George E. Nitzsche Unitariana collection, 1778-2007.

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Nitzsche, George Erazmus, 1874-1961. George E. Nitzsche Unitariana collection, 1778-2007.

George E. Nitzsche Unitariana collection, 1778-2007.

Autograph letters and other papers of eminent Unitarians and liberal religious thinkers from the United States and abroad, 1778-2007, collected by George E. Nitzsche. The collection contains the autographs of U.S. presidents John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Millard Fillmore, James A. Garfield, Thomas Jefferson, and William H. Taft; politicians John A. Andrew, Edward Everett, George Frisbie Hoar, John Davis Long, and Daniel Webster; authors Louisa May Alcott, William Cullen Bryant, Charles Dickens, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894), Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, and Harriet Martineau; reformers Susan B. Anthony, Lydia Maria Francis Child, Dorothea Lynde Dix, Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton; scientists Nathaniel Bowditch and Charles Darwin; clergymen William Ellery Channing, James Freeman Clarke, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, and Theodore Parker; judges Oliver Wendell Holmes (1841-1935), Lemuel Shaw, and Joseph Story; educator Horace Mann; editor Horace Greeley; and historians Francis Parkman and Jared Sparks. Included are original letters to George E. Nitzsche; correspondence and other papers related to the Unitarian Society of Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.), of which Nitzsche was a member; printed matter about the individuals in the collection and Unitarianism; and books by Joseph Priestley and Charles William Wendte.

6 narrow boxes of originals and 14 narrow boxes of photocopies.

Related Constellations

There are 44 Constellations related to this resource.

Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer, 1804-1894

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fr0208 (person)

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody was at the center of the Transcendentalist movement in New England. Although she wrote and published many works, she is best remembered for her support and friendship of Emerson, Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller and many others. She published the journal Dial, founded the famous West Street Book Shop and Publishing House, and introduced kindergarten to America. From the description of Elizabeth Palmer Peabody letters, 1846-1854. (Pennsylvania State University Libra...

Wendte, Charles W. (Charles William), 1844-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k35v5m (person)

Charles William Wendte (1844-1931) graduated from Meadville Theological School in 1867 and Harvard Divinity School in 1869. Ordained to the Unitarian ministry, he served parishes in Chicago, Illinois; Cincinnati, Ohio; Boston, Massachusetts; Newport, Rhode Island; and Los Angeles and Oakland, California. From 1900 to 1920, he served as the general secretary of the International Council of Liberal Religious Thinkers and Workers. He also served as the secretary of the Foreign Relations Department ...

United States.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6810cm8 (corporateBody)

Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kx652n (person)

Ohio Republican representative to Congress, 1863-1878; 20th president of the United States. From the description of Letter : House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., to William L. Perkins, Painesville, Ohio, 1877 Mar. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 57317608 James Garfield, twentieth President of the United States, was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, in 1831. After embarking on an academic career, he joined the Ohio volunteer infantry regiment, and in 1863 was appointed...

Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q63cm5 (person)

Charles Robert Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. His father, Robert Waring Darwin (1766-1848), was a physician, the son of Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), a poet, philosopher, and naturalist. Robert established a successful medical practice in Shrewsbury where he was known for his kindness extended to the poor. He was financially quite successful and willing to support his sons in their various endeavors. Although not a prolific writer, he was elected to the Royal Society ...

Story, Joseph, 1779-1845

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60g3qt7 (person)

Virgil David was president of the Lawrenceville Lyceum in Western Pennsylvania. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, Mass., to Virgil David, n.p., 1836 Apr. 7. (University of Chicago Library). WorldCat record id: 80556600 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, Mass., to Virgil David, n.p., 1836 Apr. 7. (University of Chicago Library). WorldCat record id: 55822788 Joseph Story (1779-1845) was a Massachusetts lawyer and as...

Parkman, Francis, 1823-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zs2vph (person)

Noted American historian from Massachusetts who traveled the Oregon Trail and published extensively on early America. From the description of Letter, November 27, 1865. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 233593490 Francis Parkman, historian, was born in Boston and educated at Harvard, his father's alma mater. Samuel Parkman was a Unitarian pastor who founded The Parkman Professorship of Pulpit Eloquence and Pastoral Care in The Cambridge Theological ...

Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s0026g (person)

John Quincy Adams (b. July 11, 1767, Braintree, Massachusetts-d. February 23, 1848, Washington, D.C.) was an American statesman who served as a diplomat, United States Senator, member of the House of Representatives, and the sixth President of the United States. He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later the Anti-Masonic and Whig parties. He was the son of President John Adams and Abigail Adams. As a diplomat, Adams played an important role in neg...

Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b857gr (person)

Lawyer, founder of Free Soil Party in Massachusetts, governor of Massachusetts, 1861-1866. From the description of ALS, 1861 Oct. 19, New York, N.Y., to an unknown correspondent. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122524861 Prominent anti-slavery lawyer and Civil War governor of Massachusetts. From the description of Papers, 1772-1895, [microform]. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 25618330 Andrew was Governor of Massachusetts ...

Fuller, Margaret, 1810-1850

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h41qfr (person)

Fuller was an American author, editor, critic, and social reformer interested in Transcendentalism, feminism, and the revolution in Rome. From the description of Margaret Fuller family papers, 1662-1909 (inclusive), 1760-1864 (bulk). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612369673 From the guide to the Margaret Fuller family papers, 1662-1909 (inclusive), 1760-1864 (bulk)., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) American critic and socia...

Adams, John, 1735-1826

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m43jsv (person)

John Adams (1735-1826) was the second president of the United States, born in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts. He served as defense counsel for British soldiers accused of Boston Massacre in 1770; as delegate to Continental Congress from 1774 to 1778; as member of committee charged with drafting Declaration of Independence in 1776; as congressional commissioner to France from 1778 to 1779; as minister to United Provinces in 1780; and negotiated a loan from Dutch bankers in 1782. Adams join...

Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6th8mhn (person)

American writer on navigation. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Salem, to an unidentified recipient, 1810 Nov. 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270910812 From the description of Letter signed : Boston, to William Vaughan in London, 1837 May 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270910815 Astronomer, mathematician, and insurance executive. From the description of Nathaniel Bowditch correspondence, 1809. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 794511...

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894

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American writer and physician. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Beverley Farm, Mass., to Tristram Coffin, 1890 Aug. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269544690 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Boston, to Tristram Coffin, 1891 Dec. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 642361192 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Boston, to [Tristram Coffin], 1891 Nov. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 642361674 From the descript...

Child, Lydia Maria, 1802-1880

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Lydia Child was born in Massachusetts and became known as an abolitionist for her tract entitled, "Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans called Africans," (1833). Child's letters to the Governor of Virginia were eventually published as an abolitionist book and she also authored a novel entitled "Hobomok," a story about Indians in colonial Massachusetts. From the description of Letter, [ca. 1842]. (Temple University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 122618414 Abolitionist,...

Martineau, Harriet, 1802-1876

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Harriet Martineau, English novelist, economist, and social reformer. From the guide to the Harriet Martineau manuscript material : 11 items, ca. 1834-1861, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.) English author and traveler. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Stockbridge, Massachusetts, to Judge Joseph Story, [1836] May 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270871427 Harriet Martineau, journalis...

Alcott, Louisa May, 1832-1888

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60k27sn (person)

Alcott was an American author. From the description of Papers, 1849-1931. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612370872 From the description of Additional papers, 1845-1944. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122505798 From the guide to the Additional papers, 1845-1944., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) Alcott was an American novelist and short story writer. From the description of Louisa May Alcott ad...

Long, John Davis, 1838-1915

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U.S. secretary of the navy and U.S. representative and governor of Massachusetts. From the description of Letters and signature of John Davis Long, 1885-1900. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71014961 ...

Shaw, Lemuel, 1781-1861

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Chief justice of Massachusetts, 1830-1860. His daughter Elizabeth married the author Herman Melville. From the description of ALS : Boston, to Joseph B. Felt, 1834 Oct. 14. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122475395 Shaw was chief justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (1830-1860). Webster and Parkman were on the faculty of Harvard Medical School at the time of Parkman's murder. From the description of Sentence of John W. Webster...

Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888

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Unitarian minister; trustee of the Boston Public Library, 1879-88; active on behalf of temperance, anti-slavery, women's sufferage movements; died in Jamaica Plain, Boston. From the description of Letters, 1863-1886. (Boston Public Library). WorldCat record id: 38003933 Clarke was a Unitarian clergyman, author, and reformer closely associated with the Transcendentalists. He was minister in Louisville, Ky. (1833-1840) and at the Church of the Disciples in Boston (1841-1850, 1...

