Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000

Variant names

Hide Profile

Painter; New York, N.Y.; b. 1917; d. 2000.

From the description of Oral history interviews with Jacob Lawrence, 1982 July 20-Aug. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84455118

Jacob Lawrence was an African-American painter and illustrator. He received the Spingarm Medal in 1975 and taught at the New School and Pratt Institute. He died in 2000.

From the description of Jacob Lawrence exhibition card and autobiographical notes, 1947-1948. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 49571723

Considered a leading black artist, Jacob Lawrence worked in gouache, an opaque water colour, and tempera, a mixture of pigment and a binder. He is famous for the distinctive flat surfaces of his narrative paintings depicting social problems, as in The Migration of the Negro (1940-41) and Struggle: From the History of the American People (1955). Lawrence was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He studied under Charles Alston at the Art Workshop in Harlem, New York (1932-39), and at the Harlem Art Center and the American Artists School in New York City (1937-39). He was a professor of art emeritus at the University of Washington, Seattle. [From Hutchinson Encyclopedia of Biography (2000)]

From the guide to the Jacob Lawrence Papers, 1937-1971, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

b. September 17, 1917; d. June 9, 2000.

From the description of Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. (Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)). WorldCat record id: 83236478

Lawrence is among the best-known twentieth century African American painters, a distinction shared with Romare Bearden. Born in 1917 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Lawrence was thirteen when he moved with his mother, sister and brother to New York City. His mother enrolled him in classes at an arts and crafts settlement house in Harlem, in an effort to keep him busy. The young Lawrence often drew patterns with crayons. Although much of his work copied his mother's carpets, an art teacher there noted great potential in Lawrence. In 1970 Lawrence settled in Seattle, Washington and became an art professor at the University of Washington. Some of his works are now displayed there in the Paul G. Allen Center for Computer Science & Engineering and in Meany Hall for the Performing Arts. The piece in the main lobby of Meany Hall, entitled "Theatre", was commissioned by the University for the hall in 1985. Lawrence was honored as an artist, teacher, and humanitarian when the NAACP awarded him the Spingarn Medal in 1970 for his outstanding achievements. In 1974 the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York held a major retrospective of his work, and in 1983 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1998 he received Washington State's highest honor, The Washington Medal of Merit. He was awarded the US National Medal of the Arts in 1990. He died on June 9, 2000.Biographical Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Lawrence , 2008.

From the description of Jacob Lawrence Papers 1971-1976. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 430839403

Epithet: Lieutenant; RN

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000133.0x0001b9

Painter, educator; Seattle, Wash.; b. 1917; d. 2000.

From the description of Oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence, 1968 Oct. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79296689

Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000), African American painter, was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

From the description of Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10568102

Interviewee Jacob Lawrence: African-American painter and educator; New York, N.Y. and Seattle, Wash.; b. 1917; d. 2000. Interviewee Gwendolyn Knight: Wife of Lawrence, artist; New York, N.Y. and Seattle Wash.

From the description of Oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight, 1998 Nov. 18 [sound recording]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84547920

African-American painter and educator; New York, N.Y. and Seattle, Wash.; b. 1917; d. 2000

Born Jacob Armstead Lawrence, September 17, 1917, Atlantic City, N.J. He died June 9, 2000, in Seattle. Worked for the WPA's Federal Art Project and taught at Black Mountain College, in North Carolina, Pratt Institute (1956-1971), Brandeis University (1965), The New School (1966), the Art Students League (1967), the University of Washinginton, and others.

From the description of Jacob Lawrence papers [microform], 1937-1992. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84547913

Modernist painter and educator Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000) was born in 1917 as Jacob Armstead Lawrence in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He began his art studies at the Utopia Children’s Center in New York City’s Harlem district where he studied under the painter Charles Alston. Lawrence dropped out of high school at the age of sixteen to continue his art instruction with Alston but this time at the Harlem Art Workshop where he met several artists associated with the Harlem Renaissance including the sculptor Augusta Savage.

Gwendolyn Knight (b.1913) was born in Barbados and moved to New York City with her adoptive parents when she was seven. She attended New York’s Wadleigh High School and later Howard University in Washington, D. C. where she studied fine arts with Lois Mailou Jones and James Porter. Forced to leave her studies at Howard because of the Depression, Knight returned to Harlem and continued her artistic pursuits in Augusta Savage’s workshop. In1935, Knight joined the Harlem Mural Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) working under Selma Day and Charles Alston. Lawrence and Knight met in Savage’s workshop and married in the summer of 1941.

