White House (Washington, D.C.)

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White House, formerly Executive Mansion (1810–1902), the official office and residence of the president of the United States at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W. in Washington, D.C. The White House and its landscaped grounds occupy 18 acres (7.2 hectares). Since the administration of George Washington (1789–97), who occupied presidential residences in New York and Philadelphia, every American president has resided at the White House. Originally called the “President’s Palace” on early maps, the building was officially named the Executive Mansion in 1810 in order to avoid connotations of royalty. Although the name “White House” was commonly used from about the same time (because the mansion’s white-gray sandstone contrasted strikingly with the red brick of nearby buildings), it did not become the official name of the building until 1902, when it was adopted by President Theodore Roosevelt (1901–09). The White House is the oldest federal building in the nation’s capital. The White House building complex has a total of more than 130 rooms. The main building still contains the presidential family’s living quarters and various reception rooms, all decorated in styles of the 18th and 19th centuries. Parts of the main building are open to the public. The west terrace contains the press briefing room, and the east terrace houses a movie theatre. The presidential office, known as the Oval Office, is located in the West Wing, as are the cabinet and press rooms; the East Wing contains other offices. Over the years the White House has become a major American historic site, attracting more than 1.5 million visitors annually. In 1995 the section of Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the White House was closed to automobile traffic because of concerns about terrorism, and the area has since became popular with pedestrians and skaters. The allure of the building has never waned, and few who enter its environs—visitors and occupants alike—leave unaffected by its ambience and rich history. Jefferson thought that the White House was too large, “big enough for two emperors, one Pope, and the grand lama,” and Caroline Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison (1889–93), complained that there was “no feeling of privacy” on the property. But Franklin Roosevelt found it warm and comfortable. “My husband liked to be in the White House on New Year’s Eve,” remembered Eleanor Roosevelt: We always gathered a few friends, and at midnight in the oval study the radio was turned on and we waited with the traditional eggnog in hand for midnight to be announced. Franklin always sat in his chair and, as the President, would raise his glass and say: “To the United States of America.” All of us stood and repeated the toast after him. Somehow, the words were especially meaningful and impressive in that house. The White House is a unit of the National Capital Parks system and was accredited as a museum in 1988.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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referencedIn Barbour, Lucian, 1811-1880. Lucian Barbour papers, 1838-1977 (bulk 1840-1898). Library of Congress
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referencedIn White House, Washington, D.C., autograph collection, circa 1810-1905. Library of Congress
referencedIn David Newton Henderson Papers, 1930-1976 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
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referencedIn [Collection of newspaper articles, dated 1961-1966, concerning the White House art collection]. Frick Art Reference Library
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referencedIn MacKay, Keith. The White House Interiors of Caroline Harrison and Edgar Yergason, 1890-1892 Keith MacKay 2009. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn White House, Washington, D.C., invoice for locks, hinges, etc., 1799. Library of Congress
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referencedIn Rumsfeld, Donald, 1932-. Donald Rumsfeld papers, 1888-2008 (bulk 1963-2007). Library of Congress
referencedIn White House police logs, 1933-1945. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Bingham, Theo. A. (Theodore Alfred), 1858-1934. Theo. A. Bingham papers, 1897-1903. Library of Congress
referencedIn Wood from the White House [realia], circa 1801-1809? University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Snead, Austine. Letters [microform] : "Washington gossip," etc. 1873-1887. Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center, Hayes Presidential Center
referencedIn Hassett, William D., 1880-1965. Papers, 1903-1965, 1933-1965 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Edith Benham Helm Papers, 1915-1961 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Clifford, Nathan, 1803-1881. Nathan Clifford scrapbook, ca. 1869-1882. Maine Historical Society Library
