Hand, Edward, 1744-1802

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Physician and army officer.

From the description of Papers of Edward Hand, 1777-1801. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450752

Continental Army officer, delegate to Continental Congress, and physician from Pennsylvania.

From the description of Papers of Edward Hand, 1775-1846. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79082413

Edward Hand (1744-1802) was a physician and Army officer.

From the description of Edward Hand papers, 1775-1801. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122626644

From the guide to the Edward Hand papers, 1775-1801, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Edward Hand served as a Major-General during the Revolutionary War.

From the description of Papers, 1771-1807. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122579848

Edward Hand served as a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army in command of the Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment from March 7-December 31, 1776.

From the description of Orderly books, 1776. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122541283

General Edward Hand was born in Ireland in 1744. He emigrated to America with the British Army. He joined the Continental Army in 1775 and rose to the rank of Brigadier General. Hand was in command of the Western Division of the Continental Armuy from 1777-1778, with his headquarters at Fort Pitt. He left Fort Pitt in 1778 and fought with General Washington until the end of the war. He died at his home in Lancaster, Pa in 1802, amidst finiancial troubles. Captain John Irwin was born in Ireland in 1752. He emigrated to America and settled in Philadelphia. Irwin joined the Continental Army and took part in many campaigns. He was seriously wounded at the Paoli massacre in 1777. He rejoined the Continental and took a position on General Washington's staff. After the war, he returned to Ireland, and them moved back to Philadelphia and them on to Pittsburgh in 1786 where he died in 1808.

From the description of Edward Hand papers 1778. (Historical Society of W Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 45421174

Hand was a physician and a military officer.

He was the military surgeon of the garrison at Fort Pitt (Pa.) and, with Alexander Ross and William Thompson, bought Fort Pitt from British Major Charles Edmondstone (1772) for the sum of fifty pounds (New York currency). Though the fort was partially dismantled to build homes, the Continental Congress later sent now Brigadier General Hand to occupy the fort and end Virginia's control of Western Pennsylvania (June, 1777). Hand attempted to keep the British out of Western Pennsylvania while at the same time improving relations with the Delaware Indians. Unfortunately, a successful raid which destroyed British stores at Cyahoga (near Cleveland) also resulted in the needless deaths of Delaware women, which gave the entire campaign the derisive title "the Squaw Campaign." Indian reprisals continued and in the spring of 1778 Hand resigned, believing that the western side of the mountains be abandoned. One of Hand's accomplishments was to build a military hospital on Chartiers Creek not far from where the Stubenville Pike crosses it today.

From the description of Correspondence, 1777-1785. (University of Pittsburgh). WorldCat record id: 31467786

