Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843

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J.N. Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, settled in the United States in 1832. In 1836-1837 he explored the sources of the Mississippi River, and in 1838-1839 he led two United States Army Corps of Topographical Engineers expeditions to map the region between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, in which he was assisted by John Charles Frémont. John James Abert served as commander of the Topographical Bureau and Corps of Topographical Engineers, 1829-1861.

From the description of J.N. Nicollet letters received from John James Abert and John Charles Frémont, 1838-1841. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82426794

From the description of J.N. Nicollet letters received from John James Abert and John Charles Frémont, 1838-1841. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150322

Mathematician, explorer, and cartographer.

From the description of J.N. Nicollet papers, 1797-1843. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982397

Biographical Note

  • 1786, July 24: Born, Cluses, Savoy, France
  • 1817: Astronomer, Royal Observatory, Paris, France
  • 1832: Emigrated to United States
  • 1835: Expedition on Missouri River
  • 1836: Expedition to Mississippi River headwaters
  • 1837: Expedition to Lake Superior via St. Croix River and return via St. Louis River and Savannah portage
  • 1838: Expedition to the headwaters of St. Pierre River (Minnesota River) and Des Moines River
  • 1939: Expedition from Ft. Pierre, S. Dak., to Devil’s Lake, N. Dak., via the Missouri River Published Meteorological Observations. U. S. War Department
  • 1843, Sept. 11: Died, Washington, D.C. Posthumous publication of Map of the Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River. Twenty-sixth Congress, Second Session, U. S. Senate Document 237