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referencedIn Irwin Hood Hoover Papers, 1909-1933 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Herndon, William Henry, 1818-1891. The Herndon-Weik collection of Lincolniana, circa 1824-1933. Library of Congress
referencedIn Lemaire, Etienne, d. 1817. Market accounts of Etienne Lemaire, 1805-1809. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn David E. Finley papers, 1921-1977 Library of Congress
referencedIn Clarke Historical Library. Quincy stereographs, n.d. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn Alston, Theodosia Burr, 1783-1813. Theodosia Burr Alston papers, 1789-1809. Library of Congress
referencedIn Moore, Charles, 1855-1942. Papers of Charles Moore, 1858-1944 (bulk 1900-1937). Library of Congress
referencedIn Charles H. Rogers Family Papers, 1858-1930, (bulk 1858-1896) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn McKim, Charles Follen, 1847-1909. Charles Follen McKim papers, 1838-1929 (bulk 1890-1910). Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. National Capitol Parks. Architectural Branch. Numbered File. 1797-1958. architectural drawings. Denver Art Museum
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referencedIn Floyd B. McKissick Papers, 1940s-1980s University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
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referencedIn Latrobe, Benjamin Henry, 1764-1820. [Letter] 1805 Sep. 19, Ironhill, Del. [to] Jos. Donath & Co. / B. Henry Latrobe. Smith College, Neilson Library
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referencedIn White, John Ernest, 1875-1949. John Ernest White family memorabilia, 1868-1950. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
referencedIn Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. Papers, 1840-1961 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn McDuffie, Elizabeth Stanfield, 1881-1966. Elizabeth and Irvin McDuffie papers, 1921-1962 (bulk 1933-1962). Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Joseph Clark Grew papers, 1904-1948 Houghton Library
referencedIn Mehaffey, Joseph Cowles, 1889-1963. Papers of Joseph Cowles Mehaffey, 1925-1959 (bulk 1944-1949). Library of Congress
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referencedIn Lee, Elizabeth Collins, d. 1858. Letters received : chiefly from Portia Lee Hodgson and Cornelia Lee Hopkins, 1799-1816. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, 1933-. Papers, ca. 1920-1999, ca. 1945-1997 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Webster, Caroline LeRoy, 1797-1882. Diary, 1839 May 18-September 28. New Hampshire Newsp Project
creatorOf Macomb, Alexander, 1782-1841. Letter, 1825 November 6, Washington, D.C. to Jane Kennedy. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Helen Edmonds Papers, 1951-1994 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
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referencedIn Washington, D.C. [model] : Washington Monument, The Capitol, White House. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
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referencedIn Sanford, Terry, 1917-1998. Terry Sanford Papers, 1926-1996 (bulk 1986-1992) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ramsey, Oliver F. Ramsey Papers, 1943-1962. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Herndon-Weik Collection of Lincolniana, circa 1824-1933 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1966-1996. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Lewin, Frank. Music for the White House : scores, sound recordings, miscellaneous materials : 1965-2003 / by Frank Lewin ; with historical annotations and additional lyrics by Amy La Follette Jensen. Westminster Choir College of Rider University, Talbott Library
referencedIn Lane, Samuel, d. 1822. Papers, 1817. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Orr, Douglas W. (Douglas William), 1892-1966. Douglas W. Orr papers, 1929-1967. New Haven Colony Historical Society Library
referencedIn Richards, Janet Elizabeth Hosmer, d. 1946. Papers of Janet Elizabeth Hosmer Richards, 1913-1946. Library of Congress
referencedIn Genthe, Arnold, 1869-1942. White House [picture]. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Montgomery, Benjamin F. William Mckinley collection, 1898-[19--]. Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center, Hayes Presidential Center
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referencedIn Davis, Meyer. Collection of papers, ca. 1960-1995. Historical Society of the Town of Hancock, Maine
referencedIn Papers. 1847-1940. The Filson Historical Society
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referencedIn Parker family. Papers, 1814-1979. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Furman, Bess, 1894-1969. Bess Furman papers, 1728-1967 (bulk 1900-1966). Library of Congress