During the Depression, Lawrence also joined the WPA Federal Arts Project in Harlem. Finding WPA murals overwhelming, Lawrence concentrated on traditional painting instead. He produced his first major works in the late 1930s, most notably the Toussaint L’Ouverture series, images that document the life of the revolutionary hero and Haiti’s struggle for independence. Other significant works include visual narratives of the lives of abolitionists Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass. In 1940, Lawrence received the prestigious Julius Rosenwald Fellowship making it possible to purchase his first art studio on 125th Street in the heart of Harlem. He soon portrayed Harlem street life in paintings that became commentaries on the role of African Americans in United States society with highly developed themes of resistance and social opposition. That same year, Lawrence began his most celebrated series, “The Migration of the American Negro,” multiple tempera panels depicting the exodus of African American sharecroppers in the south to northern industrial cities in search of better employment and social opportunities. Edith Halpert exhibited the works in their entirety at her Downtown Gallery in 1941 establishing Lawrence as the first African American artist to exhibit in a top New York gallery. The following year, New York’s Museum of Modern Art and the Phillips Collection in Washington, DC each bought half of the sixty panels in the series, helping to further Lawrence’s career within the larger world of American art.

In the summer of 1946, the artist Joseph Albers invited Lawrence to teach at North Carolina’s Black Mountain College. It was the first in a series of teaching positions in prestigious art schools including Pratt Institute (1956-1971), Brandeis University (1965), The New School (1966), the Art Students League (1967), and others. During the 1950s and 1960s, Lawrence’s work continued to focus on racism and political activism but in the late 1960s shifted to themes of racial harmony.

Both Lawrence and Knight continued independent careers in art. Knight pursued her art studies at the New School in New York and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine. In the mid-1960s, she collaborated with other female artists to form the Studio Gallery in New York City. Knight's main body of work consists of portraits and still-lifes that incorporate expressions of African sculpture, Impressionism, dance and theater. Focusing on gesture, her art is described as light and airy with a minimum of lines allowing empty space to define the work.

In 1970, Lawrence traveled to Seattle to teach as a visiting artist at the University of Washington. He was hired on a permanent basis the following year and remained on staff until his retirement in 1986. Jacob Lawrence died June 9, 2000, in Seattle, Washington at the age of 83. Gwendolyn Knight continues to live and paint in Seattle and actively exhibits her work around the country.

From the guide to the Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers, 1945-1995 (bulk 1973-1994), (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Lawrence is among the best-known twentieth century African American painters, a distinction shared with Romare Bearden. Born in 1917 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Lawrence was thirteen when he moved with his mother, sister and brother to New York City. His mother enrolled him in classes at an arts and crafts settlement house in Harlem, in an effort to keep him busy. The young Lawrence often drew patterns with crayons. Although much of his work copied his mother's carpets, an art teacher there noted great potential in Lawrence. In 1970 Lawrence settled in Seattle, Washington and became an art professor at the University of Washington. Some of his works are now displayed there in the Paul G. Allen Center for Computer Science & Engineering and in Meany Hall for the Performing Arts. The piece in the main lobby of Meany Hall, entitled "Theatre", was commissioned by the University for the hall in 1985. Lawrence was honored as an artist, teacher, and humanitarian when the NAACP awarded him the Spingarn Medal in 1970 for his outstanding achievements. In 1974 the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York held a major retrospective of his work, and in 1983 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1998 he received Washington State's highest honor, The Washington Medal of Merit. He was awarded the US National Medal of the Arts in 1990. He died on June 9, 2000.

Biographical Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Lawrence, 2008

From the guide to the Jacob Lawrence Papers, 1971-1976, (University of Minnesota Libraries Children's Literature Research Collections [clrc])

