Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919

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Phoebe Elizabeth Apperson Hearst was born in St. Clair, Missouri, the daughter of Drucilla (Whitmire) and Randolph Walker Apperson. In 1860, businessman George Hearst met Phoebe when he returned to St. Clair to care for his dying mother. When they married on June 15, 1862, George Hearst was 41 years old, and Phoebe was 19. Soon after their marriage the Hearsts moved to San Francisco, California, where Phoebe gave birth to their only child, William Randolph Hearst. As a very successful miner who later became a U.S. senator, George often left Phoebe alone during his work.

Hearst was a major benefactor of the University of California, Berkeley, and its first woman regent, serving on the board from 1897 until her death. In 1896, in her first major act of museum philanthropy, she donated more than two hundred objects to the Penn Museum. In 1901, Phoebe Hearst founded the University of California Museum of Anthropology, later renamed the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology in 1992.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Fahey, Robert, 1914-1994. Fahey/Sloan family collection, 1880-1960. University of the Pacific, William Knox Holt Memorial Library
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Photographs, prints, and drawings, ca. 1600-1936 (bulk: 1861-1936) Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Newton, Mary K. Mary K. Newton papers, 1928-1963. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
referencedIn Peck, Orrin M., 1860-1921,. Orrin Peck Collection of Photographs [graphic], 1878-1951 (bulk 1890-1915). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Le Plongeon, Augustus, 1826-1908. Augustus and Alice Dixon Le Plongeon papers, 1763-1937, bulk 1860-1910. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Phoebe Apperson Hearst letter, 1913 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Douglas Tilden Papers, 1860-1970 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Henry Munroe Rogers papers, 1812-1937 (bulk: 1862-1937) Houghton Library
referencedIn Documents relating to San Juan de la Boquillas y Nogales land grant, 1833-1901 (bulk 1879-1899). University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Portraits of University of California individuals and groups, ca. 1850-[ongoing] Bancroft Library
creatorOf Peck, Orrin M., 1860-1921. Orrin M. Peck correspondence and miscellany, 1882-1921. California historical society
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1905-1909. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Khāqānī, Afz̤al al-Dīn Shirvānī, ca. 1126-1198 or 9. Dīvān-i ḥakīm Khāqānī : ms., [17--?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Fischer, Henry W. (Henry William), 1856-1932. Letter, 1913, October 14, New York City [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham, Staten Island, New York / Henry W. Fischer. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Steilbert, Walter T., 1886-1974. Julia Morgan-Walter T. Steilberg Collection, 1908-1974 1918-1935. California Polytechnic State University, Robert E. Kennedy Library, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
referencedIn Haggin, James Ben Ali, 1821-1914. James Ben Ali Haggin papers, 1887-1914. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Smith, Thomas, Sir, ca. 1556-1609. [Elizabethan records]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Silas Reed papers, 1833-1886 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Morgan, Julia, 1872-1957. Julia Morgan-Sara Holmes Boutelle Collection, 1877-1958 1901-1940. California Polytechnic State University, Robert E. Kennedy Library, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
referencedIn James, William, 1842-1910. Papers, 1803-1941 (bulk: 1862-1910) Houghton Library
referencedIn Thors, photographer. Photographs from Orrin M. Peck correspondence and miscellany [graphic]. California historical society
referencedIn David Starr Jordan papers, 1861-1964 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893. Edwin Booth note addressed to Dr. Martin : London : ANS, 1882 July 13. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Maybeck, Bernard R. Bernard Maybeck collection, 1897-1956 (bulk 1902-1939) California Digital Library
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Anvār-i Suhaylī : ms., 1230 [i.e. 1814 or 1815]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. al-Qurʼān : ms., 15 Shawwāl 1167 [i.e. 1754 or 1755]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Hunter-Hitchcock-Coit families. Papers, 1765-1925. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Raleigh, Walter, Sir, 1552?-1618. [Indenture, 1593 Apr. 10, between Sir Walter Raleigh and John Fitzjames]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Hudkins, Maurice. Portraits, photographs, sculptures and possessions of Phoebe Apperson Hearst : Santa Barbara, Calif. ms., 1982 Aug. 4. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Wilkie, William. William Hancock Wilkie pictorial collection [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Ḥāfiẓ, 14th cent. Dīvān : ms., [18--?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf California. Superior Court (Mono County). Records in the case James B. Haggin and Phoebe A. Hearst vs. J.A. Kelly et al. : Ds. S, 1899-1900. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Wells, Fargo & Company. Records of Wells, Fargo & Company, 1839-1911 (bulk 1883-1906). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Letter, Oct. 9th 1917, Pleasonton, California [to] Baron M. Meller / P. A. Hearst. California State University East Bay, Hayward Campus Library
