Rand School of Social Science

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The Rand School of Social Science, a school for workers and socialists, was estalished in 1906 with funds from the will of Mrs. Carrie Rand under the leadership of George D. Herron. Until its closing in 1956, the Rand School offered a variety of courses on contemporary topics, traditional subjects and socialist theory taught by intellectual leaders of the socialist movement, distinguished academicians and trade union leaders. In a climate of anti-radical feeling after World War I, the Rand School came under attack by the Lusk Committee, which was created to investigate radical activities in New York. After a series of court cases in which the Rand School retained control of its operations, programs and enrollment increased. The school was reorganized in the late 1930's, and study areas and programs were extended. Shortly after World War II, courses and enrollement decreased sharply. Financial problems, the decline of American socialism and the threat of McCarthyism were significant contributors. In January 1956 the Board of Directors of the American Socialist Society closed the Rand School and transferred the title of the "People's House" to the People's Educational Camp Society.

From the description of Records, 1905-1962. (New York University). WorldCat record id: 17269016

The Rand School of Social Science was undoubtedly one of the most important schools for workers and socialists in modern American history. Established in 1906 with funds from the will of Mrs. Carrie Rand and with the able leadership of George D. Herron, the Rand School provided working men and women with an opportunity to continue their education. Its governing body was the American Socialist Society (ASS), incorporated in 1901, whose purposes were "to...study and discuss social and political science and to expound the theories of modern socialism by lectures and publication." Board members of the ASS included Charles Beard, Morris Hillquit, Harry Laidler, Algernon Lee, John Spargo, and secretary W.J. Ghent. Over the next 50 years, a variety of Rand School courses on many contemporary topics, traditional subjects, and socialist theory were taught by intellectual leaders of the socialist movement, distinguished academicians, and trade union leaders.

During its early years from 1906 to 1922, the Rand School was supported by funds from the Socialist Party, the People's Educational Camp Society (Camp Tamiment), trade unions, the Workmen's Circle, the Jewish Forward Association, and the Rand School Bookstore. Most of the courses offered during this period pertained to socialist theory, economics, economic history, American history, literature, and other traditional subjects. Among the members of the Rand School faculty at this time were such luminaries as Scott Nearing, Charles Beard, James Harvey Robinson, Algernon Lee, and Bertha Howell Mailly.

By 1917 the Rand School had outgrown its original offices and classrooms in New York City's Greenwich Village and, in the fall of that year, purchased a six story building at 7 East 15th Street that had been vacated by the Young Women's Christian Association. This new building, named the "People's House" after a socialist center in Brussels, Belgium, had an auditorium, a library, spacious classrooms, and office space which was utilized by several socialist organizations as well as the Rand School staff. This building served as the headquarters of the Rand School until it closed in 1956.

The growth of the Rand School and the increased strength of the socialist movement contributed to the climate of anti radical hysteria that prevailed in New York and other parts of the country following World War I. In 1919, the New York State Assembly appointed a special Committee investigate radical activities in the state, including the Rand School. Under the chairmanship of State Senator Clayton R. Lusk, this committee engaged in a campaign of harassment against the Rand School and its administrative board, the American Socialist Society. During the course of three years, the Lusk Committee conducted a raid on the Rand School offices, confiscated Rand School property, and attempted to close the school by court ordered injunction. Through a series of court cases in 1920 and 1922 ( United States of America vs. American Socialist Society and Scott Nearing; The People of the State of New York vs. American Socialist Society ), the Rand School was able to successfully counteract the Lusk Committee and retain control over its operations.

Following the debacle with the Lusk Committee, the Rand School entered into a period of expanded course offerings, special educational programs, and increased student enrollment. One of the most prevalent areas of expansion in the Rand School from the early 1920s until the mid 1940s was course offerings. During this period, the Rand School curriculum shifted from its parochial attachment to socialist instruction to a wide range of courses in the areas of child development, trade union policies, education, home economics, music, art, Russian studies, juvenile delinquency, race relations, peace education, propaganda and public opinion, psychology, public speaking, social work, supervision, and youth leadership. Some of the more notable instructors for these courses were Charles Beard, Franz Boas, Marc Connolly, Stephen Vincent Benet, Bertrand Russell, and August Claessens.

