Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000

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Poet, editor, and educator.

From the description of Karl Jay Shapiro papers, 1947-1964. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979818

Pulitzer-Prize-winning American poet and author of more than forty volumes of poetry and criticism.

From the description of Papers. 1941-1967. (University of Maryland Libraries). WorldCat record id: 34091314

Karl Jay Shapiro was an American poet. He served in the Second World War in the South Pacific and New Guinea. A volume of his poetry was privately published in Australia. Kenneth Slessor was an Australian author, journalist and poet.

From the description of Letters to Kenneth Slessor, 1944-1945 [manuscript]. 1944-1945. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225636198

Poet Karl Shapiro's award-winning early work, employing traditional poetic forms, emerged from his World War II experiences and explored both the war and the sense of detachment soldiers may feel about their lives during wartime. Ever the iconoclast, Shapiro championed the adventurous experimental styles of Walt Whitman, William Carlos Williams, and the Beats, incorporating their influence into his own maturing work. He also made contributions as an editor, professor, and critic, and published a strangely detached three-volume autobiography.

From the description of Karl Shapiro letter to Louis Untermeyer, 1963 April 3. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 55059402

Karl Shapiro (1913-2000) was a Baltimore-born American poet and essayist. He began writing while he was stationed in New Guinea during WWII. Shapiro was American Poet Laureate in 1946 and 1947. He published many famous works, and taught at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln and University of California, Davis. He edited the prestigious Poet Magazine and was married three times.

From the guide to the Typescript "Construction", April, 1962, (Ohio University)

Biographical Note

  • 1913, Nov. 10: Born, Baltimore, Md.
  • 1937 - 1939 : Attended Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
  • 1941 - 1945 : Served in the United States Army
  • 1942: Published Person, Place and Thing. [New York]: Reynal & Hitchcock Published The Place of Love. [Malvern, Australia: Bradley Printers] Awarded Jeanette S. Davis Prize
  • 1943: Awarded Levinson Prize Awarded Contemporary Poetry Prize
  • 1944: Published V-Letter and Other Poems. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock
  • 1945: Awarded Pulitzer Prize in poetry Awarded Shelley Memorial Prize Married Evalyn Katz (divorced 1967)
  • 1945 - 1946 : Awarded Guggenheim fellowship
  • 1946 - 1947 : Consultant in poetry, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1947 - 1950 : Associate professor of writing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
  • 1950 - 1956 : Editor, Poetry Magazine
  • 1953: Published Poems, 1940-1953. New York: Random House Published Beyond Criticism. [Lincoln]: University of Nebraska Press
  • 1953 - 1954 : Awarded Guggenheim fellowship
  • 1956 - 1966 : Professor of English, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebr.
  • 1958: Published Poems of a Jew. New York: Random House
  • 1960: Published In Defense of Ignorance. New York: Random House
  • 1964: Published The Bourgeois Poet. New York: Random House
  • 1965: Published A Prosody Handbook, with Robert Beum. New York: Harper & Row
  • 1966 - 1968 : Professor of English, University of Illinois, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1967: Married Teri Kovach (died 1982)
  • 1968: Published To Abolish Children. Chicago: Quadrangle Books
  • 1968 - 1985 : Professor of English, University of California, Davis, Calif.
  • 1969: Awarded Bollingen Prize for poetry
  • 1975: Published The Poetry Wreck, Selected Essays, 1950-1970. New York: Random House
  • 1978: Published Collected Poems, 1940-1978. New York: Random House
  • 1985: Married Sophie Wilkins
  • 1987: Published New and Selected Poems, 1940-1986. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
  • 1989: Robert Kirsch award, Los Angeles Times
  • 2000, May 14: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Karl Jay Shapiro Papers, 1947-1964, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Karl Shapiro (1913-2000), Pulitzer Prize-winning American poet, is the author of more than forty volumes of poetry and criticism. Poems, his first volume, was privately published in 1935. While serving in Australia and New Guinea from 1942 to 1945, Shapiro wrote his V-Letter and Other Poems, for which he won the Pulitzer Prize, as well as The Place of Love, which was published in Australia. His introduction to a wider audience came with the inclusion of his poems in Five Young American Poets in 1941. Influenced by W. H. Auden and William Carlos Williams, Shapiro produced poetry satirical of modern life, which was often experimental and never predictable.