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Phoebe Apperson Hearst letter to J.C. Rivers : En route to New York : ALS, 1898 Sept. 10. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Jones, William Carey, 1854-1923. William Carey Jones papers, 1834-1923 (bulk 1884-1923). UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Whitmire family collection. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
creatorOf Schwartz, Milton Harry. Milton Harry Schwartz scrapbooks, [1896-1952]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Orrin Peck Collection of Photographs, 1878-1951, (bulk 1890-1915) The Huntington Library
referencedIn Bernard Maybeck Collection, 1897-1956 (bulk 1902-1939) Environmental Design Archives.
creatorOf Clark family. Clark family correspondence : typed transcripts, 1898-1973 (bulk 1898-1911). UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Cooper, Sarah Brown Ingersoll, 1836-1896. Sarah Brown Ingersoll Cooper papers, 1813-1921. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Peck family. Peck family correspondence, 1891-1947 (bulk 1904-1915). UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Sarah Brown Ingersoll Cooper Papers, 1813-1921 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Fahey-Sloan Family Collection, 1880-1960 University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections
referencedIn Aitken, Douglas Carryl, 1898-. Oral history interview with Douglas Carryl Aitken, 1977 July 23. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Jāmī, 1414-1492. [Yūsuf va Zulaykhā]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Clark, Edward Hardy, 1896-. Reminiscences of the Hearst Family : oral history transcript, 1967. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Phoebe Apperson Hearst letters to members of the Holden family : ALsS, 1892 September 7 - 1907 January 5, undated. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn California Ethnographic Field Photographs, 1900-1960 Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology
creatorOf Nordica, Lillian, 1857-1914. Lillian Nordica signature. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Mīr Khvānd, Muḥammad ibn Khāvandshāh, 1433-1498. Rawẓat al-ṣafā : [Iran] : ms., [17--?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Clara Kathleen Rogers papers, 1860-1934. Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Niẓāmī Ganjavī, 1140 or 41-1202 or 3. Khamsah-i Niẓāmī-i khaṭṭī : ms., [17--?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Letters of condolence on the death of F. W. Dohrmann, 1914 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. Papers of Caroline Maria Seymour Severance, 1830-1980 (bulk) 1860-1914. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953. Joseph Henry Sharp letters, 1903 Aug 21-1905 Jun 16. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī, Maulana, 1207-1273. Hadhā kitāb al-Mathnawī-i maʻnawī al-Mawlawī : ms., 881 [i.e. 1476 or 1477]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Boutelle, Sara Holmes. Sara Holmes Boutelle Papers, 1972-1999 1983-1995. California Polytechnic State University, Robert E. Kennedy Library, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
referencedIn Smallwood, Eleanor Stanley. Reminiscences of Phoebe Apperson Hearst : ms., [ca. 1930]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hearst, George, 1820-1891. George and Phoebe Apperson Hearst papers, 1849-1926. Bancroft Library
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Letter, 1913. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Photographs, prints, and drawings, ca. 1600-1936 (bulk: 1861-1936) Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. Papers, 1830-1980 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
referencedIn Richardson, Leon Josiah, 1868-1964. Berkeley culture, University of California highlights, and University extension, 1892-1960 : oral history transcript / Leon Josiah Richardson; tape recorded interviews conducted by Amelia R. Fry. Regional Cultural History Project, University of California, Berkeley, Calif., 1962 : and related material, 1962. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Augustus and Alice Dixon Le Plongeon papers, circa 1840-1937, 1860-1910 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Anṣārī al-Harawī, ʻAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad, 1006-1089. Munājāt : [Shīrāz, Irān] : ms., 1326 [i.e. 1908 or 1909]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Lemmi, Charles W. (Charles William), b. 1882. Charles W. Lemmi letter to Phoebe A. Hearst : Cambridge, Mass. : ALS, 1911 Mar. 25. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Catholic Church. Antiphonarium Officii : [Northern Italy, ca. 1480]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931. David Starr Jordan papers, 1861-1964. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Douglas, Frances, 1870-. Papers, 1890-1963 (bulk 1900-1948). University of Arizona Libraries
