Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946

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English economist.

From the description of Typewritten letters signed (2) : [n.p.], to Sir Percy Bates, 1935 Sept. 25 and Oct. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270497268

British economist.

From the description of The economic transition in England : typescript, 1925. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122645189

John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), Baron Keynes, economist, was born in Cambridge on 5 June 1883, and educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge. He was lecturer in economics at Cambridge, 1908-1915, and editor of the Economic journal, 1912-1945. He joined the Treasury in 1915, and was its principal representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, but resigned after objecting to the terms of the peace treaty. Keynes wrote regularly for Nation and Athenaeum between 1923 and 1931. He returned to the Treasury in 1940, and played a key role in the Bretton Woods Conference of 1944, which led to the establishment of the International Monetary Fund and International Bank. He was created baron in 1942, and died at his home in Tilton on 21 April 1946.

From the guide to the John Maynard Keynes: Papers, 1919-1972, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives)

Epithet: economist

Title: Baron Keynes

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000205.0x000048

Biographical/Historical Note

British economist.

From the guide to the John Maynard Keynes typescript : The economic transition in England, 1925, (Hoover Institution Archives)

John Maynard Keynes was born in Cambridge on 5 June 1883, the son of Florence and Dr. John Neville Keynes, fellow of Pembroke College and later University Registrar. He was educated at Eton, and came up to King's College, Cambridge as a scholar in 1902. After he was awarded his undergraduate degree, he entered the Home Civil Service and served for two years at the India Office. He left the civil service in 1908, however, when he became a fellow of King's College and remained so until his death. He was lecturer in Economics from 1911 to 1937 and in 1919 he also took on the post of Second Bursar of the college. In 1924 he began his memorable tenure as first bursar, changing completely the philosophy by which the college managed its assets, and in 1925, he married Lydia Lopokova.

Despite his retirement from the India Office, Keynes was to be found in London almost as often as in Cambridge, placing his services at the disposal of his government, particularly when called upon by the Treasury. He served on a number of government committees in the 1920s and 30s, but - as with everyone else - it was during the two world wars that most was demanded of Keynes. During World War I he became a civil servant in the Treasury and by 1917 had gained a position of some responsibility. He was the Treaury's representative at the peace conference that ended the war. At the invitation of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Keynes placed his services at the disposal of his country again in 1940, after war had broken out a second time. As an advisor to the treasury, he was much involved in both the problems of war finance and plans for the later transistion from war to peace. Among other things, Keynes acted as one of the negotiatiors of Lend-Lease, and played a leading part at the Bretton Woods conference. He was rewarded for his serviced during the first war with a C.B., and during the second by elevation to the peerage, becoming Baron Keynes of Tilton.

It was not as a servant of college or country, however, that Keynes has made his name, but as a brilliant and original economist. Keynes was a prolific writer who preferred short, immediately relevant works to exhaustive theoretical tomes. He did not write his works with the intention that they should last forever, but wished only to ensure that the fiscal problems of the day were addressed as quickly and competently as possible. In the process he did, nevertheless, create something lasting - what we know call Keynesian economics - the cornerstone of which were his theories on saving and investment, and their relation to rising and falling prices. These were elaborated in his 'Treatise on money' (1930) and his later 'General theory of employment, interest and money' (1936). Through his leadership in a number of societies and his editorship of the 'Economic Journal' he had great influence on the next generation of economists, and through his editorship of the 'Nation and Athenaeum' and 'New Statesman and Nation' he influenced his contemporaries more widely.

He died on Easter Sunday, 21 April 1946, after several years of ill-health.

