Prince, Harold, 1928-

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Harold Prince (b. 1928), is a producer and director of theater, film and opera, but is best known for his work on Broadway musicals. Prince, who is commonly known as Hal Prince, began his career in 1948 as an assistant in the office of Broadway director and producer George Abbott. During his early years with Abbott, he made valuable connections with Robert E. Griffith, who would later become his producing partner and Ruth Mitchell, who would be his longtime assistant and production supervisor. Griffith and Prince scored a huge success in their first producing project, The Pajama Game (1954) and had many subsequent Broadway hits until Griffith's death in 1961. Prince began directing with the play, A Family Affair (1962). He has gone on to have a notably prolific career, directing and/or producing many landmark Broadway musicals, including Cabaret (1966), West Side Story (1957), Fiddler on the Roof (1964), Follies (1972), Evita (1979) Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1979) and The Phantom of the Opera (1987). Principal collaborators on musical theater productions include the songwriters Stephen Sondheim; Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick; John Kander and Fred Ebb; Larry Grossman; Betty Comden and Adolph Green; and Andrew Lloyd Webber. In addition to musicals and plays, Prince also has directed operas and two feature films, and appeared in many documentaries and tributes; in 1974 he published an autobiography, Contradictions: Notes on Twenty-Six Years in the Theatre.

From the guide to the Harold Prince scores, 1955-1983, (The New York Public Library. Music Division.)

Harold Prince, born 30 January 1928, is a producer and director of theater, film and opera.

He began his career in 1948 as an assistant in the office of Broadway director George Abbott. In 1954 he began producing for Mr. Abbott with THE PAJAMA GAME and in 1962 he directed his first production, A FAMILY AFFAIR. He has produced and/or directed some 50 plays, musicals, films and operas winning 16 Tony Awards and numerous other honors. He has served as president of the League of New York Theatres, a member of the National Council for the Arts, chairman of the National Institute for Music Theatre and is a trustee of The New York Public Library. His principal collaborators include Stephen Sondheim, George Abbott and Robert E. Griffith. His Broadway work includes FIDDLER ON THE ROOF, WEST SIDE STORY, A FUNNY THING HAPPENED ON THE WAY TO THE FORUM, EVITA and THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA.

From the description of Papers, musical scores, sound recordings 1907-1986; (bulk 1954-1986). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122626589

Harold Prince (b. 1928), is a producer and director of theater, film and opera, but perhaps is best known for his work on Broadway musicals.

Prince, who is commonly known as Hal Prince, began his career in 1948 as an assistant in the office of Broadway director and producer George Abbott. During his early years with Abbott, he made valuable connections with Robert E. Griffith, who would later become his producing partner and Ruth Mitchell, who would be his longtime assistant and production supervisor. Griffith and Prince scored a huge success in their first producing project, The Pajama Game (1954) and had many subsequent Broadway hits until Griffith's death in 1961. Prince began directing with the play, A Family Affair (1962). He has gone on to have a notably prolific career, directing and/or producing many landmark Broadway musicals, including Cabaret (1966), West Side Story (1957), Fiddler on the Roof (1964), Follies (1972), and Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1979). Principal collaborators on musical theater productions include the composers Stephen Sondheim, Jerry Bock, and John Kander. In addition to musicals and plays, Prince also has directed operas and two feature films, and appeared in many documentaries and tributes; in 1974 he published an autobiography, Contradictions: Notes on Twenty-Six Years in the Theatre.

From the description of Harold Prince scores, 1964-1983 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 78682563

Harold Prince is an American director and producer, primarily of musicals, but also of plays, operas and, occasionally, films. His Broadway career, which began in the 1950s and continues to the present day, has earned him 21 Tony Awards to date, more than any other individual.

