Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972

Alternative names

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Jackie Robinston, first African American baseball player to play major league baseball in modern times.

From the description of Letter, 1952 May 20 : to Mr. George McGullough. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83161093

Jackie Robinson played his entire career with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947-1956). He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. Horace Stoneham, son of former New York Giants owner Charles Stoneham, took over ownership of the team (1936-1957).

From the description of Letter, 1957, January 14. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47648752

Jackie Robinson played his entire career with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947-1956). He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. Robinson broke the color barrier in baseball in 1947. He was always an advocate for equality among Americans. His wife, Rachel Robinson, continues their efforts toward equality through the Jackie Robinson Foundation.

From the description of Letters, 1952-1955. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47978974

Baseball player, civil rights leader, and corporate executive. Full name: Jack Roosevelt Robinson.

From the description of Jackie Robinson papers, 1934-2001 (bulk 1947-1987). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984492

Jackie Robinson played his entire career with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947-1956). He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.

From the description of Letter, 1954, October 11. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47836412

From the description of Letter, 1972, July 21. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47836380

Jackie Robinson played for the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947-1956). He was the first African-American to play Major League Baseball. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. Wendell Smith was a sportswriter.

From the description of Letter, 1945, October 31. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47348764

Biographical Note

  • 1919, Jan. 31: Born, Cairo, Ga.
  • 1939 - 1941 : Attended University of California, Los Angeles, Calif.; first school athlete to letter in four sports
  • 1942 - 1944 : Second lieutenant, cavalry, United States Army
  • 1945: Played baseball for the Kansas City Monarchs, Negro National League Signed contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1946: Married Rachel A. Isum First African American to play professional baseball in the twentieth century; joined the Montreal Royals, a minor league affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1947: Promoted to the Brooklyn Dodgers breaking the major league color barrier Rookie of the Year award
  • 1947 - 1956 : Played major league baseball with the Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1949: National League Most Valuable Player award
  • 1950: Motion picture, The Jackie Robinson Story
  • 1956: Awarded the NAACP Spingarn Medal
  • 1957: Retired from professional baseball after being traded to the New York Giants Chairman, NAACP Fight for Freedom Fund
  • 1957 - 1964 : Vice president, Chock Full O'Nuts
  • 1962: Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, N.Y.
  • 1964: Published Baseball Has Done It edited by Charles Dexter (Philadelphia: Lippincott. 216 pp.)
  • 1964 - 1972 : Founder and chairman of the board, Freedom National Bank of New York
  • 1965: Published with Alfred Duckett Breakthrough to the Big League (New York: Harper & Row. 178 pp.)
  • 1966 - 1968 : Special assistant for community affairs to New York Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller
  • 1972: Published with Alfred Duckett I Never Had It Made (New York: Putnam. 287 pp.)
  • 1972, Oct. 24: Died, Stamford, Conn.
  • 1984: Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom (posthumously)
  • 1997: Major League Baseball retired Robinson's number forty-two in perpetuity (posthumously)