Mann, Horace, 1796-1859

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sf2xnw (person)

Educator and innovator of the public school system in the United States. From the description of Letter, 1844, Feb. 26, Boston, [Mass.?] to "My dear sister" [i.e. Mrs. Rebecca Pennelf], Wrentham, Mass. (Fisk University). WorldCat record id: 39863863 American educator and social reformer. From the description of Autograph entry signed : Salem, Ohio, 1856 Mar. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 639351466 U.S. representative from Massachusetts, reformer, co...

Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vh5qp9 (person)

Poet and author, Cornell University non-resident professor. From the description of James Russell Lowell letter and portrait, 1871 July 12. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 123412650 Lowell was an author, poet, editor, teacher, and diplomat. He edited The Atlantic Monthly, and with Charles Eliot Norton, The North American Review ; was professor of French and Spanish Languages and Literatures at Harvard; and U.S. minister to Spain and to England. Aldrich was ...

Unitarian Society of Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qc5dg8 (corporateBody)

Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w95f3m (person)

Unitarian minister and reformer. From the description of Letter, 1850 Nov. 5, Boston, to Charles Mason. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 170925855 Rev. Theodore Parker (1810-1860), Unitarian minister, social reformer, and publicist, was born in Lexington, Mass., a grandson of Captain John Parker (1729-1775) of Revolutionary fame. Parker graduated from Harvard Divinity School in 1836, became minister of West Roxbury, and proceeded to develop his theological and social ...

Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jn025d (person)

Epithet: novelist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000429.0x0002c9 English writer. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Office of All the Year Round, 26 Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C., to Frederick Lehmann, 1863 Nov. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270125432 English novelist and publisher. From the description of ALS : Broadstairs, Kent, to Mr. Cullenford, 18...

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66q1zq9 (person)

Higginson, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts to Stephen Higginson and Louisa (Storrow) Higginson, graduated from Harvard Divinity School in 1847 and became a pastor first in Newburyport and then in Worcester, Massachusetts. He was actively involved in the abolitionist movement and served as colonel of the first regiment of African Americans in the Civil War. After the war, Higginson published biographies, essays, poetry, and histories, including Army life in a black regiment. From the...

Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cz35zn (person)

U. S. Senator from Massachusetts. From the description of George Frisbie Hoar letter to S. S. McClure [manuscript], 1894 January 5. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 694733616 George Frisbie Hoar (1826-1904) was a Republican Senator from Massachusetts (1877-1904). From the description of Autograph collection, 1598-1945. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122405022 From the guide to the George Frisbie Hoar autograph collection, 1598-194...

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6251kk6 (person)

Nathaniel Hawthorne, American author. From the description of Nathaniel Hawthorne manuscript material : 1 item, ca. 1853-1857 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 301761440 American author, writer of romances, stories, and juvenile works. Born July 4, 1804, in Salem, Mass.; died May, 1864, in Plymouth, N.H. Sometime resident of Concord, Mass. Graduated from Bowdoin College in 1825. Hawthorne's association with the Boston publishing firm of Ticknor and Fields began ...

Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c24zj6 (person)

Dix was a humanitarian crusader for the mentally ill. She investigated the conditions of the hospitalized insane in many U.S. states and some European countries, and petitioned state and national legislatures for reforms. She was also superintendent of army nurses during the Civil War. Eliot was a Unitarian minister, an educator, and assisted in the founding of Reed College in Oregon. From the description of Letters to Thomas Lamb Eliot, 1869-1885. (Harvard University). WorldCat reco...

Everett, Edward, 1794-1865

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v69h42 (person)

U.S. senator and representative, from Massachusetts; president of Harvard (1846-1849); Secretary of State (1852-1853). From the description of Autograph letter signed from Edward Everett to R.M.T. Hunter, 1853 Feb. 25. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 123410779 American educator and statesman. From the description of ALsS : to Gulian C. Verplanck, 1830-1857. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86156129 Everett was...

Channing, William Ellery, 1780-1842

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fx7gcj (person)

William Ellery Channing (1780-1842) graduated from Harvard College in 1798. He served on the board of the Harvard Corporation from 1813 to 1826, where he worked for the establishment of the Divinity School, which occurred in 1816. A Unitarian minister, Channing served as the pastor of the Federal Street Church in Boston from 1803 until his death in 1842. In 1819 he gave the landmark Unitarian sermon, Unitarian Christianity, which upon publication sold thousands of copies. A believer in the aboli...

Taft, William Howard, 1857-1930

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64n9tkk (person)

William Howard Taft (1857-1930) was an American politician who served as U.S. President (1908-1912) and Chief Justitce of the Supreme Court (1921-1930). 1857 Born in Cincinnati, Ohio on September 15th 1878 Graduated from Yale University 1880 Graduated from Cincinnati Law School ...

