Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1757-1820.

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Wilson Cary Nicholas, from Albemarle County, Virginia, fought in the Revolution, and became a politician, serving in the Virginia General Assembly, 1784-89, 1794-1799, as a U.S. senator, 1799-1804, and as a congressman, 1807-1809. He was governor of Virginia from 1814-1816, and a close associate of Jefferson.

From the description of Papers, 1800-1805, 1815-1816. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122609119

The son of Robert Carter Nicholas (1728-1780) and Anne Cary Nicholas (1735-1786), Wilson Cary Nicholas was born in Williamsburg, Virginia, 31 January 1761. He attended the College of William and Mary, and commanded George Washington's Life Guard until it disbanded in 1783. Nicholas married Margaret Smith (1765-1849) of the prominent Smith family of Baltimore, Maryland. He served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1784 to 1789 and in the Virginia convention to ratify the Federal Constitution. He returned to the House of Delegates from 1794 to 1800, at which time he was elected to finish the Senate term of Henry Tazewell (1753-1799), who had died. Nicholas served in the United States Senate until 1804, when he resigned to become collector of the port of Norfolk, Virginia, a position he held from 1804 to 1807. Elected to the United States House of Representatives, Nicholas served from 1807 to 1809. He later served as governor of Virginia from 11 December 1814 to 11 December 1816. Nicholas died at Tufton in Albemarle County, Virginia, 10 October 1820, and was buried at Monticello, home of his friend, Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826).

From the guide to the Papers, 1800-1816, (Library of Virginia)

Governor of Virginia and U.S. Congressman and Senator.

From the description of Letter to Samuel Smith, 1816 March 5. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 53062358

Army officer, U.S. senator, and governor of Virginia.

From the description of Papers of Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1765-1831 (bulk 1765-1820). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83609199

U.S. Senator and Governor of Virginia.

From the description of Letters to Samuel Smith, 1806-1810. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 34336572

U. S. Congressman and Senator; governor of Virginia.

From the description of Papers of Wilson Cary Nicholas including material on William and Mary College [manuscript] 1751-1850. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647962716

U.S. senator and governor of Virginia.

From the description of Letter to Albert Gallatin [manuscript], 1816 May 30. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647986592

Soldier and statesman, of Richmond, Va.

From the description of Papers, 1801-1817. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20030555

Wingfield lived at "Bellair" in Albemarle County, Va. Married Mary Lewis. Appointed magistrate in 1794 and served as sheriff in 1819. Family tradition (unproven) that he was an Episcopal minister. He died in 1819.

From the description of Land grant, 1816 June 5, to Charles Wingfield. (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation). WorldCat record id: 15347828

Revolutionary soldier and Governor of Virginia.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Warren, to Thomas Jefferson and endorsed by him, 1810 Jul. 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270611446

