Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Agricultural scientist, teacher, humanitarian, artist, and Iowa State alumnus (1894, 1896). George Washington Carver was born ca. 1864, the son of slaves on the Moses Carver plantation near Diamond Grove, Missouri. He lost his father in infancy, and at the age of 6 months was stolen along with his mother by raiders, but was later found and traded back to his owner for a $300 race horse. He enrolled in Simpson College, Indianola, Iowa in 1890 studying music and art. Etta Budd, his art instructor whose father was head of the Dept. of Horticulture at Iowa State College, convinced him to give up a career in art and go into scientific agriculture. He came to Ames in 1891 where he was active in the YMCA, Welch Eclectic Society, and college military regiment. He received his B.S. and M.S. in Agriculture in 1894 and 1896 respectively. Carver was not only the first black to enroll as a student at Iowa State, but was also the first black to join the faculty. In 1895 he was the assistant botanist in the Experiment Station and worked there until the following year, when Booker T. Washington asked him to join the staff at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. At Tuskegee Carver organized the Agricultural Department, planned the first agricultural building, taught classes in chemistry and botany and conducted research. He served as Director of Agriculture, the first Director of the Agricultural Research and Experiment Station and Head of the Dept. of Research. His work led to the creation of many products made from native materials. These include over 300 products from peanuts and over 100 products from sweet potatoes. He also developed many products from Alabama clay, cotton, soybeans, pecans, wood shavings and waste materials. During his lifetime Carver received a multitude of honors, including honorary degrees from Simpson College, University of Rochester, and Selma University. A feature film of his life was made in Hollywood in 1938. In 1940, he bequeathed his estate to Tuskegee Institute and established the George Washington Carver Foundation to continue his work. Carver has been called the father of chemurgy.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Moton Family Papers, 1850-1991, (bulk 1930-1940) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Barnett, Claude, 1889-1967. Claude A. Barnett papers, 1918-1967 (bulk 1928-1963). Chicago History Museum
creatorOf George Washington Carver letter to Dana H. Johnson, 1931 University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Audio Recordings. 1945 - 1965. INHERITANCE. No. 40, THE STORY OF GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER ; INVITATION TO LEARNING. No. 141
referencedIn Austin W. Curtis Papers, 1896-1971 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn McMillan, William C.,. William C. McMillan picture collection, ca. 1920-1945. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn William and Annette Curtis collection of African Americana and church history materials, circa 1833-2000 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf George Washington Carver collection, 1932-1941 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Curtis, Austin W., 1911-. Austin W. Curtis papers, 1896-1971. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Mint. 1792 - 2007. Correspondence Relating to the Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver Commemorative Coins
referencedIn Meek, Fannie Lowe. Papers. 1915-1922, 1939-1956, 1966. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
creatorOf Carver, George Washington - Papers of United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Williams, Ellwoodson. Mine eyes have seen the glory; a black history drama in three acts. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Minorities-Negro-Personalities-Carver, George Washington Harry S Truman Library
referencedIn American Medical Association. Dept. of Investigation. Records. Skin Diseases, 1903-1974. American Medical Association,James S. Todd Memorial Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information. 1926 - 1951. Artworks and Mockups for Cartoons Promoting the War Effort and Original Sketches by Charles Alston. 1942 - 1945. GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER - ONE OF AMERICA'S GREAT SCIENTISTS
referencedIn Bacon, Irving R. (Irving Ruben), 1875-1962. Irving R. Bacon papers, ca. 1863-1957 (bulk 1929-1945) The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Booker T. Washington Papers, 1853-1946, (bulk 1900-1915) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Letter, 1928. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Alabama. Bureau of Tourism and Travel. Communications Division. Tourism promotional photographs and slides, 1960-1991. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Hubbard, Charlotte Moton, 1911-1994. Moton family papers, 1850-1991 (bulk 1930-1940). Library of Congress
referencedIn Harris, Julia Collier, b. 1875. Papers, 1921-1955. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. Motion Picture Films on Community and Family Life, Education, Religious Beliefs, and the Art and Culture of Minority and Ethnic Groups. 1930 - 1953. GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER AND WALTER (?) CRUMP
referencedIn Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988. Frederick D. Patterson papers, 1861-1988 (bulk 1965-1988). Library of Congress
referencedIn Porches and Parlors district records subgroup, circa 1854-ongoing. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Black Women Oral History Project. Records, 1976-1997 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute. Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute fundraising letter for bust honoring George Washington Carver, 1937 February 10. Southern Methodist University, DeGolyer Library
