Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823

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Bloomfield was a lawyer and a soldier in New Jersey. He was educated at the Rev. Enoch Green's Academy. He served as Mayor of Bloomfield (1795-1800), clerk of the state assembly, register of the court of admiralty, and attorney general of New Jersey. In 1801 he was elected governor of the New Jersey legislature over Richard Stockton; re-elected in1804, he served till 1812. As governor, he signed the gradual emancipation act in 1804, which reduced the slave population in New Jersey from six percent in 1800 to eighteen individuals by the year 1860. Also as governor, he requested the prosecutor of Bergen County to acquit Aaron Burr for shooting Alexander Hamilton in their duel at Weehawken. In 1812 president Madison appointed Bloomfield brigadier general in the United States Army. He was also elected twice to Congress, from March 4, 1817, to March 4, 1821.

From the description of Joseph Bloomfield collection, 1794-1813. (Peking University Library). WorldCat record id: 61668896

Revolutionary officer and governor of New Jersey.

From the description of Papers, 1776-1809. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70956087

From the description of Papers, 1776-1819. (Rutgers University). WorldCat record id: 28416247

Lawyer; Governor of New Jersey, 1803-1812; trustee of Princeton University.

From the description of Joseph Bloomfield journal, 1776. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 54312760

Lawyer, military officer, governor of New Jersey and U.S. Congressman, of Burlington, Burlington County, New Jersey.

From the description of Autograph manuscripts and manuscripts signed, 1789-1819 (bulk 1812-1813). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122374186

Joseph Bloomfield (1753-1823), Revolutionary War soldier, Attorney General and Governor of New Jersey. On March 27, 1812, he was appointed Brigadier General and in June 1812 was in charge of the New York. In the fall of 1812, he assumed command of the First Brigade that included the 6th, 15th, and 16th Regiments of Infantry. In 1813, Bloomfield commanded 4th Military District (West Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware).

From the description of Orderly books of Joseph Bloomfield, 1812, June 12 -- 1813, Apr. 8. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 226380133

In the earliest days of the War of 1812, New Jersey Governor, Joseph Bloomfield, resigned his office to accept a commission as Brigadier General in command of the 3rd Military District. Though nearly 60 at the time, Bloomfield organized and trained new troops near New York City, then marched a column of 8,000 to the scene of action at Plattsburg, N.Y. Later in the war, he was instrumental in the defense of Philadelphia.

For Zebulon Pike the war was an opportunity to repair his somewhat tarnished reputation. As a hero for his role in leading an exploring expedition into the West in 1805-1807, Pike had been accused of complicity in Aaron Burr's treasonous scheme for a Southwest empire. Formally exonerated, he was promoted to Brigadier General early in 1813 and assigned to the northern theater. Charged with leading American forces in the assault on York (now Toronto) in April, 1813, Pike organized an effective campaign that resulted in a major victory. During the assault of April 27th, however, he was killed in an explosion of the enemy's powder magazine.