referencedIn Calvin Coolidge Papers, 1915-1932 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Simons family. Simons family papers, 1798-1874. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Donald Rumsfeld Papers, 1888-2008, (bulk 1963-2007) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Davie, Preston, 1881-1967, Collector. Preston family : papers, 1658-1896. The Filson Historical Society
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creatorOf White House (Washington, D.C.). Institutional file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
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referencedIn [Map of the White House grounds, Washington D.C.]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. Permanent file, 1945-1953. Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Stewart, Emma Battell, 1837-1900. Emma Stewart papers, 1845-1927. Sheldon Museum Research Center
referencedIn McKim, Charles Follen, 1847-1909. Letter, 1902 June 27, to Charles Moore. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. John F. Kennedy collection, 1954-1964. Library of Congress
referencedIn Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933. Calvin Coolidge papers, 1915-1932. Library of Congress
referencedIn Papers, 1830-1943 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Fisher, Leonard Everett. The first book of the White House : production material. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn United States. President's Committee on Administrative Management. Records, 1936-1939. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. Calling card: Executive Mansion, Washington, 1888 Sept. 17. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
referencedIn Bess Furman Papers, 1728-1967, (bulk 1900-1966) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
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referencedIn Hunt, Virginia Livingston. Papers of Virginia Livingston Hunt, 1882-1939. Library of Congress
referencedIn Turner, David S. Correspondence, 1827 Library of Congress
referencedIn Grattan family. Papers of the related Grattan, Roller, Heneberger and Shacklett families [manuscript], 1841-1901. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jo Mielziner papers, 1903-1976 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Glueck, Sheldon, 1896-1990. Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Sage, Ebenezer, 1755-1834. Ebenezer Sage correspondence, 1810. Library of Congress
referencedIn Copeland family. Papers, 1637-1998 (bulk, 1950-1998). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Mershon, William. Letter, 1913 Mar. 16. Historical Society of Princeton
referencedIn Charles Follen McKim Papers, 1838-1929, (bulk 1890-1910) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
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referencedIn Fosburgh, James Whitney, 1910-1978. James Whitney Fosburgh papers, 1937-1978. Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alston, Theodosia Burr, 1783-1813. person
associatedWith Bain, Harry Foster, 1872-1948. person
associatedWith Barbour, Lucian, 1811-1880. person
associatedWith Bingham, Theo. A. (Theodore Alfred), 1858-1934. person
associatedWith Bliss, William Wallace Smith, 1815-1853. person
associatedWith Boynton, Richard Wilson, b. 1870 person
associatedWith Bush, George W. (George Walker), 1946- person
associatedWith Butterfield, Daniel, 1831-1901. person
associatedWith Caldwell & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Clarke, Gilmore D., 1892-1982. person
associatedWith Clarke Historical Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Cleveland, Frances Folsom, 1864-1947. person
associatedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. person
associatedWith Clifford, Nathan, 1803-1881. person
associatedWith Color Association of the United States. corporateBody
associatedWith Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933. person
associatedWith Copeland family. family
associatedWith Cox, Edward Finch, 1946- person
associatedWith Daniels, Josephus, 1904-1954 person
associatedWith Davie, Preston, 1881-1967, Collector. person
associatedWith Davis, Meyer. person
associatedWith Delano & Aldrich. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke, Angier Biddle, 1915-1995 person
associatedWith Du Pont, Henry Francis, 1880-1969. person
associatedWith Early, Stephen T., 1889-1951. person
correspondedWith Edmonds, Helen G. (Helen Grey), 1911-1995 person
associatedWith Fields, Alonzo. person
associatedWith Finley, David E. (David Edward) person
associatedWith Fisher, Leonard Everett. person
associatedWith Fosburgh, James Whitney, 1910-1978. person
associatedWith French, Benjamin B. (Benjamin Brown), 1800-1870. person
associatedWith Furman, Bess, 1894-1969. person
associatedWith Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. person
