Gray, Elisha, 1835-1901

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Elisha Gray (b. August 2, 1835, Barnesville, OH–d. January 21, 1901, Newtonville, MA) was an American electrical engineer who co-founded the Western Electric Manufacturing Company. He is best known for his development of a telephone prototype in 1876 in Highland Park, Illinois. There is a dispute over the inventor of the telephone: Gray or Alexander Graham Bell. Gray was a prolific inventor and also considered to be the father of the modern music synthesizer. In his lifetime, he was granted over 70 patents for his inventions. He was also one of the founders of Graybar, purchasing a controlling interest in the company shortly after its inception.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 26: Office Of The Secretary, Incoming Corres..
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 52: Assistant Secretary, Incoming Correspondenc.
creatorOf Watson, James C. (James Craig), 1838-1880. James Craig Watson papers, 1857-1881. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Oberlin College. Treasurer's Office. Records, 1867-1907. Oberlin College Library
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.). Committee on Science and Arts. Records, 1824-1900 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Library Of Congress, Manuscript Division. Morrison Remick Waite Papers.
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 33: Office Of The Secretary, Outgoing Corres..
referencedIn S.S. White Dental Manufacturing Company. Records, 1791-1970, (bulk 1870-1965). Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Taylor, Lloyd William, 1893-1948. Papers, 1921-1948. Oberlin College Library
referencedIn Bell Telephone: Deposition Of A.G. Bell. [Contact repository for more information].
referencedIn Records of the Patent and Trademark Office. 1836 - 1978. Selected Patent Files. 1840 - 2005. 174465 - Improvement in Telegraphy - Alexander Graham Bell
creatorOf Barker, George F. (George Frederick), 1835-1910. Papers, 1870-1890. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn James Craig Watson papers, 1855-1881 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Gray, Elisha, 1835-1901. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn American Association of Advertising Agencies Records, 1918-1998 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Oberlin College. Dept. of Physics. Records, 1873-1964 Oberlin College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Association of Advertising Agencies corporateBody
correspondedWith Baird, Spencer F. person
associatedWith Barker, George F. (George Frederick), 1835-1910. person
associatedWith Carhart, Henry S. (Henry Smith), 1844-1920. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
correspondedWith Farmer, Moses G. person
associatedWith Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.). Committee on Science and Arts. corporateBody
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Oberlin College. Dept. of Physics. corporateBody
associatedWith Oberlin College. Treasurer's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith S.S. White Dental Manufacturing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Taylor, Lloyd William, 1893-1948. person
associatedWith Thompson, Silvanus P. (Silvanus Phillips), 1851-1916. person
associatedWith Tyndall, John person
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
correspondedWith Waite, M. R. person
associatedWith Watson, James C. (James Craig), 1838-1880. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Barnesville OH US
Newton MA US
Subject
Inventors
Natural history
Acoustics
Telegraph
Occupation
Engineers
Inventors
Function

Person

Birth 1835-08-02

Death 1901-01-21

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