From the guide to the Bloomfield-Pike letterbook, 1812-1813, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Joseph Wheaton papers, 1797-1839 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Thomson, Jacob Stern, 1772-1831. Papers, 1765-1844. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
referencedIn Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824. Papers, 1789-1821. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836. Aaron Burr letter to Oliver Phelps, 1802 September 28. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Shreve, Israel, 1739-1799. Papers, 1741-1813 (bulk 1775-1794). Rutgers University
creatorOf New Jersey. Court of Appeals. Indictment, 1785 May 21. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Papers, 1776-1819. Rutgers University
referencedIn New Jersey Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery. Laws of New Jersey respecting Negroes and Mulatto slaves from 1682 to 1788 / compiled by Joseph Bloomfield for the New Jersey Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, 1795. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts (continuation record), 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
creatorOf Elmer, Ebenezer, 1752-1843. Papers, 1774-1814 (inclusive). Rutgers University
creatorOf Bloomfield, Isabella Macomb. Families of Philadelphia papers, 1700-1942 [manuscript] Haverford College Library
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Letter : to Elias Boudinot, 1818 July 3. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn White, Anthony Walton, 1750-1803. Papers, 1752-1841. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Wheaton, Joseph, 1755-1828. Joseph Wheaton papers, 1797-1839 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Wall, Garret D. (Garret Dorset), 1783-1850. Papers, 1785-1870 (bulk 1807-1850). Rutgers University
referencedIn Clement, John, 1769-1855. Papers, 1789-1899. Rutgers University
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995, (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Autograph manuscripts and manuscripts signed, 1789-1819 (bulk 1812-1813). Rutgers University
referencedIn Nelson, William, 1847-1914. Papers, 1690-1875. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Joseph Bloomfield journal, 1776. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Burlington Academy (Burlington, N.J.). Records, 1797-1798. Rutgers University
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Letter, 1797. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Bloomfield-Pike letterbook, 1812-1813 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Boggs family. Papers, 1737-1942. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sluyter, John G. ALsS and bill : Morristown, N.J., 1792-1793. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Lambert, John, 1746-1823. Papers, 1783-1812. Rutgers University
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Joseph Bloomfield collection, 1794-1813. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Joseph Bloomfield letters and legal documents, 1777-1807 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. Papers, 1800-1814. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Newark Banking & Insurance Company (N.J.). Newark Banking & Insurance Company records, 1804. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944,. Autograph collection, 1683-1929. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Sterry, Robert. Robert Sterry correspondence, 1814 September 15. Library of Congress
creatorOf Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824. Jonathan Dayton papers, 1788-1821. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Gilbert. Society of Cincinati membership certificate, 1809 Jan. 7. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Stevens family. Papers, 1663-1959. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Stevens family. Stevens family papers, 1663-1959. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Letter : to Elias Boudinot, 1818 July 3. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Papers, 1776-1809. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823. Orderly books of Joseph Bloomfield, 1812, June 12 -- 1813, Apr. 8. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Clunn, John Hugg, 1770-1798. Journal, 1794. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Hay, Southard, 1875-1951,. Southard Hay autograph collection, 1750-1885 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Fort Wayne Indian Agency collection, 1802-1815 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Boggs family. Boggs family papers, 1737-1950. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Ely, Edwin A., 1836-1927,. Autograph collection, ca. 1663-1890. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824. Papers, 1783-1819. Rutgers University
referencedIn Nelson, William, 1847-1914. Some notices of Governor Joseph Bloomfield : read before the New Jersey Historical Society, Jan. 26, 1886 / by William Nelson. New Jersey State Library
referencedIn Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. Letter books, 1812 June 3-1813 Dec. 22. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Bloomfield, Joseph 1753-1823. Bloomfield-Pike letterbook 1812-1813. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Thomson, Jacob Stern, 1772-1831. Jacob Stern Thomson papers, 1765-1844. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Southard Hay autograph collection, 1750-1885 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824. Papers, 1783-1819 (inclusive). Rutgers University
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944, person
associatedWith Barton, Gilbert. person
associatedWith Biddle, David, fl. 1812 person
associatedWith Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844, person
associatedWith Black, Gordon, Jr, person
associatedWith Boggs family. family
associatedWith Boggs family. family
associatedWith Boudinot, Elias, 1740-1821. person
associatedWith Brearly, David, 1780 or 81-1837, person
associatedWith Burlington Academy (Burlington, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836. person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., collector. person
correspondedWith Clement, John, 1769-1855. person
associatedWith Clunn, John Hugg, 1770-1798. person
associatedWith College of New Jersey (Princeton, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829. person
associatedWith Elmer, Ebenezer, 1752-1843. person
associatedWith Ely, Edwin A., 1836-1927, person
associatedWith Hay, Southard, 1875-1951, person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Hunter, Charles W., Captain, fl. 1812-1813. person
associatedWith Johnston, John, 1775-1861 person
associatedWith King, William, Captain, fl. 1812-1813. person
associatedWith Lambert, John, 1746-1823. person
associatedWith McIlvaine, Joseph person
associatedWith McPherson, R.T., Captain, fl. 1812. person
associatedWith Miller, Samuel, Mrs, person
associatedWith Nassau Hall (Princeton, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Nelson, William, 1847-1914. person
associatedWith Newark Banking & Insurance Company (N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey Bible Society. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. Court of Appeals. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery. corporateBody
associatedWith Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813 person
associatedWith Princeton University corporateBody
associatedWith Princeton University. Trustees. corporateBody
associatedWith Shreve, Israel, 1739-1799. person
associatedWith Sluyter, John G. person
associatedWith Smyth, Alexander, 1765-1830. person
associatedWith Sterry, Robert. person
associatedWith Stevens family. family
correspondedWith Stevens family. family
associatedWith Stickney, Benjamin Franklin, 1775-1857 person
associatedWith Thomson, Jacob Stern, 1772-1831. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 15th (1812-1815) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 16th (1812-1815) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 6th (1809-1815) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Military District, 4th (1813-1814) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Third Military District corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. New Jersey Regiment, Third. corporateBody
associatedWith Wall, Garret D. (Garret Dorset), 1783-1850. person
associatedWith Wheaton, Joseph, 1755-1828. person
correspondedWith White, Anthony Walton, 1750-1803. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
New York (State)
New Jersey
New Jersey
New Jersey
New York (State)
United States
United States
New York (State)
Mohawk River Valley (N.Y.)
New Jersey
United States
New Jersey
New Jersey
New Jersey
Subject
Societies--History--19th century
Communicable diseases
Occupation
Soldiers--New Jersey
Governors--New Jersey
Legislators
Soldiers
Soldiers--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1753-10-18

Death 1823-10-03

Information

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