Wallace, George C. (George Corley), 1919-1998

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Born in 1919 in Clio, Alabama; educated at the University of Alabama (J.D.); served in the U.S. Air Force during World War II; Alabama state legislator, circuit judge, and governor of Alabama (1962-1966); ran for the U.S. presidency in 1964, 1968, and 1972; shot and paralyzed while campaigning in 1972 in Maryland; notorious for his strong stand against desegregation.

From the description of Speeches, 1961-1968. (University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus). WorldCat record id: 37779182

George Corley Wallace (1919-1998) served as judge of the 3rd Judicial District of Alabama, 1953 to 1958, and he served four terms as Governor of Alabama, 1963 to 1966, 1971 to 1978, and 1983 to 1986.

From the description of Wallace, George C. (George Corley), 1919-1998 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10569453

Gladys King Burns was a graduate student at Auburn University in 1968.

From the guide to the Gladys King Burns papers MSS. 0234., 1948-1965, (W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, The University of Alabama)

Billington, Monroe. "Wallace, George." In the Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, edited by Charles Reagan Wilson and William Ferris, 1199-1200. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1989.

Carter, Dan T. The Politics of Rage: George Wallace, the Origins of the New Conservation, and the Transformation of American Politics. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.

Lester, Stephen. George Wallace: American Populist. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1994.

The first of four sons, George Corley Wallace was born on August 25, 1919, to George Corley Wallace, Sr., and Mozelle Smith Wallace of Clio, Alabama. George Corley Wallace, Sr., unsuccessfully operated a modest portion of farmland during the southern agricultural depression of the 1920s and 1930s.

George C. Wallace, Jr. distinguished himself at Barbour County High School in football and boxing. His first introduction into politics came when he worked as a page for the Alabama Senate during the summer of 1935. Throughout high school, Wallace contributed to his family's income by traveling the state of Alabama as a magazine salesman and a dog vaccinator for the State Health Department. In 1937, Wallace attended the University of Alabama where he spent three years in pre-law and two years in law school.

After his graduation from the University of Alabama in 1942, George C. Wallace enlisted in the United States Army Air Corps. In May 1943, a serious bout with spinal meningitis disqualified Wallace from the Air Force Cadet Training Program. That same month Wallace married a young woman, Lurleen Burns, who he met in the summer of 1942 at a dime store in Tuscaloosa, Ala. Wallace continued his wartime service as an engineer assigned to the Pacific Theater B-29 long-range bomber fleets. Lurleen Wallace gave birth to the first of their four children, Bobby Jo, in 1944. On December 8, 1945, Wallace was medically discharged from active duty service.

Wallace returned to Alabama and accepted a post as the assistant to the state attorney general in December 1945. George C. Wallace won the state legislature House of Representative seat in Barbour County and continued for six years, until his appointment as state circuit judge in 1952. During this period, Lurleen Wallace gave birth to two children, Peggy Sue in 1950, and George C. Wallace, Jr., in 1951.

On a moderate platform, George C. Wallace lost the race for governor in 1958. Reentering the gubernatorial race in 1962, Wallace claimed victory over James Folsom on a campaign platform that rested on segregation and states rights. The last of the Wallace children, Janie Lee, was born between these campaigns in 1961.

The Birmingham bombings of the 1960s, especially the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, nationally highlighted the racial tensions during the first term of the Wallace administration. Governor Wallace's promise to "stand in the school house door" ignited controversy over the Supreme Court Brown vs. Board of Education decision that called for the end of segregation in public shools. On June 11, 1963, Governor Wallace's Tuscaloosa stand-off, championing segregation and states rights, ended without violence as Vivian Malone and Timothy Hood officially entered the University of Alabama as students. In the spring of 1965, following violence in Selma, a march was made to Montgomery. This march helped lead to the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.

Amidst the racial turbulence of the mid 1960s, George C. Wallace entered the presidential campaign in 1964 as a Democrat, but withdrew from the contest in July 1964. Wallace maintained a good showing in the states of Wisconsin, Indiana, and Maryland.

