Suspected radical propaganda file, [ca. 1890-1919].
There are 107 Entities related to this resource.
Victor Luitpold Berger (February 28, 1860 – August 7, 1929) was an Austrian American socialist politician and journalist who was a founding member of the Social Democratic Party of America and its successor, the Socialist Party of America. Born in the Austrian Empire, Berger immigrated to the United States as a young man and became an important and influential socialist journalist in Wisconsin. He helped establish the so-called Sewer Socialist movement. Also a politician, in 1910, he was elected...
In the summer of 1916 Van Kleek Allison, a Fabian socialist agitator, was arrested for distributing family planning pamphlets to workers at Boston's North End Candy factory. A group of citizens, known as the Allison Defense Committee, formed in his support (Allison was sentenced to two months in prison in 1917). By August 1916 the group was sufficiently organized to vote to change its name to the Birth Control League, although beginning with the October 30, 1916 minutes, the group referred to it...
Florence Kelley (A.B., Cornell, 1882) was born in Philadelphia. In 1884 she married Lazare Wischnewetzky; they had three children. In 1891 Kelley divorced him, reclaimed her maiden name, and became a resident of Chicago's Hull-House. In 1892 the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics hired her to investigate the "sweating" system in the garment industry and the federal commissioner of labor asked her to participate in a survey of city slums. Illinois Governor John Peter Altgeld later...
Eugene Victor "Gene" Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American socialist, political activist, trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States. Through his presidential candidacies as well as his work with labor movements, Debs eventually became one of the best-known socialists living in the United States. Early in his political career, Debs...
Upton Sinclair was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1878. Sinclair was an American author, novelist, journalist, and political activist who wrote many books in several genres. He is most well-known for his exposé, The Jungle regarding conditions in Chicago's meat packing plants, which influenced the passage of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906. Much of Sinclair's writing was related to the economic and social conditions of the early twentieth century. He was heavily in...
Emma Goldman (1869-1940) was an anarchist, feminist, author, editor, and lecturer on politics, literature and the arts. She was born in Lithuania and died in Canada. Her lectures and publications attracted attention throughout the U.S. and Europe. She was associated with the anarchist journal Mother Earth from 1906 to 1917 and was imprisoned for publicly advocating birth control in 1916 and pacifism in 1917. In 1919 she was deported to Russia but had to leave because of her criticism of the Bols...
David Fulton Karsner (1889-1941) was an American journalist and biographer. After working on newspapers in Chicago, Philadelphia and New York City, he became managing editor of the socialist newspaper The New York Call. He wrote books about his associate Eugene V. Debs, the socialist leader and presidential candidate, and biographies of Andrew Jackson and others. From the guide to the David Fulton Karsner papers, 1912-1929, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Divis...
Jack London was born in San Francisco January 12, 1876. He led an adventurous life, only beginning his career as an author in the 1890s. He wrote short stories, serials, essays, articles, verse and novels. He died November 22, 1916 in Sonoma County, CA. From the description of Jack London papers, 1897-1916. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122387554 American novelist and short story writer. From the description of Chronometer method [navigational documents] [1907?]...
Author and philosopher. From the description of Letter of Karl Marx, 1873. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79454371 Born 1818 in Trier, Prussia; studied at the University of Bonn, 1835-1836, and the University of Berlin, 1836-1841; contributor to and editor of the Cologne liberal democratic newspaper, the Rheinische Zeitung , 1842; following marriage to Jenny von Westphalen, moved to Paris, where he became a revolutionary and communist; co-editor, with Arnold Ruge, of a new r...
There are over ninety local leagues of the State League of Women Voters throughout New York State, these local leagues represent nearly all of the counties of the state. From the description of Local League Collection, 1972-current. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122519597 BIOGHIST REQUIRED The League was originally formed as an auxiliary to the National American Woman Suffrage Association. From the guide to the League of Women Voters of New York State Records, 1...
