Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy

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Records of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Tucson, Arizona.

From the description of Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy records, 1953-1974. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34423049

The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) was formed in 1957 by eight universities, including the University of Michigan, for purposes of building and administering the national astronomical observatory. AURA now operates Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona, and Cerro Tololo Interamerican Observatory in Chile, under contract for the National Science Foundation (NSF).

In the early 1950's American astronomers saw the need for a cooperative observatory to increase observing opportunities on large telescopes. The Flagstaff Photoelectric Conference sponsored by NSF in September 1953, resulted in a request to NSF to appoint a committee to study the needs of astronomy in the United States. By January 1954, Robert R. McMath had assembled the Advisory Panel for the National Astronomical Observatory, and for the next three years the panel studied the problems of the organization and location of the national astronomical observatory.

By 1957 the Advisory Panel had decided on the form of the association that would operate the observatory, and AURA was organized to assume the responsibility of operating it. Shortly thereafter, Kitt Peak was chosen as the site of the observatory, and construction began on a series of telescopes, including the McMath Solar Telescope, the Mayall 4-Meter Telescope, and others.

In 1960 AURA began searching for a suitable observatory site in Chile with the purpose of developing the first large observatory in the Southern Hemisphere. As a result of this survey, the Cerro Tololo, Interamerican Observatory was established in 1963, and construction began on several large telescopes.

The history of AURA since that period has been one of steady growth and increased service to the astronomical community through the two observatories.