In addition to these expanded course offerings, the Rand School also provided many special educational programs. one of the most popular programs implemented by the Rand School was the correspondence courses. First organized prior to World War I. the correspondence course program was refined and expanded during the 1920s. Most of the course offerings pertained to socialist theory, but there were also courses in trade unionism, economics, social problems, and government as well. Another well attended special program was the Trade Union Institute. This program was first offered in the mid 1920s as the Workers' Training Course and later revised at the Trade Union Institute during the 1936 1937 academic year. The Institute offered courses in union organizing, contemporary labor problems, labor management relations, labor history, parliamentary procedure, and public speaking. During the 1940s and early 1950s, the Trade Union Institute was one of the most vital components of the Rand School curriculum.

When the Rand School was re organized in the late 1930s, special education programs were offered for the first time in select professional areas of study. Some of these programs included review courses for the certified public accountant's examination, teacher in service credit courses and coaching courses, and courses for social workers and employment counselors. During this same period, the Rand School administration also established the following programs: (1) a Rand High School division which was designed to supplement the regular studies of high school students (1935-1936); (2) a political training course for members of the Social Democratic Federation and the American Labor Party (1937-1939); (3) the Newark School of Social Science which featured socialist, trade union, and contemporary issue courses and lectures for workers living in New Jersey (1937-1940); and (4) the Rand School in Northern New Jersey which superceded the Newark School and offered similar courses (1947-1949).

Besides its special education programs, the Rand School also sponsored numerous lectures, forums, and conferences on a variety of socialist and labor subjects. Some of the most interesting events of this nature were the 1931 forum on current events with Charles Edward Russell and Norman Thomas among the quest speakers; the 1932 United Youth Conference Against War; the 1941 symposium on America's role in World War II with Alfred Baker Lewis, August Claessens, and Gerhart Seger among the guest speakers; the 1941 conference on war aims and the postwar world with Alexander Kerensky, Matthew Woll, and Bertrand Russell among the guest speakers; the 1943 panel discussion on the validity of socialism with Sidney Hook, Max Eastman, and John Chamberlain among the guest speakers; and the 1944 lecture series on contemporary "prophets" with Max Ascoli, Mark Starr, Raphael Abramovitch, and Sidney Hook among the guest lecturers. As a means of helping to raise funds for the perpetually debt ridden institution, the Rand School staff also sponsored annual benefits at the metropolitan Opera House and produced occasional plays through the Rand Playhouse in the 1930s and the Labor Theatre in the early 1950s.

During its most active period, the Rand School operated a book store which contained many traditional and contemporary works on socialism, American and European labor, politics, sociology, and economics. The Rand School also maintained several research operations, including the Labor Research Department, the American Labor Archive and Research Institute, and the Institute of Social Studies. These research and information services published such works as The American Labor Year Book (1916-1932), The American Labor Who's Who (1925), the American Labor Press Directory (1925), and the Index to Labor Articles (1926-1953) .

Another important adjunct of the activities of the Rand School was the library. Initially begun with gifts from students, teachers, alumni, and many socialist and labor supporters, the Meyer London Memorial Library (later known as the Tamiment Library), named after the famous New York City congressman, became well known for its manuscript collections, books, pamphlets, magazines, and newspapers pertaining to socialism, communism, and organized labor.

Shortly after World War II, the Rand School suffered a sharp decrease in both enrollment and course offerings. Recurring financial problems, the decline of American socialism in general, and the haunting specter of McCarthyism contributed significantly to this predicament. By the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Rand School offered only a few courses in addition to its relatively successful labor management relations program. Finally, in January 1956, the Board of Directors of the American Socialist Society closed the Rand School and transferred the title of the "People's House" to the People's Educational Camp Society (aka PECS, the governing body of Camp Tamiment, which had provided the bulk of the funding for the Rand School for many years), which reopened the School's library in 1958 as the Tamiment Institute Library, under the auspices of the Tamiment Institute, the educational arm of Camp Tamiment. In 1963, Camp Tamiment, now a successful resort, lost its tax-exempt status as an educational institution, and the Library was donated to New York University as part of the settlement between PECS and the Internal Revenue Service.

From the guide to the Rand School of Social Science Records, 1905-1962, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)

The Rand School of Social Science was undoubtedly one of the most important schools for workers and socialists in modern American history. Established in 1906 with funds from the will of Mrs. Carrie Rand and with the able leadership of George D. Herron, the Rand School provided working men and women with an opportunity to continue their education. Its governing body was the American Socialist Society (ASS), incorporated in 1901, whose purposes were "to...study and discuss social and political science and to expound the theories of modern socialism by lectures and publication." Board members of the ASS included Charles Beard, Morris Hillquit, Harry Laidler, Algernon Lee, John Spargo, and secretary W.J. Ghent. Over the next 50 years, a variety of Rand School courses on many contemporary topics, traditional subjects, and socialist theory were taught by intellectual leaders of the socialist movement, distinguished academicians, and trade union leaders.