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Brodhead, Daniel, 1736-1809. Draper manuscripts: Daniel Brodhead papers, 1775-1846. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Account book, 1802-1814. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Darlington family. Autograph files of the Darlington family, 1610-1914 [electronic resource]. University of Pittsburgh
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Orderly books, 1776. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Van Schaick, Goose, 1736-1789. Autograph letter signed : Mount [Fort?] Johnson [N.Y.], to General Hand, endorsed [1778 Nov. 15]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891,. Draper manuscripts: frontier wars papers, 1754-1885. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Sullivan, John, 1740-1795. Letter : Easton, Pa., to [Edward] Hand, Wioming [sic], [Pa.], 1779 May 31. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Letters to Samuel Powel, 1790-1791. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Alexander Barr letter to Brigadier General Edward Hand, 1778 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Papers, 1771-1807. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Muhlenberg, Peter, 1746-1807. Autograph letter signed : to Gen. Hand, 1782 Feb. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Muhlenberg family papers, 1769-1866, 1769-1866 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Segond, James. James Segond correspondence, 1782 September 5. Library of Congress
creatorOf Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804. Autograph letter signed : to Gen. Hand, 1778 Nov. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. The German allied troops in the North American war of independence, and related materials, ca. 1767-1893. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Dayton, Elias, 1737-1807. Autograph letter signed : Chatham [N.J.], to General Hand, 1782 Jan. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn William Bingham letters and document, 1783-1799 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Harmar, Josiah, 1753-1813. Josiah Harmar correspondence, 1753-1813. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
creatorOf Clymer, George, 1739-1813. ALS, 30 May 1791 / to General [Edward] Hand, Philadelphia. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Peters, Richard, 1743-1828. ALS : to Edward Hand, 1781 June 22. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn New York (State). Governor (1777-1795 : Clinton). Letter : Pokepsie [i.e. Poughkeepsie], N.Y., to Edward Hand, Schenectady, [N.Y.], 1778 Nov. 17. Newberry Library
referencedIn Account book in settlement of the estate of General Edward Hand, [microform] 1802-1814. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, Adjutant-General. Signature reading, "Copy of Gen'l-Orders, Alexdr. Scammell Adjt.-Gen." : "Headquarters Fredericksburgh," to Brig. Gen. Hand, Albany, 1778 Nov. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1768-1877. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington Miscellany, Volume XI, Miscellany, 1755-1835. Cornell University Library
referencedIn William A. Oldridge Collection of George Washington's Headquarters Staff Writings, 1775-1962, (bulk 1775-1783) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Darlington family. Autograph files of the Darlington family, 1610-1914. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Muhlenberg Family. Papers, 1769-1866. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Clymer, George, 1739-1813. George Clymer papers, 1781-1793. Library of Congress
creatorOf Jackson, William, 1759-1828. ALS, 1782 December 24, War Office, to Brigadier General Hand. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Indian Commissioners’ receipts, 1776 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Hand, Edward , 1744-1802. Account book in settlement of estate, 1802-1811. [microform]. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Correspondence, 1777-1785. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Fox, George, 1759-1828. Letterbook, 1786-1797. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Nathanael Greene Papers, 1777-1780 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Dickinson, John, 1732-1808. Autograph letter signed : Trenton, to General Hand, 1779 Feb. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Ewing, Jasper, 1753-1800. Papers, 1776-1778. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Autograph letter signed : to Gen. Schuyler, 1779 Mar. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn George Fox letterbook, 1786-1797, 1786-1797 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Morgan, George, 1743-1810. Letters and reports, 1777-1788. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn The Edward Hand reunion and genealogy collection, 1805-1984. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Nicola, Lewis, 1717-1807. Autograph letter signed : to Gen. Hand, 1781 Jun. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn McNeill, Samuel, 1753-1817. Diary, 1779. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Sullivan, John, 1740-1795. Autograph letter signed : to Gen. Hand, 1779 May 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891,. Draper manuscripts: Pittsburgh and Northwest Virginia papers, 1768-1854. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Oldridge, William A. The William A. Oldridge collection of George Washington's headquarters staff writings, 1775-1962. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Papers of Edward Hand, 1775-1846. Library of Congress
referencedIn Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799. Patrick Henry : miscellaneous papers, 1778-1786. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Lochry, Archibald, d. 1781. Letter : [Pa.], to Gen. Edward Hand, Fort Pitt, Pa., [1777 May]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Stewart, Walter, Brig. Gen. Autograph letter signed : "Camp at V. Planks Point", to Brig. Gen. Hand, 1782 Sept. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fleming, William, 1729-1795. Papers, 1755-1833. Washington & Lee University, James G. Leyburn Library
