Messiaen, Olivier

Alternative names

Hide Profile

First performed Dec. 2, 1949 by the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein, conducting; the solo part played by Yvonne Loriod.

From the description of Turangalîla-symphonie / Olivier Messiaen. [1946-1948] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 271073216

French composer.

From the description of Autograph manuscript signed, dated : Paris, 26 June 1943, 1943 June 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270582366

From the description of Autograph manuscript signed : [n.p., Paris?, n.d., ca. 1949?] [n.d., 1949?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270582368

From the description of Autograph letter signed, dated : Paris, 4 June 1942, to [Comte Etienne de Beaumont], 1942 June 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270582363

From the description of Autograph letter signed, dated : Paris, 14 November 1964, to an unidentified recipient, 1964 Nov. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270873573

Born on January 10, 1910 in Lyon, the French conductor and composer, Jean Martinon entered the Lyon and Paris conservatoires to study the violin. At Lyon, his teacher was Maurice Foundray and at the Paris Conservatory, he studied violin technique with Jules Boucherit. While at the Paris conservatory, Martinon took composition with Albert Roussel and Vincent d’Indy. After completing the composition courses, he studied conducting with Charles Munch and Désormière. He graduated from the Paris Conservatory in 1928, winning a premier prix.

Martinon’s familiarity with conducting started in France, followed by various appointments in Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. In 1946, he embarked on a conducting career directing the Concerts du Conservatoire in Paris and the Bordeaux Symphony. The successful debut with the LPO led to his appointment as associate conductor of the orchestra in 1947. From 1947-1950 Martinon directed the Radio Eireann orchestra, Dublin and in 1951, he returned to Paris to conduct the Concerts Lamoureux until 1957. From 1957-1959, Martinon conducted the Israel Philharmonic. His appointment as the next conductor of the Düsseldorf Symphony occurred in 1959. Martinon was in Düsseldorf until 1963 when the Chicago Symphony Orchestra selected him as their music director, a position he held until 1968. During that same year, he returned to France to direct the French National Radio Orchestra and served as the principal conductor of the Hague Residentie–Orkest from 1974 until shortly before his death in 1976.

Martinon’s extensive experience as a composer led to his approach to conducting. The Symphoniette pour orchestre á cordes, piano, harpe et timbales, op. 16, from 1935, is one of three first attempts at composition. After enlisting in the war, Martinon’s imprisonment in a German camp, Stalag IX A, resulted in several new compositions, Psaume 136, le Chant des Captifs, Musique d’Exil, Sonatina No.3, Sonatina No. 4 for wind instruments, and various choral works. In 1946, the city of Paris awarded a prize to his composition le Chant des Captifs. After the war, other notable compositions include Symphonie no. 3 (Irlandaise), the Concerto no. 2 pour violin et orchestre, op. 5, dedicated to Szeryng, and the Concerto pour cello et orchestre, op. 52, composed for Pierre Fournier. For the stage Martinon composed two works, the ballet Ambohimanga ou la Cité Bleue and in 1949 the opera Hécube with a libretto by Serge Moreux. Symphony no.4 Altitudes was the outcome of a commission from the Chicago Symphony to commemorate its 75th anniversary.

Martinon had recently taken on a position at the Paris Conservatory to teach conducting when he died from a serious illness on March 1, 1976.