From the guide to the Jackie Robinson Papers, 1934-2001, (bulk 1947-1987), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn National Baseball Hall of Fame Scrapbook : scrapbook, 1972. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 20
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Aug. 26)
referencedIn Records of the National Park Service. 1785 - 2006. White House Albums. 1953 - 1961. Photograph of Dwight D. Eisenhower, Jackie Robinson and Joe E. Brown
referencedIn Jules Tygiel, 1949-2008. Jules Tygiel Papers : papers 1944-1990. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Smith, Wendell, 1914-1972. [Wendell Smith papers : c1943-1961]. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn M. Moran Weston Papers, 1824-1994 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. Letter, 1960, July 1. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Cable, Dale. Jackie Robinson and the integration of organized baseball : typescript, 1979 / Dale Cable. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Records of the Army Staff. 1903 - 2009. Official Military Personnel Files. 1912 - 1998. Request from Jack quot;Jackiequot; R. Robinson to the Adjutant General for Retirement from Active Duty
referencedIn McCain, James T. James T. McCain papers, 1957-1972. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [APR. 16]
referencedIn Weston, M. Moran, 1910-. Papers, 1824-1994. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Hold File Photographs Relating to American Political, Cultural, and Economic Activities, Prominent U.S. and Foreign Personalities, and World Events
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [OCT. 6]
referencedIn Brooklyn Dodgers team photographs, 1953 Brooklyn Historical Society
referencedIn De Jongh, James. Play to win : musical script, 1984 : the story of Jackie Robinson / book & lyrics by James de Jongh, Charles Cleveland, Jimi Foster ; music by Jimi Foster. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Summers, Herb. Brooklyn Dodgers Scrapbooks : scrapbooks, 1943-1950 National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Metcalf, George R., 1914-. George R. Metcalf papers, 1956-1971. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Arthur Mann Papers, 1901-1969, (bulk 1945-1962) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Kahn, Roger, 1927-. Roger Kahn Papers : papers 1936-2004. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Dannay, Frederic, 1905-1982. Papers, ca.1920-1982. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Dial, Walter, 1931-. Interview with Walter Dial [electronic resource] 2004 May 12 / interviewer: Hope Murphy ; transcriber: Adele Barnes. University of North Carolina, Charlotte, J. Murrey Atkins Library
referencedIn Harlem Branch YMCA. Harlem YMCA photographs, 1920s-1970s (bulk 1940s-1960s). University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Donovan, Jack. [Jackie Robinson Scrapbook : c1947-1972, (bulk 1947-1956) / compiled by Jack Donovan.] National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Behn, Robert D. Branch Rickey as a public manager: fulfilling the eight responsibilities of public management, 1997 / Robert D. Behn. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Brewster, Joshua. Jackie Robinson : typescript, 1996, May 3 : first black in Major League Baseball / Joshua Brewster, Eric Fiske, Michael Ormsby. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Rickey, Branch, 1881-1965. Papers of Branch Rickey, 1890-1969 (bulk 1936-1965) Library of Congress
creatorOf Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972. Jackie Robinson papers, 1934-2001 (bulk 1947-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Davis, Grace. Grace Davis collection, 1948-1969 Western Michigan University, Dwight B. Waldo Library
referencedIn [Player file : Robinson, Jack Roosevelt, 1947- / compiled by the National Baseball Hall of Fame Library, Cooperstown, N.Y.]. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Frederic Dannay Papers, ca.1920-1982. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Mann, Arthur, 1901-1963. Papers of Arthur Mann, 1901-1969 (bulk 1945-1962). Library of Congress
referencedIn Jackie Robinson Foundation. Copy of Jackie Robinson Papers : papers 1937-1989. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
creatorOf Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972. Letter, 1972, July 21. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn International Ladies Garment Workers Union. Charles S. Zimmerman papers, 1919-1958 [bulk 1920-1945]. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Lamb, Chris. October 23, 1945 : the beginning of integration in baseball : typescript, 1996 / Chris Lamb, Marc Bona. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
creatorOf White House Central Files (Eisenhower Administration). 1953 - 1961. Official Files. 1953 - 1961. OF 142-A-5-A Negro Matters - Colored Question, Integration Program for Public Schools, Colleges and Universities, Little Rock School Integration, Gov. Faubus' Use of National Guard (6). 1957 - 1957. Telegram from Jackie Robinson to E. Frederick Morrow
creatorOf Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972. Letter, 1952 May 20 : to Mr. George McGullough. Temple University, Blockson Afro-American History Collection
