Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Lyman Spitzer (b. June 26, 1914, Toldedo, OH-d. March 31, 1997, Princeton, NJ) was an American theoretical physicist, astronomer, and mountaineer. As a scientist, he carried out research into star formation, plasma physics, and in 1946, conceived the idea of telescopes operating in outer space. Spitzer invented the stellarator plasma device and is the namesake of NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. He also was the founding director of Project Matterhorn, Princeton University's pioneering program in controlled thermonuclear research, renamed in 1961 as Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. As a mountaineer, he made the first ascent of Mount Thor, with Donald C. Morton.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. FUSION FUEL
creatorOf Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-. Oral history interview with Lyman Spitzer, Jr., 1978 March 15. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn John W. Tukey Papers, 1937-2000 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-. Oral history interview with Lyman Spitzer, Jr., 1977 April 8 and 1978 May 10. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
contributorOf Sherwood Project Papers of Assistant Director William Brobeck, 1953-1957, 1953 - 1957 United States. National Archives and Records Administration National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn John Archibald Wheeler Papers, 1880-2008, 1880-2008 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Podell, Jacob J.,. Franklin Delano Roosevelt letters and manuscripts, 1896-1943. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984. Selected papers [microform], 1921-1979, (bulk 1930-1960). American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997. Oral History interview with Lyman Spitzer, 1991 November 27. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Rau, A. R. P. (A. Ravi P.). Notes for NASA Astrophysics Workshop (Aspen, Colorado), 12-30 June, 1978. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Princeton University. Plasma Physics Laboratory. Fusion: past, present, and future [videorecording]. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Roman, Nancy Grace, 1925-. Oral history interview with Nancy Grace Roman, 1980 August 19. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Schwarzschild, Martin. Oral history interview with Martin Schwarzschild, 1977 March 10 to 19 July 1979. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Herbert Friedman Papers, 1940-2000 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-. Oral history interview with S. Chandrasekhar, 1977 May 17 to October 31. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn History of Modern Astrophysics Collection, 1849-1979 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002. Oral history interview with Jesse Leonard Greenstein, 1974 July 31. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Arno A. Penzias Papers, 1931-2006, (bulk 1963-1998) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Center for History of Physics (American Institute of Physics). History of Modern Astrophysics Archives, 1976-1979. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Goldberg, Leo. Oral history interview with Leo Goldberg, 1983, February 22. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Van de Kamp, Peter, 1901-. Symposium on the galaxy [motion picture] / taken by Peter Van de Kamp, 1950. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-. Lyman Spitzer papers, 1928-1997. Princeton University Library
referencedIn National Air and Space Museum. Dept. of Space History. The Space Astronomy Oral History Project, 1981-1986. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn National Air and Space Museum. Dept. of Space History. The Space Telescope History Project, 1983-1990. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Goldberg, Leo. Informal moments, International Astronomical Union General Assembly, Zurich, 1948 [motion picture] / photographed by Leo Goldberg. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn O'Dell, C. Robert (Charles Robert), 1937-. Oral history interview with Charles Robert O'Dell, 1985 May 21 to 23. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelley), 1912-. History of AURA : interviews and documentation, 1978-1991. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Routly, Paul McRae. Oral History interview with Paul Routly, 1990 September 25. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Astronomical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Bromberg, Joan Lisa, person
associatedWith Center for History of Physics (American Institute of Physics). corporateBody
associatedWith Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910- person
associatedWith Copernicus (Artificial satellite) corporateBody
associatedWith DeVorkin, David H., 1944- person
associatedWith Dugan, Raymond Smith, 1878-1940 person
associatedWith Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984. person
associatedWith Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944. person
associatedWith Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelley), 1912- person
associatedWith Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954. person
correspondedWith Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000 person
associatedWith Gaposchkin, Cecilia Helena Payne, 1900- person
associatedWith Gaposchkin, Sergei, 1898- person
associatedWith General Electric Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Goldberg, Leo. person
associatedWith Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002. person
associatedWith Harvard University. corporateBody
associatedWith Hoyle, Fred, Sir. person
associatedWith Kopal, Zdeněk, 1914-1993. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958. person
associatedWith Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Air and Space Museum. Dept. of Space History. corporateBody
associatedWith National Air and Space Museum. Dept. of Space History. corporateBody
associatedWith O'Dell, C. Robert (Charles Robert), 1937- person
correspondedWith Penzias, Arno A. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Phillips Andover Academy. corporateBody
associatedWith Podell, Jacob J., person
employeeOf Princeton University corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Princeton University. corporateBody
employeeOf Princeton University Observatory corporateBody
founderOf Princeton University. Plasma Physics Laboratory. corporateBody
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
associatedWith Rau, A. R. P. (A. Ravi P.) person
associatedWith Roman, Nancy Grace, 1925- person
associatedWith Routly, Paul McRae person
associatedWith Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957. person
associatedWith Schlesinger, Frank, 1871-1943. person
associatedWith Schwarzschild, Martin. person
associatedWith Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Teller, Edward, 1908-2003. person
associatedWith Tukey, John Wilder, 1915- person
associatedWith United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Cambridge. corporateBody
associatedWith U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Van de Kamp, Peter, 1901- person
associatedWith Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Yale University. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Princeton NJ US
Toledo OH US
Subject
Research--Finance
Photometry--Research
Controlled fusion
World War, 1939-1945--Science
Interstellar matter
Astronomical observatories--20th century
Rocketry
Korean War, 1950-1953
Particle accelerators
Physics--Military aspects
Astrophysics--History
Galaxies--Evolution
Science and industry
Space sciences
Astronomy
Nuclear weapons--Testing
Hubble Space Telescope (Spacecraft)
Space astronomy
Underwater acoustics
Astronomy--Study and teaching--20th century
Cosmology
Astronautics in astronomy
Telescopes
M stars
Science--Methodology
Stellarators
Plasma (Ionized gases)
Astronomy--Research--20th century
Fusion reactors
Stars--Evolution
Astrophysics
Orbiting astronomical observatories
Artificial satellites
Stars--Observations--20th century
Science and state
Hydrogen bomb
Occupation
Astrophysicists--New Jersey--Princeton
Astronomers--20th century.--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1914-06-26

Death 1997-03-31

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wn23cc

Ark ID: w6wn23cc

SNAC ID: 83387095