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Shackelford family papers [manuscript], 1882-1912. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Floyd, John B. (John Buchanan), 1807-1863,. Virginia miscellany, 1785-1858. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Land Grant, 1816 June 5 John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
referencedIn Innes, Harry, 1752-1816. Correspondence, 1807-1808. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Broadhead, Achilles, 1789-1853. Randolph family letters and plat [manuscript], 1793-1865. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916. John Singleton Mosby Papers [manuscript], 1803-1924. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Material collected by Professor Hench of the University of Virginia, Department of English 1787-1910. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Cabell, Joseph C. (Joseph Carrington), 1778-1856. Joseph C. Cabell letters to John Hartwell Cocke [manuscript], 1815. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to Col. Wilson C. Nicholas, 1806 Apr. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Badeau, Adam. Tucker-Ewell papers, 1770-1893, 1770-1818. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Taylor, John, 1753-1824. John Taylor letter [manuscript], 1802 August 26. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1809 May 25, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to Wilson Cary Nicholas, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Bacon, Edmund, b. 1785,. Papers of the Randolph family of Edgehill and Wilson Cary Nicholas [manuscript], 1765-1869. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798. Papers, of the Randolph, Jefferson, Eppes, Nicholas and Kean families [manuscript] 1785-1865. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Tazewell, Littleton Waller, 1774-1860. Letters to Littleton & Henry Tazewell [manuscript] 1790-1848. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Spain. Consulado (Norfolk). Papers : of the Spanish Consulate in Norfolk, Va., 1795- 1846. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Taylor, John, 1754-1824. Autograph letter signed : "Caroline", to Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1798 Oct. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Papers of James Monroe [manuscript], 1778-1831, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848,. Correspondence of Thomas Jefferson [manuscript], 1814-1826. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Randolph, Thomas M. (Thomas Mann), 1768-1828. Letter of Thomas Mann Randolph [manuscript], 1823. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers of Thomas Jefferson and the Jefferson and Randolph families [manuscript], 1736-1902 (bulk 1777-1815). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bayard, Richard H. (Richard Henry), 1796-1868,. Additional papers of the Randolph family of Edgehill, ca. 1784-1910, 1975. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Papers, 1800-1816 Library of Virginia
creatorOf Bankhead, Anne Cary Randolph, 1791-1826,. Carr-Cary Papers [manuscript], 1785-1839. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mason, George, 1725-1792. Autograph letter signed : Gunston Hall, to Willson [sic] Nicholas, 1790 Feb. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Hay, Southard, 1875-1951,. Southard Hay autograph collection, 1750-1885 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Recommendation, for County Lieutenant by Albemarle County Court, attested by John Nicholas, clerk, with Albemarle Co. seal [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Barbour, James, 1775-1842. Virginia documents, 1770-1913. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Breckinridge, James, 1763-1833. Papers of the Randolph and Nicholas families, 1777-1875. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Papers of Wilson Cary Nicholas [microform] 1765-1831. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Richards, Paul C.,. Letters of Virginians [manuscript] 1795-1818, 1870. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bankhead, Anne Cary Randolph, 1791-1826,. Correspondence of the Jefferson family [manuscript] 1789-1858. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1757-1820. Papers of Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1765-1831 (bulk 1765-1820). Library of Congress
referencedIn Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813. Letter : Philadelphia, to unknown person, 1794 Apr. 22. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Papers, 1800-1805, 1815-1816. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn University of Virginia. Proctor. University of Virginia receipt book kept by proctor Arthur S. Brockenbrough [manuscript] 1824, 1825-1827. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Autograph drawings and letter [manuscript], 1819. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916. Papers : of John Singleton Mosby and the Mosby family, 1803-1924. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bayne family. Bayne and Gayle family papers, 1798-1963. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Hamner, N[icholas?], d. 1793. Sheriff's Ledger for assessment of taxes in Albemarle County, Va., [manuscript] 1782-1783. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smith, Samuel, 1752-1839. Samuel Smith family papers, 1772-1911 (bulk 1777-1865). Library of Congress