From the guide to the Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994, (Music Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Ile de feu II [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. [Séquence du verbe, cantique divin, sketch] / Olivier Messiaen. Oberlin College Library
creatorOf Albright, William. William Albright sound recordings [sound recording]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Tsuchiya-Powers-Bush Trio. Tsuchiya-Powers-Bush Trio [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
referencedIn Bouveresse, Roland. Les interprètes. Deuxième partie / Roland Bouveresse, réal. ; [Olivier Mille, Alain Poirier, interview.] ; entretiens avec Pierre-Laurent Aimard, Michel Béroff, Olivier Latry, participants... [et al.]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Mille, Olivier, 1957-.... Les compositeurs. Première partie / [Olivier Mille, Alain Poirier, interview.] ; entretiens avec Gilbert Amy, Claude Ballif, George Benjamin, participants... [et al.]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf NCSA Wind Ensemble. NCSA Wind Ensemble [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Autograph manuscript signed, dated : Paris, 26 June 1943, 1943 June 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Quatuor pour la fin du temps / Olivier Messiaen ; Sandro Cappelletto, voix ; Ex novo ensemble. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Des Canyons aux étoiles. Les ressuscités et le chant de l'étoile. 1re période. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994 Music Library
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Le Verbe, extrait de la Nativité du Seigneur / Olivier Messiaen, comp. ; Édouard Souberbielle, org. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Pièces dédiées à la Papouasie [Multimédia multisupport] : 1950 : Ile de feu 2. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Townsend, Perry. The keyboard heard through twentieth century ears [sound recording] University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf NCSA Symphony Orchestra. Symphony orchestra [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Wilson, Ransom. Student recital [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
referencedIn Paul Jacobs collection of noncommercial recordings [sound recording], 1967-1983 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Pièces dédiées à la Papouasie : 1950 : Ile de feu 2. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Di Bonaventura, Mario, 1924-,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, [Nov. 1978?] [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Serge Koussevitzky Archive, 1920-1976, (bulk 1924-1951) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Burkat, Leonard, 1919-1992. The Leonard Burkat papers, 1943-1981 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Hymne : pour grand orchestre / Olivier Messiaen. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Larsen, Eric, 1952-. An evening of chamber music [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
referencedIn Speight, John, 1945-. Hommage à Olivier Messiaen / [J.A. Speight]. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
creatorOf Philadelphia Orchestra. Transcription of WFLN radio broadcast [sound recording], 1974 January 3, 4, 5. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Pièces extraites de vingt regards sur l'enfant Jésus [Multimédia multisupport] : 1944. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Burkat, Leonard, 1919-. The Leonard Burkat papers, 1943-1981 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Mikhashoff, Yvar. University of Houston Department of Music presents Yvar-Emilian Mikhashoff (Ronald MacKay), pianist in a recital of music of the twentieth century [sound recording]. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Desarnaulds, Serge. La musique du XXe siècle. 5. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Turangalîla-symphonie / Olivier Messiaen. Library of Congress
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Visions de l'Amen : program text for a performance 1945. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Pièces dédiées à la Papouasie [Multimédia multisupport] : 1950 : Ile de feu 1. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Quatuor pour la fin du temps, pour violon, clarinette, violoncelle et piano [Multimédia multisupport] : 1941 : enregistrement réalisé en présence de l'auteur. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. [Papers, 1974-1992] / Olivier Messiaen. Northwestern University
creatorOf Albright, William. William Albright papers, 1962-1998. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Samuel, Claude, 1931-.... Extraits des entretiens avec Claude Samuel. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Autograph letter signed, dated : Paris, 4 June 1942, to [Comte Etienne de Beaumont], 1942 June 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf McGoogan, Carolyn Jane. Organ recital [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Ile de feu I. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf NCSA Chamber Music Society. French music in the 20th century [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Dunigan, Philip. A concert to honor the occasion of the eightieth birthday of Olivier Messiaen [sound recording] University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Ile de feu I [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Pièces extraites de Vingt regards sur l'Enfant Jésus. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Autograph letter signed, dated : Paris, 14 November 1964, to an unidentified recipient, 1964 Nov. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Bouveresse, Roland. Les interprètes. Deuxième partie / Roland Bouveresse, réal. ; [Olivier Mille, Alain Poirier, interview.] ; entretiens avec Pierre-Laurent Aimard, Michel Béroff, Olivier Latry, participants... [et al.]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Des Canyons aux étoiles [Multimédia multisupport]. Les ressuscités et le chant de l'étoile. 1re période. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Ile de feu II. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Pièces dédiées à la Papouasie : 1950 : Ile de feu 1. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Aaron Copland Collection, 1841-1991, (bulk 1911-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Lukas Foss Papers, circa 1926-2000, 1936-1995 Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Des Canyons aux étoiles. Les ressuscités et le chant de l'étoile. 1re période. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Genualdi, Joseph. French chamber music [sound recording] University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Autograph manuscript signed : [n.p., Paris?, n.d., ca. 1949?] [n.d., 1949?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Quatuor pour la fin du temps. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Pièces extraites de vingt regards sur l'enfant Jésus : 1944. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Corrections pour Chronochromie / de Messiaen. Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Mille, Olivier, 1957-.... Les compositeurs. Première partie / [Olivier Mille, Alain Poirier, interview.] ; entretiens avec Gilbert Amy, Claude Ballif, George Benjamin, participants... [et al.]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Quatuor pour la fin du temps, pour violon, clarinette, violoncelle et piano : 1941 : enregistrement réalisé en présence de l'auteur. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Quatuor pour la fin du temps / Olivier Messiaen ; Sandro Cappelletto, voix ; Ex novo ensemble. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Bielawa, Herbert, 1930-. Blackbirds : prelude and fugue on a theme by Olivier Messiaen / Herbert Bielawa. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Pièces extraites de Vingt regards sur l'Enfant Jésus [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Foss, Lukas, 1922-2009. Lukas Foss papers, circa 1926-2000 (bulk 1936-1995). Library of Congress