creatorOf Hand, Edward. Edward Hand papers 1778. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Zook's Antique Shop (Lititz, Pa.). Papers, 1954-1965. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Edward Hand papers, 1775-1801 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Clymer, George, 1739-1813. ALS, 1792 Dec. 28, Philadelphia, Pa., to Gen. Edward Hand, Lancaster, Pa. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Van Cortlandt, Philip, 1749-1831. Autograph letter signed : "Tunkanock Creek," to General Edward Hand, 1779 May 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. Letters to Joel Poinsett and Richard Henry Wilde [manuscript], 1774-1847. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Papers of Edward Hand, 1777-1801. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Edward Hand papers, 1775-1801. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Grosvenor, Thomas, 1744-1825. Thomas Grosvenor papers, 1779-1792. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. George Washington papers, 1592-1937 (bulk 1748-1799). Library of Congress
referencedIn Scott, David, fl. 1777. David Scott correspondence, 1777 August 25. Library of Congress
referencedIn Scrapbook of Robert Fulton, Charles Heinitsh, Lancaster County history, General Hand, churches, James Buchanan, fathers of his country printer, 1905-1914. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn George Washington Papers, 1592-1943, (bulk 1748-1799) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Hartley, Thomas, 1748-1800. Letter : Yorke, [Pa.], to Brigadier General Edward Hand, Wyoming, [Pa.], 1779 June 3. Newberry Library
referencedIn Thomas Grosvenor papers, 1779-1792 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. George Washington papers, 1592-1943 (bulk 1748-1799). Library of Congress
creatorOf Galbraith, Thomas. ALS, 1778 January 15, near Fort Pitt, to General Edward Hand, Fort Pitt. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. Letters, 1774-1847. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Order of march. Order of battle. Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Barr, Alexander person
associatedWith Billings, John S. (John Shaw), 1838-1913. person
associatedWith Bingham, William, 1752-1804 person
associatedWith Brodhead, Daniel, 1736-1809. person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. person
correspondedWith Clymer, George, 1739-1813. person
associatedWith Darlington family. family
associatedWith Darlington family. family
associatedWith Dayton, Elias, 1737-1807. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dickinson, John, 1732-1808. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Ewing, Jasper, 1753-1800. person
associatedWith Fleming, William, 1729-1795. person
associatedWith Fox, George, 1759-1828. person
associatedWith Galbraith, Thomas. person
associatedWith Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786 person
associatedWith Grosvenor, Thomas, 1744-1825. person
associatedWith Hand, Edward, 1752-1808. person
associatedWith Hand family. family
associatedWith Harmar, Josiah, 1753-1813. person
correspondedWith Hartley, Thomas, 1748-1800. person
correspondedWith Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799. person
associatedWith Irwin, John, 1752-1808. person
associatedWith Jackson, William, 1759-1828. person
correspondedWith Lochry, Archibald corporateBody
correspondedWith Lochry, Archibald, d. 1781. person
associatedWith McNeill, Samuel, 1753-1817. person
associatedWith Morgan, George, 1743-1810. person
associatedWith Muhlenberg family. family
associatedWith Muhlenberg Family. family
associatedWith Muhlenberg, Peter, 1746-1807. person
correspondedWith New York (State). Governor (1777-1795 : Clinton) corporateBody
associatedWith Nicola, Lewis, 1717-1807. person
associatedWith Oldridge, William A. person
associatedWith Peters, Richard, 1743-1828. person
associatedWith Powel, Samuel, 1738-1793. person
associatedWith Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. person
associatedWith Scammell, Alexander, Adjutant-General. person
associatedWith Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804, person
correspondedWith Scott, David, fl. 1777. person
correspondedWith Segond, James. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
correspondedWith Stewart, Charles, 1729-1800 person
associatedWith Stewart, Walter, Brig. Gen. person
associatedWith Sullivan, John, 1740-1795. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Cortlandt, Philip, 1749-1831. person
associatedWith Van Schaick, Goose, 1736-1789. person
correspondedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799. person
associatedWith Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. person
associatedWith Zook's Antique Shop (Lititz, Pa.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh
Westmoreland County (Pa.)
United States
New York (State)
United States
United States
United States
United States
Fort Pitt (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
New York (State)
Fort Pitt (Pa.)
Fort Pitt (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Fort Pitt
United States
Pennsylvania
Allegheny County (Pa.)
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Subject
Account books
Sullivan's indian campaign, 1779
Imaginary wars and battles--Maps--Early works to 1800
Border patrols--History
Sullivan's Indian Campaign, 1779--Maps--Early works to 1800
Indians of North America--Wars--1775-1783
United States--Continental Army--Order-books
Manuscript maps--Early works to 1800
General
Iroquois Indians--Wars
Occupation
Army officers
Delegates, U.S. Continental Congress--Pennsylvania
Physicians
Generals
Function

Person

Birth 1744-12-31

Death 1802-09-03

Information

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Ark ID: w6b28621

SNAC ID: 37063105