Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987

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Soyer was a painter; New York, N.Y.

From the description of Artists' statement, 1947. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122394893

Painter.

From the description of Raphael Soyer papers, 1949-1954. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63935130

Raphael Soyer, 1899-1987, painter of New York, N.Y.

From the description of Oral history interview with Raphael Soyer, 1981 May 13-June 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 657038622

From the description of Oral history interview Raphael Soyer, 1981 May 13-June 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 646396902

Raphael Soyer was a painter.

From the guide to the Raphael Soyer papers, 1949-1954., (Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library)

Painter (New York, N.Y.).

From the description of Oral history interview Raphael Soyer, 1981 May 13-1981 June 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84201814

Raphael Soyer (1899-1987) was a painter and printmaker in New York, N.Y.

Born in Tombov (or Borisoglebsk), Russia, Soyer was one of six siblings, including twin Moses, and brothers Isaac and Israel, who were encouraged in their art work by their father, a teacher of Hebrew literature. Raphael Soyer studied drawing and painting at the Cooper Union, at the National Academy of Design, ca. 1919, and with Guy Pene Du Bois at the Art Students League. His first one-man show was at the Daniel Gallery in 1929. He became noted for his prints and paintings of social realism during the Depression, and taught at the Art Students League, The New School, and at the National Academy of Design.

From the description of Raphael Soyer papers, 1933-1989. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220233716

Painter; New York, N.Y.

Noted for his social realism in painting.

From the description of Raphael Soyer lecture, 1960. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122355184

Raphael Soyer (1899-1987) and his twin brother Moses (1899-1974) were born on December 25, 1899, in the Russian town Borisoglebsk. Their father Abraham was a scholar and Hebrew teacher who encouraged all of his children to sketch and paint. After the family was deported from Russia, they settled in the Bronx, New York, in 1912. Raphael and Moses briefly attended school, but at 16 they began working various jobs to help support their family. They also began taking free art classes at Cooper Union and later Raphael attended the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League where he studied with Guy Pene du Bois. He began to show his paintings in 1926 and in 1929 gallery owner Charles Daniel gave him his first one man show. Soyer became one of the leading realist painters and printmakers, often depicting Depression-era transients, Manhattan streetscapes, shoppers, and women at work. He also painted and sketched numerous self-portraits and portraits of fellow artists and cultural figures, many of whom were also his friends, including Allen Ginsberg, Chaim Gross, Edward Hopper, and Arshile Gorky.

Beginning in the 1930s Soyer showed his work frequently at the Whitney Museum of American Art, Associated American Artists Galleries, National Collection of Fine Arts, and other national and international exhibitions. During the 1940s and 1950s he was a leading advocate of realism and spoke out against the abstract style that was dominating the New York art scene. In 1953 he co-founded Reality magazine.

Soyer joined the Forum Gallery in New York in the early 1960s and became good friends with his dealer Bella Fishko. Also during the 1960s he published three books, A Painter's Pilgrimage (1962), Homage to Thomas Eakins (1966), and Self-Revealment: a Memoir (1969), and had his first retrospective at the Whitney Museum in 1967.

Throughout his career Soyer also occasionally taught at art schools including the Art Students League and the New School. He also collaborated with his friend, writer Isaac Bashevis Singer, by illustrating several of Singer's books. Soyer and his wife Rebecca, whom he married in 1931, lived the rest of their lives in New York City, but often traveled to Europe. They had one daughter, Mary. Soyer's final book, Diary of an Artist, was published in 1977 and in 1979 he received the Gold Medal from the National Arts Club. He continued painting realist subjects until his death in 1987.

