Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966

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"Lillian Smith was one of the first prominent white southerners to denounce racial segregation openly and to work actively against the entrenched and often brutally enforced world of Jim Crow. From as early as the 1930s, she argued that Jim Crow was evil ("Segregation is spiritual lynching," she said) and that it leads to social moral retardation."--"Lillian Smith (1897-1966)," New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 18, 2008: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org

From the description of Lillian Smith letter, 1949 November 11. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 631781441

Author, editor, and civil rights leader. Born in Jasper, Florida. Author of multiple books, including: Strange Fruit (1944), Killers of the Dream (1949), The Journey (1954), and Our Faces, Our Words (1964). Smith was publisher and co-editor with Paula Snelling of The South Today, 1942-1945 (formerly entitled, Pseudopodia, 1937/37, and North Georgia Review, 1937-41).

From the guide to the Lillian Smith Papers, 1915-1972, 1935-1966, (Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida)

"Lillian Smith was one of the first prominent white southerners to denounce racial segregation openly and to work actively against the entrenched and often brutally enforced world of Jim Crow. From as early as the 1930s, she argued that Jim Crow was evil ("Segregation is spiritual lynching," she said) and that it leads to social moral retardation."--"Lillian Smith (1897-1966)," New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 18, 2008: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org.

From the description of Laurel Falls Camp and Lillian Smith collection, circa 1940-1966. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 319684757

"Lillian Smith was one of the first prominent white southerners to denounce racial segregation openly and to work actively against the entrenched and often brutally enforced world of Jim Crow. From as early as the 1930s, she argued that Jim Crow was evil ("Segregation is spiritual lynching," she said) and that it leads to social moral retardation."--"Lillian Smith (1897-1966)," New Georgia Encyclopedia. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org. (Retrieved February 18, 2008)

From the description of Strange fruit by Lillian Smith materials, 1945. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 319711638

Author, journal publisher and editor, and civil rights leader.

From the description of Papers, 1915-1972, bulk 1935-1966. (University of Florida). WorldCat record id: 19471373

Lillian Smith (1897-1966), author, lecturer, human rights advocate, born in Jasper County, Florida, resided in Rabun County, Georgia.

From the description of Letters to Ashley Montagu, 1956-1966. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476433

From the description of Letters to and from Paula Snelling, 1943-1955. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476422

From the description of Lillian Eugenia Smith papers, [ca. 1920-1980]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476411

Lillian Smith (1897-1966), author, lecturer, and human rights advocate, born in Jasper County, Florida, resided in Rabun County, Georgia.

From the description of Letters to Rochelle Girson, [ca. 1960]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476439

Lillian Eugenia Smith, author, was born 12 December 1897, in Jasper, Florida, and died 28 September 1966, in Atlanta, Georgia. She studied piano at the Peabody Conservatory; taught music at Virginia School, Huchow, China; directed Laurel Falls Camp for girls, in north Georgia (1925-1949); and co-edited SOUTH TODAY, a literary magazine (1936-1945). Smith was a supporter of the civil rights movement in her work and in her private life and was the author of STRANGE FRUIT (1944), KILLERS OF THE DREAM (1949), OUR FACES OUR WORDS (1964), and four other books.

From the description of Lillian Eugenia Smith collection, 1940-1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173862930

Lillian Smith (1897-1966), author, lecturer, human rights advocate, was born in Jasper County, Florida, and resided in Rabun County, Georgia.

Laurel Falls Camp for Girls in Clayton, Georgia was owned and directed by Lillian Smith. The camp was established in 1920 by C.M. Smith, father of Lillian Smith.

Paula Snelling was a school counselor and the longtime partner of Lillian Smith.