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn American Federation of Arts. American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969). Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. In an antislavery convention, Douglass and two fellow workers were mobbed
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Douglass argued against poor Negroes leaving the Southquot;
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;The birth of Toussaint L'Ouverture, May 20, 1743quot;
referencedIn Images of Labor Poster Collection, 1994 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006. Arnold Newman photographs of artists, ca. 1940-1960. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.). Downtown Gallery records, 1824-1974, bulk 1926-1969. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946. Papers. 1921-1979. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;In early manhood he was a coachman for Bayou de Libertas, 1763quot;
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Toussaint captured Marmelade, held by Vernet, a mulatto, 1795quot;
creatorOf Lowenthal, Milton. Milton and Edith Lowenthal papers, 1940-1989. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Frederick Douglass listened to William Lloyd Garrison denounce slavery
referencedIn Clements, Geoffrey,. First World Festival of Negro Arts photographs / [Geoffrey Clements]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-. Oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight, 1998 Nov. 18 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;The cruelty of the planters towards the slaves drove the slaves to revolt, 1776quot;
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Many migrants found poor housing conditions in the North
creatorOf Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers, 1945-1995 (bulk 1973-1994) Archives of American Art
referencedIn Lawrence, Jacob, 1917- : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. Carl Van Vechten collection, ca. 1920-ca. 1955; (bulk 1940-1949). Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Douglass edited the first Negro paper quot;The North Starquot;
referencedIn Block, Dorothy, 1904-1984. Dorothy Block papers, 1920-1985. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gikow, Ruth, 1915-1982. Ruth Gikow papers, 1933-1982. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000. Jacob Lawrence : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn New York Artists Equity Association. New York Artists Equity Association records, 1944-2010. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;General L'Ouverture, statesman and millitary genius, dreaded by the French, hated by the planters, and revered by the blacks quot;
referencedIn Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.). Downtown Gallery records, 1824-1974, bulk 1926-1969. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Douglass edited the first Negro paper quot;The North Starquot;
referencedIn Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Deptartment of Education. Department of education, exhibition files, 1970-2003. Hirsch Library Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
referencedIn Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Paintings by Jacob Lawrence. 1944 : Archives pamphlet file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Elton Fax Collection, 1969, undated Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. The migration gained in momentum
creatorOf Levine, Jack, 1915-. Jack Levine papers, 1923-1999. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Antagonism between white and Negro workers resulted in race riots
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-. Jacob Lawrence exhibition card and autobiographical notes, 1947-1948. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Sue Brandt McBee Collection of African American Culture AR. 2001. 020., 1980-2003., 1950-2003. Austin History Center, Austin Public Library..
creatorOf Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977. Charles Henry Alston papers, 1924-1980. Archives of American Art
referencedIn American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969) Archives of American Art
referencedIn Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Painting and Sculpture. Institutional file, Exhibitions. Jacob Lawrence: american painter. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. During World War I there was a great migration north by southern Negroes
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968] [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000. Jacob Lawrence Papers 1971-1976. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Vol. CVI (ff. 330). 16 June-July, 1823.George IV of England: Correspondence and papers of the 2nd Earl of Liverpool: 1820-1827.includes:f. 1 Sir Joseph Planta, the younger; GCH: Correspondence with the 2nd Earl of Liverpool: 1818-1826. f. 7 George ... British Library
referencedIn Downtown Gallery records, 1824-1974, bulk 1926-1969 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Brooklyn Museum. Listening to pictures : interviews. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. In an antislavery convention, Douglass and two fellow workers were mobbed
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Douglass argued against John Brown's plan to attack the arsenal at Harpers Ferry
referencedIn Willis, John Ralph. John Ralph Willis papers, 1971-1992. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn American Association of University Women. American Association of University Women records, 1935-1955. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Toussaint is taken to Paris and imprisoned in the dungeon of the Castle Joux, August 17, 1802 quot;
referencedIn McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965. Elizabeth McCausland papers, 1838-1965 (bulk 1920-1960). Archives of American Art
creatorOf Jacob Lawrence Papers, 1971-1976 University of Minnesota Libraries Children's Literature Research Collections [clrc]
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Frederick Douglass was born on MD's Eastern Shore among ignorant and poor whites and Negro slaves
referencedIn Posada, José Guadalupe, 1851-1913 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Milton Wolf Brown papers, 1908-1998 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Arna Bontemps Papers, 1927-1968 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Neuberger, Roy R. Roy R. Neuberger papers, 1940-1979. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Fortess, Karl E. (Karl Eugene), 1907-. Karl E. Fortess taped interviews with artists, [1963-1985]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Charles Henry Alston papers, 1924-1980 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. Records, Exhibition negatives: installations. Paintings of Jacob Lawrence. 1960-1961. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. The Negro was the largest source of labor after all others had been exhausted
