E. Y. Harburg

Hide Profile

Edgar Yipsel ("Yip") Harburg was born Irwin Hochberg on April 8, 1896, on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. (Some sources give the year of his birth as 1898.) He showed his flair for light verse at an early age, but after graduating from the City College of New York in 1917, he pursued a career in business, while continuing to write in his spare time. After a period of prosperity, his electrical supply company failed in the late 1920s, and he decided to change careers.

Harburg quickly achieved great success as a lyricist. Over the years, he collaborated with many composers, including Jay Gorney, Vernon Duke, Harold Arlen, Jerome Kern, Burton Lane, Sammy Fain, and Jule Styne. Harburg wrote the lyrics for shows such as Finian's Rainbow and films such as The Wizard of Oz . His long list of hit songs includes "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?," "April in Paris," "It's Only a Paper Moon," "Over the Rainbow," and "How are Things in Glocca Morra?"

Harburg's Hollywood career came to a halt in the early 1950s when he was blacklisted. A staunch advocate of a variety of left-leaning causes, Harburg was never a member of the Communist Party. The blacklist did not prevent him from working on Broadway, but his musicals after Finian's Rainbow did not match the success of his earlier works.

Yip Harburg died on March 5, 1981 in Brentwood, California.

From the guide to the The E.Y. Harburg Collection, 1929-1968 (inclusive), (Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf The E.Y. Harburg Collection, 1929-1968 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Arlen, Harold, 1905-1986 person
associatedWith Behrman, S. N. (Samuel Nathaniel), 1893-1973 person
associatedWith Belafonte, Harry, 1927- person
associatedWith Berlin, Irving, 1888- person
associatedWith Buchwald, Art. person
associatedWith Crawford, Cheryl, 1902-1986 person
associatedWith Dassin, Jules, 1911- person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Fosse, Bob, 1927-1987 person
associatedWith Fulbright, J. William (James William), 1905- person
associatedWith Gershwin, Ira, 1896- person
associatedWith Guthrie, Tyrone, Sir, 1900-1971 person
associatedWith Hammerstein, Oscar, 1895-1960 person
associatedWith Harburg, E. Y. (Edgar Yipsel), 1898-1981 person
associatedWith Hart, Moss, 1904-1961 person
associatedWith Kaufman, George S. (George Simon), 1889-1961 person
associatedWith Kay, Hershy. person
associatedWith Kazan, Elia. person
associatedWith Lahr, Bert, 1895-1967 person
associatedWith Lane, Burton, 1912- person
associatedWith Lazar, Irving, 1907-1993 person
associatedWith Lieberson, Goddard, 1911- person
associatedWith Lilienthal, David Eli, 1899-1981 person
associatedWith Loesser, Frank, 1910-1969 person
associatedWith Logan, Joshua. person
associatedWith Lomax, Alan, 1915- person
associatedWith Mercer, Johnny, 1909- person
associatedWith Minnelli, Vincente. person
associatedWith Morse, Wayne L. (Wayne Lyman), 1900-1974 person
associatedWith O'Casey, Sean, 1880-1964 person
associatedWith Perelman, S. J. (Sidney Joseph), 1904- person
associatedWith Poitier, Sidney. person
associatedWith Porter, Cole, 1891-1964 person
associatedWith Prince, Harold, 1928- person
associatedWith Rice, Elmer, 1892-1967 person
associatedWith Rodgers, Richard, 1902- person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 person
associatedWith Rose, Billy, 1899-1966 person
associatedWith Seeger, Pete, 1919- person
associatedWith Sinatra, Frank, 1915- person
associatedWith Snow, Edgar, 1905-1972 person
associatedWith Taylor, Deems, 1885-1966 person
associatedWith Trumbo, Dalton, 1905-1976 person
associatedWith Wallace, Mike, 1918- person
associatedWith Wilkins, Roy, 1901- person
associatedWith Wouk, Herman, 1915- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Musicals
Occupation
Function

Person

Related Descriptions
Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63k63p3

Ark ID: w63k63p3

SNAC ID: 30601956