Kate Richards O'Hare was born on Mar. 26, 1876 to Andrew and Lucy Richards, Kansas farmers devastated by the depression of the 1870s. In 1895, Kate was introduced to socialism by Eugene Debs, and later met Mother Jones and other socialists in Kansas City, where she lived. Kate joined the Socialist Labor Party in 1899, which she left in 1901 to help found the Socialist Party of America. She married fellow socialist Frank P. O'Hare in 1902. A socialist leader, she spoke across America against WWI ...
Herbert Clark Hoover (b. August 10, 1874, Iowa-d. October 20, 1964), thirty-first president of the United States, was born in Iowa, and was orphaned as a child. A Quaker known from his childhood as "Bert" to his friends, he began a career as a mining engineer soon after graduating from Stanford University in 1895. Within twenty years he had used his engineering knowledge and business acumen to make a fortune as an independent mining consultant. In 1914 Hoover administered the American Relief Com...
Although classical, including Etruscan, collections had been donated to the University of Pennsylvania Museum since the early 1890's it was in 1896 that Dr. William Pepper as President of the Museum’s Board of Managers and Sara Yorke Stevenson as Secretary of the Museum and Mediterranean Section Curator formally authorized excavations in Italy and the acquisition of Etruscan tomb groups, as well as individual objects, for the Museum. Professor Arthur L. Frothingham of Princeton, the...
Vilhjalmur Stefansson was born on November 3, 1879 in Arnes, Manitoba, Canada. He attended the University of North Dakota from 1897-1902. He was voted the best orator in 1900, and also worked for the school newspaper. In 1930 he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree, only the third such degree awarded. He then transferred to the University of Iowa and graduated in 1903 with a degree from the School of Liberal Arts. He next enrolled at Harvard, graduating with a Master of Arts degree in 1...
British socialist, author. From the description of Reminiscences of John Spargo : oral history, 1950. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309739101 John Spargo was an author and social activist, perhaps best known for his exposé, The Bitter Cry of Children. Born in Cornwall, he apprenticed with a stonecutter and became a lay Methodist minister; he was also an active Socialist in England before emigrating to the United States in 1901, where he ...
Born in Zamość, Russian Poland 1871, died in Berlin 1919; socialist theorist, journalist and agitator; joined the revolutionary socialist group ÌI. Proletarjat' as a schoolgirl in Warsaw in 1887 and had to emigrate in 1889; studied sciences and economics in Zurich; cofounder of the Socjaldemokracja Królestwa Polskiego (i Litwy) (SDKP) in 1894, which she represented in the International Socialist Bureau (ISB) 1904-1914; participated in the Russian Revolution 1905/06; active in the Sozialdemok...
Politician, labor organizer and journalist. Editor of "The Oklahoma Leader", "The American Guardian", "The Illinois Miner". Born in Germany, Aug. 04, 1870. Died Nov. 05, 1943. From the description of Oscar Ameringer papers, 1909-1970, (bulk 1909-1943). (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record id: 32320790 These research materials were compiled by George Marshall, a socialist sympathizer who earned a PhD in labor economics at Colum...
American rabbi and communal leader. From the description of Papers, 1910-1918. (Brandeis University Library). WorldCat record id: 46611785 From the description of Correspondence and reports, 1909-1921 [microform]. (Brandeis University Library). WorldCat record id: 47747245 From the description of Correspondence and reports, 1912-1919 [microform]. (Brandeis University Library). WorldCat record id: 47734929 From the description of Correspondence and printed m...
James Montgomery Beck, U.S. District Attorney of Philadelphia and Solicitor General of the United States, was also an amateur Shakespearian. From the description of Letters to Horace Howard Furness and Horace Howard Furness, Jr., 1911-1929. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155868022 James Montgomery Beck was born in Philadelphia on July 9, 1861. Raised in a Moravian home, he graduated from the Moravian College and Theological Seminary in...
British union leader, politician. Served three short terms as the leader of the Labour Party from 1908-1910, 1914-1917, and 1931-1932. From the description of Arthur Henderson letter to W. Orton Tewson [manuscript], 1916 June 6. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 420487348 ...
John Downey Works, born 29 March 1847 in Indiana, served in the Civil War and in 1868 was admitted to the Indiana bar. He served one term in the Indiana House of Representatives before moving to southern California as a result of bad health. Works served as a superior court judge in San Diego County (1886-1887) and as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of California (1888-1891). In 1911, he was nominated for U.S. Senator by the Progressive Republicans of the Lincoln-Roosevelt Le...