referencedIn Alan Gallery (New York, N.Y.). Alan Gallery records, 1953-1970. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;General L'Ouverture, statesman and millitary genius, dreaded by the French, hated by the planters, and revered by the blacks quot;
referencedIn Billings, Henry, 1901-. Henry Billings letters and photographs, 1955. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Jean Francois was the first black to rebel in Haitiquot;
referencedIn Block, Dorothy, 1904-1984. Dorothy Block papers, 1920-1985. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Negroes were leaving by the hundreds to go north and enter northern industry
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;The cruelty of the planters towards the slaves drove the slaves to revolt, 1776quot;
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968] [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, 1965-1968 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Elizabeth McCausland papers, 1838-1965, bulk 1920-1960 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Barnet, Will, 1911-. Will Barnet papers, 1938-2000. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Toussaint captured Marmelade, held by Vernet, a mulatto, 1795quot;
referencedIn Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006. Arnold Newman photographs of artists, ca. 1940-1960. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Dept. of Education. Department of education : school program files, 1974-2002. Hirsch Library Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
referencedIn Valente, Alfredo. Jacob Lawrence [graphic]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Jack Levine papers, 1923-1999 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. During World War I there was a great migration north by southern Negroes
referencedIn Lawrence, Jacob : Biographical file. Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
referencedIn Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Department of Education. Department of education files, 1950-2000. Hirsch Library Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Many migrants found poor housing conditions in the North
referencedIn McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965. Elizabeth McCausland papers, 1838-1980, bulk 1920-1960. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Jacob Lawrence Papers, 1937-1971 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Detroit Institute of Arts. Crosscurrents U.S.A. artists' statement : sound recording; 1969 Mar. Archives of American Art
referencedIn McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965. Elizabeth McCausland papers, 1838-1965 (bulk 1920-1960). Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;The birth of Toussaint L'Ouverture, May 20, 1743quot;
referencedIn Valente, Alfredo. Alfredo Valente papers, 1941-1978. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Negroes were leaving by the hundreds to go north and enter northern industry
referencedIn Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977,. Oral history interview with Charles Henry Alston, 1965 Sept. 28 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973. Philip Evergood papers, 1910-1970. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. The migration gained in momentum
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000. Oral history interviews with Jacob Lawrence, 1982 July 20-Aug. 4. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Dintenfass, Terry, 1920-. Terry Dintenfass interviews, 1974 Dec. 2-1975 Jan. 13 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-. Interview (transcript). 1982. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Toussaint is taken to Paris and imprisoned in the dungeon of the Castle Joux, August 17, 1802 quot;
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Romare Bearden papers, 1937-1982 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Frederick Douglass listened to William Lloyd Garrison denounce slavery
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;In early manhood he was a coachman for Bayou de Libertas, 1763quot;
referencedIn Block, Dorothy, 1904-1984. Dorothy Block papers, 1920-1985. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Records Relating to Exhibits
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-. Oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence, 1968 Oct. 26. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Antagonism between white and Negro workers resulted in race riots
referencedIn New York Artists Equity Association. New York Artists Equity Association records, 1944-2003. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Another cause for Negroes leaving the South was lynching
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Another cause for Negroes leaving the South was lynching
creatorOf Rolick, Esther G., b. 1922. Esther G. Rolick papers, 1941-1985. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Outterbridge, John, 1933-. John Outterbridge papers, 1953-1997. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Dintenfass, Terry, 1920-. Oral history interview with Terry Dintenfass, 1974 Dec. 2-1975 Jan. 13 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Frederick Douglass was born on MD's Eastern Shore among ignorant and poor whites and Negro slaves
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Vol. XCIX (ff. 401). 20 Oct.-Dec. 1820.George IV of England: Correspondence and papers of the 2nd Earl of Liverpool: 1820-1827.includes:ff. 1, 21, 72, 236 Sir Francis Freeling, 1st Baronet; postal reformer: Correspondence with R. Willimott: 1820. f... British Library
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-. Jacob Lawrence papers [microform], 1937-1992. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Wolford, Richard,. Jacob Lawrence lecture at the Society of Nigerian Artists [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-. Correspondence from Carl Zigrosser, 1940. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988. Romare Bearden papers, 1937-1982. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Brown, Milton W. (Milton Wolf), 1911-1998. Milton Wolf Brown papers, 1908-1998. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Lena Gurr papers, 1908-1979 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988. Oral history interview with Romare Bearden, 1980 July 31 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Blackburn, Robert Hamilton, 1920-. Oral history interview with Robert Blackburn, 1970 Dec. 4 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. Douglass argued against John Brown's plan to attack the arsenal at Harpers Ferry