After a failed attempt to repeat the Succession Bill limiting the governor's term in Alabama, Wallace successfully ran his wife, Lurleen, in the 1966 Alabama gubernatorial race. In 1967, with his wife Lurleen strategically occupying the governor's seat in Alabama, George C. Wallace announced his bid for the presidential nomination. "Stand Up for America" was the campaign slogan of the newly formed American Independent Party for the 1968 presidential election. Governor Lurleen Wallace died of cancer in May 1968. Five weeks later, George C. Wallace reentered the 1968 campaign with General Curtis LeMay as his running mate. He eventually lost to the Republican nominee Richard M. Nixon and the Democratic candidate Hubert Humphrey.

In 1970, Wallace won against incumbent Governor Albert Brewer for the governorship of Alabama. With his "Send Them A Message" campaign slogan, Wallace presented himself as a national, not regional, candidate. He focused his platform on major issues of crime, drugs, welfare, inflation, and his opposition to busing. On May 15, 1972, the Wallace camp met with tragedy as Arthur Bremmer fired several shots into Governor Wallace as he was campaigning outside a Maryland shopping center. Surviving the assassination attempt, Wallace, paralyzed from the waist down, lost the Democratic party nomination.

Permanently confined to a wheelchair, George C. Wallace won the Alabama governorship for an unprecedented third term in 1974. After a dissapointing presidential campaign in 1976, Wallace directed his full attention to the State of Alabama governorship.

The decade of the 1970s brought many changes to George C. Wallace. Most noteworthy were his public apologies to the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. Also, his seven year marriage to Cornelia Snively Wallace ended in 1978.

In 1981 George C. Wallace married Lisa Taylor, a country and western singer. The gubernatorial victory in 1982 marked George C. Wallace's last election. Due to health problems, Wallace announced in 1986 that he would no longer seek a political office. By 1987, his marriage to Lisa Taylor Wallace ended in divorce.

From the description of Collection, ca. 1951-1986. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122508313

George Corley Wallace was born 1919 Aug. 25 at Clio, Barbour Co. Ala., son of George C. Wallace, Sr. and Mozelle Smith Wallace. He attended the University of Alabama Law School and served in the Army as a sergeant during World War II.

From 1951-1953 he served as state representative from Barbour Co., Ala., and later as judge of the third judicial circuit.

Wallace served as Ala. governor from 1963-1967, 1971-1979, and 1983-1987 with his wife Lurleen Burns Wallace elected governor in 1967. He made three unsuccessful bids for U.S. president in 1968, 1972, and 1976.

From the description of 1976 presidential campaign records, 1968-1984. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122548528