referencedIn Records of the Army Staff. 1903 - 2009. Official Military Personnel Files. 1912 - 1998. General Court Martial Orders Number 130, Headquarters XXII Corps
creatorOf Rowan, Carl Thomas. Papers, 1946-1992. Oberlin College Library
referencedIn Bloeser, Kurt Unknown. Kurt Bloeser Comic Book Collection comic books 3 1901-2006 1941-2006. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn McDaniel, Ted F. [Ted F. McDaniel's review of Bill Roeder's Jackie Robinson]. Cleveland Public Library, Main Library
referencedIn Rickey, Branch, 1881-1965. Branch Rickey papers, 1890-1969 (bulk 1936-1965) Library of Congress
creatorOf Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972. Letter, 1957, January 14. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [FEB. 16]
referencedIn Pre-Presidential Papers of Richard M. Nixon. 1946 - 1963. General Correspondence
referencedIn Brooklyn Dodgers photographs, 1949-1956 Brooklyn Historical Society
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 13
referencedIn The Jackie Robinson story : screenplay, [1950]. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
creatorOf Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972. Letter, 1945, October 31. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Murray, Pauli, 1910-1985. Papers: Series IV, 1926-1985 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn American Committee on Africa. Archives 1948-1988. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
creatorOf National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Audio materials, 1956-1977 [sound recording]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Schmidt, Ed. (Edward T.). Mr. Rickey calls a meeting : script, 1990, March / by Ed Schmidt. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. NBHOF Scrapbook : scrapbook, 1962 - 1963. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAR. 3]
creatorOf Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972. Letters, 1952-1955. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
creatorOf Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1959-1972. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn George R. Metcalf papers, 1956-1971 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn [Jackie Robinson ephemera]. Cleveland Public Library, Main Library
referencedIn Meany, Tom 1903 - 1964. Tom Meany Scorebooks : scorebook 1947 - 1963. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [AUG. 3]
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Southern Elections Fund. Papers, 1965-1975 of the Fund and of the chairman of the Board of Trustees, Julian Bond [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Robert F. Kennedy Papers. 1937 - 6/6/1968. Robert F. Kennedy Papers: Attorney General Papers: General Correspondence. 1961 - 1964. Robert F. Kennedy Papers: Attorney General Papers: General Correspondence: Robins - Robling. 1/20/1961 - 8/1964. Jackie Robinson Letter to Robert F. Kennedy May 29, 1961
referencedIn Stone, Martin. [Martin Stone's Jackie Robinson file : correspondence and miscellaneous papers about baseball star Jackie Robinson and the Jackie Robinson Foundation, 1963-1987]. Cleveland Public Library, Main Library
referencedIn Harris, Mark, 1922-2007. Mark Harris Papers : papers 1958-1998. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
creatorOf Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972. Letter, 1954, October 11. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Photographs Documenting the 1964 Republican Convention in San Francisco, California
referencedIn Newspaper Collection : papers 1886-2007. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Lamb, Chris. As different as black and white : typescript, 1996 : media coverage of Jackie Robinson's first spring training / Chris Lamb, Glen Bleske, Marc Bona. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Harlem YMCA photographs., 1920s-1970s., (bulk 1940s-1960s) University of Minnesota. Kautz Family YMCA Archives. [ymca]
referencedIn Papers, 1827-1985 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn George S. Schuyler Papers, 1912-1976. Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Peter Simon Photographic Archive 2009-118., 1964-1995 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [FEB. 15]
referencedIn Letter, 1955, October 7. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Humphrey for President Committee. Wisconsin. Records, 1956-1960. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [DEC. 21]
creatorOf Milgram, Morris 1916-. Morris Milgram papers 1923-1994, undated Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. Letters to John Carr Rogers, [manuscript], 1971-1972. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Chuck Stone Papers, 1931-2007 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Branch Rickey Papers, 1890-1969, (bulk 1936-1965) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Jackie Robinson Papers, 1934-2001, (bulk 1947-1987) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf White House Central Files (Eisenhower Administration). 1953 - 1961. Official Files. 1953 - 1961. Negro Matters - Colored Question (6). 1957 - 1958. Letter from Jackie Robinson to President Eisenhower of May 13, 1958