Charles Wallace Collins was born in 1879 in Gallion, Alabama, but lived most of his life at Harmony Hall, an eighteenth-century house in Prince George's County, Maryland. During this time he was working in Washington, DC, as an attorney specializing in banking law, a librarian at the Library of Congress, and in high-ranking positions in the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency. In 1933, Collins married Sue Steele Spencer, another Alabama native, born in 1895. Though...
American socialist leader. From the description of Morris Hillquit miscellanea, 1924-1934. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754871697 Morris Hillquit (1896-1933) was a socialist leader, lawyer, author and prominent theoretician of the Socialist Pary. He ran twice for mayor of New York City and five times for the House of Representatives, always unsuccessfully. From the guide to the Morris Hillquit Papers, 1906-1959, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives) ...
Radical professor; socialist; pacifist during World War I era; author and lecturer; leader of "back-to-the-earth" movement. From the description of Papers, 1943-1988. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 20061606 American sociologist. From the description of Letter [manuscript] : Toledo, Ohio, to Eckstein Case, Cleveland, Ohio, 1917 April 18. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647806119 Scott Nearing began his career as a t...
Author and journalist. From the description of Papers of Charles Edward Russell, 1864-1941 (bulk 1900-1930). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80347779 Journalist, author, poet, and political activist; won the Pulitzer Prize in 1930 for his biography of Haym Solomon in the Revolution; a founder of the NAACP; socialist candidate for Governor of New York State, and U.S. President. From the description of Album, 1937-1940. (New York State Library). WorldCat record id: ...
During its investigation, the committee searched New York City headquarters of suspected radical organizations, collected testimony from individuals active in these organizations, and assisted in the prosecution of many individuals charged with criminal anarchy under several sections of the state's Penal Law, as part of its charge to investigate radical activity. The state's Attorney General served as the counsel to the committee and was very active during these investigations. From ...
American journalist; Chicago Daily News correspondent in Russia and Turkey, 1917-1919. From the description of Louis Edgar Browne papers, 1917-1956. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754869775 ...
Roving editor of Reader's Digest. From the description of Letters, 1945-1949. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145430278 Eastman, the brother of Crystal Eastman, translated Russian writings into English. From the description of Letter, 1968. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007545 Author. From the description of Papers, 1892-1968. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 40833141 From the description of Letters, 1943-1960....
The IWW is a labor organization dedicated to uniting laborers around the world into a single large union. From the description of Collection 1916-1939. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 778701431 Established in Chicago in 1905 by sponsors of socialism and the remnants of previous labor unions, including the Knights of Labor, Western Federation of Miners and the American Labor Union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), or "Wobblies", evolved into a radical industrial unio...
Congregational minister, educator, journalist, and socialist. One of the prime movers in founding the Rand School of Social Science. From the description of Papers, 1905-1922. (New York University). WorldCat record id: 17268928 American clergyman and lecturer; unofficial adviser to President Woodrow Wilson. From the description of George Davis Herron papers, 1916-1927. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754868095 One of the prime movers in the f...
George William Russell was an Irish poet, journalist, nationalist, mystic and painter, known by the pseudonym "AE". A theosophist, he was, with W.B. Yeats, a leader of the Irish Renaissance and a co-founder of Dublin's Abbey Theatre. He edited "Irish Homestead" (1906-1923) and the "Irish Statesman" (1923-1930). He published works on religion and Irish politics, as well as numerous books of verse. The University of Victoria Libraries Special Collections has a mandate to acquire literary papers. ...
Born in Moscow 1842, died in Dmitrov, near Moscow 1921; geographer, revolutionary and anarchist thinker; born into the Russian aristocracy; became an active revolutionary in 1872; lived in exile from 1876, from 1886 in Britain; founder of Le Révolté, contributor to Freedom, and author of many influential anarchist publications; in 1917 he returned to Russia. From the description of Archives. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84283335 Russian anarchist and writer. ...