From the description of Lillian Eugenia Smith papers, circa 1920-1980. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 456086253

"Lillian Smith was one of the first prominent white southerners to denounce racial segregation openly and to work actively against the entrenched and often brutally enforced world of Jim Crow. From as early as the 1930s, she argued that Jim Crow was evil ("Segregation is spiritual lynching," she said) and that it leads to social moral retardation... Lillian Eugenia Smith was born into a large, respectable, prosperous family in Jasper, Florida, on December 12, 1897. When the family business collapsed in 1915, her family moved to their cottage in Clayton, in Rabun County, and started Laurel Falls Girls Camp. Smith studied at Piedmont College in Demorest (1915-16) and then left to help run the family camp. Pursuing her great love of music, she also did two stints at the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore, Maryland (1917, 1919). In 1922 she went to China to offer musical instruction at a Methodist missionary school. When her parents' health began to fail in 1925, she came home and eventually took over the running of the camp, which in time she converted into a place for serious discussion of social issues."--"Lillian Smith (1897-1966)," New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 18, 2008: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org.

Laurel Falls Camp for girls in Clayton, Georgia was owned and directed by Lillian Smith. The camp was established in 1920 by C. M. Smith, father of Lillian Smith.

From the description of Lillian Smith photographs, circa 1930. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 340994730

Lillilan Smith was one of the first prominent white southerners to denounce racial segregation openly and to work actively against the entrenched and often brutally enforced world of Jim Crow. From as early as the 1930s, she argued that Jim Crow was evil ("Segregation is spiritual lynching," she said) and that it leads to social and moral retardation. Smith gained national recognition - and regional denunciation - by writing Strange Fruit (1944), a bold novel of illicit interracial love. Five years later she hurled another thunderbolt against racism in Killers of the Dream (1949), a brilliant psychological and autobiographical work warning that segregation corrupted the soul; removed any possibility of freedom and decency in the South; and had serious implications for women and children in particular in their developing views of sex, their bodies, and their innermost selves. From her home in Clayton, atop Old Screamer Mountain, she openly convened interracial meetings, and she toured the South, talking to people from all races and classes. She was unsparing in her criticisms of "liberals" and "moderates" like Atlanta's famed Ralph McGill and refused to join groups such as the Southern Regional Council until it could oppose segregation as well as racism. In her own psyche she struggled with intensely conflicting desires: to write creatively, following her heart's passions, or to respond to her stern conscience and the intellectual voice of duty. New Georgia Encyclopedia http://newgeorgiaencyclopedia.com (Retrieved February 20, 2009)

Norman Cousins was an American essayist and editor, long associated with the Saturday Review. From 1942-1972 he was editor of the Saturday Review. Following his appointment as executive editor in 1940, he introduced essays that drew a connection between literature and current events, whereupon circulation of the magazine increased 50 percent. Unafraid to criticize, Cousins was outspoken and his articles sometimes bitter. At times he criticized the U.S. government, but he felt strongly that a unique potential for greatness existed in America; he wrote The Good Inheritance: the Democratic Chance (1942) to explore this idea. Cousins felt that modern problems stemmed from the absence of a collective voice and from Americans' inability to see their social and political dilemmas clearly. In 1972 Cousins left the Saturday Review but returned the following year. In 1980 he was named "editor emeritus." In his final years he was adjunct professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral science at the University of California at Los Angeles. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online http://www.britannica.com (Retrieved February 20, 2009)

Paula Snelling was the longtime partner of Lillian Smith. Snelling was a school counselor who assisted Smith with running Laurel Falls Girls Camp.

From the description of Lillian Smith - Norman Cousins correspondence, 1946-1966. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 319620746