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Pheobe A. Hearst letters to Carl O. Borg, 1909-1919. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Peck, Orrin M., 1860-1921. Papers of Orrin M. Peck, 1878-1951 (bulk 1890-1915). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Wilke, William. [Portrait of Phoebe Apperson Hearst] [graphic] UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn California. Governor (1967-1975 : Reagan). Memorial commendation for Phoebe Apperson Hearst : Sacramento, Calif. : DS, 1969, Apr. 8. California Digital Library
referencedIn Reed, Silas, 1807-1886. Silas Reed papers, 1833-1886. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous photographs received from the Hearst estate at San Simeon [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Baeck family. Baeck family papers, additions, 1854-1950. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953. Joseph Henry Sharp letters, 1903 Aug 21-1905 Jun 16. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Putnam, Frederic Ward, 1839-1915. Papers, 1807-1971 (bulk: 1855-1935) Peabody Museum Archives, Harvard University
referencedIn Peck, Janet M., 1864-1956. Janet M. Peck family papers, 1860-1956. California historical society
creatorOf Spain. Sovereign (1700-1746 : Philip V). De esto mandamos dar y dimos al dicho Don Alexandro de Cosio esta nuestra real carta executoria de la dicha su hidalguia de sangre ... : Valladolid : ms., 1703. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Henry Munroe Rogers papers, 1812-1937 (bulk: 1862-1937) Houghton Library
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Correspondence concerning the Phoebe Hearst Architectural Plan for the University of California, 1896 Oct 22-23. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Rogers Memorial Collection: Papers of James R. Osgood and A. V. S. Anthony, 1853-1912. Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Jāmī, 1414-1492. Lavāyiḥ : [Iran?] : ms., [18--?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. [Specimens of the calligraphy of masters of Nastalik and Shikaste : Iran?] : ms., [18--?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Gray, Harry. Women of California [sound recording] / recorded by Harry Gray, 1973-1974. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952. Frances Benjamin Johnston papers, 1855-1956 (bulk 1890-1945). Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Phoebe A. Hearst personalia, 1897-1919. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf George and Phoebe Apperson Hearst papers, 1849-1926 Bancroft Library
creatorOf McBride, Henry E. Henry E. McBride papers, [1867-1902]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Frances Benjamin Johnston Papers, 1855-1956, (bulk 1890-1945) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Schevill, Rudolph, 1874-1946. Rudolph Schevill papers : mss, typescript, ca. 1920-1985. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Martin, Anne, 1875-1951. Portraits of women suffragists from the Anne Henrietta Martin papers [graphic]. Bancroft Library
referencedIn Eastham, Voncille McCord. Materials related to Phoebe Apperson Hearst, 1897-1977. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Hanks, Jane Richardson, 1908-. Jane Richardson Hanks collection on Alfred Kroeber, 1951-2002. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Clark, Elizabeth G. Elizabeth G. Clark autograph book, 1900-1908. Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
referencedIn William Carey Jones papers, 1834-1923, bulk 1884-1923 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Remarks by Mrs. Hearst at the cornerstone laying of the Hearst Mining Building, Nov. 18, 1902. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Clark, R. A. Phoebe Hearst collection, 1915-1933. California state library
creatorOf Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919. Hacienda del Pozo de Verona [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Morgan, Julia, 1872-1957. Julia Morgan Papers, 1835-1958 1896-1945. California Polytechnic State University, Robert E. Kennedy Library, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
referencedIn Zelia Nuttall papers, Bulk, 1896-1897, 1893-1903 University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aitken, Douglas Carryl, 1898- person
associatedWith Anṣārī al-Harawī, ʻAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad, 1006-1089. person
childOf Apperson, Drucilla Whitmire, 1816-1904 person
associatedWith Baeck family. family
associatedWith Beel, Sigmund S. person
associatedWith Beulah Home for the Aged. corporateBody
associatedWith Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893. person
associatedWith Borg, Carl Oscar, 1879-1947. person
associatedWith Boutelle, Sara Holmes. person
associatedWith California. Governor (1967-1975 : Reagan) corporateBody
associatedWith California. Superior Court (Mono County) corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, Edward Hardy, 1864-1945 person
