United press internationalAlternative names
United Press International is a major news service. It was founded in 1907 by E. W. Scripps as United Press and merged in 1958 with International News Service, which had been established by William Randolph Hearst in 1909. The service, which is distributed worldwide, is headquartered in New York.
From the description of Press files, ca.1970-1985. (Florida State Archive). WorldCat record id: 32413400
E. W. Scripps started the United Press Association in 1907, by combining three regional news services. Under General Manager Roy Howard, the UP became the first North American news agency to serve newspapers around the globe. It established European bureaus. It merged with International News Services (founded by Randolph Hearst) to become UPI in 1958. UPI struggled through revolving ownerships and bankruptcies durng the 1980s and 1990s. Today UPI distributes news to media outlets, businesses, governments, and researchers. They are headquartered in Washington, D.C. The following are "firsts" accomplished by UPI:
- 1932 -- Emphasizes the "byline" story
- 1935 -- First news service for radio
- 1945 -- First all-sports wire
- 1952 -- International TV news film service launched
- 1973 -- UPI Cable Newswire launched
- 1981 -- First satellite data transmission by any news agency
- 1984 -- First customized news selection services for broadcasters and newspapers
- 1990s-- First news wire on BBS systems and World Wide Web
- 2001 -- Deploys multi-lingual "virtual newsroom" independent of physical location
- 2002 -- First multi-lingual news industry taxonomy
From the guide to the United Press International : Santa Fe Office Collection, 1947-1990, (Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.)
The Brooklyn Dodgers were a baseball team based in Brooklyn and founded in 1883. Between 1883 and 1931, the team that would become the Brooklyn Dodgers went through numerous monikers including the Bridegrooms, the Superbas, the Robins, and the Trolley Dodgers--purportedly coined for Brooklynites ability to dodge the dangerous streetcars in Brooklyn. In 1913, the team moved to a new home field, Ebbets Field, and the next year hired Manager Wilbert Robinson (hence the name the Brooklyn Robins) who would become the winningest manager in the teams' history. After 18 years at the helm, Robinson retired as manager in 1931. The following year, in 1932, the team officially became the Brooklyn Dodgers and remained so until the end of 1957 season, when the team was moved to Los Angeles.
Throughout the teams' history, under various names, the team won the National League Pennant nine times between 1916 to 1957. The Brooklyn Dodgers also made history by being the first team to sign a black player into the modern major leagues--Jackie Robinson. Originally signed to the Dodgers minor league team, the Montreal Royals, in October of 1945, Robinson was brought up to the majors in 1947, where he subsequently earned the Rookie of the Year award that same year. Although the team played in the World Series nine times, they won the World Series only once in 1955. Regardless, the teams' fans were nearly as renowned at the team itself, known for their antics and loyalty. In 1958, the Brooklyn Dodgers became the Los Angeles Dodgers. Ebbets Field was demolished in 1960.
- Weinstein, Stephen. "Brooklyn Dodgers." In The Encyclopedia of New York City, edited by Kenneth T. Jackson, 155-156. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press; New York: New-York Historical Society, 1995.
- Los Angeles Dodgers. "Timeline." Accessed July 28, 2011. http://losangeles.dodgers.mlb.com/la/history/timeline.jsp
From the guide to the Brooklyn Dodgers photographs, 1949-1956, (Brooklyn Historical Society)
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)|
|Baseball teams--New York (State)--Kings County|
|Baseball--New York (State)--Kings County|
|Criminal justice, Administration of|
|Universities and colleges|
|Baseball players--United States|
|African American baseball players|
|Baseball fans--New York (State)--New York|