

From the description of Memorabilia concerning the unveiling of the Ernest Gruening statue in the National Statuary Hall, 1977. (Alaska State Library). WorldCat record id: 42929568

Ernest H. Gruening was born in New York City on February 6, 1887. He graduated from Harvard Medical School in 1912 but gave up his medical career to enter journalism. Gruening became managing editor of the New York Tribune in 1917 and served in the field Artillary Corps during World War I. He was editor of the Nation from 1920-1923 and editor of the New York Post from 1932-1933.

Gruening's political career included directorship of the Division of Territories and Island Possessions of the Department of the Interior from 1934-1939; he was administrator of the Puetor Rico Reconstruction Administration from 1935-1937, member of the Alaska Internation Highway Commission from 1938-1842, and was appointed Territorial Governor of Alaska in 1939 and reappointed twice, serving until 1953. Gruening was known as "the father of Alaska statehood." He was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1958 and served until 1969. While a Senator, Guening supported civil rights legislation, government funding for distribution of birth control information, and economic foreign aid. He was opposed to foreign military aid and to the war in Vietnam.

Gruening died in Washington, D.C. on June 26, 1974

From the guide to the Ernest Gruening Papers, 1914-1974, (University of Alaska Fairbanks Alaska Polar Regions Collections & Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Breckinridge, Clifton Rodes, 1846-1932. Breckinridge family papers, 1752-1965. Library of Congress
referencedIn Arthur B. Spingarn Papers, 1850-1970, (bulk 1920-1955) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Correspondence with American Musicological Society, 1964-1965. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Rice, Elmer, 1892-1967,. Elmer Rice letters from various correspondents, 1915-1967. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Cerf, Bennett, 1898-1971. Bennett Cerf papers, ca. 1898-1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States. Board of Advisors. Robert A. Frederick papers, 1960-1985. Anchorage Museum Atwood Resource Center, ANCHORAGE MUSEUM OF HIST & ART LI
referencedIn Papers, 1871-1972 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Spurr, Stephen Hopkins. Stephen Hopkins Spurr papers, 1940-1971 (bulk 1952-1968). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series III, 1909-1942 (inclusive) [microform]. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Andrews, Clarence Leroy, 1862-1948. Clarence Leroy Andrews papers [microform], 1900-1948. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Bennett Cerf Papers, ca. 1898-1977. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Riggs Family Papers, 1763-1945 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Paul Blanshard Papers, 1912-1979 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Stephen Hopkins Spurr Papers, 1940-1971, 1952-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Ernest Gruening Papers, 1914-1974. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library
creatorOf Hester, Hugh B. (Hugh Bryan), 1895-1983. Hugh Hester papers, 1945-1983. (bulk 1968-1983). Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
referencedIn Riggs, Elisha, 1779-1853. Riggs family papers, 1763-1945. Library of Congress
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Letter, 1967, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Ernest Gruening Papers, 1914-1974 University of Alaska Fairbanks Alaska Polar Regions Collections & Archives
referencedIn La Follette family papers, 1844-1973. Library of Congress
referencedIn Crouch, Wendell. Letters, 1964-1969. UAA/APU Consortium Library, Consortium Library
creatorOf Andrews, Clarence Leroy, 1862-1948. Clarence Leroy Andrews papers, 1900-1948. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Pulitzer, Joseph, 1885-1955. Joseph Pulitzer papers, 1897-1958 (bulk 1925-1955). Library of Congress
creatorOf Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010. James J. Kilpatrick papers [manuscript], 1925-1966 (bulk 1950-1966). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Dodge, Beverly, 1928-2001. Beverly Dodge scrapbook on Ernest Gruening, 1968-1980. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Kehoe, Joseph W., 1890-1959. Joseph W. Kehoe papers, 1944-1955. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Papers of Drew Pearson. 1915 - 1969. Files from the Georgetown Office and Residence