Harold Prince was born in New York City on January 28th, 1928 to an upper-middle class family. As a child he regularly attended the theater. At age 16, he enrolled in the University of Pennsylvania, where he pursued a standard liberal arts curriculum and read and wrote plays in his spare time. He graduated at age 19 and returned to New York, where he came to the notice of the legendary musical comedy director/producer George Abbott. Prince submitted a play to Abbott's office and, at age 20, found himself working there as a general assistant and later as Production Stage Manager. During his early years with Abbott, he made valuable connections with Robert Griffith, who would later become his producing partner, and Ruth Mitchell, who would be his lifetime assistant and production supervisor.

After spending two years in the army, stationed in Germany, Prince returned to the Abbott office to work on the original production of Wonderful Town (1953) and to launch his career, with Robert Griffith, as a producer, under Abbott's patronage. In their first project, The Pajama Game, (1954) Griffith and Prince scored a huge success and introduced to Broadway a new song-writing team, Richard Adler and Jerry Ross, and a new choreographer, Bob Fosse. Over the course of the next several years, Griffith and Prince, sometimes with Frederick Brisson, produced such shows as Damn Yankees, (1955) New Girl in Town, (1957) West Side Story, (1957) Fiorello, (1959) Tenderloin, (1960) and A Call On Kuprin (1961).

Soon after the death of Robert Griffith in 1961, Prince moved on to directing when he was called to Philadelphia to fix A Family Affair (1962) during its out of town tryout. For the next few years he continued to produce shows, often directed by Abbot, which would establish his relationships with some of the principal collaborators of his career, such as Stephen Sondheim, Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick, and John Kander and Fred Ebb. During this period Prince also directed such productions as She Loves Me (1963) Baker Street, (1965) and It's A Bird… It's A Plane…It's Superman (1966). After producing the critical and commercial megahit, Fiddler on the Roof (1964), success as a serious director came with Kander and Ebb's Cabaret (1966). This show has been heralded as a landmark in the history of musical theater, paving the way for the new generation of thought-provoking, serious musicals, with which Prince's named would be constantly associated.

Starting in 1970, Prince embarked on a collaboration with Sondheim that produced a series of ground-breaking musicals covering a wide range of subjects and styles, which have subsequently reached legendary status, Company, (1970) with a book by George Furth; Follies, (1971) with a book by James Goldman and which Prince co-directed with renowned choreographer, Michael Bennett; A Little Night Music (1973) with a book by Hugh Wheeler; Pacific Overtures (1976) with a book by John Weidman; Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, (1979) with a book by Wheeler; and Merrily We Roll Along (1981) with a book by Furth. During this period of intense collaboration with Sondheim, Prince also directed other original musicals, such as Cy Coleman and Betty Comden and Adolph Green's On the Twentieth Century (1978) and Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice's Evita (1979) as well as revivals of Leonard Bernstein's Candide, (1974) and straight plays, such as Frederich Dürrenmatt's The Visit (1973).

During the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, Prince re-united with some former collaborators and formed ties with many new ones. He directed two shows with scores by composer Larry Grossman, A Doll's Life, (1982) with book and lyrics by Comden and Green and Grind (1985), with lyrics by Ellen Fitzhugh and book by Fay Kanin. Other original musicals Prince directed include Gilbert Becaud and Julian More's Roza, (1987) Andrew Lloyds Webber's blockbuster, The Phantom Of the Opera, (1988) Kander and Ebb's Kiss Of The Spider Woman (1993) and Jason Robert Brown and Alfred Uhry's Parade (1998). Prince also directed a major revival of Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II's Show Boat in 1994. In 2003 Prince directed Sondheim and Weidman's Bounce which was produced in Chicago and Washington D.C. In 2007 he directed the Broadway production, Lovemusik, a musical biography of Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya. Paradise Found opened in London in May 2010.

In addition to musicals and plays, Prince has also directed operas and two feature films, and appeared in many documentaries and tributes. In 1974 he published an autobiography, Contradictions: Notes on Twenty-Six Years in the Theatre.

Prince married Judy Chaplin, the daughter of composer Saul Chaplin, in 1962. They have two children, director Daisy Prince and conductor Charlie Prince.