associatedWith Clark, Edward Hardy, 1896- person
associatedWith Clark, Elizabeth G. person
associatedWith Clark family. family
associatedWith Cooper, Sarah Brown Ingersoll. person
associatedWith Cooper, Sarah Brown Ingersoll, 1836-1896. person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
correspondedWith Dohrmann family family
correspondedWith Douglas, Frances, 1870- person
associatedWith Eastham, Voncille McCord. person
associatedWith Fahey, Robert, 1914-1994. person
associatedWith Fischer, Henry W. (Henry William), 1856-1932. person
correspondedWith Frederic Ward Putnam, 1813-1915 person
associatedWith George Washington Memorial Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Ḥāfiẓ, 14th cent. person
associatedWith Haggin, James Ben Ali, 1821-1914. person
associatedWith Hanks, Jane Richardson, 1908- person
associatedWith Hearst Egyptian Expedition. corporateBody
associatedWith Hearst family. family
associatedWith Hearst, George, 1820-1891. person
associatedWith Hearst, George Randolph. person
associatedWith Hearst, John Randolph. person
associatedWith Hearst Memorial Mining Building. corporateBody
associatedWith Hearst, William Randolph, 1863-1951 person
associatedWith Hearst, William Randolph, 1908- person
associatedWith Hilles, Florence Bayard, 1866-1954 person
associatedWith Holden family. family
associatedWith Homestake Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Howard, John Galen, 1864-1931 person
associatedWith Hudkins, Maurice. person
associatedWith Hunter-Hitchcock-Coit families. family
associatedWith Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī, Maulana, 1207-1273. person
correspondedWith James, William, 1842-1910 person
associatedWith Jāmī, 1414-1492. person
correspondedWith Johnston, Frances Benjamin, 1864-1952. person
correspondedWith Johnston, Francis Benjamin, 1864-1852 person
correspondedWith Jones, William Carey, 1854-1923. person
associatedWith Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931. person
associatedWith Kellogg, Martin, 1828-1903. person
associatedWith Khāqānī, Afz̤al al-Dīn Shirvānī, ca. 1126-1198 or 9. person
associatedWith Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960 person
associatedWith Lemmi, Charles W. (Charles William), b. 1882. person
associatedWith Le Plongeon, Alice D., (Alice Dixon), 1851-1910 person
associatedWith Le Plongeon, Augustus, 1826-1908. person
associatedWith Lux School of Industrial Training (San Francisco, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Martin, Anne, 1875-1951. person
associatedWith Maybeck, Bernard R. person
associatedWith McBride, Henry E. person
associatedWith Mīr Khvānd, Muḥammad ibn Khāvandshāh, 1433-1498. person
associatedWith Morgan, Julia, 1872-1957. person
associatedWith National Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Congress of Mothers (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Newton, Mary K. person
associatedWith Niẓāmī Ganjavī, 1140 or 41-1202 or 3. person
associatedWith Nordica, Lillian, 1857-1914. person
associatedWith Nuttall, Zelia, 1858-1933 person
associatedWith Panama-Pacific International Exposition, (1915 :, San Francisco, Calif.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Peck family. family
associatedWith Peck, Janet M., 1864-1956. person
associatedWith Peck, Orrin M., 1860-1921. person
associatedWith Phoebe Hearst Architectural Plan for the University of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Raleigh, Walter, Sir, 1552?-1618. person
associatedWith Reed, Silas, 1807-1886. person
associatedWith Reisner, George Andrew, 1867-1942 person
associatedWith Richardson, Leon Josiah, 1868-1964. person
associatedWith Rivers, J. C. person
associatedWith Robert & Al Fahey person
associatedWith Rogers, Henry Munroe, 1839-1937 person
associatedWith San Luis Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Schevill, Rudolph, 1874-1946. person
associatedWith Schwartz, Milton Harry. person
associatedWith Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. person
associatedWith Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953. person
associatedWith Smallwood, Eleanor Stanley. person
associatedWith Spain. Sovereign (1700-1746 : Philip V) corporateBody
associatedWith Steilbert, Walter T., 1886-1974. person
correspondedWith Tilden, Douglas, 1860-1935 person
associatedWith Uhle, Max, 1856-1944 person
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate corporateBody
associatedWith University of California, 1868-1952. Dept. of Anthropology. corporateBody
associatedWith University of California, 1868-1952. Regents. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Archaeology. corporateBody
associatedWith Wells, Fargo & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Wheeler, Benjamin Ide, 1854-1927 person
memberOf Whitmire family. person
associatedWith Wilke, William. person
associatedWith Wilkie, William. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pleasanton CA US
Saint Clair MO US
Subject
Correspondence
Material Types
Philanthropists
Women millionaires
Women millionaires
Women millionaires
Art patrons
Occupation
Philanthropists
Activity

Person

Birth 1842-12-03

Death 1919-04-13

Information

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Ark ID: w60w95h0

SNAC ID: 87657875