From the guide to the J. N. Nicollet Papers, 1797-1843, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Herschel Family. Papers, 1721-1951, (bulk 1810-1871). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Smith, G. Hubert, 1908-. G. Hubert Smith papers, 1900, 1930-1986. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Goodrich, Aaron, 1807-1887. Aaron Goodrich papers, 1828-1887. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Pierre Chouteau and family papers., 1799-1850. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Larson, Elsye Mariah Davey, 1895-. Reminiscence of Henry Isaac Davey, 1949 March 6 / by Elsye Davey Larson. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. [Documents, 1828-1985, relating to John C. Frémont]. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn G. Hubert Smith papers., 1900, 1930-1986. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. Papers, 1838-1839 [microform]. American Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Smet, Pierre-Jean de, 1801-1873. Letter, 1840. Spokane Public Library, Downtown Branch
referencedIn Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. Letter to his mother, 1838 June 6. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. Joseph N. Nicollet papers, [undated] and 1837-1843. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Samuel George Morton Papers, 1819-1850 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Starr, Augusta, 1879-. Nicollet Island, [1958]. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. J.N. Nicollet letters received from John James Abert and John Charles Frémont, 1838-1841. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Sibley, Henry Hastings, 1811-1891. Henry H. Sibley papers, 1815-1932. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. [Journal and related papers] South Dakota State University, Hilton M. Briggs Library
referencedIn Sibley, Henry Hastings, 1811-1891. Papers, 1815-1830. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn American Fur Company papers., 1831-1849. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection, 1960-present American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. J.N. Nicollet papers, 1797-1843. Library of Congress
referencedIn Geyer, Charles A. (Charles Andreas). Charles A. Geyer letters, 1842-1846. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Henry H. Sibley Papers., 1815-1932. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. Joseph N. Nicollet papers, 1822-1843. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864. Henry Rowe Schoolcraft papers, 1788-1941 (bulk 1820-1856). Library of Congress
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. Letters, 1836-1837. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Bray, Martha Coleman. Martha and Edmund Bray research files, 1960-1980. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. Correspondence : Nicollet and Torrey, 1841-1843. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
creatorOf Hassler, F. R. (Ferdinand Rudolph), 1770-1843. Papers of c [manuscript], 1806-1847. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. J.N. Nicollet letters received from John James Abert and John Charles Frémont, 1838-1841. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Henry Rowe Schoolcraft Papers, 1788-1941, (bulk 1820-1856) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf J. N. Nicollet Papers, 1797-1843 Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Engelmann, George, 1809-1884. George Engelmann papers, 1831-1914. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Abert, John James, 1788-1863. person
associatedWith American Fur Company. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
correspondedWith Bailey, Jacob Whitman, 1811-1857 person
correspondedWith Blunt, Edmund M. (Edmund March), 1770-1862 person
associatedWith Bray, Martha Coleman. person
correspondedWith Bruté de Rémur, Simon William Gabriel, 1779-1839 person
associatedWith Chardon, Francis A., -1848. Journals from Fort Clark, N. D., 1834-1839 person
associatedWith Chardon, Francis A., d. 1848. person
correspondedWith Cheverus, Jean-Louis-Anne-Madeleine Lefebvre de, 1768-1836 person
associatedWith Chouteau, Pierre, 1789-1865. person
associatedWith Clark, William, 1770-1838. person
correspondedWith Connelly, Pierce, 1804-1883 person
associatedWith DeLoul, Louis R. person
correspondedWith Deluol, Louis Régis, 1787-1858 person
associatedWith Engelmann, George, 1809-1884. person
correspondedWith England, John, 1786-1842 person
associatedWith Featherstonhaugh, George William, 1780-1866. person
associatedWith Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. person
associatedWith Geyer, Charles A. (Charles Andreas). person
correspondedWith Gobel, David W. person
associatedWith Goodrich, Aaron, 1807-1887. person
correspondedWith Graham, J. D. (James Duncan), 1799-1865 person
associatedWith Hassler, F. R. (Ferdinand Rudolph), 1770-1843. person
associatedWith Herschel Family. family
correspondedWith Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 person
correspondedWith Jackson, Charles T. (Charles Thomas), 1805-1880 person
associatedWith Larson, Elsye Mariah Davey, 1895- person
associatedWith Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. person
associatedWith Loisel, Regis. person
associatedWith Loisel, Regis. Account of the upper Missouri River country, 1803 person
correspondedWith Loomis, Elias, 1811-1889 person
correspondedWith Mordecai, Alfred, 1804-1887 person
associatedWith Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851 person
associatedWith Nicollet Expedition (1838, 1839) corporateBody
associatedWith Nutt, Rush, 1781-1837. person
associatedWith Pierre Chouteau Jr. & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813 person
correspondedWith Plympton, Joseph person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851. person
correspondedWith Portier, Michael, 1795-1859 person
associatedWith Powers, William H. (William Howard), 1868-1936. person
associatedWith Renville, Joseph, 1779-1846. person
correspondedWith Rosati, Joseph, 1789-1843 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864. person
correspondedWith Sherwood, H. H. (Henry Hall) person
associatedWith Sibley, Henry Hastings, 1811-1891. person
associatedWith Smet, Pierre-Jean de, 1801-1873. person
associatedWith Smith, G. Hubert, 1908-. person
associatedWith Starr, Augusta, 1879- person
associatedWith Stewart, William Drummond, Sir, 1795 or 6-1871. person
correspondedWith Torrey, John, 1796-1873 person
correspondedWith Troost, Gerard, 1776-1850 person
associatedWith United States. Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Topographical Bureau. corporateBody
associatedWith Walker, Sears Cook, 1805-1853. person
associatedWith Williamson, Thomas Smith, 1800-1879. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
North Dakota
Mississippi River
Missouri
Minnesota
Mississippi River
Wisconsin
Minnesota
Mississippi River
Mississippi River
West (U.S.)
Fort Clark (N.D.)
Mississippi River Watershed
Northwestern States
Minnesota
Minnesota River (S.D. and Minn.)
Minnesota
West (U.S.)
Minnesota
South Dakota
Mississippi River Valley
Mississippi River
Mississippi River Valley
Mississippi River Valley
Missouri
Missouri River
South Dakota
Mississippi River Valley
South Dakota
Minnesota River (S.D. and Minn.)
Missouri River
Missouri River
North Dakota
United States
Minnesota
Northwestern States
Mississippi River Valley
Fort Clark (N.D.)
South Dakota
Wisconsin
Subject
Meteorology
Dakota language
Ojibwa Indians--Social life and customs
Ojibwa language
Geology
Indians of North America--Social life and customs
Dakota Indians--Social life and customs
Indians of North America
Fur trade
Ojibwa Indians
Dakota Indians
Geography
Astronomy
Indians of North America--Languages
Plants
Occupation
Cartographer
Explorers
Mathematicians
Explorers--19th century.--West (U.S.)
Function

Person

Birth 1786-07-29

Death 1843-09-11

French

Ojibwa,

French,

English,

Dakota

Information

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