Newberry, J. S. (John Strong), 1822-1892

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Newberry, a naturalist and physician, was secretary of the western department of the U. S. Sanitary Commission during the Civil War. After the war he was a noted geologist.

From the description of Telegram, November 14, 1864. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 298561221

John Strong Newberry was a geologist and Professor of Chemistry and Natural Science at Columbian College (the name changed to George Washington University in 1904). Newberry was born at Windsor, Connecticut on December 22, 1822. He attended the Western Reserve academy and graduated from Western Reserve College (Hudson, Ohio) with an A.B. in 1846 and an A.M. in 1849. He also earned an M.D. (1848) from the Cleveland Medical school, and continued his medical studies in Paris from 1849 to 1850 and practiced medicine in Cleveland, Ohio from 1850 to 1855. During May of 1855, he was appointed assistant-surgeon and geologist in Lieutenant Williamson's exploration of the country between San Francisco and the Columbia river. He was geologist of the expedition under Lieutenant Joseph C. Ives, which explored the lower Colorado river from 1857 to 1858. He then accompanied the expedition under Captain J. N. Macomb, which explored the San Juan and upper Colorado rivers in 1859. In 1861, Newberry was assigned to duty in the U.S. War Department; however, in June he became connected with the sanitary commission. In September he was appointed secretary of the western branch of the commission. He directed the sanitary operations in the Mississippi valley and was present at the Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee, November 23-25, 1863. He was professor at the Columbian College from 1856 to 1857; professor of geology and paleontology at the School of Mines of Columbia College, New York from 1866 to 1892, and was made professor emeritus in 1892.

From the description of John Strong Newberry papers, 1898. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 206080422

John Strong Newberry (1822-1892) was a botanist, educator, and naturalist largely self-trained in botany and zoology. A graduate of the Cleveland Medical School (1848), he pursued medical studies in Paris, France where he also studied at the Jardin des Plantes. In the 1850s he accompanied several expeditions to the American west on botanical and geological surveys. In 1866 he accepted a professorship at the School of Mines of Columbia University in New York where he taught geology and botany. Within two years he was elected president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and president of the Lyceum of Natural History (which became the New York Academy of Sciences). He was a leading figure in the Torrey Botanical Club during a period of its greatest activity and growth. In 1863 the U.S. Congress elected him as one of fifty original members of the National Academy of Sciences. Newberry was an important influence on Nathaniel Lord Britton, founder of the New York Botanical Garden, who succeeded him as Professor of Geology and Botany at Columbia University in 1892. He died in New Haven, Ct. in 1892.

From the description of John Strong Newberry papers 1850-1879. (New York Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 42359970

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902. Correspondence, 1869-1879, of the Powell Survey. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902. Correspondence of the Powell Survey, 1869-1879 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. Papers, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Papers, 1817-1899 Yale University Library
creatorOf Newberry, J. S. (John Strong), 1822-1892. John Strong Newberry papers 1850-1879. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
creatorOf Lennox, James. T.B. Banner. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
creatorOf Newberry, J. S. (John Strong), 1822-1892. Telegram, November 14, 1864. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Newberry, J. S. (John Strong), 1822-1892. John Strong Newberry papers, 1898. George Washington University
creatorOf Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902. Correspondence of John Wesley Powell, 1876-1902. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library
referencedIn Lawrence, George N. (George Newbold) Papers, ca. 1860s-1870s, Circa 1860s-1870s American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Records of the U.S. Geological Survey. 1839 - 2008. Personal Letters Received
creatorOf Ward, Lydia Avery Coonley, 1845-1924. Autographs collected and letters received by Lydia Avery Coonley Ward, 1705, 1785, 1848, 1861-1922 (bulk 1861-1922). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887. Catalogue North American mammals with drawings and proof of plates / [S.F.] Baird. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Lesley, J. Peter, 1819-1903. Papers, 1826-1898 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Correspondence : Torrey and Engelmann, 1844-1873. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
creatorOf Castañeda de Nájera, Pedro de, 16th cent. Narrative of the expedition to Cibola undertaken in 1540 which treats of all the tribes that inhabit that country their manners and customs / by Pedro de Castañedade Nágera, a copy in the hand of Dr. John Strong Newberry of an English translation in 1856 by Gen. William W. S. Bliss of the Paris 1838 edition of Castañeda's Narrative, to which Newberry appended a copy of an 1858 report by 1st Lt. J. C. Ives Topl. Engrs. upon his survey of the Colorado of the West, [not before 1858]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Lawrence, George Newbold, 1806-1895. Papers, ca. 1860s-1870s. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "Margerie" to "Parry". Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
creatorOf Campbell, Thompson. [Utah Antimony Company, Garfield County, Utah]. Colorado School of Mines, Arthur Lakes Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIf, 1866-1886 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Alexander Winchell Papers, 1833-1891 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887. person
associatedWith Brongniart, Adolphe, 1801-1876 person
associatedWith Castañeda de Nájera, Pedro de, 16th cent. person
associatedWith Columbian College in the District of Columbia. corporateBody
associatedWith Cordier, P. L. A. (Pierre Louis Antoine), 1777-1861 person
associatedWith Expedition near the 32nd to 35th Parallels along the Pacific Coast led by Lt. Robert S. Williamson (1853, 1855) corporateBody
associatedWith George Washington University. corporateBody
associatedWith Hollick, Charles Arthur, 1857-1933. person
associatedWith Knapp, Frederick Newman, 1821-1889. person
associatedWith Lawrence, George Newbold, 1806-1895. person
associatedWith LeConte, John L., (John Lawrence), 1825-1883 person
associatedWith Lesley, Allen person
associatedWith Lesley, J. P., (J. Peter), 1819-1903 person
associatedWith Macomb's San Juan Exploring Expedition (1859) corporateBody
associatedWith Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. person
associatedWith Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902. person
associatedWith Robin, Ch. person
associatedWith The Colorado Exploring Expedition (Ives Expedition) (1857 - 1858) corporateBody
associatedWith Torrey, John, 1796-1873. person
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
associatedWith Ward, Lydia Avery Coonley, 1845-1924. person
associatedWith Winchell, Alexander, 1824-1891 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
North America
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865


Birth 1822-12-22

Death 1892-12-07






Ark ID: w62809cv

SNAC ID: 44584986