Brower, David, 1912-2000

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David R. Brower was born in Calif. in 1912 and joined the Army at San Francisco, Calif. in 1942. At the time of his enlistment, he had two years of college and had worked as a postal clerk and photographer. He served at Fort Lewis, Wash., Camp Hale, Colo., Camp Swift, Tex., and in Italy. With the 10th Mountain Division he was a First Lieutenant and a member of the Mountain Training Group; Company L of the 87th Infantry Regiment; Headquarters, Company I, of the 1st Battalion, 86th Infantry Regiment; and Headquarters of the 3rd Battalion of the 86th. During combat service in Italy, Brower received a Bronze Star medal for actions in the Apennines and the Po Valley. David Brower died in Calif. in 2000.

From the description of David R. Brower papers, 1946. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 237126678

David Ross Brower was born in Berkeley, Calif. on July 1, 1912. During his extensive career, he served as the first Executive Director of the Sierra Club; founded Friends of the Earth (FOE); co-founded the League of Conservation Voters; and initiated the founding of international FOE organizations (now active in 69 nations). In 1982, he founded Earth Island Institute with colleagues from FOE. A famous mountain climber as a young man, Brower was a lifelong wilderness enthusiast who started working in 1938 to establish Kings Canyon National Park and didn't stop fighting conservation battles until 2000 when he died at the age of 88. He was nominated three times for the Nobel Peace Prize.

From the description of David Ross Brower papers, 1924-2001. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 84161139

Biographical Information

David Ross Brower was born in Berkeley, California on July 1, 1912, the son of Ross J and Mary Brower. He had three siblings, Edith, Ralph and Joseph.

In his early years, Brower spent much of his time in the woods surrounding Berkeley, both alone and as a guide for his mother, leading her on walks and describing the outdoor world after she lost her sight to a brain tumor. His father taught drafting at the University of California at Berkeley until 1920, when he lost his position and the family lived off the income from rental apartments he owned. For recreation, he often took his family hiking and camping in the nearby mountains of the High Sierra.

A butterfly collector in boyhood, David Brower studied entomology at University of California, Berkeley, but dropped out in 1931 after two years to earn a living. For four years he did clerical work for a candy company in San Francisco, among other odd jobs, while spending all his spare time climbing in the mountains.

Brower joined the Sierra Club in September 1933 sponsored by Richard Leonard, and was added to the Sierra Club Bulletin 's Editorial Board in 1935. He began participating in High Trips, and soon became a leader. He then worked for three years (1935-1938) as an accountant and publicist for the Yosemite Park and Curry Company. During this period in Yosemite, Brower continued to spend much of his time climbing, and quickly became an experienced climber. He also befriended many of the climbers that would influence his later years including Hervey Voge, Bestor Robinson, George Rockwood, Francis Farquhar, and Dick and Doris Leonard. He participated in a historic attempt on Mount Waddington (Canada) in 1935, and the first ascent of New Mexico's Shiprock in 1939. He was also a member of the San Francisco Bay Chapter, and was the first editor of the Yodeler from 1938-1940. In 1941, he became a member of the Sierra Club board of directors.

That same year, Brower was hired as an editor at the University of California Press, where his officemate was fellow editor Anne Hus. They became friends, but she was still involved with a prior suitor in 1942, when Brower enlisted in the Army and volunteered for duty in the newly formed Mountain Troops. Three months later he proposed by mail and they were married on May 1, 1943.

Brower's military service stationed him in a number of training camps, including Camp Hale, Colorado, and the Seneca School in West Virginia. As a lieutenant, Brower trained troops to scale cliffs, and wrote an instruction manual for mountain troops. In 1945 Brower was sent to Italy as a member of the 86th Mountain Infantry, 10th Mountain Division of the US Army. He was awarded a Bronze Star for his service.

Brower returned to California in 1945 and in 1947 he and Anne moved into a small house on Grizzly Peak in Berkeley, California, where they remained the rest of their lives. Brower rejoined the University of California Press and added duties as an editor for the Sierra Club Bulletin .