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letters of Thomas Jefferson [manuscript], 1805. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Letter to Samuel Smith, 1816 March 5. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous letters, 1786-1982. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Carr, Frank, 1784-1854,. Gilmer family papers [manuscript], 1811-1993. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Land grant, 1816 June 5, to Charles Wingfield. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Papers of Wilson Cary Nicholas including material on William and Mary College [manuscript] 1751-1850. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cocke, John Hartwell, 1780-1866. Papers additional of John Hartwell Cocke [manuscript] 1783-1861. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Fairfax, Ferdinando, 1766-1820. Diary of Ferdinando Fairfax [manuscript], 1792. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Extracts from letters to Wilson Cary Nicholas and John Wayles Eppes [manuscript], 1806 July 11. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous letters, 1800s-1900s. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1794 May 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Smith, Samuel. Autograph letter signed : W------, to Col. Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1813 Jan. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Samuel Smith family papers, 1772-1911, (bulk 1777-1865) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Bill for settling disputed presidential elections [manuscript] : by Thomas Jefferson; [1800]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Carr, Dabney, 1773-1837. Randolph family papers [manuscript] 1783-1909, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Correspondence and papers, [ca. 1790-1826]. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. Papers of the Morris family [manuscript], 1704-1931 bulk 1776-1865. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Papers, 1801-1817. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Tazewell family. Papers, 1790-1848. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Bracken, James. Indenture : to Enoch Stickney of the ship Washington, 1784 May 20. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lee, Henry, 1756-1818. Papers, 1794-1813. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Randolph, Sarah N. (Sarah Nicholas), 1839-1892. Papers of the Randolph family [manuscript], 1790-1903. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smith, Samuel, 1752-1839. Papers of Samuel Smith, 1729-1924. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Smith, Samuel, 1752-1839. Letter [manuscript] : Washington, to Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1816 March 18. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Letters to Samuel Smith, 1806-1810. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Smith, Samuel, 1752-1839. Letter : Washington, to Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1816 March 18. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Balmain, Alexander. Papers of Alexander Balmain and the Balmain family [manuscript], 1776-1895. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Letter to Albert Gallatin [manuscript], 1816 May 30. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1809 May 25, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [Wilson Cary] Nicholas, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820. Autograph letter signed : Warren, to Thomas Jefferson and endorsed by him, 1810 Jul. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813. Letter : Philadelphia, to unknown person, 1794 Apr. 22. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Fairfax, Ferdinando, 1766-1820. Diary : of Ferdinando Fairfax, 1792. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bacon, Edmund, b. 1785,. Papers of the Randolph family of Edgehill and Wilson Cary Nicholas [manuscript], 1765-1869. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Barbour, James, 1775-1842. Walker family papers [manuscript] 1753-1873 (bulk 1816-1853). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831,. Tuckahoe-Randolph Papers, 1790-1828. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Carr, Dabney, 1773-1837. Albemarle County, Va., court papers [manuscript], 1780-1820. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Madison, James, 1751-1836. Autograph letter signed : New York to [Wilson Cary Nicholas?], 1789 Aug. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Nicholas, Robert Carter, 1787-1856. ALS : Fort George, to Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1813 Aug. 30. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Southard Hay autograph collection, 1750-1885 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826, person
associatedWith Agricultural Society of Albemarle (Charlottesville, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Ambler, Edward, d. 1768 person
associatedWith Ambler, John, 1762-1836, person
associatedWith Athawes, Samuel, person
associatedWith Balmain, Alexander. person
associatedWith Bank of the United States (1791-1811) corporateBody
associatedWith Barbour, Richard, person
associatedWith Berkeley, William, fl. 1803-1807. person
associatedWith Bracken, James. person
associatedWith Breckinridge, James, 1763-1833 person
