Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806)

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After elected president, Thomas Jefferson wanted a direct and practicable water communication across the continent and US sovereignty over the land occupied by the many different Indian tribes along the Missouri River. In 1803, Jefferson commissioned the Corps of Discovery and named Army Captain Meriwether Lewis its leader. Lewis selected William Clark as second in command.

The Corps of Discovery departed from Camp Dubois (Illinois) on May 14, 1804, and met up with Lewis in St. Charles, Missouri. During their expedition, Lewis and Clark established relations with two dozen Indian nations; some relations were good while others were not. They met French-Canadian Toussaint Charbonneau and Sacagawea, his Shoshone wife, both of whom became translators. The group reached the Pacific Ocean in November 1805. The Lewis and Clark Expedition gained an understanding of the geography of the Northwest and produced the first accurate maps of the area.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Frazer, Robert. Prospectus, ante 1810. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. Captain Clark's 1806 map of the Willamette River : made from Indian charcoal and sand maps and Clark's reconnaissance of the lower river : the historical note, annotations and modern place locations, 1952-1955. Oregon State University Libraries
creatorOf Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806). Records, 1805. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Jefferson's vision of and the visit of Lewis and Clark to the American West Woksape poster, 1991. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Westwood, Melvin N. (Melvin Neil), 1923-. Melvin N. Westwood papers, 1894-2005 (bulk 1963-1996). Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Ordway, John, b. ca. 1775. John Ordway letter to his parents [manuscript], 1804 Apr. 8. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Thwaites, Reuben Gold, 1853-1913. Papers on the Lewis and Clark journals, 1783-1906. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Bakeless, John Edwin, 1894-1978. Lewis & Clark, Partners in Discovery / by John Edwin Bakeless, ca. 1947. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn William Clark journal, January 6-10, 1806, January 6-10, 1806 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Whitehouse, Joseph, ca. 1775-ca. 1860. Joseph Whitehouse, journal commencing at River Dubois [i.e. Wood River, Ill.] ..., 1804 May 14-1805 Nov. 6. Newberry Library
referencedIn William D. Vincent Papers and Bookplate Collection, 1863-1933 (papers), Undated (bookplatess) Washington State University Libraries Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections (MASC)
referencedIn Sakakawea miscellaneous materials. Bismarck Public Library, Bismarck Veterans Memorial Public Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter : to Robert Patterson / by President Jefferson, 1803 Mar 2. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Wheeler, William F. Sacajaweah; an historical sketch, 1893. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Nicholas Biddle collection, 1803-1810, 1803-1810 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Lewis and Clark Expedition posters, 2004. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn University of Chicago. Dept. of Anthropology. Ethno-history collection, [ca. 1936]-1948. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Will, Drake W. Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery, 1803-1806 : their medical preparations, problems and practice, together with an account of the collaboration of Benjamin Rush, medical counselor to the Lewis & Clark Expedition / Drake W. Will, [1957] University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Florentine Films. Florentine Films records, 1981-1997. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition (1905 : Portland, Or.). Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition records, 1894-1933 (bulk 1904-1906). Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn King, N. (Nicholas), 1771-1812. [Lewis and Clark map, with annotations in brown ink by Meriwether Lewis, tracing showing the Mississippi, the Missouri for a short distance above Kansas, Lakes Michigan, Superior, and Winnipeg, and the country onwards to the Pacific]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. Papers, 1772-1823 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Wheeler, Olin D. (Olin Dunbar), 1852-1925. Olin D. Wheeler photographs ca. 1880-ca. 1925. Newberry Library
referencedIn United States. President (1825-1829 : Adams). Letter : to the House of Representatives / /by John Quincy Adams, 1825 Dec 27. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Petition of pioneers of Oregon to Congress, circa 1850-1900 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Cheney, Edith C.,. Dye family photographs collection [graphic], circa 1855-1945 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn De Voto, Bernard Augustine, 1897-1955. Bernard De Voto papers, 1918-1955 (bulk 1944-1951). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Clifton B. Worthen-James Fergus Collection, 1884-1955 Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