referencedIn Davis, Grace. Grace Davis collection, 1948-1969 Western Michigan University, Dwight B. Waldo Library
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. ALS, 1923 July 2 : to Dr. W.E.B. DuBois. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Ames, Jessie Daniel, 1883-1972. Jessie Daniel Ames papers, 1866-1972. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Hyder, Tom Bullock, b. 1907. Papers, 1921-1982 (bulk 1926-1947). University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Harmon Foundation Collection. 1922 - 1967. The Harmon Foundation Collection: Kenneth Space Photographs of the Activities of Southern Black Americans
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Letters from George Washington Carver to Agnes Benson, 1932-1939. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Frederick D. Paterson Papers, 1861-1988, (bulk 1965-1988) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Platte, Claude, 1919-. Oral history interview with Claude Platte, 2006 July 27. University of North Texas Library, UNT
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JAN. 8]
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Sound Recordings Relating to "Studio One" Broadcasts. 1955 - 2003. George Washington Carver
creatorOf Simpson family. Papers, 1847-1961. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. LAUNCHING THE USS GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER (SSBN-656) AT NEWPORT NEWS
referencedIn Ford, Henry, 1863-1947. General Personal records series, 1823-1984 (bulk 1920-1947) The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. George Washington Carver letter to Dana H. Johnson, 1931 March 28. University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GEMINI CAPSULE RETRIEVAL ONBOARD USS FORT SNELLING (LSD-30)
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Letter to Ora Delmer Foster. Tuskegee Institute, AL. 1941 June 11. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Lyons, Minnie Lee. Scrapbooks, 1912-1946. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Moving Image Film Related to George Washington Carver United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Veranus A. Moore papers, 1836-1958 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Ford Motor Company. Engineering Photographic Dept. Personal for Henry Ford photographs subseries, 1918-1950. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Moore, Veranus A. (Veranus Alva), 1859-1931. Veranus A. Moore papers, 1836-1958. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Lincoln University (Pa.). Edward Webb records, 1873-1894. Lincoln University, Langston Hughes Memorial Library, Langston Hughes Memorial Library
referencedIn Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960, 1892-1958 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. [Letters] / Geo. W. Carver. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn George Washington Carver Memorial [1 of 2] Harry S Truman Library
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Letter, to George F. Wheeler, Los Angeles, 1933 March 22. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County Foundation, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
referencedIn Black Women Oral History Project. Interviews, 1976-1981 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988. Papers, 1861-1988 (bulk 1965-1988). Library of Congress
referencedIn Julia Collier Harris Papers MS 74., 1921-1955 Sophia Smith Collection
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Letter. March 5, 1930, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, to A[lbert] A[lexander] Hyde, Wichita, Kansas. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Papers, 1893-1980. Iowa State University, Parks Library
creatorOf Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892. Walt Whitman Collection, 1846-1965. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. ALS, 1942 March 23, [s.l.], to Mr. Henry Ford. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Oral History Interview of George Washington Carver United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Pammel, L. H. (Louis Hermann), 1862-1931. Papers, 1882-1931. Iowa State University, Parks Library
creatorOf MacClenny, W. E. (Wilbur Earnest), b. 1875. Papers of Wilbur Earnest MacClenny [manuscript], 1789-1949 bulk 1900-1949. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn George Washington Carver United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn [Interpretive Planning Div.] George Washington Carver National Monument United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Holt, Rackham. George Washington Carver : an American biography : corrected typescript, 1943. Library of Congress
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Carter Godwin Woodson Papers, 1736-1974, (bulk 1915-1950) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Meredith, Edwin Thomas, 1876-1928. Papers of Edwin T. Meredith, 1898-1949. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Walt Whitman Collection TXRC03-A4., 1846-1965, nd Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Cosby, Forest L., 1864-1933. Forest L. Cosby papers, 1930-1941. Columbus State University, Simon Schwob Memorial Library
creatorOf Sparks, Edwin Erle, 1860-1924. Edwin Erle Sparks papers, 1870-1925. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture. 1794 - 2003. Photographs Used in the Department of Agriculture Publication, After A Hundred Years - The Yearbook of Agriculture 1962