In 1952, Brower became the Sierra Club's first executive director. During his tenure, Brower helped guide the Sierra Club's rise to national prominence, building the organization's membership from 2,000 to 77,000 members. Under his direction, the Sierra Club led the effort to pass the Wilderness Act, halted dam construction that would have flooded Dinosaur National Monument, and pushed for the creation of the Kings Canyon, North Cascades, and Redwoods National Parks, and the Point Reyes and Cape Cod National Seashores. Brower also led the Sierra Club into one of its largest campaigns, the fight against proposed dams in the Grand Canyon; the campaign included a series of innovative full-page ads in the New York Times that many believe led to the loss of the club's tax exempt status.

While executive director, Brower pursued an aggressive publishing program editing numerous club publications, in particular the club's award-winning Exhibit Format Series. Brower's tenure as executive director ended in 1969, with the board forcing him to resign after a protracted disagreement with members of the board about the construction of a nuclear facility at Diablo Canyon, and charges of financial irresponsibility. Brower continued his association with the Sierra Club, however, and was elected to the board of the Sierra Club in 1983 and1986, and again in 1995, when he left after less than a year, feeling the group was not attacking environmental issues swiftly or strongly enough. He was again elected in 1998, and once again resigned in 2000, shortly before his death.

Immediately after leaving the Sierra Club, he announced the formation of Friends of the Earth (FOE), along with the League of Conservation Voters, and the John Muir Institute for Environmental Studies. In 1972 he founded Friends of the Earth Foundation, and in 1973, Friends of the Earth International. FOE is now multi﷓national and operates in sixty﷓eight countries, and chartered what is now nationally observed as Earth Day. Brower was dismissed as chairman of Friends of the Earth in 1984 over issues of application of funding.

In 1982, Brower established Earth Island Institute, Brower Fund, and the Biennial Fate and Hope of the Earth Conferences. Brower also founded the Global Conservation, Preservation, and Restoration (CPR) Service to help catalyze the restoration of natural and human systems and helped organize the Alliance for Sustainable Jobs and the Environment.

In 1988 and 1990-92, he led delegations to Lake Baikal in Siberia at Soviet request to aid its protection and restoration. In the fall of 1994, he co-founded the Ecological Council of Americas as a network of organizations in the Americas focused on problems of environment and economic integration. Brower developed plans for the creation of a National Biosphere Reserve System, as well as for a National Land Service to replace the current Bureau of Land Management and to have a new mission of protecting and restoring both public and private lands in the United States. He played a major role in establishing the National Wilderness Preservation System, and the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission (which resulted in the Land and Water Conservation Fund).

During his lifetime, Brower made 70 first ascents, summer and winter, in Yosemite and the Western United States, and trekked to 18,000 feet in the Himalaya below Mount Everest (1976) and to Thyangboche (1984). He received the First Class Skier award in 1942, and, from 1939 to 1956, in the Sierra Club Wilderness Outings Program, he initiated the knapsack, river, and wilderness threshold trips and led some 4,000 people into remote wilderness.

Brower was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times (in 1978, 1979, and 1998 -- jointly with professor Paul Ehrlich). In October 1998, Brower received the Blue Planet Prize, awarded annually by the Asahi Glass Foundation of Japan, for his environmental accomplishments. He also received numerous honorary degrees.

Brower wrote three memoirs, Let the Mountains Talk, Let the Rivers Run: A Call to Those Who Would Save the Earth, Work in Progress, and For Earth's Sake, the Life and Times of David Brower and has been featured in many films. As a photographer and filmmaker, Brower began making films in the mid-1930s and played a large role in the creation of early conservation films. Among the films that Brower created are Climbing Shiprock, perhaps his first, which captures the first ascent of Shiprock in New Mexico by Brower and the Sierra Club members.

Brower was directly involved in the production of the Sierra Club films Two Yosemites, Skis to the Skyland, Wilderness Alps of Stehekin, Skyland Trails of The Kings, and The Grand Canyon: Living River, Living Canyon. Glen Canyon contains rare images of the canyon prior to flooding due to the construction of the Lake Powell Dam in 1963.

