Huxley, Juliette, 1896-1994

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Lady Marie Juliette Baillot was born in Auvernier, Switzerland, in a village near Lake Neuchâtel, on December 6, 1896, and moved to England at the age of nineteen to work as a French teacher for Ottoline Morrell. At Garsington, Morrell’s home, she met numerous guests including Aldous Leonard Huxley (ALH) and Julian Huxley. Julian and Juliette began courting in 1916, and corresponded throughout 1917 and 1918 while Julian served in the Army Service Corps and Army Intelligence during World War I. The two were married in 1919. Their first son, Anthony, was born in 1920, and their second, Francis, in 1923. Juliette followed Julian in his tenures at King’s College and the Royal Institute in London during the 1920s and until 1931, when Julian resigned. During Julian’s term as Secretary of the Zoological Society of London from 1935 until 1942, Juliette loved living in their home at the London Zoo. She enjoyed walking among the animals and hearing them at night. In 1946 the couple moved to Paris while Julian Huxley served as Director-General of UNESCO.

Juliette Huxley traveled extensively with her husband throughout the 1950s and early 1960s. She later published Wild Lives of Africa (1963), which was based on her experiences traveling with Julian during 1960 and 1961. The two eventually returned to London, where Julian died in 1975. Juliette Huxley continued living in London, surrounded by her own sculptures and the artwork of their numerous friends from over the years. She continued writing as well, publishing her autobiography Leaves of the Tulip Tree in 1986. She also continued to take notice of advancements in the fields in which her husband was interested, including biology, conservation, humanism, and social evolution. Juliette Huxley’s brother-in-law (and Nobel Prize winner), Aldous Huxley and her two sons, among other life-long acquaintances, frequently visited her. Her son Anthony died in 1992, which affected her own health. Juliette Huxley died on September 28, 1994.

From the guide to the Guide to the Juliette Huxley papers, MS 474., 1895-1994, (Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston, TX)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Tennant, Stephen. Papers, 1929-1977. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Victoria Ocampo papers, 1908-1979. Houghton Library
creatorOf Pitter, Ruth, 1897-1992. Ruth Pitter letters and papers, 1937-1974. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Huxley, Sir Julian Sorell, 1887-1975. Letters, 1953-1975, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Kenneth Clark/Julian Huxley Correspondence MS 55., 1935-1974 Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University
referencedIn Julian and Juliette Huxley papers, 1899-1988. Rice University, Fondren Library
creatorOf Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975. Papers, 1899-1980. Rice University, Fondren Library
referencedIn Smith, Grover. Grover Smith collection of Aldous Huxley correspondence, 1908-1965, (bulk 1930,-1950s). Rice University, Fondren Library
referencedIn Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963. Aldous Huxley oral history papers 1985-1990. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Guide to the Juliette Huxley papers, MS 474., 1895-1994 Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University
referencedIn Guide to the Grover Smith collection of Aldous Huxley correspondence MS 462., 1908-1965 Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Attenborough, Davd Frederick, Sir, 1926- person
correspondedWith Bedford, Sybille, 1911- person
correspondedWith Clark, Kenneth, 1903- person
correspondedWith D’Aranyi, Jelly person
correspondedWith Eaton, Cyrus Stephen, 1883- person
correspondedWith Elmhirst, Dorothy person
correspondedWith Hammersley, Violet, 1907- person
correspondedWith Hardy, Alister Clavering, Sir person
correspondedWith Havel, Jacques person
associatedWith Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963 person
associatedWith Huxley, Julian Sorell, 1887-1975 person
associatedWith Huxley, Sir Julian Sorell, 1887-1975. person
correspondedWith Koteliansky, Samuel S. person
correspondedWith Lamont, Corliss, 1902-1995 person
correspondedWith Lorenz, Konrad, 1903- person
correspondedWith Maheu, Rene person
correspondedWith Menuhin, Yehudi, 1916-1995 person
correspondedWith Mitchison, Naomi, 1897-1999 person
correspondedWith Moore, Henry, 1898- person
correspondedWith Morrell, Ottoline, 1873-1938 person
correspondedWith Muller, H. J. (Herman Joseph), 1890-1967 person
correspondedWith Ocampo, Victoria, 1891- person
associatedWith Pitter, Ruth, 1897-1992. person
correspondedWith Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970 person
correspondedWith Russell, Edith Finch, 1900-1978 person
correspondedWith Sarton, May, 1912- person
correspondedWith Simpson, George Gaylord, 1902- person
correspondedWith Smith, Grover. person
correspondedWith Spender, Stephen, 1909- person
correspondedWith Stark, Freya Madeline, Dame, 1893-1993 person
correspondedWith Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971 person
associatedWith Tennant, Stephen. person
correspondedWith Tinbergen, Niko, 1907- person
correspondedWith Wells, G. G. person
correspondedWith Wells, H. G. (Herbert George), 1866-1946 person
correspondedWith Young, Stark, 1881-1963 person
correspondedWith Zuckerman, Solly, Baron, 1904- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Conservation of natural resources
Philosophy, Modern
Social evolution
Voyages and travels


Birth 1896

Death 1994



Ark ID: w6n30pzk

SNAC ID: 34313482