Karl Shapiro was born Carl Shapiro in Baltimore, Maryland, on November 10, 1913, the son of Sara Omansky and businessman Joseph Shapiro. The Shapiro family moved from Baltimore to near Norfolk, Virginia, when Karl was in elementary school, then returned to Baltimore when Karl was in high school. His elder brother, Irvin, was an excellent student and earned a scholarship to the University of Virginia, where he wrote poetry. Karl Shapiro admired his older brother greatly and, following in his brother's footsteps, attended the University of Virginia in 1932. However, he stayed only a year before returning to Baltimore. In 1937, he resumed his studies at the Johns Hopkins University, where he remained until 1939. In 1940, a year after leaving Johns Hopkins, Shapiro attended the Enoch Pratt Free Library School, before being drafted into military service in 1941.

Throughout his years in the military, Shapiro continually wrote poetry. As company clerk, Shapiro had access to a typewriter, which he used to type letters and poems. Although Shapiro continued to write his poetry during this period, he was unable to contact publishers and editors and relied upon his fiancée, Evalyn Katz, to act as his literary agent.

Evalyn Katz and Karl Shapiro met shortly before Shapiro was drafted, and they eventually became engaged to be married. They began corresponding almost daily after his departure for Camp Lee, Virginia. From the outset, Evalyn was interested in Shapiro's poetry, and much of their correspondence concerns his poetry and her attempts to market it. In 1942, she moved to New York to act as Shapiro's literary agent. Her efforts resulted in the publication of Person, Place and Thing in 1942, V-Letter and Other Poems in 1944, and Essay on Rime in 1945.

A large portion of Shapiro's correspondence with Evalyn was through United States V-mail. V-mail was a method by which mail was sent to overseas military outposts during World War II. It was developed to reduce the weight and volume of armed forces correspondence to and from the United States. However, V-mail, like other wartime correspondence, was subject to censorship. V-letter forms, 8.5-by-11-inch sheets that were folded to form envelopes, were available at no cost in post offices in the United States and widely distributed to soldiers stationed abroad. After being censored, V-letters were microfilmed onto sixteen millimeter film. These films were shipped to central processing facilities in the United States and abroad where 4.25-by-5-inch facsimiles were printed. The V-letters exchanged between Shapiro and Evalyn consist of such facsimiles.

Aside from V-letters, Shapiro's nearly daily correspondence with Evalyn during the war also included letters sent by regular mail and telegrams. All of their correspondence was read by the army and subject to censorship, as Shapiro explains in Poet: An Autobiography in Three Parts, Volume I: The Younger Son:

His letters contained poems which he was sending to his girlfriend in Baltimore, later in New York, where she moved to try to get them published in magazines and even in book form, both of which she succeeded in doing. His letters were read quite carefully, not for their literary value but because poems are by nature ambiguous and mysterious to say the least. So eventually as the war went on his letters were not only read by the officer-doctor assigned to censor but by departments higher up, and in the poet's case all the way up to MacArthur's headquarters.

He discovered this after the war when he looked at his girlfriend's letters from him, now that she was his wife, and they were sometimes cut to ribbons with deletions, and carried the big stamp of the Southwest Pacific Area, for as the war matured he was read more carefully. (136)

These letters, largely about his poetry and about their relationship, form the bulk of this collection.

A fourth World-War-II book, The Place of Love, was published in Australia by Cecily Crozier, with whom Shapiro had an affair, in 1942. Shapiro explained the book's genesis in Lee Bartlett's Karl Shapiro: A Descriptive Bibliography 1933-1977 :

I was in the army stationed in Australia, which is where I saw Cecily Crozier's magazine A Comment in a bookstore. I though it was interesting, so I got in touch with her and we became good friends. Later, we decided to put the book together. Some of it came from the letters I wrote her. We lost touch during the later war years, and I never was able to find out what happened to her or the books. (8)

Although Shapiro explored the idea of publishing this body of work, Evalyn did not support it. Only a few of the poems from that book have ever been published in the United States.

During the course of the war, Shapiro and Evalyn investigated being married by proxy so that Shapiro could send money to her. However, the state of New York did not acknowledge marriages by proxy, and Shapiro discovered he could legally send his money to her without marriage. The couple married on March 16, 1945, after Shapiro returned from the Pacific. They had three children, Katharine, John "Jake" Jacob, and Elizabeth.