After 50 years of waging personal battles for the environment, David Ross Brower died of cancer on November 5th, 2000. Brower and Anne had four children: a daughter, Barbara, and three sons, Kenneth, Robert, and John.

Comments about Brower's efforts have ranged widely. Brower especially liked what Russell Train said when he was chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality in the Nixon administration: "Thank God for Dave Brower; he makes it so easy for the rest of us to be reasonable."

-Partially from the Earth Island Web Page (http://www.earthisland.org/brower/sub_bio.cfm)

Published works on David Brower, which may be of use to the researcher:

Brower, David R. For Earth's Sake: the Life and Times of David Brower. Layton, Utah: Peregrine Smith Books, 1990.

Brower, David R. Work in Progress. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books, 1991.

Brower, David R. and Steve Chapple. Let the Mountains Talk, Let the Rivers Run: a Call to Those Who Would Save the Earth. [San Francisco, Calif.]: HarperCollins West, 1995.

David R. Brower - environmental activist, publicist and prophet: an interview, conducted by Susan Schrepfer, 1974-1978. Berkeley: Regional Oral History Office, the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1980.

McPhee, John A. Encounters with the Archdruid. New York: The Noonday Press, 1990, c.1971.

From the guide to the David Ross Brower Papers, 1924-2001, (The Bancroft Library.)

Biographical Information

David Ross Brower was born in Berkeley, California on July 1, 1912, the son of Ross J and Mary Brower. He had three siblings, Edith, Ralph and Joseph.

In his early years, Brower spent much of his time in the woods surrounding Berkeley, both alone and as a guide for his mother, leading her on walks and describing the outdoor world after she lost her sight to a brain tumor. His father taught drafting at the University of California at Berkeley until 1920, when he lost his position and the family lived off the income from rental apartments he owned. For recreation, he often took his family hiking and camping in the nearby mountains of the High Sierra.

A butterfly collector in boyhood, David Brower studied entomology at University of California, Berkeley, but dropped out in 1931 after two years to earn a living. For four years he did clerical work for a candy company in San Francisco, among other note jobs, while spending all his spare time climbing in the mountains.

Brower joined the Sierra Club in September 1933 sponsored by Richard Leonard, and was added to the Sierra Club Bulletin 's Editorial Board in 1935. He began participating in High Trips, and soon became a leader. He then worked for three years (1935-1938) as an accountant and publicist for the Yosemite Park and Curry Company. During this period in Yosemite, Brower continued to spend much of his time climbing, and quickly became an experienced climber. He also befriended many of the climbers that would influence his later years including Hervey Voge, Bestor Robinson, George Rockwood, Francis Farquhar, and Dick and Doris Leonard. He participated in a historic attempt on Mount Waddington (Canada) in 1935, and the first ascent of New Mexico's Shiprock in 1939. He was also a member of the San Francisco Bay Chapter, and was the first editor of the Yodeler from 1938-1940. In 1941, he became a member of the Sierra Club board of directors.

That same year, Brower was hired as an editor at the University of California Press, where his officemate was fellow editor Anne Hus. They became friends, but she was still involved with a prior suitor in 1942, when Brower enlisted in the Army and volunteered for duty in the newly formed Mountain Troops. Three months later he proposed by mail and they were married on May 1, 1943.

Brower's military service stationed him in a number of training camps, including Camp Hale, Colorado, and the Seneca School in West Virginia. As a lieutenant, Brower trained troops to scale cliffs, and wrote an instruction manual for mountain troops. In 1945 Brower was sent to Italy as a member of the 86th Mountain Infantry, 10th Mountain Division of the US Army. He was awarded a Bronze Star for his service.

Brower returned to California in 1945 and in 1947 he and Anne moved into a small house on Grizzly Peak in Berkeley, California, where they remained the rest of their lives. Brower rejoined the University of California Press and added duties as an editor for the Sierra Club Bulletin .