creatorOf Provost, Serge, 1952-. L'olivier dans les étoiles / Serge Provost. McGill University Library
referencedIn Samuel, Claude, 1931-.... Extraits des entretiens avec Claude Samuel. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Albright, William. person
associatedWith Baltimore Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Barraud, Henry, 1900-1997 person
associatedWith Baudo, Serge, 1927- person
associatedWith Beaumont, Etienne de, count, 1883-1956, person
associatedWith Berliner Philharmoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Bielawa, Herbert, 1930- person
associatedWith Böhm, Karl, 1894-1981 person
associatedWith Borsari, Amédée, 1905-1999 person
associatedWith Boston Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Bouveresse, Roland. person
associatedWith Brisson, Pierre, 1896-1964 person
correspondedWith Bruck, Charles person
associatedWith Burkat, Leonard, 1919-1992. person
associatedWith Canarina, John, 1934- person
associatedWith Cappelletto, Sandro, 1952-.... person
associatedWith Casadesus, Francis, 1870-1954 person
associatedWith Charles, Edouard person
associatedWith Chicago Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Chouraqui, André, 1917-2007 person
associatedWith Comissiona, Sergiu person
associatedWith Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990 person
associatedWith Cziffra, Georges, 1921-1994 person
associatedWith Di Bonaventura, Mario, 1924-, person
associatedWith Drake University. College of Arts and Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith Düsseldorfer Symphoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Dutilleux, Henri, 1916-2013 person
associatedWith Ex novo ensemble. corporateBody
associatedWith Ferras, Christian, 1933-1982 person
correspondedWith Foss, Lukas, 1922-2009. person
associatedWith Fournet, Jean person
associatedWith Fournier, Jean, 1911-2003 person
associatedWith Fournier, Pierre, 1906-1986 person
associatedWith Francescatti, Zino, 1902-1991 person
associatedWith Gavoty, Bernard person
associatedWith Gingold, Josef person
associatedWith Haitink, Bernard, 1929- person
associatedWith Hamon, Jean person
associatedWith Hasselmann, Roland person
associatedWith Henze, Hans Werner, 1926-2012 person
associatedWith Hétu, Pierre, 1936-1998 person
associatedWith Indiana University. School of Music corporateBody
associatedWith Inghelbrecht, D. E. (Désiré Emile), 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Jacobs, Paul person
associatedWith Jean Martinon Society corporateBody
associatedWith Jolivet, André, 1905-1974 person
associatedWith Karajan, Herbert von person
correspondedWith Koussevitzky, Serge, 1874-1951 person
associatedWith Kubelík, Rafael, 1914-1996 person
associatedWith Landowski, Marcel, 1915-1999 person
associatedWith Lees, Benjamin, 1924-2010 person
associatedWith Leinsdorf, Erich, 1912-1993 person
associatedWith Le Roux, Maurice person
associatedWith Lescuyer, Christian person
associatedWith Library of Congress. Serge Koussevitzky Music Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Loewenguth, Alfred person
associatedWith Lumbroso, Nelly, b. 1877 person
associatedWith Malraux, André, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Martinon, Jean, 1910-1976 person
associatedWith Mary Flagler Cary Music Collection (Pierpont Morgan Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Menuhin, Yehudi, 1916-1999 person
associatedWith Mihalovici, Marcel, 1898-1985 person
associatedWith Mikhashoff, Yvar. person
associatedWith Mille, Olivier, 1957-.... person
associatedWith Moreux, Serge, 1900-1959 person
associatedWith Munch, Charles, 1891-1968 person
associatedWith NCSA Chamber Music Society. corporateBody
associatedWith NCSA Symphony Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith NCSA Wind Ensemble. corporateBody
associatedWith Norddeutscher Rundfunk corporateBody
associatedWith Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Music Library. General Manuscript Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Nussy Saint-Saëns, Marcel person
associatedWith Ohana, Maurice, 1913-1992 person
associatedWith Orchestre des concerts Lamoureux corporateBody
associatedWith Otterloo, Willem van person
associatedWith Peck, Donald person
associatedWith Philadelphia Orchestra. corporateBody
associatedWith Piersig. person
associatedWith Proffit, André person
associatedWith Provost, Serge, 1952- person
associatedWith Radiodiffusion française. Orchestre national corporateBody
associatedWith Reiner, Fritz, 1888-1963 person
associatedWith Remoortel, Edouard van, 1926-1977 person
associatedWith Rosenthal, Manuel, 1904-2003 person
associatedWith Roussel, Albert, 1869-1937 person
associatedWith Rózsa, Miklós, 1907-1995 person
associatedWith Ruchpaul, Eva, 1928- person
associatedWith Samuel, Claude, 1931-.... person
associatedWith Schmidt-Isserstedt, Hans, 1900-1973 person
associatedWith Schoenberg, Gertrud person
associatedWith Serkin, Rudolf, 1903-1991 person
associatedWith Siohan, Robert-Lucien, 1894- person
associatedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
associatedWith Solti, Georg, 1912-1997 person
associatedWith Souberbielle, Édouard, 1899-1986. person
associatedWith Speight, John, 1945- person
associatedWith Starker, Janos person
associatedWith Stern, Isaac, 1920-2001 person
associatedWith St. Louis Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971 person
associatedWith Szeryng, Henryk person
associatedWith Townsend, Perry. person
associatedWith Tsuchiya-Powers-Bush Trio. corporateBody
associatedWith Waldman, Frederic. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
Subject
Composers--Correspondence
Orchestral music--Scores
Music--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
Piano with orchestra--Scores
Piano, horn, glockenspiel, xylophone with orchestra--Scores
Conductors (Music)--Correspondence
Composers--Obituaries
Musical sketches
Music--Manuscripts
Piano, horn, glockenspiel, xylophone with orchestra--Analysis, appreciation
Occupation
Composers
Collector
Function

Person

Birth 1908-12-10

Death 1992-04-27

French

French

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hm5btg

Ark ID: w6hm5btg

SNAC ID: 65977976