referencedIn McCutcheon, Steve, 1911-. Steve McCutcheon collection, 1946-1978 [motion picture] UAA/APU Consortium Library, Consortium Library
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Oral history interview with Senator Ernest Gruening [sound recording] / interviewed by Howard Fredricks. University of Wisconsin - La Crosse, Murphy Library
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Jones, Anna May. Some missionaries and their work in Alaska, 1959. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Spilman, Louis, 1899-. Papers of the Waynesboro, Va. News-Virginian publisher [manuscript] 1947-69. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Gilbert A. Harrison Papers, 1902-1978, (bulk 1960-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George W. Pray Papers, 1844-1890 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Gruening diaries [microform], 1910, 1930-1970. Washington Library Network
referencedIn Kirchwey, Freda. Papers, 1871-1972 (inclusive), 1937-1971 (bulk) [microform]. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Blair, Helen D. Papers of Helen D. Blair, 1938-1973. Alaska State Library
referencedIn Boucher, Emily Polet. Emily Boucher papers, 1940-1963. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library
creatorOf Barr, Stringfellow, 1897-1982. Papers of Stringfellow Barr, 1927-1968. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest Henry, 1887-1974. Letter, 1943 January 15, Juneau, Alaska, to Frank H. McCulloch, Chicago. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Breckinridge Family Papers, 1752-1965 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harrison, Gilbert A. Gilbert A. Harrison papers, 1902-1978 (bulk 1960-1975). Library of Congress
referencedIn Kehoe, Joseph W., 1890-1959. Joseph W. Kehoe papers [microform], 1944-1955. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
creatorOf Cumming, Hugh S. (Hugh Smith), 1900-1986. Papers of Hugh S. Cumming, 1874-1984, bulk (1937-1984). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949. Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1856-1949. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Canby, Henry Seidel, 1878-1961. Henry Seidel Canby papers, 1825-1959. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn United States. Office of Territories. Records of the Office of Territories, RG 126. A selected file on Alaska relating to the United Congo Improvement Association [microform], 1935. Washington Library Network
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Memorabilia concerning the unveiling of the Ernest Gruening statue in the National Statuary Hall, 1977. Alaska State Library
referencedIn Anchorage Times. Alaskan People Collection. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library
referencedIn Spingarn, Arthur B. (Arthur Barnett), 1878-1971. Papers, 1850-1967 (bulk 1920-1955). Library of Congress
referencedIn Kehoe, Joseph W., 1890-1959. Papers [microform], 1944-1955. Washington Library Network
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Alaska territorial governors photograph collection [graphic], ca. 1912-1953. Alaska State Library
creatorOf Erb, John E, 1901-. Papers of John Erb, 1962-1976. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Joseph Kehoe papers, 1944-1955 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1874-1945 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Price, Byron, 1891-1981. Papers, 1901-1980. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Margaret Bayne Price Papers, 1918-1969, 1947-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Handley, Celia N. Celia N. Handley Collection, ca. 1950's-1970's. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library
referencedIn Smith, Howard K. (Howard Kingsbury), 1914-2002. Papers, 1941-1963. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Arnoni, M. S. (Menachem S.), 1922-1985. Menachem Arnoni collection, 1961-1968. Boston University. School of Medicine
creatorOf Gitkov, G. David. Correspondence concerning marine transportation system for Southeast Alaska, 1959-1962. Alaska State Library
referencedIn Meek, Frank. Frank and Marjorie Meek Collection, ca. 1940's-1990's. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library
referencedIn Henry Seidel Canby papers, 1825-1959 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1919-1945. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Younger, J. Arthur (Jesse Arthur), 1893-1967. J. Arthur Younger papers, 1964-1968. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Charley Crowley Territorial Guard certificate, 1942. Anchorage Museum Atwood Resource Center, ANCHORAGE MUSEUM OF HIST & ART LI