In 1952, Brower became the Sierra Club's first executive director. During his tenure, Brower helped guide the Sierra Club's rise to national prominence, building the organization's membership from 2,000 to 77,000 members. Under his direction, the Sierra Club led the effort to pass the Wilderness Act, halted dam construction that would have flooded Dinosaur National Monument, and pushed for the creation of the Kings Canyon, North Cascades, and Redwoods National Parks, and the Point Reyes and Cape Cod National Seashores. Brower also led the Sierra Club into one of its largest campaigns, the fight against proposed dams in the Grand Canyon; the campaign included a series of innovative full-page ads in the New York Times that many believe led to the loss of the club's tax exempt status.

While executive director, Brower pursued an aggressive publishing program, editing numerous club publications, in particular the club's award-winning Exhibit Format Series. Brower's tenure as executive director ended in 1969, with the board forcing him to resign after a protracted disagreement with members of the board about the construction of a nuclear facility at Diablo Canyon, and charges of financial irresponsibility. Brower continued his association with the Sierra Club, however, and was elected to the board of the Sierra Club in 1983 and1986, and again in 1995, when he left after less than a year, feeling the group was not attacking environmental issues swiftly or strongly enough. He was again elected in 1998, and once again resigned in 2000, shortly before his death.

Immediately after leaving the Sierra Club, he announced the formation of Friends of the Earth (FOE), along with the League of Conservation Voters, and the John Muir Institute for Environmental Studies. In 1972 he founded Friends of the Earth Foundation, and in 1973, Friends of the Earth International. FOE is now multi-national and operates in sixty-eight countries, and chartered what is now nationally observed as Earth Day. Brower was dismissed as chairman of Friends of the Earth in 1984 over issues of application of funding.

In 1982, Brower established Earth Island Institute, Brower Fund, and the Biennial Fate and Hope of the Earth Conferences. Brower also founded the Global Conservation, Preservation, and Restoration (CPR) Service to help catalyze the restoration of natural and human systems and helped organize the Alliance for Sustainable Jobs and the Environment.

In 1988 and 1990-92, he led delegations to Lake Baikal in Siberia at Soviet request to aid its protection and restoration. In the fall of 1994, he co-founded the Ecological Council of Americas as a network of organizations in the Americas focused on problems of environment and economic integration. Brower developed plans for the creation of a National Biosphere Reserve System, as well as for a National Land Service to replace the current Bureau of Land Management and to have a new mission of protecting and restoring both public and private lands in the United States. He played a major role in establishing the National Wilderness Preservation System, and the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission (which resulted in the Land and Water Conservation Fund).

During his lifetime, Brower made 70 first ascents, summer and winter, in Yosemite and the Western United States, and trekked to 18,000 feet in the Himalaya below Mount Everest (1976) and to Thyangboche (1984). He received the First Class Skier award in 1942, and, from 1939 to 1956, in the Sierra Club Wilderness Outings Program, he initiated the knapsack, river, and wilderness threshold trips and led some 4,000 people into remote wilderness.

Brower was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times (in 1978, 1979, and 1998 -- jointly with professor Paul Ehrlich). In October 1998, Brower received the Blue Planet Prize, awarded annually by the Asahi Glass Foundation of Japan, for his environmental accomplishments. He also received numerous honorary degrees.

Brower wrote three memoirs, Let the Mountains Talk, Let the Rivers Run: A Call to Those Who Would Save the Earth, Work in Progress, and For Earth's Sake, the Life and Times of David Brower and has been featured in many films. As a photographer and filmmaker, Brower began making films in the mid-1930s and played a large role in the creation of early conservation films. Among the films that Brower created are Climbing Shiprock, perhaps his first, which captures the first ascent of Shiprock in New Mexico by Brower and the Sierra Club members.

Brower was directly involved in the production of the Sierra Club films Two Yosemites, Skis to the Skyland, Wilderness Alps of Stehekin, Skyland Trails of The Kings, and The Grand Canyon: Living River, Living Canyon. Glen Canyon contains rare images of the canyon prior to flooding due to the construction of the Lake Powell Dam in 1963.

After 50 years of waging personal battles for the environment, David Ross Brower died of cancer on November 5th, 2000. Brower and Anne had four children: a daughter, Barbara, and three sons, Kenneth, Robert, and John.