From the guide to the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy Records, 1953-1974, (Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Shane, Charles Donald, 1895-1983. Oral history interview with Charles Donald Shane, 1967, 11 and 14 July. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer. Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer (University of Michigan) records, 1925-1989. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Space Telescope Science Institute (U.S.). Records, 1964-2008. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (University of Michigan) records, 1909-2006 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers of Donald Howard Menzel, (inclusive), 1931-1986 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Goldberg, Leo. Oral history interview with Leo Goldberg, 1978 May 16 to 1982. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Bok, Bart J. (Bart Jan), 1906-1983. Oral history interview with Bart Jan Bok, 1978 May 15 to 14 June. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelly), 1912-. Frank K. Edmondson papers, 1904-2003. Indiana University
referencedIn Harwit, Martin, 1931-. Martin Harwit papers, 1957-1987. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Mayall, N. U. (Nicholas Ulrich), 1906-1993. Nick Mayall talking about AURA's acquiring and developing Cerro Tololo [videorecording] / recorded by W. A. Hiltner; 1987. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy. Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy records, 1953-1974. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Astronomy Dept. Department of Astronomy (University of Michigan) records, 1962-1989 (bulk 1980-1989). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Dept. of Astronomy (University of Michigan) records, 1960-1989, 1980-1989 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Ney, Edward Purdy, 1920-. Edward Purdy Ney Papers, 1941-1996. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Morgan, W. W. (William Wilson), 1906-1994. Oral history interview with W.W. Morgan, 1978 August 8 and 9. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Hiltner, W. A. (William Albert), 1914-. William A. Hiltner papers, 1958-1991. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Dept. of Astronomy. Dept. of Astronomy (University of Michigan) records, 1960-1989 (bulk 1980-1989). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelly), 1912-. Oral history interviews of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. (AURA) in the 20th Century Oral History Project, 1984. Indiana University
referencedIn Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelley), 1912-. AURA, Kitt Peak and Cerro Tololo---the early years. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy. AURA [Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy]: the first twenty-five years, 1957-1982, and AURA Issues newsletter (January 1984), 1983-1984. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Executive Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer. Executive Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer (University of Michigan) records, 1909-1999. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelley), 1912-. Oral history interview with Frank K. Edmondson, 21 April 1977 and 2 February 1978. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Oertel, Goetz Kuno Heinrich, 1934-. Oral history interview with Goetz K. Oertel, 2001. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy Records, 1953-1974 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Hiltner, W. A. (William Albert), 1914-. William A. Hiltner papers, 1942-1991. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Niels Bohr Library. History of physics institutional history collection A-K, [ca. 1883]-1989, (bulk 1960-1989). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Wildt, Rupert, 1905-1976. Rupert Wildt papers, 1876-1981 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn William A. Hiltner papers, 1942-1991 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Yale University. Dept. of Astronomy. Records of the Department of Astronomy, Yale University, 1848-1993 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Edward Purdy Ney Papers, 1941-1996 University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
referencedIn Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelley), 1912-. History of AURA : interviews and documentation, 1978-1991. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Rupert Wildt papers, 1876-1981 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Martin Harwit papers, 1957-1987 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Walter S. 1876-1956. person
associatedWith Blanco, V. M. person
associatedWith Bok, Bart J. (Bart Jan), 1906-1983. person
associatedWith Bowen, Ira Sprague, 1898-1973. person
associatedWith Brode, Robert B. 1900-1986. person
associatedWith Carmichael, Leonard, 1898-1973. person
associatedWith Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory corporateBody
associatedWith Cerro Tololo Interamerican Observatory (Chile) corporateBody
associatedWith Cisler, Walker L. 1897-1994. person
associatedWith Dunham, Theodore J., 1897- person
associatedWith Dunham, Theodore J., 1897- person
associatedWith Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelley), 1912- person
associatedWith Evans, John Wainwright, 1909- person
associatedWith Goldberg, Leo. person
associatedWith Goldberg, Leo. person
associatedWith Harvill, Richard A. 1905- person
associatedWith Harvill, Richard Anderson, 1905- person
associatedWith Harwit, Martin, 1931- person
associatedWith Hayden, Carl Trumbull, 1877-1972. person
associatedWith Hiltner, W. A. 1914- person
associatedWith Hiltner, W. A. (William Albert), 1914- person
associatedWith Irwin, John B. person
associatedWith Irwin, John B. person
associatedWith Johnson, Harold L. 1921-1980. person
associatedWith Keller, Geoffrey, 1918- person
associatedWith Kitt Peak National Observatory. corporateBody
associatedWith Klopsteg, Paul E. 1889- person
associatedWith Lee, Gilbert Lamont, 1919- person
associatedWith Mayall, N. U. 1906-1993. person
associatedWith Mayall, N. U. (Nicholas Ulrich), 1906- person
associatedWith Mayall, N. U. (Nicholas Ulrich), 1906-1993. person
associatedWith McMath, Robert R. 1891-1962. person
associatedWith McMath Solar Telescope. corporateBody
associatedWith Meinel, Aden B. person
associatedWith Menzel, Donald H. 1901-1976. person
associatedWith Miller, Freeman D. 1909- person
associatedWith Mohler, Orren, 1908- person
associatedWith Mohler, Orren C. 1908-1985. person
associatedWith Morgan, W. W. (William Wilson), 1906-1994. person
associatedWith National Science Foundation (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Science Foundation (U.S.). Advisory Panel for the National Astronomical Observatory. corporateBody
associatedWith Ney, Edward Purdy, 1920- person
associatedWith Niels Bohr Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Oertel, Goetz Kuno Heinrich, 1934- person
associatedWith Pierce, A. Keith. person
associatedWith Pierce, Austin Keith, 1918- person
associatedWith Portage Lake Observatory (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Rabaut, Louis Charles, 1886- person
associatedWith Röosch, Jean. person
associatedWith Rösch, Jean. person
associatedWith Seeger, Raymond John, 1906- person
associatedWith Shane, Charles Donald, 1895-1983. person
associatedWith Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. corporateBody
associatedWith Space Telescope Science Institute (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Ströomgren, Bengt, 1908- person
associatedWith Struve, Otto, 1897-1963 person
associatedWith Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982 person
associatedWith University of Michigan. Astronomy Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Astronomy Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of Astronomy. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Executive Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Observatory. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer. corporateBody
associatedWith Waterman, Alan Tower, 1892- person
associatedWith Whitford, Albert Edward, 1905- person
associatedWith Wildt, Rupert, 1905-1976. person
associatedWith Yale University. Dept. of Astronomy. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Chile.
United States
Chile
Subject
Astronomy
University cooperation
McMath Solar Telescope
Astronomy--Research
Astronomy--United States
Astronomical observatories
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1983

Active 1984

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