From the guide to the Raphael Soyer papers, 1933-1989, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Oral history interview Raphael Soyer, 1981 May 13-1981 June 1. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Valente, Alfredo. Alfredo Valente papers, 1941-1978. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kaplan, Joseph, 1900-1980. Joseph Kaplan papers, 1923-1976. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Farruggio, Remo, 1906-1981. Remo Farruggio papers, 1937-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988. Isabel Bishop papers, 1914-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991. Chaim Gross interviews, 1981 May 26-May 27. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn The Daily Worker and The Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Abraham Harriton Papers, 1915-1965 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf ACA Galleries. ACA Galleries records, 1917-1963. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Smith, Jacob Getlar, 1898-1958. Jacob Getlar Smith papers, 1919-1966. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Sandler, Marc, 1907-1968. Marc Sandler papers, 1947-1955. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf American Artists Group. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1936-1957, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Gropper, William, 1897-. William Gropper papers, 1916-1983, bulk 1926-1977. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973. Philip Evergood papers, 1910-1970. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roberts, Colette, 1910-. Colette Roberts papers and interviews with artists, 1961-1971 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Corso, Gregory. Gregory Corso papers, 1949-1996. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Seroka, Lenore. Lenore Seroka photographs, 1977-1984. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Roko Gallery records, 1929-1982, bulk 1970-1978 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Pène du Bois, Guy, 1884-1958. Guy Pène Du Bois papers, 1903-1963. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Artists' statement, 1947. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Raphael Soyer papers, 1933-1989 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn ACA Galleries. ACA Galleries records, 1917-1966. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Harvard Art Museum. Exhibition Records, 1905-2008 Harvard Art Museums. Archives
referencedIn Eugenie Gershoy papers, 1914-1983 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Oral history interview with Raphael Soyer, 1981 May 13-June 1. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968] [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Sandler, Marc, 1907-1968. Marc Sandler papers, 1947-1955. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Soyer, Avron. Papers, 2012. Harvard University Art Museum
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1932-1969. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Isabel Bishop papers, 1914-1983 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Raphael Soyer : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
referencedIn Bishop, Isabel, 1902-. Isabel Bishop interview, 1987 Nov. 12- Dec. 11 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gregory Corso Papers, 1949-1996. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988. Oral history interview with Isabel Bishop, 1987 Nov. 12-Dec. 11. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991. Oral history interview with Chaim Gross, 1981 May 26- 27. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Moses Soyer papers, circa 1905-1974 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968] [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Raphael Soyer lecture, 1960. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Charles Edward and Isabel Patterson Eaton Art Collection papers, 1920s-1990s. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Morawski, Walter B., 1904-1984. Offset lithographic print collection, 1938-1960. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Ben Shahn papers, 1879-1990, bulk 1933-1970 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Valente, Alfredo. Raphael Soyer [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Levine, Jack, 1915-2010. Jack Levine papers, 1923-1999. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Whitney Museum of American Art. Artists files, [ca. 1930]-1986. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Barnet, Will, 1911-. Will Barnet papers, 1938-2000. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Mark, Marilyn Sabetsky, 1930-. Letter from Moses Soyer to Marilyn Mark and two snapshots, 1967-1977. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Diane Di Prima Papers, 1948-1971 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Bates, Ralph. Correspondence with Wanda Gág, 1938-1944. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn De Creeft, José, 1884-1982. José de Creeft papers, 1908-2004. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Max Weber papers, 1902-2008 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Weber, Max, 1881-1961. Max Weber papers, 1904-1962. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harriton, Abraham, 1893-1987. Abraham Harriton papers, 1910-1986. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, 1965-1968 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Aaron Bohrod Papers, 1932-1963 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn William Gropper papers, 1916-1983 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gikow, Ruth, 1915-1982. Ruth Gikow papers, 1933-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Mark, Marilyn, 1930-. Letter from Moses Soyer and two photographs, 1967-1977. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roberts, Colette, 1910-. Colette Roberts papers and interviews with artists, 1918-1971. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Lena Gurr papers, 1908-1979 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Diamonstein-Spielvogel, Barbaralee. Barbaralee Diamonstein-Spielvogel collection, 1976-1999. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn American Federation of Arts. American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Gershoy, Eugenie, 1901?-1983 or 6. Eugenie Gershoy papers, 1914-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Singer, Isaac Bashevis, 1904-1991. Isaac Bashevis Singer Papers, 1775, 1923-1995. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Chaim Gross Papers, 1937-1964 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Roko Gallery (New York, N.Y.). Roko Gallery records, 1929-1982, bulk 1970-1978. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Dobkin, Alexander, 1908-1975. Alexander Dobkin papers, 1940-1974. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969) Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roberts, Colette, 1910-1971. Colette Roberts interviews with artists, 1961-1971 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Shannon, Joe. Joe Shannon papers, circa 1980-2005. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Laurent, Robert, 1890-1970. Robert Laurent papers, 1869-1973. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Oral history interview Raphael Soyer, 1981 May 13-June 1. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Reier, Esther. Esther Reier letter from Raphael Soyer, 1978 May 29. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Valente, Alfredo. Raphael Soyer [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn George Grosz papers, 1893-1981 (inclusive) 1919-1959 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Raphael Soyer papers, 1949-1954. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Libraries. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Library audio archive collection, 1969-2004. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Benjamin Kopman Papers / Collection, 1911-1962 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974. Moses Soyer papers, circa 1905-1974. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn De Creeft, José, 1884-1982. José de Creeft papers, 1908-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Levine, David, 1926-. David Levine papers, [ca. 1953-1984]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Brooklyn Museum. Listening to pictures : interviews. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Levine, Jack, 1915-. Jack Levine papers, 1923-1999. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Raphael Soyer papers, 1933-1989. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn John Hollander Papers, circa 1950-2007 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. [Raphael Soyer : artist file] Detroit Institute of Arts Research Library & Archives, DIA Research Library & Archives