From the guide to the The Papers of John Maynard Keynes, 1868-1951, (King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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creatorOf The Papers of John Maynard Keynes, 1868-1951 King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge
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creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Charleston [Lewes], to John Maynard Keynes, [1923?] Sept. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : London, to John Maynard Keynes, 1914? Apr. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to John Maynard Keynes, [1922?] Mar. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Charleston [Lewes], to John Maynard Keynes, [1918 Dec.?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Nicolson, Harold George, Sir, 1886-1968. Harold Nicolson letters to Arthur Nicolson and Mary Nicolson, 1894-1936. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Albert Gailord Hart Papers, 1925-1980 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Thompson, Sanford E. (Sanford Eleazer), 1867-1949. Sanford E. Thompson. Series 1. Professional papers, 1888-1949, bulk 1915-1940. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : La Maison Blanche [Saint-Tropez], to John Maynard Keynes, [1921?] Nov. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grant, Duncan, 1885-1978. Postcard and autograph letter signed with initials : Wissett Lodge and 46, Gordon Square, to John Maynard Keynes, 1916 Apr. 3-ca. 1920 Feb. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Irving Fisher papers, 1861-1976, 1894-1947 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Eleanor Farm, to John Maynard Keynes, [1915 May 13?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Bosham, to John Maynard Keynes, [1915 Aug.?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : London, to John Maynard Keynes, 1910? Dec. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Low, David, 1891-1963. David Low papers, 1897-1985 (inclusive) 1920-1963 (bulk). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : London, to John Maynard Keynes, 1907?. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. Autograph letter signed : Venice, to John Maynard Keynes, [1926?] May 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Auden, W. H. (Wystan Hugh), 1907-1973. person
associatedWith Barger, Harold person
associatedWith Barger, Harold. person
associatedWith Bates, Percy Elly, Sir, 1879-1946. person
associatedWith Bell, (Arthur) Clive (Heward), 1881-1964; Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961; Jackson, Maria, d. 1891? person
associatedWith Bell, Quentin. person
associatedWith Bell, Vanessa, 1879-1961. person
associatedWith Bernstein, Edward M. (Edward Morris), 1904- person
associatedWith Clower, Robert W. person
associatedWith Commons, John R. (John Rogers), 1862-1945. person
associatedWith Copland, D. B. (Douglas Berry), 1894-1971. person
correspondedWith Crosby, Oscar Terry, 1861-1947. person
associatedWith Dan H. Laurence Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Dickinson, Z. Clark (Zenas Clark), 1889- person
associatedWith Dorfman, Joseph, 1904-1991. person
associatedWith Durbin, Evan Frank Mottram, 1906-1948 person
associatedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965, person
associatedWith Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Felkin, Arthur Elliott, 1892-1968 person
associatedWith Fisher, Irving, 1867-1947. person
associatedWith Fisher, Irving Norton, 1900- person
associatedWith FREDA KIRCHWEY, 1893-1976 person
associatedWith Garnett, David, 1892-1981 person
associatedWith Garnett, David, 1892-1981. person
associatedWith Garran, Robert, Sir, 1867-1957. person
associatedWith Gilboy, Elizabeth W. (Elizabeth Waterman), 1903-1973. person
correspondedWith Goldenweiser, E. A. (Emanuel Alexandrovich), 1883-1953. person
associatedWith Grant, Duncan, 1885-1978. person
associatedWith Great Britain India Office corporateBody
correspondedWith Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith Harris, Seymour Edwin, 1897-1974. person
associatedWith Hart, Albert Bushnell, 1854-1943 person
associatedWith Hart, Albert Gailord, 1909-1997. person
associatedWith Hawtrey, R. G. (Ralph George), 1879-1975. person
associatedWith Hazeltine, Harold D. (Harold Dexter), 1871-1960. person
associatedWith Hofstra University. corporateBody
associatedWith Isherwood, Christopher, 1904- person
associatedWith John Maynard Keynes person
associatedWith John Maynard Keynes, Sir Geoffrey Langdon Keynes and Margaret Neville Keynes person
associatedWith Kahn, Richard Ferdinand (1905-89), economist person
associatedWith Keynes Sir Geoffrey Langdon 1887-1982 person
associatedWith Kirchwey, Freda. person
associatedWith Korostovet︠s︡, Aleksandra K. person
associatedWith Korostovet︠s︡, Vladimir Konstantinovich, ca. 1898-1953. person
associatedWith Landau, Rom, 1899-1974. person
associatedWith Leach, Henry Goddard, 1880-1970 person
associatedWith Leffingwell, R. C. (Russell Cornell), 1878-1960 person
associatedWith Leffingwell, R. C. (Russell Cornell), 1883-1960. person
associatedWith Lekachman, Robert person
associatedWith London and Cambridge Economic Service corporateBody
associatedWith Lopokova, Lydia, 1892-1981. person
associatedWith Low, David, 1891-1963. person
associatedWith MacCarthy, Desmond, 1877-1952 person
associatedWith Madge, Charles, 1912-1996 person
associatedWith Martin, Basil Kingsley, 1897-1969 person
associatedWith Meade, James Edward, 1907-1995 person
associatedWith Milton, George-Merritt. person
associatedWith Mitchell, Wesley C. (Wesley Clair), 1874-1948. person
associatedWith Morgenstern, Oskar, 1902- person
associatedWith Morrell, Ottoline Violet Anne Cavendish-Bentinck, Lady, 1873-1938 person
associatedWith Newton Sir Isaac 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Nicolson, Harold George, Sir, 1886-1968. person
associatedWith Patinkin, Don person
associatedWith Patinkin, Don. person
associatedWith Polanyi, Michael, 1891-1976 person
associatedWith Ramsey, Frank Plumpton, 1903-1930. person
associatedWith Robbins, Lionel Charles., 1898-1984 person
correspondedWith Rothenstein, William, Sir, 1872-1945 person
associatedWith Royal Academy of Dancing (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Samuels, Warren J., 1933- person
associatedWith Simmons, Edward Christian, 1909-2001. person
associatedWith Sir Geoffrey Langdon Keynes person
associatedWith Stettinius, Edward R. (Edward Reilly), 1900-1949. person
associatedWith Strachey, Lytton, 1880-1932. person
associatedWith The Camargo Ballet Society corporateBody
associatedWith Thompson, Sanford E. (Sanford Eleazer), 1867-1949. person
associatedWith Tucker, Michael, Mrs, person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Warburg, Paul M. (Paul Moritz), 1868-1932. person
associatedWith Wells, Gabriel, 1862-1946. person
associatedWith Wolfit, Donald, 1902-1968 person
associatedWith Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. person
associatedWith Wright, David McCord, 1909-1968. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cambridge (England)
Great Britain
Tilton (England)
Great Britain Economic conditions 1918-1945.
Subject
Economics
War
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1883-06-05

Death 1946-04-21

Britons

English

Information

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