Monckton, Robert, 1726-1782

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Epithet: Lieutenant-General

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000570.0x000236

Epithet: Major

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000570.0x000237

Epithet: Brigadier-General

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British army officer and governor of New York (State)

From the description of Papers of Robert Monckton, 1754-1763. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81153360

Epithet: MP for Aldborough

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000570.0x000238

Robert Monckton (1726-1782), second son of the 1st Viscount Galway, was one of the most prominent British officers to participate in the wars against France in North America and Canada. He went to Nova Scotia in 1752 as Lieutenant Colonel of the 47th Regiment and was commander at Fort Lawrence from August 1752 to June 1753, capturing Fort Beausjour in June 1755. In December 1757 he was appointed Colonel of the 2nd Battalion of the Royal American Regiment, and in 1758 became Acting Governor of Nova Scotia (in the absence of Charles Lawrence) having been Lieutenant Governor since 1755.

During the Quebec campaign in 1759, Monckton was second in command to General Wolfe. However, he was forced to withdraw from the field following a wound to the lungs. On his recovery, Monckton became Commander of the Southern District and in 1761 was appointed Governor of New York. He was promoted to Major-General and was later Commander-in-Chief of the successful expedition against Martinique in 1762.

Monckton returned to England in 1763. He was made Governor of Berwick-on-Tweed, 1765, and Governor of Portsmouth in 1778. He was MP for Portsmouth from 1779 until his death in 1782.