Following the war, Shapiro served as the Poetry Consultant at the Library of Congress until 1948, when he was appointed a professor of writing at the Johns Hopkins University, where he taught until 1950. For the next six years, he edited the journal Poetry in Chicago. Shapiro returned to academic life in 1956, teaching at the University of Nebraska, the University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, and the University of California at Davis. In 1967, while teaching at the University of Illinois, he and Evalyn divorced, and he married Teri Kovach Baldwin. The following year, he began teaching at the University of California at Davis, where he remained until his retirement in the mid-1980s. His second wife died in 1982; he married the translator Sophie Wilkins in 1985. Granted the rank of professor emeritus by the University of California at Davis, Shapiro resided in that city where he continued to write poetry and criticism in retirement. He returned to the eastern United States in 1994 and lived on New York City's Upper West Side until his death on May 14, 2000.

From the guide to the Karl Shapiro papers, ca. 1917-1968, null, (Literature and Rare Books)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf The New York Quarterly. Literary archive, [ca. 1980-1990]. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Kizer, Carolyn. Papers, 1825-2004. Indiana University
referencedIn Jean Burden Papers, 1931-1992 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Letters to Paul [Engle]. Lincoln, NE. 1958. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Robert S. Phillips Papers, 1964-1989 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Typescript "Construction", April, 1962 Ohio University
creatorOf Bowe, Augustine Joseph, 1892-1966. Augustine J. Bowe papers, 1890-1966, bulk 1940-1966. Newberry Library
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Letters to Kenneth Slessor, 1944-1945 [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Letters from Karl Shapiro [manuscript] 1950 October 9 and 20. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Typed letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Mr. Williams October 9, 1941. Wellesley College
creatorOf Weisgall, Hugo. The tenor; opera in one act, based on Der Kammersänger by Frank Wedekind. Libretto by Karl Shapiro & Ernest. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bromberg, Rachel. Rachel Bromberg Papers, 1944-1981. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Berlinski, Herman. Return : a cycle of four songs for baritone and piano / Herman Berlinski. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
referencedIn Stanley Burnshaw Papers TXRC93-A78., 1927-1987, (bulk 1945-1987) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Papers of Karl J. Shapiro [manuscript], 1942-1955. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn William Van O'Connor Papers, 1943-1967 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Arthos, John, 1908-. Correspondence, with American writers, 1947-1952. University of Michigan
creatorOf Karl Jay Shapiro Papers, 1947-1964 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Karl Shapiro papers, ca. 1917-1968, null Literature and Rare Books
creatorOf Lehrman, Leonard. How do I love you? : for mixed chorus & piano (or solo string quarter) : op. 28' # 5A / music by Leonard J. Lehrman ; words by Karl Shapiro. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Typescript "Construction" [manuscript] April, 1962. Ohio University, Alden Library
referencedIn Pedro Salinas papers, ca. 1912-1975 (inclusive), 1936-1951 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Alden, John Eliot, 1914-1991. Ezra Pound research collection, 1916-1948. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Weisgall, Hugo. Hugo Weisgall Papers, 1922-1997 (bulk 1934 - 1997). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Robert Lowell papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive) 1935-1970 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Belle Krasne Ribicoff papers, 1942-circa 2010, bulk 1945-2004 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Isidor Schneider Papers, 1925-1975 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Griffith, E. V., 1927-. E.V. Griffith papers, ca. 1945-1995. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Yates, Peter, 1909-1976. Papers, 1928-1976. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Nardi, Marcia. Marcia Nardi collection, 1949-1983. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Stallman, R. W. (Robert Wooster), 1911-1982. Papers of Robert Wooster Stallman [manuscript] 1935-1962. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. Papers of John C. Rogers [manuscript] 1908-74. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Rubin, Louis Decimus, 1923-. Louis Decimus Rubin papers, 1945- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Burnshaw, Stanley, 1906-2005. Papers, 1927-1987, (bulk 1945-1987). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Additional papers, 1917-1962 and undated. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Brooks, Cleanth, 1906-1994. Typed letter signed Cleanth Brooks to: Mrs. Curran September 12, 1948. Wellesley College
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Papers. University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Typed letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Miss Grahame November 30, 1950. Wellesley College