Comments about Brower's efforts have ranged widely. Brower especially liked what Russell Train said when he was chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality in the Nixon administration: "Thank God for Dave Brower; he makes it so easy for the rest of us to be reasonable."

-Partially from the Earth Island Web Page (http://www.earthisland.org/brower/sub_bio.cfm)

Published works on David Brower, which may be of use to the researcher:

Brower, David R. For Earth's Sake: the Life and Times of David Brower. Layton, Utah: Peregrine Smith Books, 1990.

Brower, David R. Work in Progress. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books, 1991.

Brower, David R. and Steve Chapple. Let the Mountains Talk, Let the Rivers Run: a Call to Those Who Would Save the Earth. [San Francisco, Calif.]: HarperCollins West, 1995.

David R. Brower - environmental activist, publicist and prophet: an interview, conducted by Susan Schrepfer, 1974-1978. Berkeley: Regional Oral History Office, the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1980.

McPhee, John A. Encounters with the Archdruid. New York: The Noonday Press, 1990, c.1971.

Monumental: David Brower's Fight for Wild America, prod. and dir. Kelly Duane, 77 min., Loteria Films, 2004, videocassette.

From the guide to the David Ross Brower Motion Picture Collection, 1939-1998, (The Bancroft Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sierra Club. Sierra Club records, 1890-2009. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Commencement 1967, photographs. Hobart & William Smith Colleges, Warren Hunting Smith Library
referencedIn [Memorial celebration of the life of David Ross Brower]. Northern Arizona University, Cline Library
creatorOf Brower, David Ross, 1912-2000. Talk to the American Association of University Women [sound recording]. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Graff, M. M. Marianne Moore and Greensward Foundation miscellany, 1968-1983. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Brower, David Ross, 1912-2000. Human Population Density and the Quality of Life, February 19-20, 1970 [sound recording] University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Bastian, Robert Owen, 1917-1970. [Cartoon, Avalanche, depicting David Brower climbing up a mountain of books] [graphic] UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Dana, Samuel Trask, 1883-1978. Samuel Trask Dana papers, 1893-1970. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Udall, Stewart L. Papers, 1950-[ongoing] (bulk 1950-1977). University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Friends of the Earth. Northwest Office. Friends of the Earth, Northwest Office records, 1920-2003. University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984,. Ansel Adams correspondence : Carmel, Calif., 1967-1970. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf David Ross Brower Motion Picture Collection, 1939-1998 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Berry, Phillip S., 1937-. Sierra Club president, 1991-1992 : the club, the Legal Defense Fund, and leadership issues, 1984-1993 / Phillip S. Berry ; with an introduction by R. Frederic Fisher ; interviews conducted by Ann Lage in 1993. University of California Berkeley Law Library, Boalt Law Library; McEnerney Law Library; BerkeleyLaw Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series VII., Other Department Files, 1916-1996 (bulk 1943-1969). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Brock Evans papers, 1936-1997 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Dominy, Floyd E. Floyd E. Dominy papers, 1934-2002. Univerisity of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn Friends of the Earth. Friends of the Earth records, 1980-1987. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Helm, Michael. Mike Helm interviews from the City miner records [sound recording]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Sierra Club. Board of Directors. Sierra Club Board of Directors meeting [sound recording], 1968 Oct. 19. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Comstol Air Transit. Comstol Air Transit STOL proposal : to David Brower, Executive Director, Sierra Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1968 July 12. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Cohen, Kristi Denton. Vertical frontier videotape interviews and transcripts, ca. 1999-2001. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Koch, Peter Rutledge. Black Stone Press and Peter Koch, Printer : broadsides and ephemera, 1974-2010. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Friends of the Earth, Northwest Office records, 1920-2003 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf David Ross Brower Papers, 1924-2001 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Catalogue I of the Regional Oral History Office, 1954-1979 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Kroeber, Theodora. Theodora Kroeber papers, 1881-1983 (bulk 1960-1979). UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Brower, David Ross, 1912-2000. David Brower interview with Duncan MacDonald [sound recording]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Brower, David Ross, 1912-2000. David Brower speech at Ossabaw Island [sound recording], 1972 June 1. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Samuel T. Dana papers, 1893-1970, 1925-1968 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Floyd E. Dominy papers, 1934-2002 Univerisity of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