During its early years from 1906 to 1922, the Rand School was supported by funds from the Socialist Party, the People's Educational Camp Society (Camp Tamiment), trade unions, the Workmen's Circle, the Jewish Forward Association, and the Rand School Bookstore. Most of the courses offered during this period pertained to socialist theory, economics, economic history, American history, literature, and other traditional subjects. Among the members of the Rand School faculty at this time were such luminaries as Scott Nearing, Charles Beard, James Harvey Robinson, Algernon Lee, and Bertha Howell Mailly.

By 1917 the Rand School had outgrown its original offices and classrooms in New York City's Greenwich Village and, in the fall of that year, purchased a six story building at 7 East 15th Street that had been vacated by the Young Women's Christian Association. This new building, named the "People's House" after a socialist center in Brussels, Belgium, had an auditorium, a library, spacious classrooms, and office space which was utilized by several socialist organizations as well as the Rand School staff. This building served as the headquarters of the Rand School until it closed in 1956.

The growth of the Rand School and the increased strength of the socialist movement contributed to the climate of anti radical hysteria that prevailed in New York and other parts of the country following World War I. In 1919, the New York State Assembly appointed a special Committee investigate radical activities in the state, including the Rand School. Under the chairmanship of State Senator Clayton R. Lusk, this committee engaged in a campaign of harassment against the Rand School and its administrative board, the American Socialist Society. During the course of three years, the Lusk Committee conducted a raid on the Rand School offices, confiscated Rand School property, and attempted to close the school by court ordered injunction. Through a series of court cases in 1920 and 1922 ( United States of America vs. American Socialist Society and Scott Nearing; The People of the State of New York vs. American Socialist Society ), the Rand School was able to successfully counteract the Lusk Committee and retain control over its operations.

Following the debacle with the Lusk Committee, the Rand School entered into a period of expanded course offerings, special educational programs, and increased student enrollment. One of the most prevalent areas of expansion in the Rand School from the early 1920s until the mid 1940s was course offerings. During this period, the Rand School curriculum shifted from its parochial attachment to socialist instruction to a wide range of courses in the areas of child development, trade union policies, education, home economics, music, art, Russian studies, juvenile delinquency, race relations, peace education, propaganda and public opinion, psychology, public speaking, social work, supervision, and youth leadership. Some of the more notable instructors for these courses were Charles Beard, Franz Boas, Marc Connolly, Stephen Vincent Benet, Bertrand Russell, and August Claessens.

In addition to these expanded course offerings, the Rand School also provided many special educational programs. one of the most popular programs implemented by the Rand School was the correspondence courses. First organized prior to World War I. the correspondence course program was refined and expanded during the 1920s. Most of the course offerings pertained to socialist theory, but there were also courses in trade unionism, economics, social problems, and government as well. Another well attended special program was the Trade Union Institute. This program was first offered in the mid 1920s as the Workers' Training Course and later revised at the Trade Union Institute during the 1936 1937 academic year. The Institute offered courses in union organizing, contemporary labor problems, labor management relations, labor history, parliamentary procedure, and public speaking. During the 1940s and early 1950s, the Trade Union Institute was one of the most vital components of the Rand School curriculum.

When the Rand School was re organized in the late 1930s, special education programs were offered for the first time in select professional areas of study. Some of these programs included review courses for the certified public accountant's examination, teacher in service credit courses and coaching courses, and courses for social workers and employment counselors. During this same period, the Rand School administration also established the following programs: (1) a Rand High School division which was designed to supplement the regular studies of high school students (1935-1936); (2) a political training course for members of the Social Democratic Federation and the American Labor Party (1937-1939); (3) the Newark School of Social Science which featured socialist, trade union, and contemporary issue courses and lectures for workers living in New Jersey (1937-1940); and (4) the Rand School in Northern New Jersey which superceded the Newark School and offered similar courses (1947-1949).

Besides its special education programs, the Rand School also sponsored numerous lectures, forums, and conferences on a variety of socialist and labor subjects. Some of the most interesting events of this nature were the 1931 forum on current events with Charles Edward Russell and Norman Thomas among the quest speakers; the 1932 United Youth Conference Against War; the 1941 symposium on America's role in World War II with Alfred Baker Lewis, August Claessens, and Gerhart Seger among the guest speakers; the 1941 conference on war aims and the postwar world with Alexander Kerensky, Matthew Woll, and Bertrand Russell among the guest speakers; the 1943 panel discussion on the validity of socialism with Sidney Hook, Max Eastman, and John Chamberlain among the guest speakers; and the 1944 lecture series on contemporary "prophets" with Max Ascoli, Mark Starr, Raphael Abramovitch, and Sidney Hook among the guest lecturers. As a means of helping to raise funds for the perpetually debt ridden institution, the Rand School staff also sponsored annual benefits at the metropolitan Opera House and produced occasional plays through the Rand Playhouse in the 1930s and the Labor Theatre in the early 1950s.

