Lutz, Alma, 1890-1973

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Alma Lutz (1890–1973) was an American feminist and activist for equal rights and woman suffrage. She was also the biographer of key women in the women's rights movement.

Alma Lutz was born in Jamestown, North Dakota to Mathilde (Bauer) and George Lutz in 1890. She attended the Emma Willard School (class 1908) and then went to Vassar College. At Vassar she was active in the feminist movement and after graduation in 1912 she went back to North Dakota where she continued campaigning for women's suffrage.

Lutz moved to Boston in 1918, where she attended the Boston University School of Business Administration. She joined the National Woman's Party as one of their writers and at the same time specialized in biographies of women with a prominent role in American history. Activism and historical studies became her lifelong interests.

In 1938 Lutz was appointed editor of the National Woman's Party's official organ. She was also a contributor to The Christian Science Monitor and a member of the National Woman's Party's national council, a position she held for many years.

She was also affiliated with Schlesinger Library (advisory committee), Notable American Women (consultant), Massachusetts State Equal Rights Amendment Coalition (secretary).

Lutz was a teacher at Radcliffe College where she held a graduate seminar on Women in American History.

At Vassar, Lutz met Marguerite Smith (died July 6, 1959), her roommate. They both became National Woman's Party members and shared a house in Boston and a summer home, Highmeadow, in Berlin, New York, from 1918 until Smith's death in 1959. Berlin was the place where Susan B. Anthony addressed a gathering of suffragists with the words: "Let the people everywhere know that in Berlin women from all parts of the world have banded themselves together to demand political freedom." Friends from the National Woman's Party, Mabel Vernon and Consuelo Reyes-Calderon, used to spend summers at Highmeadow.

Smith was a librarian at the Protestant Zion Research Library in Brookline, Massachusetts. Lutz wrote about their life together: "We are very happy here in the country – each busy with her work and digging in the garden". (Alma Lutz to Florence Kitchelt, July 1948.) During the 1950s, Lutz and Smith often travelled to Europe. Smith died in 1959 and a deeply affected Lutz wrote: "I am at Highmeadow trying to get my bearings... You will understand how hard it is... It has been a very difficult anxious time for me".(Alma Lutz to Florence Kitchelt, July 1959)

Lutz and Smith are included among the historical couples of the suffragist movement, which also include Katharine Anthony and Elisabeth Irwin, Jeannette Augustus Marks and Mary Emma Woolley, Lena Madesin Phillips and Marjory Lacey-Barker, Alice Morgan Wright and Edith J. Goode, Mabel Vernon and Consuelo Reyes-Calderon, and Grace Hutchins and Anna Rochester. Even if it is recorded that all these couples knew each other and collaborated at one time or another, they built a community of "woman-committed women" that rejected the definition of lesbianism.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn White, Marjorie, 1894-1972. Papers, ca.1930-ca.1970 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Jane Norman Smith, 1913-1953 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Powell, Rose Arnold, 1876-1961. Papers, 1922-1961 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists, Part 2 (Liv-W), 1775-1943 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma,. English and American women authors, 1801-1863. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers of Doris Stevens, 1884-1983 (inclusive), 1920-1960 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1906-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1938(1942-1947) 1959 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma. Alma Lutz papers, 1912-1971. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Lutz, Alma, 1890-1973. Papers, 1912-1971 Vassar College
referencedIn Vassar College. Autograph file: A-I, 1783-1983. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Gage, Matilda Joslyn, 1826-1898. Papers, 1840-1974 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn White, Marjorie, 1894-1972. Papers, ca. 1930-ca. 1970 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1893-1962 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Babcock, Caroline L. (Caroline Lexow), b. 1882. Papers of Caroline Lexow Babcock and Olive E. Hurlburt, 1906-1961 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Bernard, Shirley, 1928-. Papers of NOW officers, 1966-1981 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Jane Norman Smith, 1913-1953 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma. Papers, 1970. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma. Papers, 1871-1974 (bulk 1920-1950). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Wiley, Anna Kelton, 1877-1964. Papers, 1893-1962 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists: Part 1 (Ad-Lip), 1775-1943 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Stevens, Doris, 1888-1963. Papers, 1884-1983 (inclusive), 1920-1960 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Papers Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Friedan, Betty, 1921-2006. Papers, 1933-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Mary O. Eastwood, (inclusive), (bulk), 1915-1983, 1961-1977 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Strong, Anna Louise, 1885-1970. Papers, 1968-1970. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Radcliffe College Seminar on Women. Records, 1951-1959 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Marks, Jeannette Augustus, 1875-1964. Papers, 1938-1959 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Alma Lutz Papers MS 96., 1871-1974, 1920-1950 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Papers of NOW officers, 1966-1981 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Gage, Matilda Joslyn, 1826-1898. Papers, 1840-1974 (inclusive) [microform]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Radcliffe College Seminar on Women Records, 1951-1959 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1922 - 1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Winter, Una Richardson. Papers of Una Richardson Winter, 1895-1954. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Papers, 1885-1961 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Collection, 1921-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma. Papers, 1927-1946 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists, 1775-1943 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Lutz, Alma, 1890-1973. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists, 1775-1943 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Papers of of Alma Lutz,1921-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970. Letters, 1940. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers: Series I-II, 1833-1975 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers, 1833-1975 (bulk: 1884-1972) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Sage Colleges. Archives. Honorary degree recipient for 1959, Alma Lutz. The Sage Colleges Libraries
creatorOf Lutz, Alma,. Alma Lutz collection of English and American women authors, 1801-1863. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers, 1864-1984 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, (inclusive), (bulk), 1914-1998, 1937-1978 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Seydell, Mildred, 1889-1988. Mildred Seydell papers, 1842-1978. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
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associatedWith Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard (Cross), 1874-1961 person
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associatedWith Lazarus, Emma, 1849-1887 person
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associatedWith Lippincott, Sara Jane (Clarke), 1832-1904 person
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associatedWith Loring, Ellis Gray, 1803-1858 person
associatedWith Loring, Ellis Gray, 1803-1858. person
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associatedWith Love, Alfred Henry, 1830-1913 person
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Cambridge MA US
Northampton MA US
Poughkeepsie NY US
North Dakota ND US
Subject
Equal rights amendments--History--Sources
Women authors, English
Women's rights--Congresses
World War, 1939-1945--War work
Women's rights--History--Sources
Voyages and travels
Women's rights--United States--History--Sources
Women authors, American
minimum wage
Women--Suffrage--Anniversaries, etc
1. National Woman's Party
Women--History--Study and teaching
Women poets
Women--Political activity
Women--Social conditions
Equal rights amendments
Women in war
Equal rights amendments--Massachusetts--History--Sources
Temperance
Women--History
Women's rights
Equal rights
Women--Legal status, laws, etc
Authors
Women--Employment
Women--Suffrage
Feminism
Women's colleges
Women jurors
Occupation
Collector
Women historians
Feminists
Authors
Lecturers
Activity

Person

Birth 1890

Death 1973

Female

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jr1r0v

Ark ID: w6jr1r0v

SNAC ID: 85039287