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Spencer, Frank W. Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987. Armstrong State University, Lane Library
referencedIn Rawls, Eugenia. Eugenia Rawls papers, 1920-1992. Greenwich Public School
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Letters to Ashley Montagu, 1956-1966. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Lillian Smith - Norman Cousins correspondence, 1946-1966. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Littledale, Clara Savage, 1891-1956. Papers, 1903-1982 (inclusive), 1903-1956 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Lillian Eugenia Smith collection, 1940-1962. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Murray, Pauli, 1910-1985. Papers: Series III, 1855-1985 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Lillian Eugenia Smith papers, circa 1920-1980. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Crane, Henry Hitt, 1890-1977. Henry Hitt Crane papers, 1902-1977 (bulk 1938-1958). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Letters to Rochelle Girson, [ca. 1960]. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Kennedy, Stetson,. Stetson Kennedy oral history interview, 1988 Nov. 26. Georgia State University
referencedIn George S. Schuyler Papers, 1912-1976. Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Durr, Virginia Foster,. Virginia Foster Durr oral history interview, 1990 Mar. 9. Georgia State University
creatorOf Scott, Evelyn, 1893-1963. Evelyn Scott Collection, 1894-1952. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Cliff, Michelle. Michelle Cliff papers, 1982-1994. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Raper, Arthur Franklin, 1899- . Interview, 1971. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Henry Hitt Crane Papers, 1902-1977, 1938-1964 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Dalton, Jack, 1908-. Papers relating to race relations [manuscript] 1943-1958. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Doar, Harriet. Papers, 1938-1991 (bulk 1938-1982). University of North Carolina, Charlotte, J. Murrey Atkins Library
referencedIn Smith, Esther. I am thinking of my sister, 1987 March 7. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-. Papers. 1930-1977. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
creatorOf Lillian Smith Papers, 1915-1972, 1935-1966 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn Rainey, Glenn W. (Glenn Weddington), 1907-1988,. Glen Rainey oral history interview, 1977 Nov. 8. Georgia State University
referencedIn Kaufman, Betty. Betty Kaufman papers, 1943-1945. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Daniel P. Moynihan Papers, 1765-2003, (bulk 1955-2000) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1827-1985 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Boyle, Sarah-Patton, 1906-. Papers of Sarah-Patton Boyle 1938-1988 (bulk 1944-1975). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Kennedy, Stetson,. Stetson Kennedy oral history interview, 1988 Nov. 11. Georgia State University
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Lillian Eugenia Smith papers, [ca. 1920-1980]. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Congress of Racial Equality. Records, 1941-1967. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Snelling, Paula. Paula Snelling papers, 1918-1984. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Daniel, Frank, 1900-1981. Frank Daniel papers, 1914-1973. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Frank, Adelaide Schulkind. Papers, 1925-1972 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Linda Abess Ellis Collection, 1947-1948 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
creatorOf Crane, Henry Hitt, 1890-1977. Henry Hitt Crane papers, 1902-1969 (bulk 1938-1958). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Lillian Smith photographs, circa 1930. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Southern Conference for Human Welfare. Clark Foreman files, 1934-1967. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Forbes, W. Stanton. W. Stanton Forbes papers, 1953-1975. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Congress of Racial Equality. Community Relations Dept. Administrative files, 1961-1968. Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial Center
referencedIn Swansea, Charleen. Charleen Swansea papers, 1928-2004. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Tilly, Dorothy Rogers, 1883-1970. Dorothy Rogers Tilly papers, 1868-1970. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Lillian Smith letter, 1949 November 11. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Evelyn Scott Collection TXRC98-A5., 1894-1952 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf W.W. Norton & Company. Letters to and from Lillian Eugenia Smith, 1949-1966. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Rainey, Glenn W. (Glenn Weddington), 1907-1989. Glenn W. Rainey papers, 1917-1974. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Ellis, Linda A., 1939-. Linda Abess Ellis Collection, 1947-1948. University of Florida