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Audio Recordings. 1945 - 1965. Dr. George Washington Carver
referencedIn Mayberry, B. D. Bennie Douglas Mayberry collection on George Washington Carver : records, 1935-1995 / Bennie Douglas Mayberry. National Agricultural Library, NAL
referencedIn Harvard, Claude, 1911-. Oral history interview with Claude Harvard September 13 and 17, 1990. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Nickell, Walter P. (Walter Prine), 1910-1973. Papers, 1922,1975. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn Maggio, Graziella, b. ca. 1928. For George Washington Carver : manuscript poem, 1944. Library of Congress
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Alabama pamphlets collection, 1821-1961. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Isely, Duane, 1918-. Papers, 1935-1994. Iowa State University, Parks Library
referencedIn Ford Motor Company. Dearborn Engineering Library. Engineering Library Vertical File for Henry Ford collection, 1870-1945 (bulk 1935-1944) The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. ALS, 1924 January 25 : Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, to Jim Hardwick. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. ALS, 1937 March 27 : to Mrs. Max Adler, Beverly Hills, California. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Harris, Julian LaRose, 1874-1963. Julian LaRose Harris papers, 1890-1968. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. ALS, [19]34 May 1 : Tuskegee Institute, Alabama to Mr. Davis / G.W. Carver. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (inclusive), 1892-1958 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn George Washington Carver photographs, ca. 1935. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn George Washington Carver Memorial [2 of 2] Harry S Truman Library
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Correspondence. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Chisholm, Frank P., 1879-1977. Frank P. and Helen Chisholm writings, 1902-1949. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Newman, Wilson L. Wilson L. Newman correspondence with George Washington Carver, 1926-1943 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAY 19]
referencedIn Alabama Writers' Project. Photographs, 1901-1941. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn George Washington Carver National Monument, 1943-66 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Rickover, Hyman George. TLS, 1966 May 8 : "at sea, North Atlantic," to Seymour Halpern. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. George Washington Carver letter, 1933 Mar. 8. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Curtis, William, 1936-,. William and Annette Curtis collection of African Americana and church history materials. Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Lane, John Dewey, 1898-1968. John Dewey Lane papers, 1924-1979; (bulk, 1934-1944). University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn [Interpretive Planning Div.] George Washington Carver National Monument United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Chippey, Arthur Peter, d. ca. 1962. Arthur Peter Chippey papers, 1925-1964 bulk 1925-1948. South Carolina State University, Miller F. Whittak, Miller F. Whittaker Library
referencedIn George Washington Carver United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Meredith, Edwin Thomas, 1876-1928. Papers of Edwin T. Meredith, 1898-1949 [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. Papers of Booker T. Washington: series 1-6, 1864-1960 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Sutton, John Wesley, 1897-1978. John Wesley Sutton collection, 1931-1977 (bulk 1976-1977). Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. ALS, 1926 December 6, on Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, letterhead, to Miss Rebecca Caudill, Nashville, Tenn. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Moton family. Papers, 1850-1991 (bulk 1930-1940). Library of Congress
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. George Washington Carver publications from the Tuskegee Institute Bulletin, 1911-1943. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Indiana Medicine, 1993 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. LAUNCHING THE USS GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER (SSBN-656) AT NEWPORT NEWS
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. George Washington Carver collection, 1932-1941. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. Papers of Booker T. Washington: series 1-4, 1864-1960 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Crisp, Lucy Cherry. Lucy Cherry Crisp papers, 1794-1972 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Day, Caroline Bond, 1889-1948., Papers of Caroline Bond Day, bulk, 1918-1931 Peabody Museum Archives, Harvard University
referencedIn Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950. Carter G. Woodson collection of Negro papers and related documents, 1803-1936 (inclusive), 1830-1927 (bulk), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. LAUNCHING USS GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER (SSBN-656) AT NEWPORT NEWS, VA
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn 1541478 - Paint and Stain and Process of Producing the Same - George Washington Carver United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn George Washington Carver, Chemist United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn George Washington Carver at Ford Motor Company / Ford World War II Activities United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn 1632365 - Process of Producing Paints and Stains - George Washington Carver United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn 1522176 - Cosmetic and Process of Producing the Same - George Washington Carver United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Relation Name