creatorOf Starr, Louis. Louis Starr letter : Far Hills, New Jersey : TLS, 1958. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Warner D. Miller Collection, [ca. 1930-1945]. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Letter to an editor regarding Battle of Fallen Timbers and incidents on the Lewis and Clark expedition [manuscript], n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. Research papers, 1935, 1953-1958. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Dye, Eva Emory. Correspondence, 1776-1904, n.d. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. Journals, 1804-1806. University of Montana, Mansfield Library
referencedIn A narrative of the events of the War of 1812 and the Lewis and Clark Expedition, ca. 1815. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Missoula Art Museum. Native perspectives on the trail: a contemporary American Indian art portfolio, 2005. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1804. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Papers, 1853-2005 (inclusive), 1939-2003 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Clinton, Ebenezer. Remarks on board the ship Vancouver : from Boston to the N. West Coast of America and China, 1804-1806. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. Correspondence and writings, 1808-1840. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Holman, Frederick Van Voorhies, 1852-1927. Papers, 1907-1927. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. Modern map of Snake River / J. Neilson Barry. University of Wyoming, William R. Coe Library
referencedIn Ordway, John, ca. 1775-ca. 1817. Journal, 1804-1806. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Clark, William, 1770-1838. Lewis and Clark Expedition maps and receipt, ca. 1803-1810. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Daugherty, James Henry, 1889-1974. Of courage undaunted : across the continent with Lewis and Clark : production material 1951. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Peebles, John J. Lewis and Clark Trail photographs 1961-1965. University of Idaho Library
referencedIn Patten Family Papers, 1895-1986 Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
referencedIn Eva Emery Dye Papers, 1776-1997, 1890-1940 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. Letter : to General Henry Dearborn / by Meriwether Lewis, 1806 Oct 30. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. Journal, 1803 Aug. 30-1803 Dec. 12; 1810. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. Map of 1814 superimposed upon modern map, the distance in mountainous country was over-estimated / [by] J. Neilson Barry. Montana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Lewis and Clark Expedition maps and receipt, ca. 1803-1810 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Nordbye, Gunnar H. (Gunnar Hans), 1888-1977. Gunnar H. Nordbye papers, undated and 1931-1974. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899. Correspondence, 1891-1899. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. Lewis-Marks, papers [manuscript] 1791-1858. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Nicholas Biddle correspondence, 1815-1893, 1815-1893 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Hill, A. J. (Alfred James), 1833-1895. Alfred J. Hill papers, 1855-1895. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Tabeau, Pierre Antoine, 1755-1820. Narratives, 1803-1939. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Benjamin Rush collection [manuscript], 1803, 1810. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Original review : history of the expedition under the command of Captains Lewis and Clark ... University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Pamphlets relating to the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1926- Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Ordway, John. Journal, 1804-1806. University of Montana, Mansfield Library
referencedIn James M. Hamilton Papers, 1938-1969 Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
referencedIn Minnesota Historical Society. Records regarding the William Clark papers, 1953-1966. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Photographs from the route of Lewis and Clark, ca. 1910. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947. Letters, 1901-1902. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Chouteau, Auguste Pierre, 1768-1838,. Papers regarding the Lewis and Clark expedition [manuscript], 1803-1816. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Scrap book containing data on Lewis and Clark and on various Virginia families, assembled by Miss Lyne [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Sakakawea collection, 1906. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Clark, William, d. 1791. Draper manuscripts: William Clark papers, 1780-1804. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Wheeler, Olin Dunbar, 1852-1925. Olin Dunbar Wheeler papers, 1892-1924. Newberry Library
referencedIn Sakakawea statue dedication. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Lott, Sam, b. 1862. Letters, 1935. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Koch, Elers, 1880-1954. The crossing of the Bitterroot Mountains by the Lewis and Clark expedition, 1940. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Albemarle County Historical Society (Va.). Speeches given at Albemarle County Historical Society meetings [manuscript], 1960-1974. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Nordbye, Gunnar H. Decision concerning ownership of the Lewis and Clark Expedition papers [manuscript], 1956 October 8. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. Nicholas Biddle collection, 1800-1838. Princeton University Library