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d799gc (person)

Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803, Boston, Massachusetts– April 27, 1882, Concord, Massachusetts), American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century....

Anthony, Susan Brownell, 1820-1906

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dw2811 (person)

Susan B. Anthony (b. February 15, 1820, Adams, Massachusetts-d. March 13, 1906, Rochester, New York)1820-1906), educated in New York and at the Philadelphia Friends Seminary. Anthony taught at various New York schools between 1839 and 1849. She became involved in women's suffrage, temperance, abolitionism, and labor reform after a meeting with Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1850. Between 1868 and 1870 Anthony edited the "Revolution" a women's suffrage weekly. Best known for her lifelong crusade fo...

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr., 1841-1935

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60q1p0q (person)

Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. was an American jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902-1932. He also received a Harvard AB in 1861, studied law at Harvard, and was an instructor and lecturer at Harvard in 1870-1871 and in 1880. From the description of Oliver Wendell Holmes notes on contracts and equity, ca. 1899. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612785608 Jurist and author. From the description of Letters, 1921-33, of John C. H. ...

Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pn95hs (person)

William Cullen Bryant (b. November 3, 1794, Cummington, Massachusetts-d. June 12, 1878, New York, New York), American romantic poet, journalist, and long-time editor of the New York Evening Post....

Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60d5jrb (person)

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was an American statesman and third president of the United States. From the description of Thomas Jefferson letter, 1809. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367818629 Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was the third president of the United States, born in Goochland (now Albemarle County), Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775, and with R. H. Lee and Patrick Henry initiated the inter-colonial committee of correspond...

Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h52fmd (person)

Horace Greeley (1811-1872), American journalist, political leader, social reformer, and editor of the New York Tribune. In 1872 he received the Democratic Party's nomination for President. His New York herald was known for energetic reporting, moral standards, and intellectual appeal; its correspondents included Mark Twain, Bayard Taylor, Karl Marx, and Margaret Fuller, the first woman journalist on the staff of a major paper. He was a national figure, an innovative journalist, and influenced...

Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ft8k6w (person)

Daniel Webster (b. Salisbury, New Hampshire, January 18, 1782-d. Marshfield, Massachusetts, October 24, 1852), lawyer, orator, congressman, served as U.S. Secretary of State under presidents William Henry Harrison and John Tyler. He also served as Senator from Massachusetts....

Nitzsche, George Erazmus, 1874-1961

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rf5vnw (person)

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60863v9 (person)

Poet, from Cambridge (Middlesex Co.), Mass. From the description of Papers, 1859-1874. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19903002 American author and poet. From the description of A psalm of life, fourth verse, 1850. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 274069802 American teacher, translator, and poet. From the description of Letter, Nahant, Mass., to Mrs. T.B. Lawrence, Newport, 1872 July 20. (Boston Athenaeum...

Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mk6f72 (person)

Joseph Priestley was an English clergyman, political theorist, and physical scientist whose work contributed to advances in liberal political and religious thought and in experimental chemistry. He is best remembered for his contribution to the chemistry of gases. He relocated to Northumberland, Pa. From the description of Joseph Priestley papers, 1777-1835. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 53101438 Priestley and Vaughan, amongst others, founded...

Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68f0k8d (person)

Millard Fillmore was born in Cayuga County, N.Y. and later became a resident of East Aurora and Buffalo. He was a lawyer, local office holder, State Assemblyman, U.S. Congressman, N.Y. State Comptroller, Vice-President under Zachary Taylor and 13th U.S. President, 1850-1853. He was also involved in establishing numerous Buffalo institutions. He was a founder and first Chancellor of the University of Buffalo, Commander of the Union Continentals (Home Guard) during Civil War, and first president o...

Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cc0zvt (person)

Jared Sparks (1789-1866) was the President of Harvard University from February 1, 1849 to February 10, 1853. He was also a Unitarian minister, editor, and historian. Jared Sparks was born to Joseph Sparks and Elinor (Orcut) Sparks on May 10, 1789 in Willington, Connecticut. Sparks was one of nine children and came from a family of modest means. When he turned six years old, Sparks went to live with an aunt and uncle in Camden, New York, to help relieve the family of a mout...

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69706n1 (person)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, New York in 1815. She organized the first Women's Rights Convention at Senecca Falls, New York, in 1848 and for more than fifty years thereafter was a crusader for women's rights, especially women's suffrage. She died in New York City in 1902....