referencedIn Marcia Nardi collection, 1949-1983 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Melvin Beaunorus Tolson Papers, 1932-1975, (bulk 1940-1966) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Typed letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Mr. Williams September 26, 1941. Wellesley College
creatorOf MacGillivray, Arthur. Arthur MacGillivray Papers, 1930-1987. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
referencedIn Michel Licht Papers, 1910-1957 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Papers of the magazine Transition, 1933-1941. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wyatt, Edith, 1873-1958. Edith Wyatt papers, 1894-1968 (bulk 1894-1955). Newberry Library
referencedIn E. E. Cummings papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Schneider, Isidor, b. 1896. Papers, 1925-1975. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Autograph letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Miss Manwaring September 29, 1946. Wellesley College
creatorOf Adamic, Louis, 1899-1951,. Letters to Alfred Kreymborg [manuscript], 1921-1956. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Typed letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Mr. Williams November 21, 1941. Wellesley College
creatorOf Decker, Clarence Raymond, 1904-1969. Poetry correspondence, 1948-1967. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Typed letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Miss Manwaring September 10, 1946. Wellesley College
referencedIn Witter Bynner papers, 1829-1965. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Atlas, James. Office files of The American Poetry Review, 1973-1977. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Palaemon Press (Winston-Salem, N.C.). Editorial archive, 1974-1984. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Rachel Bromberg papers, 1944-1981 University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Karl Jay Shapiro papers, 1947-1964. Library of Congress
referencedIn White, William, 1910-1995. Papers of William White [manuscript], 1875-1987. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Karl Shapiro letter to Louis Untermeyer, 1963 April 3. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Rosenberger, Francis Coleman, 1915-. Papers of [Francis] Coleman Rosenberger, 1946-1952. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn V. R. Lang additional papers, 1947-1956. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Typed letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Mr. Williams November 14, 1941. Wellesley College
creatorOf Lang, V. R., 1924-1956. V. R. Lang additional papers, 1947-1956. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1958-1960. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Erskine, Albert, 1911-1993. Albert Erskine papers, 1930-1999. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. Letters of tribute to Carl Sandburg [manuscript], 1951-1952. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Kenner, Hugh. Hugh Kenner Papers, 1916-1994 (bulk1943-1994). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Anne Sexton Papers 122492286., 1912-1996, (bulk 1953-1974) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Foerster, Norman, 1887-1972. Norman Foerster papers, 1907-1965. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Hugo Weisgall Papers, 1922-1997, 1934 - 1997 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn E. E. Cummings additional papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Bogan, Louise, 1897-1970. Papers, 1930-1990 (inclusive), 1930-1970 (bulk). Amherst College
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Letters, 1947 Feb. 17 and Apr. 21, Washington, D.C., to John Arthos, Ann Arbor. University of Michigan
referencedIn Hugh Kenner Papers TXRC02-A5., 1916-1994, n.d., bulk 1943-1994 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Bronk, William. William Bronk papers, 1908-1999. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Typed letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Miss Grahame July 21, 1950. Wellesley College
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Office files, of The American Poetry Review, 1972-1994. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Randall, Julia, 1923-. Julia Randall papers, 1930-2001. Hollins University, Wyndham Robertson Library
creatorOf Antonow, Joseph P., 1915-,. Collection of poetry manuscripts, 1956-1963 (inclusive), 1960-1963 (bulk). Indiana Newspaper Project
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Letter to John Cook Wyllie [manuscript] 1960 Jan. 16. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sears, Donald A. Correspondence of Donald A. Sears, 1966-1970. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Ostrom, Hans A. Hans Ostrom papers, 1978-1992. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Letters to Rabbi Solomon Goldman, Jan.-Sept. 1946. Drew University Library, Rose Memorial Library
referencedIn Peter Yates Papers, 1927 - 1976 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Feinberg, Charles E., 1899-. Papers of Karl Jay Shapiro in the Charles E. Feinberg collection, 1930-1963. Library of Congress
creatorOf Crews, Judson. Papers, 1935-1981 (bulk 1940-1966). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Ribicoff, Belle Krasne, 1924-. Belle Krasne Ribicoff papers, 1942-circa 2010, bulk 1945-2004. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Meredith, William, 1919-2007. William Meredith papers, 1947-1979. Library of Congress
