Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925

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Congregational minister, educator, journalist, and socialist. One of the prime movers in founding the Rand School of Social Science.

From the description of Papers, 1905-1922. (New York University). WorldCat record id: 17268928

American clergyman and lecturer; unofficial adviser to President Woodrow Wilson.

From the description of George Davis Herron papers, 1916-1927. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754868095

One of the prime movers in the founding of the Rand School of Social Science was a Christian Socialist minister named George D. Herron (1862-1925). After attending Ripon College in Wisconsin, Herron served as pastor of the Congregational Church in Lake City, Minnesota, and the First Congregational Church in Burlington, Iowa. In 1890 he rose to prominence after delivering the address, "The Message of Jesus to Men of Wealth," to the Minnesota Congregational Club, identifying himself with the emerging Social Gospel movement, of which he was to become a leader. On of his parishioners was Mrs. E.D. Rand, who became close friends with Herron and in 1893 endowed for him a chair of Applied Christianity at Iowa College, now Grinnell College. Herron served on the faculty until 1900 when differences with university officials over his national advocacy of the social gospel led to his resignation.

Upon leaving the university, Herron worked to unify various socialist groupings into the Socialist Party, founded in 1901, and he was subsequently the author of the Party’s 1904 platform. Also in 1901, he divorced his wife and married the daughter of Mrs. E.D. Rand, Carrie Rand, principal of women at Iowa College, and along with her mother, a philanthropist dedicated to progressive causes. Mrs. E.D. Rand, who died in 1905, established a trust fund for causes dear to her, used by trustees Carrie (Rand) Herron and Morris Hillquit, a leader of the Socialist Party, to establish the Rand School of Social Science, so-named in her honor.

Adverse public reaction to George D. Herron’s divorce and his subsequent remarriage to Carrie Rand Herron had led the couple to move to Florence, Italy, where Carrie raised their two children and where she died in 1914, while Herron pursued an active writing and public speaking career until his death in 1925. With the outbreak of World War I, Herron broke with the pacifist wing of the socialist movement and relocated to Geneva because Switzerland was not a combatant state. He soon became employed by the U.S. State Department as a secret negotiator and an unofficial diplomatic adviser, keeping in close contact with British and American foreign offices. He worked with Colonel House, President Wilson’s close adviser, in Paris during the negotiations that led to the Versailles Treaty, and was one of the two Americans appointed by Wilson as delegates to the Prinkipo conference.

From the guide to the George D. Herron Papers, 1905-1922, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Robb, Ellis. Ellis Robb collection of Iowa autographs, 1893-1936. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Labadie, Jo, 1850-1933. Jo Labadie papers, 1880-1931. University of Michigan
referencedIn House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-2007 (inclusive), 1885-1938 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Richard T. Ely papers, 1812-1963 (bulk 1882-1939) Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Lloyd, Henry Demarest, 1847-1903. Papers, 1840-1937, 1977. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Guide to the Algernon Lee Papers, 1861-1954 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Anna Strunsky Walling papers, 1880-1968 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Traubel, Horace, 1858-1919. Horace Traubel and Anne Montgomerie Traubel papers, 1824-1979 (bulk 1883-1947). Library of Congress
referencedIn Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-2007, 1885-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949. Papers, 1872-1949 Houghton Library
creatorOf Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925. Papers, 1905-1922. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
referencedIn Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933. Papers, 1886-1944. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925. Address, 1896. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Ward, Lydia Avery Coonley, 1845-1924. Autographs collected and letters received by Lydia Avery Coonley Ward, 1705, 1785, 1848, 1861-1922 (bulk 1861-1922). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Guide to the Rand School of Social Science Records, 1905-1962 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Horace Traubel and Anne Montgomerie Traubel Papers, 1824-1979, (bulk 1883-1947) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Walling, Anna Strunsky, 1879-1964. Anna Strunsky Walling papers, 1880-1968 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Bingham, Charlotte. Letter, 1940 Nov. 27, [New York?] to Mitchell Kennerley [New York?] University of Michigan
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Suspected radical propaganda file, [ca. 1890-1919]. New York State Archives
creatorOf George D. Herron Papers, 1905-1922 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf George Davis Herron Papers, 1916-1927 Hoover Institution Archives
referencedIn Socialist collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Manny, Frank Addison, 1868-1954. Frank Addison Manny papers, 1890-1955. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf George D. Herron collection, 1891-1973 (bulk 1891-1903). Grinnell College. Burling Library
referencedIn Guide to the Algernon Lee Papers, 1861-1954 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Manny, Frank Addison, 1868-1954. Papers, 1890-1955 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925. Letter, 1917 Oct. 20, Rome, to Mitchell Kennerley [New York?]. University of Michigan
referencedIn Walling, Anna Strunsky, 1879-1964. Anna Strunsky Walling papers, 1880-1968 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Briggs, Mitchell Pirie,. Mitchell Pirie Briggs collection, 1918-1930. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Mitchell Pirie Briggs collection, 1918-1930 Hoover Institution Archives
creatorOf Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925. Letter to Editor. Burlington, IA. 1892 May 14. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925. George Davis Herron papers, 1916-1927. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bingham, Charlotte. person
associatedWith Briggs, Mitchell Pirie, person
associatedWith Briggs, Mitchell Pirie, collector. person
associatedWith Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926. person
associatedWith Ely, Richard Theodore, 1854-1943. person
associatedWith Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933. person
associatedWith House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. person
associatedWith Kennerley, Mitchell, 1878-1950. person
associatedWith Labadie, Jo, 1850-1933. person
associatedWith League of Nations. corporateBody
associatedWith Lee, Algernon. person
associatedWith Lloyd, Henry Demarest, 1847-1903. person
associatedWith Manny, Frank Addison, 1868-1954. person
associatedWith New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. corporateBody
associatedWith Paris Peace Conference (1919-1920) corporateBody
associatedWith Rand School of Social Science. corporateBody
associatedWith Robb, Ellis. person
associatedWith Strobell, George H. person
associatedWith Strobell, George H. person
correspondedWith Traubel, Anne Montgomerie, 1864-1954 person
correspondedWith Traubel, Horace, 1858-1919. person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Walling, Anna Strunsky, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Ward, Lydia Avery Coonley, 1845-1924. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
Germany
United States
Germany
Subject
Socialism--United States
Socialism and religion
Prisoners of war
Peace
League of Nations
World War, 1914-1918--Germany
World War, 1914-1918--Peace
World War, 1914-1918--United States
World War, 1914-1918--Territorial questions
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918--Prisoners and prisons
Socialism
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1862

Death 1925

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 18074306