referencedIn Rabin and Krueger Gallery Collection Newark Public Library, Main Library
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Letter, 1965, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Baranik, Rudolf. Rudolf Baranik papers, 1951-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969. Ben Shahn papers, 1879-1990 (bulk 1933-1970). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Jacob Lawrence Papers, 1937-1971 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Jack Levine papers, 1923-1999 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968] [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988. Isabel Bishop interview, 1987 Nov. 12- Dec. 11. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1962. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987 [clippings] New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991. Chaim Gross papers, 1920-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Fortess, Karl E. (Karl Eugene), 1907-. Karl E. Fortess taped interviews with artists, [1963-1985]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gross, Chaim, 1904-. Oral history interview with Chaim Gross, 1981 May 26- 27. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn The ACA Galleries records, 1917-1963 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gurr, Lena, 1897-1992. Lena Gurr papers, 1908-1979. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987. Raphael Soyer papers, 1949-1954. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Orlowsky, Lillian, 1914-. Oral history interview with Lillian Orlowsky, 1996 Aug. 5-26. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Soyer, Raphael : Biographical file. Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith ACA Galleries. corporateBody
associatedWith Ahlas, Lambro person
associatedWith Ahlas, Lambro. person
associatedWith American Artists Group. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Baranik, Rudolf person
associatedWith Baranik, Rudolf. person
associatedWith Barnet, Will, 1911- person
associatedWith Biddle, George, 1885- person
associatedWith Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988. person
associatedWith Bohrod, Aaron. person
associatedWith Bratby, John, 1928- person
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Milton W. (Milton Wolf), 1911-1998 person
associatedWith Burliuk, David, 1882-1967. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Corso, Gregory. person
associatedWith De Creeft, José, 1884-1982. person
associatedWith De Francia, Peter person
associatedWith De Francia, Peter. person
associatedWith Detroit Institute of Arts Research Library & Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Diamonstein-Spielvogel, Barbaralee. person
associatedWith Di Prima, Diane, Archives person
associatedWith Dobkin, Alexander, 1908-1975. person
associatedWith Du Bois, Guy Pène, 1884-1958. person
associatedWith Eugenie Gershoy person
associatedWith Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973. person
associatedWith Farruggio, Remo, 1906-1981. person
associatedWith Fortess, Karl E. (Karl Eugene), 1907- person
associatedWith Gershoy, Eugenie, 1901?-1983 or 6. person
associatedWith Gikow, Ruth, 1915-1982. person
associatedWith Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897- person
associatedWith Gorky, Arshile, 1904-1948. person
associatedWith Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974. person
associatedWith Gropper, William person
associatedWith Gropper, William, 1897- person
associatedWith Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991 person
correspondedWith Grosz, George, 1893-1959 person
associatedWith Gurr, Lena, 1897-1992. person
associatedWith Harriton, Abraham, 1893-1986 person
associatedWith Harriton, Abraham, 1893-1987. person
associatedWith Harvard Art Museum Archives corporateBody
associatedWith Hirsch, Joseph, 1910- person
associatedWith Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981. person
associatedWith Hirshhorn, Joseph H. person
associatedWith Hirshhorn, Joseph H. person
associatedWith Hollander, John. person
associatedWith Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967. person
associatedWith Kaplan, Joseph, 1900-1980. person
associatedWith Kopman, Benjamin, b. 1887 person
associatedWith Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953. person
associatedWith Lasker, Joe. person
associatedWith Laurent, Robert, 1890-1970. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000 person
associatedWith Lena Gurr person
associatedWith Levine, David, 1926- person
associatedWith Levine, Jack, 1915-2010. person
associatedWith Mark, Marilyn Sabetsky, 1930- person
associatedWith Morawski, Walter B., 1904-1984. person
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Orlowsky, Lillian, 1914- person
associatedWith Pène du Bois, Guy, 1884-1958. person
associatedWith Poor, Henry Varnum, 1887-1970. person
associatedWith Reier, Esther. person
associatedWith Roberts, Colette, 1910- person
associatedWith Roko Gallery corporateBody
associatedWith Roko Gallery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Sandler, Marc, 1907-1968. person
associatedWith Seroka, Lenore. person
associatedWith Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969. person
associatedWith Shannon, Joe. person
associatedWith Singer, Isaac Bashevis, 1904- person
associatedWith Singer, Isaac Bashevis, 1904-1991. person
associatedWith Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. corporateBody
associatedWith Sloan, John, 1871-1951. person
associatedWith Smith, Jacob Getlar, 1898-1958. person
associatedWith Soyer, Avron. person
associatedWith Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974. person
associatedWith Stella, Joseph, 1877-1946. person
associatedWith Valente, Alfredo. person
associatedWith Weber, Max person
associatedWith Weber, Max, 1881-1961. person
associatedWith Whitney Museum of American Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
United States
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
Subject
Painters--New York (State)--New York
Artists' statements
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Printmakers--New York (State)--New York
Painting, American
Art--Philosophy
Authors
Printmakers
Authors--New York (State)--New York
Painters--Interviews
Social realism--New York (State)--New York
Artists--United States
Art, American
Realism in art
Painters
Social realism
Abstract Expressionism
Artists
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1899-12-25

Death 1987-11-04

Americans

Information

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SNAC ID: 7183932