associatedWith Brockenbrough, John, fl. 1816. person
associatedWith Brown & Rives, corporateBody
associatedWith Cabell, Joseph C. (Joseph Carrington), 1778-1856. person
associatedWith Cabell, William H., 1772-1853 person
associatedWith Carr, Dabney, 1773-1837 person
associatedWith Carr, Ellen, person
associatedWith Carr, Hetty, person
associatedWith Carr, Hollins, person
associatedWith Carr, Peter, 1770-1815, person
associatedWith Carr, Sidney, b. 1821 or 2, person
associatedWith Cary, Wilson Miles, 1838-1914, person
associatedWith Central College (Charlottesville, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Cocke, John Hartwell, 1780-1866. person
associatedWith College of William and Mary. corporateBody
associatedWith Daniel, Peter V. (Peter Vivian), 1784-1860, person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Divers, George, person
associatedWith Ellis and Allan, corporateBody
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Fairfax, Ferdinando, 1766-1820. person
associatedWith Fairfax, George William, 1724-1787 person
associatedWith Fry, Joshua, 1700 (ca.)-1754, person
associatedWith Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849 person
associatedWith Gamble, Robert, 1754-1810 person
associatedWith Gibson & Jefferson (Firm : Richmond, Va.), corporateBody
associatedWith Giles, William B., person
associatedWith Gilmer, Francis Walker, 1790-1826 person
associatedWith Hamner, N[icholas?], d. 1793. person
associatedWith Hay, Southard, 1875-1951, person
associatedWith Hening, William Waller, 1768-1828. person
associatedWith Innes, Harry, 1752-1816. person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. person
associatedWith James River and Kanawha Company (Richmond, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith John Norton & Sons, corporateBody
associatedWith Kinney, Jacob. person
associatedWith Lee, Henry, 1756-1818. person
associatedWith Leigh, Benjamin Watkins, 1781-1849, person
associatedWith Littlejohn, Miles. person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Marshall, John, 1755-1835 person
associatedWith Marshall, Mary Willis Ambler, 1766-1831, person
associatedWith Mason, George, 1725-1792. person
associatedWith Maury, James, 1746-1840, person
associatedWith Maury, Thomas Walker, 1779-1842, person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith Morrison, James. person
associatedWith Morris, Robert, 1734-1806, person
associatedWith Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916. person
associatedWith Myers, Moses. person
associatedWith Nicholas, George, 1754?-1799. person
associatedWith Nicholas, John, 1756-1819. person
associatedWith Nicholas, John, of New York, person
associatedWith Nicholas, Mary Smith, 1755-1806 person
associatedWith Nicholas, Philip Norborne, 1775?-1849. person
associatedWith Nicholas, Robert Carter, 1728-1780. person
associatedWith Nicholas, Robert Carter, 1787-1856. person
associatedWith Pendleton, William G. person
associatedWith Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813. person
associatedWith Randolph, Richard, 1770-1796, person
associatedWith Randolph, Thomas Jefferson, 1792-1875 person
associatedWith Randolph, Thomas M. (Thomas Mann), 1768-1828. person
associatedWith Randolph, William, person
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1792-1828) corporateBody
associatedWith Roane, Spencer, 1762-1822. person
associatedWith Rutherford, Thomas. person
associatedWith Smith, Samuel. person
associatedWith Smith, Samuel, 1752-1839. person
associatedWith Spain. Consulado (Norfolk) corporateBody
associatedWith Stevenson, George P. person
associatedWith Taylor, John, 1754-1824. person
associatedWith Tazewell family. family
associatedWith Tazewell, Henry, 1753-1799. person
associatedWith Tazewell, Littleton Waller, 1774-1860. person
associatedWith Tucker, Henry St. George, 1874-1959, person
associatedWith United States. Navy corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President (1801-1809 : Jefferson) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. Proctor. corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. Governor. corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. Governor (1814-1816 : Nicholas) corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. Land Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Warren (Albemarle County, Va. : Estate) corporateBody
associatedWith Webb, Charles. person
associatedWith Wickham, John, 1763-1839, person
associatedWith Wingfield, Charles, d. 1819. person
associatedWith Wirt, William, 1772-1834, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Virginia--Albemarle County
Norfolk (Va.)
Virginia
United States
New York (State)
United States
United States
Chesapeake Bay (Md. and Va.)
Virginia
Virginia
James River and Kanawha Canal (Va.)
Monongalia County (W. Va.)
West (U.S.)
United States
Kentucky
Virginia
Albemarle County (Va.)
Virginia--Albemarle County
Virginia
Albemarle County (Va.)
Kentucky
Subject
Canals
Banks and banking--History
Land grants--History--19th century
Agriculture
Governor
Flour mills
Seals (Numismatics)
Public works--History--19th century
Administration of estates
Public schools--History--19th century
Merino sheep
Tobacco industry
Pork industry and trade
Slaves
guardian and ward
Occupation
Governors--Virginia
Army officers
Senators, U.S. Congress--Virginia
Function

Person

Birth 1761-01-31

Death 1820-10-10

Information

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