During its most active period, the Rand School operated a book store which contained many traditional and contemporary works on socialism, American and European labor, politics, sociology, and economics. The Rand School also maintained several research operations, including the Labor Research Department, the American Labor Archive and Research Institute, and the Institute of Social Studies. These research and information services published such works as The American Labor Year Book (1916-1932), The American Labor Who's Who (1925), the American Labor Press Directory (1925), and the Index to Labor Articles (1926-1953) .

Another important adjunct of the activities of the Rand School was the library. Initially begun with gifts from students, teachers, alumni, and many socialist and labor supporters, the Meyer London Memorial Library (later known as the Tamiment Library), named after the famous New York City congressman, became well known for its manuscript collections, books, pamphlets, magazines, and newspapers pertaining to socialism, communism, and organized labor.

Shortly after World War II, the Rand School suffered a sharp decrease in both enrollment and course offerings. Recurring financial problems, the decline of American socialism in general, and the haunting specter of McCarthyism contributed significantly to this predicament. By the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Rand School offered only a few courses in addition to its relatively successful labor management relations program. Finally, in January 1956, the Board of Directors of the American Socialist Society closed the Rand School and transferred the title of the "People's House" to the People's Educational Camp Society (aka PECS, the governing body of Camp Tamiment, which had provided the bulk of the funding for the Rand School for many years), which reopened the School's library in 1958 as the Tamiment Institute Library, under the auspices of the Tamiment Institute, the educational arm of Camp Tamiment. In 1963, Camp Tamiment, now a successful resort, lost its tax-exempt status as an educational institution, and the Library was donated to New York University as part of the settlement between PECS and the Internal Revenue Service.