From the guide to the Harold Prince papers, 1954-1999, (The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Kern, Jerome, 1885-1945. Show boat / music by Jerome Kern ; book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II ; based on the novel by Edna Ferber, 1995. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn 3hree (Musical) [clippings]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn E. Y. (Yip) Harburg papers, 1913-1985 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Prince, Harold, 1928-. Papers, musical scores, sound recordings 1907-1986; (bulk 1954-1986). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Ben Shaktman Papers, 1949-2009 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Klotz, Florence. Costume design for Follies, 1971. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sondheim, Stephen. Bounce / music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim ; book by John Weidman, 2003. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Ken Harper papers, 1972-1988 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Weill, Kurt, 1900-1950. Lovemusik / music by Kurt Weill ; lyrics by Maxwell Anderson, Bertolt Brecht, Howard Dietz, Roger Fernay, Ira Gershwin, Oscar Hammerstein II, Langston Hughes, Alan Jay Lerner, Maurice Magre, Ogden Nash, Elmer Rice, Kurt Weill ; book by Alfred Uhry ; suggested by Speak low (when you speak love) the letters of Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya edited and translated by Lys Symonette and Kim H. Kowalke, 2007. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Harold Prince papers, 1954-1999 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Swanson, Gloria. Papers. Series I. Correspondence, 1907-1983. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Prince, Harold, 1928-. Autograph clipping signed. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn George Balanchine archive, 1924-1989 (inclusive), 1961-1983 (bulk). Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Ebb, Fred. Fred Ebb papers, 1927-2004. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Zipprodt, Patricia. Patricia Zipprodt papers and designs, 1925-1999. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Patricia Zipprodt papers and designs, 1925-1999 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Vivian Blaine papers, 1916-1995 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Prince, Harold, 1928-. Seminar for directors : "Pacific Overtures" as case study [sound recording] Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Dorothy Loudon papers, 1885-2003, 1940-2003 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Gore Vidal papers, 1850-2020 (inclusive), 1936-2008 (bulk) Houghton Library
creatorOf Prince, Harold, 1928-. Harold Prince scores, 1964-1983 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Arnold Moss Papers, 1935-1987, (bulk 1953-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Prince, Harold, 1928-. Harold Prince papers, 1954-1999. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Frederic Dannay Papers, ca.1920-1982. Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn James Elson papers, 1950-1962 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Howard Teichmann Papers, 1857-2001, (bulk 1940-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Shumlin, Herman, 1898-. Papers, 1930-1968. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Arnold Moss Papers, 1935-1987, (bulk 1953-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990. Candide / music by Leonard Bernstein ; book adapted from Voltaire by Hugh Wheeler ; lyrics by Richard Wilbur ; with additional lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and John Latouche, 1997. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Sillman, Leonard. Leonard Sillman collection, 1923-1968. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Dannay, Frederic, 1905-1982. Papers, ca.1920-1982. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Lloyd Webber, Andrew, 1948-. Whistle down the wind / music by Andrew Lloyd Webber ; lyrics by Jim Steinman ; book by Patricia Knop ; based on the original novel by Mary Hayley Bell and the screenplay by Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall, 1997. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Lucille Lortel papers, 1902-2000 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Actors' Fund of America Photographs and Audio-Visual Materials, 1880-2006 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Robert Whitehead Papers, 1947-2002, (bulk 1950-1996) Library of Congress. Music Division
creatorOf Loudon, Dorothy. Dorothy Loudon papers, 1885-2003, 1940-2003. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sondheim, Stephen. An untitled musical, 1972 May / suggested by a film by Ingmar Bergman ; book by Hugh Wheeler ; music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Franne Lee papers and designs, 1969-1997 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Fuller, Larry. Musical comedies. On the Twentieth Century. [Programs] New York Public Libraries for the Performing Arts, Dance Collection