referencedIn Fellowship Commission. Photographs, 1946-1985 (Inclusive Dates). Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Brush, Bob. The first: typescript, 1981. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn HOF Correspondence Collection : letters. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn McLendon, Gordon B., 1921-1986. Papers, 1917-1978, 1952-1978. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 65
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith African-American Students Federation. corporateBody
associatedWith African American Students Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Ahernathy, Peggy, person
associatedWith American Committee on Africa. corporateBody
associatedWith American Committee on Africa. corporateBody
correspondedWith Bavasi, Buzzie person
associatedWith Behn, Robert D. person
associatedWith Bloeser, Kurt Unknown person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Brewster, Joshua. person
associatedWith Brooklyn Dodgers (Baseball team) corporateBody
memberOf Brooklyn Dodgers (Baseball team) corporateBody
associatedWith Brush, Bob. person
associatedWith Cable, Dale. person
correspondedWith Campanella, Roy, 1921-1993 person
correspondedWith Chandler, Happy, 1898- person
correspondedWith Chandler, Happy, 1898- person
employeeOf Chock Full O'Nuts. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Dannay, Frederic, 1905-1982. person
associatedWith Davis, Grace. person
associatedWith De Jongh, James. person
associatedWith Dial, Walter, 1931- person
associatedWith Donovan, Jack. person
correspondedWith Dressen, Charles person
correspondedWith Duckett, Alfred person
associatedWith Fellowship Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Freedom National Bank (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Goldwater, Barry M. (Barry Morris), 1909-1998. person
associatedWith Harlem Branch YMCA. corporateBody
associatedWith Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986. person
associatedWith Harris, Mark, 1922-2007. person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Humphrey for President Committee. Wisconsin. corporateBody
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978. person
associatedWith Jackie Robinson Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973. person
associatedWith Jules Tygiel, 1949-2008. person
associatedWith Kahn, Roger, 1927- person
memberOf Kansas City Monarchs (Baseball team) corporateBody
associatedWith Keating, Kenneth B. (Kenneth Barnard), 1900-1975. person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
associatedWith Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968. person
associatedWith Lamb, Chris. person
associatedWith Mann, Arthur, 1901-1963. person
correspondedWith Mann, Arthur (Arthur William), 1901- person
associatedWith McCain, James T. person
associatedWith McDaniel, Ted F. person
associatedWith McGullough, George, person
associatedWith McLendon, Gordon B., 1921-1986. person
associatedWith Meany, Tom 1903 - 1964. person
associatedWith Metcalf, George R., 1914- person
associatedWith Milgram, Morris 1916- person
associatedWith Murray, Pauli, 1910-1985. person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
associatedWith National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Giants (Baseball team) corporateBody
correspondedWith Norton, Ralph person
correspondedWith Norton, Ralph person
correspondedWith O'Malley, Walter F. (Walter Frank), 1903-1979 person
associatedWith Pauli Murray, 1910-1985 person
associatedWith Powell, Adam Clayton, 1908-1972. person
correspondedWith Reichler, Joseph L., 1915- person
associatedWith Rickey, Branch, 1881-1965. person
associatedWith Robinson, Rachel. person
associatedWith Robinson, Rachel, 1922- person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979. person
associatedWith Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. person
associatedWith Rowan, Carl T. (Carl Thomas), 1925-2000. person
associatedWith Schmidt, Ed. (Edward T.). person
associatedWith Schuyler, George Samuel, 1895- person
associatedWith Simon, Peter person
associatedWith Smith, Wendell, 1914-1972, person
associatedWith Southern Christian Leadership Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Elections Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Stone, Chuck person
associatedWith Stone, Chuck person
associatedWith Stoneham, Horace, person
associatedWith Sukeforth, Clyde, person
associatedWith Summers, Herb. person
associatedWith United Press International. corporateBody
memberOf United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf University of California, Los Angeles corporateBody
associatedWith Weston, M. Moran, 1910- person
associatedWith Wilbur, Kay, person
associatedWith X, Malcolm, 1925-1965. person
associatedWith Zimmerman, Charles S. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cairo GA US
United States 00 US
Stamford CT US
Subject
Baseball
Business
African Americans--Economic conditions
Civil rights movement
Mass media
Race discrimination
African Americans
Retirement
Occupation
Executives
Civil rights leaders
Baseball players
Function

Person

Birth 1919-01-31

Death 1972-10-24

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w62p5r7g

SNAC ID: 83551627