associatedWith Adler, Max, Mrs. person
associatedWith Alabama. Bureau of Tourism and Travel. Communications Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama Writers' Project. corporateBody
associatedWith American Medical Association. Dept. of Investigation. corporateBody
associatedWith Ames, Jessie Daniel, 1883-1972. person
associatedWith Antioch College corporateBody
associatedWith Bacon, Irving R. (Irving Ruben), 1875-1962. person
associatedWith Barnett, Claude, 1889-1967. person
associatedWith Benson, Agnes, d. 1983. person
associatedWith Black Women Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Black Women Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Caroline Bond Day person
associatedWith Caudill, Rebecca. person
correspondedWith Chippey, Arthur Peter, d. ca. 1962. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Cosby, Forest L., 1864-1933. person
associatedWith Crisp, Lucy Cherry. person
associatedWith Curtis, Annette Wegner person
associatedWith Curtis, Austin W. (Austin Wingate), 1911- person
associatedWith Curtis, William person
associatedWith Curtis, William, 1936-, person
associatedWith Davis, Ford person
associatedWith Davis, Ford. person
associatedWith Davis, Ford. person
associatedWith Davis, Grace. person
associatedWith Davis, Mr. person
associatedWith Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963. person
associatedWith Ford, Henry, 1863-1947. person
associatedWith Ford Motor Company. Dearborn Engineering Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Ford Motor Company. Engineering Photographic Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Foster, Ora Delmer, 1877- , person
associatedWith George Washington Carver National Monument (Diamond, Mo.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hardwick, Jim. person
associatedWith Harris, Julia Collier, b. 1875 person
associatedWith Harris, Julian LaRose, 1874-1963. person
associatedWith Harvard, Claude, 1911- person
associatedWith Holt, Rackham. person
associatedWith Howland, Emily. person
associatedWith Hyde, Albert Alexander, 1848-1935. person
correspondedWith Hyder, Tom Bullock, b. 1907. person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Iowa State University corporateBody
associatedWith Isely, Duane, 1918- person
associatedWith Ittner, Harry. person
associatedWith Ittner, Paul. person
associatedWith Jesup, Morris K. (Morris Ketchum), 1830-1908 person
correspondedWith Johnson, Dana H. person
correspondedWith Johnson, Dana H. person
associatedWith Johnson, Dana H., former owner. person
associatedWith Lane, John Dewey, 1898-1968. person
associatedWith Lewis, J. J. person
associatedWith Lincoln University (Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lyons, Minnie Lee. person
associatedWith MacClenny, W. E. (Wilbur Earnest), b. 1875. person
associatedWith Maggio, Graziella, b. ca. 1928. person
associatedWith Mayberry, B. D. person
associatedWith McMillan, William C., person
associatedWith Meek, Fannie Lowe. person
associatedWith Meredith, Edwin Thomas, 1876-1928. person
associatedWith Moore, Veranus A. (Veranus Alva), 1859-1931. person
correspondedWith Moton family family
correspondedWith Moton family. family
associatedWith Newman, Wilson L. person
associatedWith Nickell, Walter P. (Walter Prine), 1910-1973. person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Pammel, L. H. (Louis Hermann), 1862-1931. person
associatedWith Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988. person
memberOf Phi Beta Sigma corporateBody
associatedWith Platte, Claude, 1919- person
associatedWith Rickover, Hyman George. person
associatedWith Rosenwald, Julius, 1862-1932. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Simpson College corporateBody
associatedWith Simpson family. family
associatedWith Sparks, Edwin Erle, 1860-1924. person
associatedWith Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. person
associatedWith Sutton, John Wesley, 1897-1978. person
associatedWith Tuskegee Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Tuskegee Institute. Carver Research Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Tuskegee Institute. Experiment Station. corporateBody
associatedWith Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute. Experiment Station. corporateBody
associatedWith Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. person
associatedWith Wheeler, George F. person
associatedWith Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892 person
associatedWith Williams, Ellwoodson. person
associatedWith Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Diamond MO US
United States 00 US
Tuskegee AL US
Subject
Science--History
African American educators
Agriculturists
Newspapers
Discrimination in employment
Peanuts--Breeding
African Americans--Education
Agriculture--Research--United States
African American agriculturists
African Americans--Segregation
Science
African Americans
Agriculture--Research
Agriculture--Economic aspects
African American scientists
Agricultural education
Agriculture
Discrimination in employment--Georgia--Columbia
Occupation
Educators
African American inventors
Scientists
Agriculturists
African American scientists
Agriculturists--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1864

Death 1943-01-05

Male

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67q9nmk

Ark ID: w67q9nmk

SNAC ID: 84096311