referencedIn New Albany High School (New Albany, Ind.). New Albany High School 2003. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Scott, Calista Willard, 1863-1916. Calista Willard Scott letter, 1903, undated. Montana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. [Lewis and Clark Expedition journals, 1803-1806] [microform]. University of South Dakota, USD University Libraries
referencedIn William Clark field notes, 1803-1805 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Meikleham, Septimia Randolph, 1814-1887. Randolph-Meikleham family papers [manuscript], 1792-1882. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. Letters and maps 1949-51. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Walker, Lloyd J. Mountain men, missionaries and Indians. America's greatest adventures / Lloyd J. Walker. Jefferson Library, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Jefferson Library, Monticello
referencedIn Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947. Eva Emery Dye Papers, 1776-1997 (bulk 1890-1940). Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Haddon, Joseph Elbert, 1906-. Medical history of the Lewis and Clark expedition / by J.E. Haddon. Oregon Health & Science University Library, OHSU Library
creatorOf Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806). Certificate, [ca. 1804-1806]. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Stanley Roland Davison Papers, 1850-1985 Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962,. Documents concerning the William Clark Papers, 1953-1956. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn O'Dell, Scott, 1898-1989. Streams to the river, river to the sea : a novel of Sacagawea : production material, 1986. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. Journals, 1804-1806. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Clark, William, 1770-1838. Journal, 1806 Jan. 6-10. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Miller, Warner D. Papers, 1931-1945, 1931-1935 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. Map of part of the continent of North America : whereon is laid down the Missouri, Jeffersons, Lewis's, Clarks, and the Columbia, Rivers, from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean, as corrected by the celestial observations of Messr. Lewis & Clark during their tours of discovery in 1805 / copied from Lewis & Clarks map by N. King for the War Departmt. of U.S., between 1807 and 1808?. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn [Map of the Lewis and Clark Expedition's portage route around the Great Falls of the Missouri]. Montana Historical Society Library
referencedIn J. Nielson Barry Papers, 1932-1937 Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Clark, William, 1770-1838. Field notes, 1803-1805. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Melvin N. Westwood Papers, 1894-2005, 1963-1996 Oregon State University Libraries University Archives
referencedIn Hill, Alfred James, 1833-1895. Hill (Alfred James) papers, 1855-1895 [microform]. University of North Dakota, Chester Fritz Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Thomas Jefferson letter to Dr. Benjamin Rush : Washington, D.C. : ALS, 1803 Feb. 28. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn A description of the notes of Captain William Clark, 1803-1805, found in the papers of Gen. John H. Hammond at 117 Farrington Street in St. Paul on January 5, 1953, 1953-1955. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Sacagawea collection, 1920-1927. Library of Congress
referencedIn Vincent, W. D. (William D.). William David Vincent papers and bookplate collection, 1863-1933. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Reid, Russell, 1900-1967. Russell Reid papers, 1917-1944. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Clark, William, 1770-1838. A map of Lewis and Clark's track across the western portion of North America from the Misissippi [sic] to the Pacific Ocean. Newberry Library
referencedIn Records Relating to the Acquisition of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Papers, 1961 - 1970 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. Journal ; notes, 1803-1810. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Sears, John V. Mound builders of the Missouri : Essay read before the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1873. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806). Extracts from journals, books and articles about the Lewis and Clark Expedition related to Iowa and Iowa birds, 1803-2003. Iowa State Historical Society
referencedIn National Public Radio (U.S.). National Public Radio broadcast, 1976. Montana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Smelser, Marshall. Illustrations : chosen for his book, the Democratic republic, 1801-1815, 1968. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous pamphlets, etc., about litigation over the Lewis and Clark Expedition papers. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Wittgraf, Michael, 1962-. The nature of a circle : the cycle of Lewis and Clark : string quartet / by Michael Wittgraf. University of North Dakota, Chester Fritz Library
referencedIn Frazer, Robert, d. 1837. A map of the discoveries of Capt. Lewis & Clark from the Rockey Mountain and the River Lewis to the Cap of Disappointement or the Coloumbia River at the north Pacific Ocean / by observation of Robert Frazer. Montana Historical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Albemarle County Historical Society (Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Bakeless, John Edwin, 1894-1978. person
