Wu, C. S. (Chien-shiung), 1912-1997

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Chien-Shiung Wu (Chinese: 吳健雄; May 31, 1912 – February 16, 1997) was a Chinese-American experimental physicist who made significant contributions in the field of nuclear physics. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project, where she helped develop the process for separating uranium into uranium-235 and uranium-238 isotopes by gaseous diffusion. She is best known for conducting the Wu experiment, which proved that parity is not conserved. This discovery resulted in her colleagues Tsung-Dao Lee and Chen-Ning Yang winning the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics, while Wu herself was awarded the inaugural Wolf Prize in Physics in 1978. Her expertise in experimental physics evoked comparisons to Marie Curie. Her nicknames include the "First Lady of Physics", the "Chinese Madame Curie" and the "Queen of Nuclear Research".
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000. Robert R. Wilson papers, 1936-2000. Cornell University Library
creatorOf NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries in Particle Physics (1994 : Erice, Italy). Selected talks from the International Conference on the History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries in Particle Physics [sound recording] / 1994. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Sage Colleges. Archives. Honorary degree recipient for 1971, Chien Shiung Wu. The Sage Colleges Libraries
referencedIn Pauli, Hertha, 1909-1973. Letter to Chien Shiung Wu concerning her brother, Wolfgang Pauli, 1959. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Niels Bohr Library. The Emilio Segrè visual archives, T-Z, [ca. 1870]-9999. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Columbia University. Physics Dept. Columbia University Department of Physics Records, 1870-1983. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn University of Pennsylvania. Office of the President. Assistant to the President for Special Projects. Records, 1977-1994. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn Robert R. Wilson papers, 1936-2000. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Segrè, Emilio. Oral history interview with Emilio Gino Segrè, 1967 February 13. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf American Physical Society. Meeting (1976 : Washington, D.C.). Bicentennial session on the history of pioneering American physicists [sound recording] / 1976 April 28. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Wu, Chien-sung. Ideology, higher education, and professional manpower in communist China, 1949 - 1969 / [MiKroform] Chien-sung Wu.
referencedIn INS Chien Shiung Wu INS Immigration Arrival Investigation Case File National Archives at San Francisco
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988 person
memberOf American physical society corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society. Meeting (1976 : Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887. person
associatedWith Bleakney, Walker, 1901-1992. person
associatedWith Blewett, John P. (John Paul), 1910- person
associatedWith Boehm, Felix, 1881-1958 person
associatedWith Booth, E. T. (Eugene Theodore), 1912- person
associatedWith Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969 person
associatedWith Brode, Robert B. (Robert Bigham), 1900-1986 person
associatedWith Brown, Harold, 1927-.... person
associatedWith Columbia University. Division of War Research corporateBody
employeeOf Columbia University. Physics Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, Bergen, 1869-1958 person
associatedWith Devons, Samuel person
associatedWith Dunning, John R. (John Ray), 1907-1975 person
associatedWith Feinberg, Gerald, 1933-.... person
associatedWith Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954 person
associatedWith Fletcher, James Chipman, 1919-1991 person
associatedWith Foley, Henry Michael, 1917-1982. person
associatedWith Goldhaber, Gerson. person
associatedWith Guth, Alan. H. person
associatedWith Hitlin, David G. person
associatedWith Javan, Ali, 1926-.... person
associatedWith Kinoshita, T. (Toichiro) person
associatedWith Kroll, Norman Myles 1922- person
associatedWith Kusch, Polykarp, 1911-1993 person
associatedWith Lamb, Willis E. (Willis Eugene), 1913-2008 person
associatedWith Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958 person
associatedWith Lederman, Leon M. person
associatedWith Lee, T. D., 1926- person
associatedWith Loeb, Leonard B. person
associatedWith Low, Francis E. (Francis Eugene), 1921-2007 person
associatedWith Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972 person
associatedWith McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907- person
memberOf National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) corporateBody
memberOf National Institutes of Health (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries in Particle Physics (1994 : Erice, Italy) corporateBody
associatedWith Niels Bohr Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000 person
associatedWith Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967 person
associatedWith Pauli, Hertha, 1909-1973. person
associatedWith Pegram, George Braxton, 1876-1958 person
associatedWith Pekeris, C. L. (Chaim Leib), 1908-1993 person
associatedWith Primakoff, H. (Henry), 1914-1983 person
employeeOf Princeton University corporateBody
associatedWith Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988 person
associatedWith Rainwater, L. James, (Leo James), 1917-1986. person
associatedWith Ramsey, Norman, 1915-2011 person
associatedWith Robert R. Wilson 1914- person
associatedWith Robertson, H. P. (Howard Percy), 1903-1961 person
associatedWith Ruderman, Malvin A. person
associatedWith Sachs, Allan M. (Allan Maxwell), 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Sachs, Robert Green, 1916-.... person
associatedWith Schawlow, Arthur L., 1921-1999 person
associatedWith Schwartz, Melvin, 1932-2006 person
associatedWith Schwinger, Julian, 1918-1994 person
associatedWith Segrè, Emilio. person
associatedWith Serber, R. (Robert) person
employeeOf Smith College. corporateBody
associatedWith Smyth, Henry de Wolf 1898-1986 person
associatedWith Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997 person
associatedWith Steinberger, J. person
associatedWith Telegdi, Val, 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Thomas, Llewellyn Hilleth. person
associatedWith Townes, Charles H. person
employeeOf University of California, Berkeley. Dept. of Physics corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Office of the President. Assistant to the President for Special Projects. corporateBody
associatedWith Weinberg, Steven, 1933-.... person
associatedWith Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008 person
associatedWith Wick, G. C. (Gian Carlo) person
associatedWith Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000. person
honoredBy Wolf Foundation Prizes. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York NY US
Shanghai 23 CN
Women in science
Nuclear physicists
Nuclear physics
Women physicists
Beta decay
Nuclear physicists


Birth 1912-05-31

Death 1997-02-16




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