referencedIn Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Office of the Director. Peter C. Marzio : exhibition files, 1987-2001. Hirsch Library Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. The Negro was the largest source of labor after all others had been exhausted
referencedIn Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Jacob Lawrence, the migration series. 1995 : Archives pamphlet file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Gurr, Lena, 1897-1992. Lena Gurr papers, 1908-1979. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. Records, Exhibition negatives: installations. Jacob Lawrence: American Painter. 1987. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968] [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Billings, Henry, 1901-. Henry Billings letters and photographs, 1955. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Jean Francois was the first black to rebel in Haitiquot;
creatorOf Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Artworks by Negro Artists. 1922 - 1967. quot;Douglass argued against poor Negroes leaving the Southquot;
referencedIn Grigsby, J. Eugene (Jefferson Eugene), 1918-. J. Eugene Grigsby papers, 1940s-1983. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alan Gallery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Alston, Charles Henry, 1907-1977. person
associatedWith American Association of University Women. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith American Society of African Culture. corporateBody
associatedWith Art Students League (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Barnet, Will, 1911- person
associatedWith Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988. person
associatedWith Berman, Avis person
associatedWith Billings, Henry, 1901- person
associatedWith Blackburn, Robert Hamilton, 1920- person
associatedWith Block, Dorothy, 1904-1984. person
associatedWith Bocour, Leonard, 1910- person
associatedWith Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973 person
associatedWith Bread and Roses Cultural Project corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Painting and Sculpture. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Milton W. (Milton Wolf), 1911-1998. person
associatedWith Buell, Jack. person
associatedWith Clements, Geoffrey, person
associatedWith Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946. person
associatedWith Detroit Institute of Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Dintenfass, Terry, 1920- person
associatedWith Downtown Gallery corporateBody
associatedWith Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Driskell, David. person
associatedWith Eichenberg, Fritz, 1901- person
associatedWith Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973. person
associatedWith Fax, Elton C. person
associatedWith Fortess, Karl E. (Karl Eugene), 1907- person
associatedWith Freedomways Associates. corporateBody
associatedWith Gikow, Ruth, 1915-1982. person
associatedWith Greene, Carroll, person
associatedWith Grigsby, J. Eugene (Jefferson Eugene), 1918- person
associatedWith Gurr, Lena, 1897-1992. person
associatedWith Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970 person
associatedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967 person
associatedWith Julius Rosenwald Fund corporateBody
associatedWith Karlstrom, Paul J., person
associatedWith Knight, Gwendolyn person
associatedWith Knight, Gwendolyn, person
associatedWith Lena Gurr person
associatedWith Levine, Jack, 1915- person
associatedWith Locke, Alain, 1885-1954 person
associatedWith Lowenthal, Milton. person
associatedWith McBee, Sue Brandt corporateBody
associatedWith McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965. person
associatedWith Museum of African Art (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Department of Education. corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Deptartment of Education. corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Dept. of Education. corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Urban League. corporateBody
associatedWith Neuberger, Roy R. person
associatedWith Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006. person
associatedWith New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y. : 1919-1997) corporateBody
associatedWith New York Artists Equity Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Outterbridge, John, 1933- person
associatedWith Patterson, Raymond R. person
associatedWith Rolick, Esther G., b. 1922. person
associatedWith Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965 person
associatedWith Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. corporateBody
associatedWith Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974 person
associatedWith Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987 person
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
associatedWith Valente, Alfredo. person
associatedWith Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Willis, John Ralph. person
associatedWith Wolford, Richard, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Glasgow, Scotland
Washington (State)--Seattle
London, England
Washington (State)
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)
Walmer, Kent
Dover, Kent
New York (State)--New York
Cork, Ireland
Washington (State)--Seattle
New York (State)--N.Y
West Indies, America
New York (State)
United States
Subject
Printmakers--United States
Art, American--20th century
African Americans--Biography
Art--Painters
African American arts
Painters--Interviews
African Americans and art
Painters--Washington (State)
African Americans
African American artists--Washington (State)--Seattle
African American artists--New York (State)--New York
Painting--Study and teaching
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Painting, Modern--20th century
Painters--United States--20th century
Art, American--Exhibitions
African American painting
Painters
African American artists--Interviews
Literature--Children's
Painters--New York (State)
Painting, American--Afro--American painting
African American printmakers
Painting, American--20th century
Art, American
African American painters--Interviews
African American artists
Art and race
Painting, Modern--20th century--United States
Occupation
Painter
Artists
Printmaker
Function

Person

Birth 1917-09-17

Death 2000-06-09

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62f7q08

Ark ID: w62f7q08

SNAC ID: 35684538