creatorOf Sierra Club. Executive Director. Sierra Club Office of the Executive Director records, 1933-1994. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Deane, Martha. Martha Deane program with David Brower, executive director of the Sierra Club [sound recording]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Deane, Martha. Martha Deane program with David Brower, executive director of the Sierra Club [sound recording]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn North Cascades Conservation Council records, 1901-2003 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Brower, David Ross, 1912-2000. David Ross Brower papers, 1924-2001. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Brower, David Ross, 1912-2000. David R. Brower papers, 1946. Denver Public Library, Central Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. : Series I., General Correspondence, 1922-1977 (bulk 1946-1966). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Ogilvy, Stewart M., 1914. Stewart M. Ogilvy memoir : oral history transcript of a tape-recorded interview conducted February 23, 1978 by Jeri Nunn, for the Oral History Research Office, Columbia University, 1978. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Sierra Club. Board of Directors. Sierra Club Board of Directors meeting [sound recording], [196-] UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Helm, Michael. City Miner records, 1966-2000. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Rudolph, Ronald L. Ronald L. Rudolph papers relating to David Ross Brower and the Friends of the Earth, 1972-1986. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Brower, David Ross, 1912-2000. David Brower interview with Duncan MacDonald [sound recording]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Ogilvy, Stewart M. Papers, 1959-1978. Univerisity of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn Friends of the River Collection, 1940-1980 (bulk 1975-1980) Water Resources Collections and Archives
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. : Series II., Alfred A. Knopf Personal, 1874-1984 (bulk 1953-1984). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Theodora Kroeber papers, 1881-1983, 1960-1979 Bancroft Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984, person
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Bancroft Library. Regional Oral History Office corporateBody
associatedWith Bastian, Robert Owen, 1917-1970. person
associatedWith Berry, Phillip S., 1937- person
associatedWith Brower, David Ross, 1912-2000. person
associatedWith Comstol Air Transit. corporateBody
associatedWith Conference on the Fate of the Earth. corporateBody
associatedWith Dana, Samuel Trask, 1883-1978. person
associatedWith Dominy, Floyd E. corporateBody
associatedWith Dominy, Floyd E. person
associatedWith Earth Island Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Evans, Brock,  1937- person
associatedWith Friends of the Earth. corporateBody
associatedWith Friends of the Earth. Northwest Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Friends of the River Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Graff, M. M. person
associatedWith John Muir Institute for Environmental Studies. corporateBody
associatedWith Koch, Peter Rutledge. person
correspondedWith Kroeber, Theodora. person
associatedWith League of Conservation Voters. corporateBody
associatedWith MacDonald, Duncan, Broadcaster. person
associatedWith North Cascades Conservation Council corporateBody
associatedWith Ogilvy, Stewart M. person
associatedWith Ogilvy, Stewart M., 1914. person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Rudolph, Ronald L. person
associatedWith Sierra Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Sierra Club. Board of Directors. corporateBody
associatedWith Sierra Club. Board of Directors. corporateBody
associatedWith Sierra Club. Executive Director. corporateBody
correspondedWith Udall, Stewart L. person
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Division, 86th. Mountain Division, 10th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 86th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 87th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Mountain Division, 10th. corporateBody
associatedWith Unknown, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Camp Hale (Colo.)
Camp Swift (Tex.)
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
California
United States
California--Yosemite National Park
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Subject
National parks and reserves
Military maneuvers--Cold weather conditions
Redwoods
Nature conservation--History
Environmentalists
Nuclear energy--Environmental aspects
Soldiers--Correspondence
Wildlife conservation
Land tenure
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
Logging--Environmental aspects
Mountaineering
Population--Environmental aspects
Power resources--Environmental aspects
Conservationists
Nuclear disarmament
Ski troops
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1912-07-01

Death 2000-11-05

Americans

English

Information

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