referencedIn Americans for Democratic Action. Americans for Democratic Action records, 1932-1999. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Laura McManus collection, circa 1925-1974. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Letters, 1946-1965, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Letters to and from Paula Snelling, 1943-1955. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Papers, 1915-1972, bulk 1935-1966. University of Florida
referencedIn Laurel Falls Camp papers, 1944-1947. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Strange fruit by Lillian Smith materials, 1945. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Laurel Falls Camp and Lillian Smith collection, circa 1940-1966. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Frank Manny papers, 1890-1955 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adamic, Louis, 1899-1951. person
associatedWith Americans for Democratic Action. corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson, Margaret. person
correspondedWith Barnett family family
associatedWith Barnett family. family
associatedWith Bent, Silas, 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Boyle, Sarah-Patton, 1906- person
associatedWith Cash, W. J. (Wilbur Joseph), 1900-1941. person
associatedWith Cliff, Michelle. person
associatedWith Congress of Racial Equality. corporateBody
associatedWith Congress of Racial Equality. Community Relations Dept. corporateBody
correspondedWith Cousins, Norman person
associatedWith Crane, Henry Hitt, 1890-1977. person
associatedWith Dabney, Virginius, 1901- person
associatedWith Daniel, Frank, 1900-1981. person
associatedWith Dargan, Olive Tilford, 1869-1986. person
correspondedWith DeWolf, Veronica Kompanek person
associatedWith Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870. person
correspondedWith Doar, Harriet. person
associatedWith Durr, Virginia Foster, person
correspondedWith Ellis, Linda A., 1939- person
associatedWith Fisher, Motier Harris. person
correspondedWith Forbes, W. Stanton. person
associatedWith Frank, Adelaide Schulkind. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Girson, Rochelle. person
correspondedWith Guilfoil, Kelsey person
associatedWith Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956. person
associatedWith Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. person
associatedWith Kaufman, Betty. person
associatedWith Kennedy, Stetson, person
associatedWith Laurel Falls Camp corporateBody
associatedWith Laurel Falls Camp. corporateBody
associatedWith Laurel Falls Camp. corporateBody
associatedWith Laurel Falls Camp for Girls (Ga.) corporateBody
associatedWith Leonard, George B., Jr. person
associatedWith Littledale, Clara Savage, 1891-1956. person
associatedWith Lomax, Louis E., 1922-1970. person
associatedWith Manny, Frank Addison, 1868-1954 person
associatedWith Montagu, Ashley, 1905-1999. person
correspondedWith Moynihan, Daniel P. (Daniel Patrick), 1927-2003 person
associatedWith Murray, Pauli, 1910-1985. person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith North Georgia Review. corporateBody
associatedWith Odum, Howard Washington, 1884-1954. person
associatedWith Pauli Murray, 1910-1985 person
associatedWith Psuedopodia. corporateBody
associatedWith Rainey, Glenn W. (Glenn Weddington), 1907-1988, person
associatedWith Rainey, Glenn W. (Glenn Weddington), 1907-1989. person
associatedWith Randolph, Lucy Mason. corporateBody
associatedWith Raper, Arthur Franklin, 1899- . person
associatedWith Rawls, Eugenia. person
associatedWith Ritson, Peter. person
associatedWith Schuyler, George Samuel, 1895- person
associatedWith Scott, Evelyn, 1893-1963 person
associatedWith Smith, Esther. person
correspondedWith Snelling, Paula person
associatedWith Southern Conference for Human Welfare. corporateBody
associatedWith South Today. corporateBody
associatedWith Spencer, Frank W. person
associatedWith Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890- person
associatedWith Still, James, 1906-2001. person
associatedWith Swansea, Charleen. person
associatedWith Tilly, Dorothy Rogers, 1883-1970. person
correspondedWith Ulmer, Katherine person
associatedWith White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955. person
associatedWith W.W. Norton & Company. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
United States
Georgia
United States
Georgia
United States
Georgia
Georgia--Clayton
United States
Georgia
United States
Southern states
Illinois--Chicago
Georgia
Subject
American literature--20th century
Woman authors, American
Authors, American--Obituaries
Critics--Correspondence
African Americans--Civil rights
Civil rights workers--Correspondence
Women authors, American--Biography
Authors, American--20th century--Correspondence
Student counselors--Correspondence
Periodicals--Publishing
Periodical editors--correspondence
Women critics--Correspondence
Programs
Women authors, American
Anisfield--Wolf Award
African Americans
Civil rights
Authors, American
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Drama
Literary prizes
Camps
Women authors, American--Interviews
Camp counselors--Correspondence
Women authors, American--Photographs
Authors, American--Correspondence
Ẁomen authors, American--Correspondence
Camps for girls
Human rights workers--Correspondence
Occupation
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1897-12-12

Death 1966-09-28

Americans

English

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