creatorOf Adler, Richard, 1921-. Richard Adler collection 1950-1980 (bulk 1950-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn Arthur Laurents Papers, circa 1900-2011, (bulk 1960-2011) Library of Congress. Music Division
creatorOf Mitchell, Ruth, 1919-2000. Ruth Mitchell papers, 1887-1999 (bulk 1946-1999). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Fred Ebb papers, 1927-2004 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Ruth and Augustus Goetz papers, 1930-1966 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Vera Zorina papers, 1910-2001 (inclusive), 1933-2001 (bulk). Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Harold Prince scores, 1955-1983 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn White mss., 1932-1969 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Hamilton, Carrie. Hollywood Arms / by Carrie Hamilton and Carol Burnett, 2002. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn The E.Y. Harburg Collection, 1929-1968 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library
referencedIn Teichmann, Howard. Howard Teichmann papers, 1857-2001 (bulk 1940-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Atwell, Lester, 1908-2001. Lester Atwell collection, 1937-1981. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Ruth Mitchell papers, 1887-1999, 1946-1999 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Wheeler, Hugh, 1912-1987. Hugh Wheeler collection, 1931-1987. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Blaine, Vivian, 1921-1995. Vivian Blaine papers, 1916-1995. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Lee, Franne, 1941-. Franne Lee papers and designs, 1969-1997. New York Public Library System, NYPL
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbott, George, 1887-1995. person
associatedWith Actors' Equity Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Actors' Fund of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Adler, Richard, 1921- person
associatedWith American Music Collection corporateBody
correspondedWith Atwell, Lester, 1908-2001. person
correspondedWith Balanchine, George. person
associatedWith Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990. person
correspondedWith Blaine, Vivian, 1921-1995. person
associatedWith Bock, Jerry. person
associatedWith Boucher, Anthony, 1911-1968 person
associatedWith Dannay, Frederic, 1905-1982. person
associatedWith Ebb, Fred. person
associatedWith Elson, James, 1925-1970 person
associatedWith E. Y. Harburg person
associatedWith Furth, George, 1932-2008. person
associatedWith Goetz, Ruth person
associatedWith Griffith, Robert E. person
associatedWith Grossman, Larry person
associatedWith Grossman, Larry. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Carrie. person
associatedWith Harburg, E. Y. (Edgar Yipsel), 1896-1981 person
associatedWith Harnick, Sheldon. person
associatedWith Harper, Ken, d. 1988 person
associatedWith Kander, John. person
associatedWith Kern, Jerome, 1885-1945. person
associatedWith Klotz, Florence. person
correspondedWith Laurents, Arthur person
associatedWith League of New York Theatres and Producers. corporateBody
correspondedWith Lee, Franne, 1941- person
associatedWith Lloyd Webber, Andrew, 1948- person
associatedWith Lortel, Lucille person
associatedWith Loudon, Dorothy person
associatedWith Loudon, Dorothy. person
associatedWith Mitchell, Ruth, 1919-2000. person
correspondedWith Moss, Arnold, 1910-1989. person
associatedWith National Opera Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Office for the Arts at Harvard & Radcliffe. corporateBody
associatedWith Phoenix Theatre. corporateBody
associatedWith Phoenix Theatre (Project) corporateBody
associatedWith Saddler, Donald person
associatedWith Shaktman, Ben, 1937- person
associatedWith Shumlin, Herman, 1898- person
correspondedWith Sillman, Leonard. person
associatedWith Sondheim, Stephen. person
associatedWith Swanson, Gloria. person
correspondedWith Teichmann, Howard. person
associatedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Weill, Kurt, 1900-1950. person
correspondedWith Wheeler, Hugh, 1912-1987. person
correspondedWith Whitehead, Robert, 1916-2002 person
associatedWith Zipprodt, Patricia person
associatedWith Zipprodt, Patricia. person
correspondedWith Zorina, Vera. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York State (State)--New York
United States
United States
Subject
Musical theater--20th century
Theater--20th century
Musicals
Musical theater--New York (State)--New York
Musical theater
Musical theater producers and directors
Theater--United States--20th century
Musical theater--United States--20th century
Musical theater--Producers and directors--United States
Occupation
Theatrical producers and directors
Theatrical producers and directors--20th century--United States
Theatrical producers and directors--United States--20th century
Activity

Person

Birth 1928-01-30

Male

Americans

English

Information

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