associatedWith Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. person
associatedWith Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. person
associatedWith Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. person
associatedWith Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. person
associatedWith Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961. person
associatedWith Barry, J. Nielson, 1870-1961 person
associatedWith Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844 person
associatedWith Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. person
associatedWith Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. person
associatedWith Burlingame, Merrill G., 1901-1994 person
hasMember Charbonneau, Toussaint, approximately 1758-approximately 1839 person
associatedWith Chauncey, Charles, 1777-1849 person
hasMember Clark, William, 1770-1838 person
associatedWith Clark, William, 1770-1838. person
associatedWith Clark, William, 1770-1838. person
associatedWith Clark, William, 1770-1838. person
associatedWith Clark, William, 1770-1838. person
associatedWith Clark, William, d. 1791. person
associatedWith Clinton, Ebenezer. person
associatedWith Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899. person
associatedWith Daugherty, James Henry, 1889-1974. person
associatedWith Davison, Stanley Roland person
associatedWith De Voto, Bernard Augustine, 1897-1955. person
associatedWith Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947 person
associatedWith Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947. person
associatedWith Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947. person
associatedWith Dye, Eva Emory. person
associatedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde. person
associatedWith Florentine Films. corporateBody
associatedWith Frazer, Robert. person
associatedWith Frazer, Robert, d. 1837. person
associatedWith Haddon, Joseph Elbert, 1906- person
associatedWith Hamilton, James McClellan, -1861-1940. -From wilderness to statehood person
associatedWith Hill, A. J. (Alfred James), 1833-1895. person
associatedWith Hill, Alfred James, 1833-1895. person
associatedWith Holman, Frederick Van Voorhies, 1852-1927. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith King, N. (Nicholas), 1771-1812. person
associatedWith Koch, Elers, 1880-1954. person
associatedWith Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition (1905 : Portland, Or.) corporateBody
hasMember Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809 person
hasMember Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. person
hasMember Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. person
hasMember Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. person
hasMember Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. person
hasMember Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. person
hasMember Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. person
hasMember Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. person
associatedWith Lingelbach, William E. (William Ezra), 1871-1962, person
associatedWith Lott, Sam, b. 1862. person
associatedWith Meikleham, Septimia Randolph, 1814-1887. person
associatedWith Miller, Warner D. person
associatedWith Minnesota Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Missoula Art Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith National Public Radio (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith New Albany High School (New Albany, Ind.). corporateBody
associatedWith Nordbye, Gunnar H. person
associatedWith Nordbye, Gunnar H. (Gunnar Hans), 1888-1977. person
associatedWith O'Dell, Scott, 1898-1989. person
associatedWith Ordway, John. person
associatedWith Ordway, John, b. ca. 1775. person
associatedWith Ordway, John, ca. 1775-ca. 1817. person
associatedWith Patten Family family
associatedWith Peebles, John J. person
associatedWith Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. person
associatedWith Reid, Russell, 1900-1967. person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. family
hasMember Sacagawea person
associatedWith Scott, Calista Willard, 1863-1916. person
associatedWith Sears, John V. person
associatedWith Smelser, Marshall. person
associatedWith Starr, Louis. person
associatedWith Tabeau, Pierre Antoine, 1755-1820. person
associatedWith Thwaites, Reuben Gold, 1853-1913. person
associatedWith United States. President (1825-1829 : Adams) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Dept. of Anthropology. corporateBody
associatedWith Vincent, W. D. (William D.) person
associatedWith Vincent, W. D. (William D.) person
associatedWith Walker, Lloyd J. person
associatedWith Warner D, Miller person
associatedWith Westwood, Melvin N. (Melvin Neil), 1923- person
associatedWith Westwood, Melvin N. (Melvin Neil), 1923- person
associatedWith Wheeler, Olin D. (Olin Dunbar), 1852-1925. person
associatedWith Wheeler, Olin Dunbar, 1852-1925. person
associatedWith Wheeler, William F. person
associatedWith Whitehouse, Joseph, ca. 1775-ca. 1860. person
associatedWith Will, Drake W. person
associatedWith Wittgraf, Michael, 1962- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Voyages and travels
Discoveries in geography
Birds
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1804

Active 1806

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