creatorOf Antonow, Joseph P., 1915-. Collection of poetry, 1956-1963. Indiana University
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Letter, 1972 Sept. 13, Davis, Calif., to Stephen M. Savage, Cambridge, Mass. Ball State University Library, Bracken Library
referencedIn William Bronk Papers, 1908-1999. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Autograph letter signed Karl Shapiro to: Miss Manwaring December 31, 1947. Wellesley College
creatorOf Winslow, Marcella Comès. Marcella Comès (Winslow) papers, 1915-1982 [and undated]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Tolson, Melvin Beaunorus. Melvin Beaunorus Tolson papers, 1932-1975 (bulk 1940-1966). Library of Congress
creatorOf Modern Poetry Association. Papers, 1954-2002. Indiana University
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, ca. 1933-1997. Houghton Library.
referencedIn George Dillon Papers, 1862-1982 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Anne Sexton Papers, 1912-1996, (bulk 1953-1974). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Antonow, Joseph P., 1915-, person
associatedWith Arthos, John, 1908- person
associatedWith Atlas, James. person
associatedWith Berlinski, Herman. person
associatedWith Bogan, Louise, 1897-1970. person
associatedWith Bowe, Augustine Joseph, 1892-1966. person
associatedWith Bromberg, Rachel. person
associatedWith Bromberg, Rachel: Three pastoral novels person
associatedWith Bronk, William. person
associatedWith Brooks, Cleanth, 1906-1994. person
associatedWith Burden, Jean. person
associatedWith Burnshaw, Stanley, 1906- person
correspondedWith Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Crews, Judson. person
associatedWith Crozier, Cecily. person
associatedWith Crozier, Cecily. person
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Dark, Eleanor, 1901- person
associatedWith Decker, Clarence Raymond, 1904-1969. person
associatedWith Dillon, George, 1906-1968 person
associatedWith Engle, Paul, 1908-1991, person
associatedWith Erskine, Albert, 1911-1993. person
associatedWith Feinberg, Charles E., 1899- person
associatedWith Foerster, Norman, 1887-1972. person
associatedWith Grahame, Roberta Margaret. person
associatedWith Gregor, Arthur, 1923- person
associatedWith Griffith, E. V., 1927- person
associatedWith Kenner, Hugh person
associatedWith Kenner, Hugh. person
associatedWith Kizer, Carolyn. person
associatedWith Krasne Ribicoff, Belle person
associatedWith Lang, V. R., 1924-1956. person
associatedWith Lehrman, Leonard. person
associatedWith Licht, Michel, 1893-1953 person
correspondedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977 person
associatedWith MacGillivray, Arthur. person
associatedWith Manwaring, Elizabeth Wheeler, b. 1879. person
correspondedWith Meredith, William, 1919-2007. person
associatedWith Modern Poetry Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Nardi, Marcia. person
correspondedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith Ober, Harold, 1881-1959, person
associatedWith O'Connor, William Van, 1915-1966 person
associatedWith Ostrom, Hans A. person
associatedWith Palaemon Press (Winston-Salem, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Phillips, Robert S. person
associatedWith Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Randall, Julia, 1923- person
associatedWith Ribicoff, Belle Krasne, 1924- person
associatedWith Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. person
associatedWith Rosenberger, Francis Coleman, 1915- person
associatedWith Rubin, Louis Decimus, 1923- person
correspondedWith Salinas, Pedro, 1892-1951 person
associatedWith Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. person
associatedWith Savage, Stephen M. person
associatedWith Schneider, Isidor, b. 1896. person
associatedWith Sears, Donald A. person
associatedWith Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974 person
associatedWith Shapiro, Evalyn Katz. person
associatedWith Shapiro, Evalyn Katz. person
associatedWith Shapiro, Karl, 1913- person
correspondedWith Slessor, Kenneth, 1901-1971 person
associatedWith Stallman, R. W. (Robert Wooster), 1911-1982. person
associatedWith Tambimuttu, 1915- person
associatedWith Tate, Allen, 1899-1979. person
associatedWith Thel, Sam, Mrs, person
associatedWith The New York Quarterly. corporateBody
correspondedWith Tolson, Melvin Beaunorus. person
correspondedWith Tolson, Melvin Beaunorus. person
correspondedWith Transition. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. corporateBody
associatedWith Untermeyer, Louis, 1885-1977, person
associatedWith Weisgall, Hugo person
associatedWith Weisgall, Hugo. person
associatedWith White, William, 1910-1995. person
associatedWith Williams, Oscar, 1900-1964. person
associatedWith Wilson, William S., 1932-, person
associatedWith Winslow, Marcella Comès. person
associatedWith Wyatt, Edith, 1873-1958. person
associatedWith Wyllie, John Cook, 1908-1968 person
associatedWith Yates, Peter, 1909-1976. person
associatedWith Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
India
Subject
Poetry
Literature and society
Poets, American--20th century--Sources
American literature
Poets, American--20th century--Archives
American poetry
Poets, American--20th century--Corespondence
Literature and society--United States
Poets--Correspondence
Occupation
Editors
Poets
Educators
Function

Person

Birth 1913-11-10

Death 2000-05-14

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 21567519