Parker, Alton B. (Alton Brooks), 1852-1926

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Alton Brooks Parker (May 14, 1852 – May 10, 1926) was an American judge, best known as the Democrat who lost the presidential election of 1904 to incumbent Theodore Roosevelt in a landslide.

A native of upstate New York, Parker practiced law in Kingston, New York, before being appointed to the New York Supreme Court and elected to the New York Court of Appeals; he served as Chief Judge of the latter from 1898 to 1904, when he resigned to run for president. In 1904, he defeated liberal publisher William Randolph Hearst for the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States. In the general election, Parker opposed popular incumbent Republican President Theodore Roosevelt. After a disorganized and ineffective campaign, Parker was defeated by 336 electoral votes to 140, carrying only the traditionally Democratic Solid South. He then returned to practicing law. He managed John A. Dix's successful 1910 campaign for Governor of New York and served as prosecution counsel for the 1913 impeachment of Dix's successor, Governor William Sulzer.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Judge Alton B. Parker scrapbooks, 1926. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Alton B. Parker Papers, 1878-1937, (bulk 1904-1926) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn New York (State). Court of Appeals. Digests of opinions, 1901. New York State Archives
creatorOf National Civic Federation. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1914-1919. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Parker, Charles Astor, 1867-1957. Charles Astor Parker papers, 1861-1952. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Frederick Lieder political button collection, 1856-1918. Houghton Library
referencedIn Norton family. Letters received by the Norton family, 1830-1920 Houghton Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of Speechwriting (Clinton Administration), 1993 - 2001. Michael Waldman's Files, 1995 - 2000 William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
referencedIn Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. Letters of Charles Eliot Norton [manuscript] 1885, 1904. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn National Civic Federation records, 1894-1949, 1900-1920 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949. Papers, 1872-1949 Houghton Library
referencedIn Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. Papers, 1840-1961 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. Grover Cleveland papers, 1743-1945 (bulk 1885-1908). Library of Congress
referencedIn Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919. Papers of Andrew Carnegie, 1803-1935 (bulk 1890-1919). Library of Congress
referencedIn Portsmouth (Va.) Fifth Ward Parker Davis and Maynard Club Minute Book, 1904 Library of Virginia
referencedIn Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn Charles Eliot Norton Collection, 1885, 1904 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. Autograph collection [manuscript] 1820, 1869, 1894-1922. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hall, Charles Mercer, 1864-1929. Letter, 1905 Feb. 7, Kingston, N.Y. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923. Papers, 1762-1927 (bulk 1872-1921) Houghton Library
referencedIn McNutt, Paul V. (Paul Vories), 1891-1955. Mss., 1899-1955 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Treman family. Treman family papers, 1838-1954. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Andrew Carnegie Papers, 1803-1935, (bulk 1890-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Parker, Alton B. (Alton Brooks), 1852-1926. Papers of Alton B. Parker, 1878-1937. Library of Congress
referencedIn Taggart, Thomas, 1856-1929. Scrapbook, 1904. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Williams, John Sharp, 1854-1932. John Sharp Williams letters, 1904-1907. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Straus, Nathan, 1848-1931. [Letter] 1904 October 24, New York [to Alton Brooks] Parker / Nathan Strauss. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
creatorOf New York Sabbath Committee. Pamphlets. New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933. Additional papers, 1841-1940 Houghton Library
referencedIn Shepard, Edward Morse, 1850-1911. Papers, 1837-1914. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Parker, Alton B., 1852-1926,. Autograph collection, 1633-1954. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Daniel Scott Lamont Papers, 1853-1928, (bulk 1893-1905) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lamont, Daniel Scott, 1851-1905. Papers of Daniel Scott Lamont, 1853-1928. Library of Congress
creatorOf Abbott, Jacob, 1803-1879. Autograph collection [manuscript] 1725-1933. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Brady, Cyrus Townsend, 1861-1920. Papers of Cyrus Townsend Brady [manuscript] 1904 Aug. 13, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn David B. Hill Papers, 1885-1910 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Hill, David B. (David Bennett), 1843-1910. Papers, 1872-1920. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, 1773 - 2007. Case Files of Attorneys, Agents, Pensioners, and Others Relating to the Prosecution of Pension Claims and the Investigation of Fraudulent Practices, ca. 1886 - 1933 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923. Papers, 1762-1927 (bulk 1872-1921) Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph File, P, 1554-2005. Houghton Library
referencedIn Thompson, Charles Willis. Charles W. Thompson letters, 1901-1912. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Creelman, James, 1859-1915. Papers, 1890-1915. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn McClellan, George B. (George Brintion), 1865-1940. Letterbooks, 1904-1909. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Williams, John Skelton, 1865-1926. Letter of John Skelton Williams, Richmond, to My dear Major [manuscript] 1904 July 11. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Grover Cleveland Papers, 1743-1945, (bulk 1885-1908) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Albany Law School. corporateBody
associatedWith American Bar Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Committee for Armenian Independence. corporateBody
associatedWith Beekman, Gerardus. person
associatedWith Brady, Cyrus Townsend, 1861-1920. person
associatedWith Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919. person
correspondedWith Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933 person
associatedWith Charity Organization Society of the City of New York. Committee on Criminal Courts. corporateBody
correspondedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. person
associatedWith Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828. person
associatedWith Clinton, George, 1739-1812. person
associatedWith Creelman, James, 1859-1915. person
correspondedWith Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948 person
associatedWith DeLancey, James. person
associatedWith Democratic Party (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Easley, Ralph M. (Ralph Montgomery), b. 1858 person
associatedWith English-Speaking Union of the United States. corporateBody
associatedWith Hall, Charles Mercer, 1864-1929. person
correspondedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Hill, David B. (David Bennett), 1843-1910. person
associatedWith Lamont, Daniel Scott, 1851-1905. person
associatedWith Lawyers' Club (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lieder, Frederick W. C. (Frederick William Charles), 1881-1953 person
associatedWith Livingston, Peter R., 1766-1847. person
associatedWith McClellan, George B. (George Brintion), 1865-1940. person
associatedWith McNutt, Paul V. (Paul Vories), 1891-1955 person
associatedWith Monckton, Robert. person
associatedWith National Civic Federation. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Religion in Higher Education. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Sabbath Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Bar Association. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Court of Appeals. corporateBody
associatedWith Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. person
correspondedWith Norton family, recipient. family
associatedWith Parker, Charles Astor, 1867-1957. person
correspondedWith Peckham, Rufus Wheeler, 1838-1909 person
associatedWith Portsmouth (Va.) Circuit Court. corporateBody
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979. person
associatedWith Shepard, Edward Morse, 1850-1911. person
associatedWith Straus, Nathan, 1848-1931. person
associatedWith Sulgrave Institution of the United States and of the British Commonwealth. corporateBody
correspondedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930 person
associatedWith Taggart, Thomas, 1856-1929. person
associatedWith Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923 person
associatedWith Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Thompson, Charles Willis. person
associatedWith Treman family. family
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Williams, John Sharp, 1854-1932. person
associatedWith Williams, John Skelton, 1865-1926. person
associatedWith Wright, Silas, 1795-1847. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York City NY US
Cortland NY US
Kingston NY US
Esopus NY US
Civic improvement
Civic improvement


Birth 1852-05-14

Death 1926-05-10






Ark ID: w6xw4rxw

SNAC ID: 34711424