Archival Resources
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Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alabama. Dept. of Agriculture and Industries. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama, Governor (1963-1967 : G. Wallace) corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1967-1968 : L. Wallace) corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1967-1968 : Wallace). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1968-1971 : Brewer) corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1971-1979 : G. Wallace) corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1983-1987 : G. Wallace) corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1983-1987: G. Wallace). Press Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1987-1993 : Hunt). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1987-1993 : Hunt). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1993-1995 : Folsom). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. State Chamber of Commerce. Directors. corporateBody
associatedWith American Independent Party. corporateBody
associatedWith American Independent Party (1968) corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson, Richard N. person
associatedWith Anderson, Tom, 1910- person
associatedWith Andrews, George William, 1906-1971. person
associatedWith Barnes, Billy E. (Billy Ebert), 1931- person
associatedWith Basset, Gene, 1927- person
associatedWith Beall, George, 1937- person
associatedWith Benton, Nelson, 1924- person
associatedWith Blackford, James Baylor, 1907- person
associatedWith Bond, Julian, 1940- person
associatedWith Boykin, Frank W. (Frank William), 1885-1969. person
associatedWith Burns, Gladys King person
associatedWith Burns, Gladys King, 1927- person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914- person
associatedWith Carter, Dan T. person
associatedWith Carter, Jimmy, 1924- person
associatedWith Cassidy, Jay. person
associatedWith Cassidy, Jay. person
correspondedWith Chisholm, Shirley, 1924-2005. person
associatedWith Conservative Women's Democratic League. corporateBody
associatedWith Dartmouth College. corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, Neil Owen 1914- person
associatedWith Democratic National Commitee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic National Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (Ala.). corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dixon, Frank M. (Frank Murray), 1892-1965. person
associatedWith Durr, Virginia Foster. person
associatedWith Edwards, Jack, 1928- person
associatedWith Elebash, Camille (Maxwell) person
associatedWith Evans, Rowland, 1921-2001. person
associatedWith Ewing, Ed, 1932- . person
associatedWith Folsom, James Elisha. person
associatedWith Frady, Marshall. person
associatedWith Franke, William F. person
associatedWith Friedman, Martha O., 1927- person
associatedWith Frye, Hardy T., person
correspondedWith Goodwyn, Otis James, 1920-1973. person
associatedWith Griffin, Marvin, 1907-1982. person
associatedWith Griffith, Leon Odell, 1921-1984. person
associatedWith Hardin, James T. (James Taylor), .1917- person
associatedWith Hauger, Pataricia LeMay, 1928- person
associatedWith Hays, James DeFord, 1909- person
associatedWith Hightower, D. L. (Draffus Lamar), 1899-1993. person
associatedWith Hiles, Charles C. person
associatedWith Hobbs, Peter Burke. person
associatedWith House, Jack. person
associatedWith Houston Post , Washington D.C. Bureau corporateBody
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978. person
associatedWith James, Fob (Forrest Hood), 1934- person
associatedWith Johnson, Frank M. (Frank Minis), 1918-1999. person
associatedWith Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010. person
associatedWith Lardner, George. person
associatedWith Lardner, George. person
associatedWith LeMay, Curtis E. person
associatedWith Lofton, John. person
associatedWith Maddox, Hugh, 1930-. person
associatedWith Maddox, Lester, 1915-2003. person
associatedWith McMillan, Malcolm Cook, 1910- person
associatedWith McTyre, Joe. person
associatedWith Meier, Margaret, person
associatedWith Meier, Margaret, collector. person
associatedWith Melich, Tanya. person
associatedWith Morton, Hugh M. person
associatedWith Morton, Hugh M. person
associatedWith National Federation of Women for Wallace. corporateBody
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994. person
associatedWith Philpott, Harry M. (Harry Melvin), person
associatedWith Pitts, Connie H., 1921- person
associatedWith Porterfield, O.B. person
associatedWith Prentiss, Vera Ruth, b. 1905. person
associatedWith Price, "Shorty", 1921-1980. person
associatedWith Prohibition National Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Roberts, Bruce, 1930- person
associatedWith Romney, George W., 1907-1995. person
associatedWith Rountree, Asa, 1896-1983. person
associatedWith Shearer, William K. ca.1935- person
associatedWith Sledge, E. B. (Eugene Bonderant), 1923- person
associatedWith Smith, Gerald L. K. (Gerald Lyman Kenneth), 1898- person
associatedWith Smith, Gerald L. K. (Gerald Lyman Kenneth), 1898-1976. person
associatedWith Spivak, Lawrence E. (Lawrence Edmund), 1900-1994. person
associatedWith Stanton, Elvin. person
associatedWith State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama. corporateBody
associatedWith Sturkey, Don. person
associatedWith Suit, Hal, person
associatedWith Taber, Marcius Erwin, 1903- person
associatedWith Thomas, Grace W., person
associatedWith Thurmond, Strom, 1902-2003. person
correspondedWith Train, Russell E., 1920- person
associatedWith United States. Federal Communications Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Federal Election Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. University Relations. News and Public Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Wallace, Cornelia Ellis Snively, 1939- . person
associatedWith Wallace, Lurleen Burns, 1927-1968. person
associatedWith Wilson, Bill (William Bryan), 1914-1993 family
associatedWith Wilson, Bill (William Bryan), 1914-1993. family
associatedWith Women for Wallace. corporateBody
associatedWith Wright, Don, 1934- person
associatedWith Wyatt, Landon Russell, 1891-1971. person
associatedWith Youth for Wallace. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Alabama
United States
Dauphin Island (Ala.)
Alabama
Southeast Asia
Alabama
Southern States
Alabama
Subject
Political Campaigns
Campaign literature
Presidents--Election--1976
Radio advertising
Advertising, political
Presidents--/Election--1972
African Americans--Civil rights
Presidents--Elections--1968
Presidential candidates
African Americans--Segregation
Alabama
Political oratory
Governors--Election
Television advertising
Public opinion
Governors--Alabama
Political collectibles
Education
Campaign management
Campaign songs
Campaign funds
States' rights (American politics)
Speeches, addresses, etc., American--20th century
Government, Law and Politics
Campaign buttons
Campaign funds--United States
Campaign speeches
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1919-08-25

Death 1998-09-13

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6736qx3

SNAC ID: 8309211