From the guide to the Rand School of Social Science: Publications, 1914-1955, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn New Leader, Records, 1928-1960 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Socialist collections in the Tamiment Library, 1872-1956 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925. Papers, 1905-1922. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Mass meetings investigation files, 1918-1920. New York State Archives
referencedIn Shiplacoff, A. I. (Abraham Isaac), 1877-1946. Papers, 1895-1962 (bulk 1915-1934). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn August Claessens Papers, 1906-1963 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Savel Zimand correspondence, 1919-1920 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Investigation files, 1918-1920. New York State Archives
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 62 (New York, N.Y.). ILGWU. Local 62 correspondence, 1913-1976. Cornell University Library
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Suspected radical propaganda file, [ca. 1890-1919]. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Hearing testimony and executive session transcripts, 1919-1920. New York State Archives
creatorOf Rand School of Social Science. Records, 1905-1962. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
creatorOf Rand School of Social Science. [Pamphlets]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Guide to the Algernon Lee Papers, 1861-1954 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Algernon Lee Papers, 1861-1954 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the George N. Caylor Papers, 1903-1973 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf American Fund for Public Service. American Fund for Public Service records, 1922-1941. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Guide to the Tamiment Library Newspapers, 1873-2014 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf Guide to the Rand School of Social Science Records, 1905-1962 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Max Nomad Papers, 1902-1967 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933. Papers, 1886-1944. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Rand School seized files, 1913-1919. New York State Archives
creatorOf Cooperative League of the U.S.A. Cooperative League of the U.S.A. records, 1919-1926, bulk (1925-1926). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn International Ladies Garment Workers Union. Benjamin Schlesinger, President. Records, 1928-1932. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Cooperative League of the U.S.A. records, 1919-1926, 1925-1926 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933. Morris Hillquit papers, 1886-1948. [microform]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. New York Cloak Joint Board. ILGWU. New York Cloak Joint Board records, 1926-1973. Cornell University Library
referencedIn American Socialist Society. Records, 1905-1955. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
creatorOf Rand School of Social Science. Letter, 1929, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Rand School of Social Science: Publications, 1914-1955 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. President's Office. Benjamin Schlesinger presidential records, 1928-1932. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Rand School of Social Science.610/1:2 : Rand School of Social Science. [Rand School of Social Science : Pamphlet box.]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Caylor, George Nathan, 1885-1973. Papers, 1903-1973. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Guide to the Tamiment Library Poster and Broadside Collection, 1904-1991 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Legal papers relating to searches and prosecutions of suspected radical individuals and organizations, 1919-1920. New York State Archives
referencedIn George D. Herron Papers, 1905-1922 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Jacob Potofsky correspondence, 1930-1946, 1930-1940 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Nomad, Max. Papers, 1902-1967. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives,. Tamiment Library general photograph collection [graphic]. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Society of the Commonwealth Center. Minutes and reports, 1917-1943. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Rand School of Social Science. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1919-1931. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Claessens, August, 1885-1954. Papers, 1911-1955. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Guide to the Theodore Schapiro Papers and Photographs, 1913-1956 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Tamiment Institute. Records, 1926-1962. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
Tamiment Institute. Records, 1926-1962. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
referencedIn Max Nomad Papers, 1902-1967 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn ILGWU. New York Cloak Joint Board records, 1926-1973 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Educational Dept. Executive Secretary. ILGWU. Education Department. Fannia Cohn papers, 1918-1962. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Sergius Ingerman Photographs, 1880-1940 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn ILGWU. Local 62 correspondence, 1913-1976 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn American Fund for Public Service records, 1922-1941 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Herman Wolf Papers, undated, 1926-1981. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn ILGWU. Education Department. Fannia Cohn papers, 1918-1962 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Glueck, Sheldon, 1896-1990. Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Russian Soviet Bureau seized files, 1918-1919. New York State Archives
referencedIn New Leader records, 1928-1960. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Printed Ephemera Collection on Organizations, 1886- Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the People's Educational Society and Camp Tamiment Records, 1920-1972 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Abraham I. Shiplacoff Papers and Photographs, Bulk, 1915-1934, 1895-1962 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the People's Educational Society and Camp Tamiment Records, 1920-1972 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf AFSCME. Song-sheets and song-books used by labor organizations. Churchill County Museum
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith American Fund for Public Service. corporateBody
associatedWith American Labor Archive and Research Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith American Socialist Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Beard, Charles A. (Charles Austin), 1874-1948 person
associatedWith Bohn, William Edward, 1877- person
associatedWith Camp Tamiment (Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Caylor, George Nathan, 1885-1973. person
associatedWith Chase, Stuart, 1888-1985 person
associatedWith Claessens, August, 1885-1954. person
associatedWith Cooperative League of the U.S.A. corporateBody
associatedWith Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926 person
associatedWith Dewey, John, 1859-1952 person
associatedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith Farrell, James T. (James Thomas), 1904-1979 person
associatedWith Ghent, William J. (William James), 1866-1942 person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Gross, Feliks, 1906-2006 person
associatedWith Herron, Carrie Rand, 1867-1914 person
associatedWith Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925. person
associatedWith Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933. person
associatedWith Hook, Sidney, 1902-1989 person
associatedWith Ingerman, Sergius, 1868-1943 person
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Educational Dept. Executive Secretary. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 62 (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. New York Cloak Joint Board. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Jewish Labor Committee (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Laidler, Harry Wellington, 1884-1970 person
associatedWith Lee, Algernon. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990 person
associatedWith Nearing, Scott, 1883-1983 person
associatedWith New leader (New York, N.Y. : 1924). corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. corporateBody
associatedWith Nicolaevsky, Boris I., 1887-1966 person
associatedWith Nomad, Max. person
associatedWith Nomad, Max. person
associatedWith Oneal, James, b. 1875 person
associatedWith People's Educational Camp Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970 person
associatedWith Russell, Charles Edward, 1860-1941 person
associatedWith Schapiro, Theodore, 1898-1998 person
associatedWith Senior, Clarence Ollson, 1903-1974 person
associatedWith Shiplacoff, A. I. (Abraham Isaac), 1877-1936 person
associatedWith Shiplacoff, A. I. (Abraham Isaac), 1877-1946. person
associatedWith Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968 person
associatedWith Society of the Commonwealth Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Spargo, John, 1876-1966 person
associatedWith Starr, Mark, 1894- person
associatedWith Tamiment Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968 person
associatedWith United States. Espionage Act corporateBody
associatedWith Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950 person
associatedWith Ward, Henry Frederick, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Wolf, Herman. person
associatedWith Work, John M. (John McClelland), 1869-1961 person
associatedWith Zimand, Savel, 1891- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Russia |x Foreign relations |z United States.
Russia |x History |y 20th century.
Subject
Labor unions and socialism--United States
Labor unions--United States
Labor--United States
Right and left (Political science)
Socialism--United States
Socialism--Europe
Socialism and education
Adult education--United States
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1922

Active 1941

Information

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