Russian communist leader. From the description of Karl Radek letter, 1919, to Paul Levi. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754867789 Biographical/Historical Note Russian communist leader. From the guide to the Karl Radek letter to Paul Levi, 1919, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...
German socialist leader. From the description of Der demokratische Marxismus : zum vierzigsten Geburtstag der russischen Sozialdemokratie : typescript, 1938. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754870809 Born in Prague 1854, died in Amsterdam 1938; social democratic writer and Marxist theorist; joined Austrian social democracy in 1874 and worked as a journalist within the Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands (SAPD, from 1890 SPD) from 1879; in 1883 founder and editor of Die...
Epithet: journalist and writer British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001039.0x00006a ...
The Rand School of Social Science, a school for workers and socialists, was estalished in 1906 with funds from the will of Mrs. Carrie Rand under the leadership of George D. Herron. Until its closing in 1956, the Rand School offered a variety of courses on contemporary topics, traditional subjects and socialist theory taught by intellectual leaders of the socialist movement, distinguished academicians and trade union leaders. In a climate of anti-radical feeling after World War I, the Rand Schoo...
Charles C. Recht (1887-1965) was born in Bohemia to Jewish parents, emigrated to the United States at age thirteen, and graduated from New York University Law School in 1910. He served as general counsel for the New York Bureau of Legal Advice, which provided free legal service to men who resisted the new draft laws related to the entry of the United States into World War I. Recht also represented many radicals who faced deportation at that time, and later served as an officer of a Communist Par...
Biographical Sketch Austin Lewis was a lecturer, writer and attorney with law offices in San Francisco and Oakland. He devoted his career to so-called radical causes, such as the pardon of Tom Mooney and Warren K. Billings and the repeal of California's criminal syndicalism law, and to defense of civil liberties in general, usually involving persons with little or no money. He helped organize the Northern California Branch of the American Civ...
Professor of obstetrics, College of Physician and Surgeons of the Western District, University of the State of New York. From the description of Letter, undated : [Fairfield, New York]. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35663729 ...
American journalist and author. From the description of Typewritten letter signed, dated : Washington, D.C., 23 September 1960, to Joan Peyser, 1960 Sept. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270992594 Lippmann was an American journalist and author. From the description of Walter Lippmann letters to Hazel Albertson, 1910-1982. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612206746 From the guide to the Walter Lipmann letters to Hazel Albertson, 1910-1982., (H...
Robert Hunter was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, the son of William Robert and Caroline Fouts Hunter. Hunter graduated from Indiana University in 1896, and immediately embarked on a career in social work in Chicago. He traveled to London, England to study housing conditions and returned to Chicago briefly. He then went to New York where he became active in the fight against tuberculosis and child labor. He met and married heiress Caroline M. Phleps Stokes in 1903. He and his wife joined the Socia...
Lev Davidovich Bronstein[a] (7 November [O.S. 26 October] 1879 – 21 August 1940), better known as Leon Trotsky, was a Ukrainian revolutionary, political theorist and politician. Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism known as Trotskyism. Born to a wealthy Ukrainian-Jewish family in Yanovka (now Bereslavka), Trotsky embraced Marxism after moving to Nikolayev in 1896. In 1898, he was arrested for revolutionary activities and subsequently exiled to Siberia. He escaped from ...
Irwin St. John Tucker (1886-1982) was an Episcopal priest as well as a socialist and journalist. Tucker worked as a journalist for The Christian Socialist and Chicago Herald-American. At the time of his retirement from the Herald-American in 1954, Irwin Tucker was the paper's religion editor. He also contributed poetry, under the pseudonym Friar Tuck, to the Chicago Tribune. Tucker was also a former literature director for the American Socialist Party, and was active in socialist causes in Chica...
Epithet: French politician British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001191.0x000175 ...
Organizer for the United Mine Workers and later, the CIO. From the description of Oral history interview with Adolph Germer, 1960. (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record id: 32321347 Mr. Germer was born in Welan, Germany In 1881 and came to the United States in 1888. His father was a miner, and Adolph went to work in the coal mines of Staunton, Illinois, when he was eleven years old. He joined the United Mine Workers of America ...