Oral history interview with W.W. Morgan, 1978 August 8 and 9.


Oral history interview with W.W. Morgan, 1978 August 8 and 9.

Childhood and father's influence; high school in Washington, DC. Enters Washington & Lee University, 1923; becomes assistant at Yerkes Observatory, 1926, while continuing courses; B.S., 1927. Marriage to Helen Barrett. Contacts with Otto Struve, Mario Schoenberg, Dmitri Mihalis. Invention of UBV system; work on A-type stars, MK system, Ph. D. Work during 1930s on effects of metals in spectra; revision of HR Diagram, work on "spottedness" of stellar surface; changes of interest, paper on two-dimensional arrays, 1937. Problems of promotion and tenure at University of Chicago. Struve's administration, departure, and experiences at National Radio Astronomy Observatory. Decision to stay at Yerkes; effects of World War II, including Yerkes Optical Bureau and Greenstein-Henyey camera. Work on spiral arms, work with Walter Baade, William Pendry Bidelman, Jason Nassau; use of Case Schmidt telescope, and Case Survey for OB stars; paper on "natural groups"; recognition of spiral arms, 1951; physical collapse, 1952. Yerkes administration under Struve, Bengt Strömgren, 1950-1957, and Gerard Kuiper. Problems at Kitt Peak. Editor at Astrophysical Journal until 1952. Work with William Pendry Bidelman, Harold Johnson on UBV system. Associate at Lick, 1955; interest in forms of galaxies and classification schemes. Visiting professor at Caltech, 1956; contacts at Mt. Wilson; Edwin P. Hubble. Recognition of supergiant galaxies, 1960. Alfred. Joy's review of Yerkes Spectral Atlas. Director of Yerkes, 1960-1963; creation of Astronomy Department at University of Texas; plans for Southern Hemisphere Observatory, eventually taken over by Associated Universities for Research in Astronomy. Younger staff departs Yerkes, courses moved to Chicago. Chairman of Astronomy Department, 1960-1966. Wife's illness and death; own illness in 1966. Also prominently mentioned are: Nathaniel Apter, Geoffrey R. Burbidge, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, G.K. Chesterson, Agatha Christie, Louis Henyey, Lou Hobbs, Henry James, Phillip Keenan, Oliver J. Lee, Aden Meinel, H.R. Morgan, Henry Norris Russell, Alice Weatherspoon, Benjamin Wooten; Marvin College, McDonald Observatory, and Sky and Telescope.

Transcript, 105 p.


SNAC Resource ID: 8287549

Related Entities

There are 20 Entities related to this resource.

Kuiper, Gerard P. (Gerard Peter), 1905-1973

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fq9wjf (person)

Strömgren, Bengt (1908-1987).

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s75hqw (person)

Bengt Georg Daniel Strömgren was an astrophysicist who died in 1987. From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83299855 Died 1987. From the description of The development of astrophysics as a research field in the 20th century: paper presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science's George Ellery Hale Centennial Symposium, Dallas, 1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78201727 Bengt Georg Daniel Strömgren (1908-...

Washington and Lee University. University Library

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m37183 (corporateBody)

DeVorkin, David H., 1944-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65x2b2g (person)

Baade, Walter, 1893-1960

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dz0bnv (person)

Wilhelm Heinrich Walter Baade (1893-1960) was a German-born astronomer who joined the staff of the Mount Wilson Observatory in 1931. From the description of Papers of Walter Baade, 1915-1960. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122540492 ...

Yerkes Observatory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64786cx (corporateBody)

Yerkes Observatory, located in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, is a facility of the University of Chicago's Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics. The observatory opened in 1897 as the joint creation of three founders: William Rainey Harper, the first president of the University of Chicago; Professor George E. Hale, the observatory's first director; and Charles T. Yerkes, a wealthy Chicago businessman who provided funds for the erection of the observatory building. Known as the home of the last of t...

Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gf4wd9 (corporateBody)

Records of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Tucson, Arizona. From the description of Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy records, 1953-1974. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34423049 The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) was formed in 1957 by eight universities, including the University of Michigan, for purposes of building and administering the national astronomical observatory....

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qj7jnn (person)

Astronomer (stellar evolution, astrophysics of stars, double stars) and administrator. On the astronomy faculty at Princeton University from 1905, director of the observatory, 1912-1947; research associate at Mt. Wilson Observatory, 1922-1942; and at Harvard College Observatory, 1947-1952. From the description of Manuscript of article, The probable distance of Orion, and letter to Russell from Edwin B. Frost, editor of the Astronomical Journal, rejecting the manuscript for publicatio...

Burbidge, Geoffrey R.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hx1f9k (person)

American astronomer and astrophysicist. From the description of Geoffrey Burbidge papers, 1955-2008. (University of California, San Diego). WorldCat record id: 700953438 ...

Chandrasekhar, S. 1910-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bv7kt0 (person)

Lick Observatory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cc4xb6 (corporateBody)

University of Chicago.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6449cnx (corporateBody)

Most of the records in the collection pertain to the $400,000 raised by the American Baptist Education Society in 1889-1890 in order to obtain a 600,000 grant from John D. Rockefeller for the creation of an endowment for the University of Chicago. The first volume in the inventory, Record of Pledges for the University of Chicago, contains an alphabetical numbered listing of subscribers, amounts pledged, and payments made through 1906. The subscription forms and letters (1:4-13) are numbered to c...

Struve, Otto, 1897-1963

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tx3gk4 (person)

Astronomer (astrophysics of stars, spectroscopy, interstellar studies, origin of universe) and administrator. On the staff of Yerkes Observatory, 1921-1932, director, 1932-1950; editor, ASTROPHYSICS JOURNAL, 1932-1947; on the astrophysics faculty, department chair, and director, Leuschner Observatory, University of California, Berkeley, 1950-1959; and director, National Radio Astronomy Observatory from 1959. From the description of Selected correspondence [microform], 1932-1945. (Unk...

Hubble, Edwin Powell, 1889-1953

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6891877 (person)

Edwin Powell Hubble, American observational astronomer, Chairman of the Mount Wilson and Palomar Observatories Research Committee. In 1938, Hubble was elected Trustee of the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery. From the description of Papers of Edwin Powell Hubble, 1900-1989. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122551882 Astronomer (extragalactic astronomy and cosmology). Researcher, Yerkes Observatory, 1914-1917; on the...

Mount Wilson Solar Observatory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fv2hk2 (corporateBody)

Kitt Peak National Observatory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gr0tn6 (corporateBody)

University of Texas at Austin.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c0039h (corporateBody)

The University of Texas at Austin (UT) opened in 1883 with eight professors, four assistants, a proctor, and 221 male and female students. The first set of graduates, consisting of thirteen law students, attended UT commencement on June 14, 1884. By World War I, enrollment rose to 2,254 and by World War II to over 11,000. African Americans were admitted in 1950, and by 1966, there were 27,345 students. Over the next 40 years, the university continued to expand. In 2009 e...

McDonald Observatory

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zk9bs7 (corporateBody)

National Radio Astronomy Observatory (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64x96dn (corporateBody)

Morgan, W. W. (William Wilson), 1906-1994

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r216sh (person)

Received his B.S. (1927) and Ph.D. (1931) from the University of Chicago. Emeritus Professor of Astronomy at the University of Chicago, 1974-1994. Director of Yerkes and McDonald Observatories, 1960-63. Died in 1994. From the description of Oral history interview with William Wilson Morgan, 1987 October 07. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81865422 William Wilson Morgan was born on January 3, 1906, in Bethesda, Tennessee. His father and his mother were both home m...