associatedWith Genthe, Arnold, 1869-1942. person
associatedWith Gilmore D., Clarke 1892- person
correspondedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Grattan family. family
associatedWith Grew, Joseph C. (Joseph Clark), 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Harvard University. Board of Overseers. corporateBody
associatedWith Hassett, William D., 1880-1965. person
associatedWith Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893. person
associatedWith Hayes, Webb Cook, 1856-1834. person
associatedWith Hayes, Webb Cook, 1856-1934. person
associatedWith Helm, Edith Benham, 1874-1962. person
associatedWith Henderson, David Newton, 1921- person
associatedWith Herndon, William Henry, 1818-1891 person
associatedWith Herter Brothers (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hoover, Irwin Hood, 1871-1933. person
associatedWith Hunt, Virginia Livingston. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973. person
associatedWith Keefe, Frank Bateman, 1887-1952. person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
associatedWith King, Rt. (Robert), 1774 or 5-1831. person
associatedWith Kuntz, Justin S. person
associatedWith Lane, Samuel, d. 1822. person
associatedWith Latrobe, Benjamin Henry, 1764-1820. person
associatedWith Lee, Elizabeth Collins, d. 1858. person
associatedWith Lemaire, Etienne, d. 1817. person
associatedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
associatedWith Lewin, Frank. person
associatedWith Liberti, Enrico, b.1894. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith LORING FAMILY family
associatedWith MacKay, Keith. person
associatedWith Macomb, Alexander, 1782-1841. person
associatedWith Malone, Dumas, 1892-1986. person
associatedWith McDuffie, Elizabeth Stanfield, 1881-1966. person
associatedWith McKim, Charles Follen, 1847-1909. person
associatedWith McKim, Mead & White. corporateBody
correspondedWith McKissick, Floyd B. (Floyd Bixler), 1922- person
correspondedWith McKissick, Floyd B. (Floyd Bixler), 1922- person
associatedWith McMullin, Dare Stark, 1896-1974. person
associatedWith McShain, John, 1898-1989. person
associatedWith Mehaffey, Joseph Cowles, 1889-1963. person
associatedWith Mershon, William. person
associatedWith Mielziner, Jo, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Moore, Charles, 1855-1942. person
associatedWith Moore family. family
associatedWith Mormons for ERA. corporateBody
associatedWith Nesbitt, Victoria Henrietta Kugler, 1874-1963. person
associatedWith Olmsted Associates corporateBody
associatedWith Orr, Douglas W. (Douglas William), 1892-1966. person
associatedWith Parish-Hadley Associates. corporateBody
associatedWith Parker family. family
associatedWith Parks, Lillian Rogers. person
correspondedWith Parton, James, 1912- person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Phillips, Blanche A., person
associatedWith Pierce family. family
associatedWith Ramsey, Oliver F. person
associatedWith Richards, Janet Elizabeth Hosmer, d. 1946. person
associatedWith Robertson, Julia Ellsworth, 1886-1974. person
associatedWith Rogers, Charles H. person
associatedWith Romaine, Benjamin, 1762-1844. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948. corporateBody
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Rosewater family. family
associatedWith Rucker, Joanna Lucinda. person
associatedWith Rumsfeld, Donald, 1932- person
associatedWith Sagamore Hill National Historic Site (Oyster Bay, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Sage, Ebenezer, 1755-1834. person
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
correspondedWith Sanford, Terry, 1917-1998 person
associatedWith Shelby, Thomas Hart, 1789-1869. person
associatedWith Simons family. family
associatedWith Smith, Anna Deavere. person
associatedWith Smith, Jack L., person
associatedWith Snead, Austine. person
correspondedWith Soyinka, Wole. person
associatedWith Spafford, Marion Isabell Sims Smith 1895-1982 person
correspondedWith Stefan, Augustin. person
associatedWith Stewart, Emma Battell, 1837-1900. person
associatedWith Sunde, Karen. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith Turner, David S. person
associatedWith United States. National Capitol Parks. Architectural Branch. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President's Committee on Administrative Management. corporateBody
associatedWith Wainwright, Fonrose. person
associatedWith Webster, Caroline LeRoy, 1797-1882. person
associatedWith Weik, Jesse William, 1857-1930 person
associatedWith White, John Ernest, 1875-1949. person
associatedWith Wolff, Perry. person
associatedWith Yevtushenko, Yevgeny person
associatedWith Zeligs, Meyer Aaron, 1909-1978 person
associatedWith Zorina, Vera. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington City DC US
Subject
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Establishment 1792

Americans

Information

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