From the guide to the Correspondence of General Robert Monckton (1726-1782), soldier, in the Galway Collection, 1751-1913, (The University of Nottingham)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Monckton, Robert, 1726-1782. [Appointment of Elihu Tudor as surgeon's mate in His Majesty's 43d Regiment of foot, Sept. 27, 1759, at Quebec]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Fort Pitt (Pa.) cashbook, July 12, 1760 - December 10, 1760, July 12, 1760 - December 10, 1760 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Great Britain. Sovereign (1760-1820 : George III). Orders : additional instruction for our trusty and well beloved Robert Monckton Esqr., our Captain General and Governor in Chief of our Province of New York, 1761 Dec. 9. Newberry Library
referencedIn James De Lancey papers, ca. 1735-1760 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn (X. ff. 282). Apr.-Oct. 1797.Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke: Correspondence rel. to the Cambridgeshire Militia: 1790-1834.includes:ff. 1, 30, 91, 116 Anthony Tolver, Adj. and Paymaster of the Cambridgeshire Militia: Letters to the 3rd Lord Hardw... British Library
creatorOf Selected materials on Indian affairs, 1698-1796, 1698-1796 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Vol. XXVIII (ff. 389). Sept. 1781-Feb. 1782.John Robinson, Secretary to the Treasury: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1761-1802.includes:ff. 1-249 passim Matthew Lewis, Deputy Secretary at War: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liver... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CXVIII (ff. 233). 21 July, 1779-2 Sept. 1780.Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1779-1794.M-Pierrepont, Secretary to the 1st Earl of Liverpool: Letter-books of the same written by: 1775-1783.inclu... British Library
referencedIn Pownall, Thomas, 1722-1805. Letter, 1758 Aug. 30. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Monckton, Robert, 1726-1782. Papers of Robert Monckton, 1754-1763. Library of Congress
referencedIn Chalmers, George, 1742-1825. George Chalmers collection,1641-1825 [microform]. Memorial University/Newfoundland, Elizabeth II
creatorOf Winslow, John, 1703-1774. Journal, 1744-1757. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Correspondence of General Robert Monckton (1726-1782), soldier, in the Galway Collection, 1751-1913 The University of Nottingham
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Parker, Alton B., 1852-1926,. Autograph collection, 1633-1954. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Vol. XXII (ff. 294). Apr.-14 July, 1779.Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1779-1794.John Robinson, Secretary to the Treasury: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1761-1802.includes:ff. 2, 6 ... British Library
creatorOf Correspondence of General Robert Monckton (1726-1782), soldier, in the Galway Collection, 1751-1913 The University of Nottingham
referencedIn Vol. CXX (ff. 183). 10 Nov 1781-31 July, 1787.Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1779-1794.includes:f. 1 Montague Cribb, widow of Major R Cribb: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1781. f. ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. ccxix. (ff. 457). General Correspondence 25 Mar.-20 Apr.1760.George II of England: Correspondence of the Duke of Newcastle, Sec. of State, etc.: 1727 -1760.: Home and Diplomatic.includes:ff. 1, 32, 76, 284 Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Lünebur... British Library
referencedIn Public Archives of Canada. Selected materials on Indian affairs, 1698-1796. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Fort Pitt (Pa.). Cashbook, 1760 July 12-Dec. 10. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn United States manuscript, 1733-1799. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Vol. CXIX (ff. 221). 4 Sept. 1780-10 Nov. 1781.Hon Henry Seymour-Conway, Field-Marshal 1793: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1767-1795.M-Pierrepont, Secretary to the 1st Earl of Liverpool: Letter-books of the same written by: 1775-178... British Library
referencedIn Gates, Horatio, 1728-1806. Papers, 1750-1780. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Stewart, Robert, Lieutenant Colonel. Letters of Lieutenant Colonel Robert Stewart, 1754-1755. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Vol. XXVII (ff. 370). Apr.-Aug. 1781.John Robinson, Secretary to the Treasury: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1761-1802.includes:ff. 1, 33, 103 Benjamin Pye, Archdeacon of Durham 1791: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1... British Library
referencedIn ORIGINAL LETTERS from lawyers, scholars and others addressed for the most part to Thomas Parker, Lord Chief Justice 1710, Baron Parker 1716, Lord Chancellor 1718, Earl of Macclesfield 1721 (ob. 1732); 1704-1739. A few draft replies of Lord Macclesfie... British Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington Miscellany, Volume XI, Miscellany, 1755-1835. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. ALS, 1766 February 22, New York, to General Robert Monckton. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume I, Miscellany, 1745-1856. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Vol. CXVII (ff. 209). 17 July, 1775-21 July, 1779.Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1779-1794.M-Pierrepont, Secretary to the 1st Earl of Liverpool: Letter-books of the same written by: 1775-1783.inclu... British Library
referencedIn Chalmers, George, 1742-1825. George Chalmers collection, 1640-1825. Library of Congress
referencedIn Frederick Smyth papers, 1756-1816, 1756-1816 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron, 1717-1797. person
associatedWith Bouquet, Henry, 1719-1765 person
associatedWith Brant, Joseph, 1742-1807 person
associatedWith Burd, James, 1726-1793 person
associatedWith Butler, Richard, 1743-1791 person
associatedWith Chalmers, George, 1742-1825. person
associatedWith Chew, Joseph, d. 1798 person
associatedWith Claus, Christian Daniel, 1727-1781 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith De Lancey, James, 1703-1760 person
associatedWith Duquesne de Menneville, Ange, marquis person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Fauquier, Francis, 1704?-1768. person
associatedWith Fort Pitt (Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Fort Pitt (Pa.). corporateBody
associatedWith Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. person
associatedWith Gates, Horatio, 1728-1806. person
associatedWith Gordon, Harry person
associatedWith Great Britain. Sovereign (1760-1820 : George III) corporateBody
associatedWith Hutchins, Thomas, 1730-1789 person
associatedWith Lawrence, Charles. person
associatedWith McKee, Alexander, d. 1799 person
associatedWith Monckton Robert 1726-1782 person
associatedWith Ourry, Lewis, 1717-1779 person
associatedWith Parker, Alton B., 1852-1926, person
associatedWith Pécaudy de Contrecoeur, Claude-Pierre, 1705-1775 person
correspondedWith Pownall, Thomas, 1722-1805. person
associatedWith Public Archives of Canada. corporateBody
associatedWith Simcoe, John Graves, 1752-1806 person
associatedWith Smyth, Frederick, 1732-1815 person
associatedWith Stanwix, John, 1690? -1766 person
associatedWith St. Clair, Arthur, 1734-1818 person
associatedWith St. Clair, John, Sir person
associatedWith Stewart, Robert, Lieutenant Colonel. person
associatedWith Tudor, Elihu, 1733-1826. person
associatedWith Winslow, John, 1703-1774. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Edinburgh, Scotland
Ireland, Europe
Fort Detroit (Mich.)
Elmdon, Warwickshire
New York (State)
Ireland, Europe
Minehead, Somerset
London, England
United States
Cambrai, France
Ecclestone, Lancashire
Tamworth, Staffordshire
Ireland, Europe
Nova Scotia
Fort Bedford (Ont.)
Yorkshire, England
Annapolis Royal (N.S.)
Gaspereau (N.S.)
Great Britain
France
Old Fort Niagara (N.Y.)
Fort Pitt (Pa.)
Derby, Derbyshire
Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
Beaséjour (N.S.)
Liverpool, England
Ormskirk, Lancashire
Great Britain History, Military 18th century
Virginia
Great Britain Colonies Canada Administration
Dublin, Ireland
Carlisle, Cumberland
Subject
Acadians
Indians of North America--Government relations
Iroquois Indians
Indians of North America--Canada--Government relations
Occupation
Army officers, British
Governors--New York (State)
Function

Person

Birth 1726-06-24

Death 1782-05-21

Information

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SNAC ID: 26319674