referencedIn Wilson, Bruce A. Official diary of the Sweet-Wilson expedition into the frozen tundra of the far north, 1946. Alaska State Library
referencedIn Clarence Leroy Andrews papers, 1900-1948 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam. National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam records, 1964-1967. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn People's Video (Madison, Wis.). Records, 1974-1977. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Joseph Pulitzer Papers, 1897-1958, (bulk 1925-1955) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Letter to George P. Hammond : Washington, D.C. : LS, 1956 Apr. 3. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Papers of Drew Pearson. 1915 - 1969. Files from the Merry-Go-Round Farm
creatorOf Gruening, Ernest, 1887-1974. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1956. University of Pennsylvania Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alaska. corporateBody
associatedWith Alaska. Governor (1939-1953 : Gruening) corporateBody
associatedWith Andrews, Clarence Leroy, 1862-1948. person
correspondedWith Arnoni, M. S. (Menachem S.), 1922-1985. person
associatedWith Barr, Stringfellow, 1897-1982. person
associatedWith Blair, Helen D. person
associatedWith Blanshard, Paul, 1892- person
associatedWith Boucher, Emily Polet. person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
correspondedWith Breckinridge family family
associatedWith Briffault, Herma Hoyt. person
associatedWith Canby, Henry Seidel, 1878-1961. person
associatedWith Cerf, Bennett, 1898-1971. person
correspondedWith Crouch, Wendell. person
associatedWith Cumming, Hugh S. (Hugh Smith), 1900-1986. person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. person
associatedWith Dodge, Beverly, 1928-2001. person
associatedWith Erb, John E, 1901- person
associatedWith Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. person
associatedWith FREDA KIRCHWEY, 1893-1976 person
associatedWith Fredricks, Howard R. person
associatedWith Gitkov, G. David. person
associatedWith Handley, Celia N. person
associatedWith Harrison, Gilbert A. person
associatedWith Harrison, Gilbert A. person
associatedWith Hester, Hugh B. (Hugh Bryan), 1895-1983. person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith James, James Alton, 1864-1962. person
associatedWith Jones, Anna May. person
correspondedWith Kehoe, Joseph W., 1890-1959. person
associatedWith Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010. person
associatedWith Kirchwey, Freda. person
associatedWith MARY (WARE) DENNETT person
associatedWith McCulloch, Frank H. person
associatedWith McCutcheon, Steve, 1911- person
associatedWith Meek, Frank. person
associatedWith National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Nourse, J. E. (Joseph Everett), 1819-1889. person
associatedWith People's Video (Madison, Wis.) corporateBody
associatedWith Pray, George Washington, 1825-1890 person
associatedWith Price, Byron, 1891-1981. person
associatedWith Price, Margaret Bayne, 1912-1968 person
correspondedWith Pulitzer, Joseph, 1847-1911 person
correspondedWith Pulitzer, Joseph, 1885-1955. person
associatedWith Rice, Elmer, 1892-1967, person
correspondedWith Riggs family family
associatedWith Smith, Howard K. (Howard Kingsbury), 1914-2002. person
associatedWith Spilman, Louis, 1899- person
associatedWith Spingarn, Arthur B. (Arthur Barnett), 1878-1971. person
associatedWith Spurr, Stephen Hopkins. person
associatedWith Spurr, Stephen Hopkins. person
associatedWith Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. person
correspondedWith United States. Office of Territories. corporateBody
associatedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949. person
associatedWith Wilson, Bruce A. person
associatedWith Younger, J. Arthur (Jesse Arthur), 1893-1967. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Alaska
Alaska
United States
Alaska
United States
Alaska
Alaska
Subject
Legislators--Diaries
Governors--Diaries
Legislators
Birth control
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Journalists
Statehood (American politics)--Alaska
Politicians
Governor
Alaska
Governors--Alaska
United States--Territories andpossessions
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1887-02-06

Death 1974-06-26

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6qj7r86

SNAC ID: 5291488