Papers of Louis Arthur Johnson [manuscript] 1930-64.

ArchivalResource

Papers of Louis Arthur Johnson [manuscript] 1930-64.

The collection documents Johnson's career as Assistant Secretary of War, 1937-40, President Roosevelt's personal representative to India, 1942, & Secretary of Defense, 1949-50. It consists chiefly of correspondence but also contains memoranda, appointment schedules, speeches, press releases, cartoons, photographs, maps & charts, phonograph records & movies of speeches, scrapbook & relevant printed material. National defense is the chief topic, specifically Johnson's concern for a larger air force and industrial mobilization before World War II, and armed forces unification and reduced military expenditures after the war. Of interest are case files of topics and problems Johnson tackled while Assistant Secretary, his annual reports, 1937-39, testimony during the Senate (MacArthur) hearings on Korea, papers regarding the decision to intervene in Korea, and summaries of Defense staff meetings, 1950. Many files are devoted to routine political and administrative matters such as appointments, patronage, invitations, his interest in the American Legion, and the Bohemian Club of San Francisco. The India material was generated by Johnson's mission to determine how the U.S. could aid Indian war production. Letters from Jawaharlal Nehru and other leaders discuss Indian independence, defense of the subcontinent, Gandhi's civil disobedience and Indian minority problems. Among the many correspondents of note are Frank Bane, Alben W. Barkley, Bernarnd M. Baruch, Indian industrialist G.D. Birla, James Bruce, C. L. Chennault, Thomas C. Clark, Charles C. Collingwood, Malin Craig, U.S. ambassador to the Philippines Myron Cowan, Homer S. Cummings, John W. Davis, Thomas E. Dewey, Hardy Cross Dillard, Frank M. Dixon, William O. Douglas, Dwight D. Eisenhower, James A. Farley, W. Averell Harriman, J. Edgar Hoover, Herbert C. Hoover, Cordell Hull, Harry L. Hopkins, Harold L. Ickes, Joseph P. Kennedy, John L. Lewis, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall, Wayne Morse, Chester W. Nimitz, Drew Pearson, John J. Pershing, A. Philip Randolph, Jennings Randolph, Edward V. Rickenbacker, Lucius M. Rivers, A. Willis Robertson, W. Pierce Rogers, Robert L. Sherrod, Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., Henry L. Stimson, Lewis L. Strauss, Arthur Hays Sulzberger, W. Stuart Symington, Robert A. Taft, Harry S. Truman, Millard Tydings, Arthur H. Vandenberg, James K. Vardaman, Tracy S. Voorhees, Sumner Welles, & Walter Winchell. There are photographs of Johnson at numerous events and with various national dignitaries including Omar Bradley, Harold Ickes, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Harry Truman. Phonograph records include speeches of Johnson and of Herbert Hoover.

ca.56 ft.

Information

SNAC Resource ID: 7929471

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George Catlett Marshall (b. December 31, 1880, Uniontown, Pennsylvania-d. October 16, 1959, Washington, D.C.), had a long and auspicious career in the United States (U.S.) Army and to the United States. He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901 and served his country as U.S. Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, Envoy to China, Army Chief of Staff, and as President of the American Red Cross. Marshall, America's first five-star general, was born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, ...

Baruch, Bernard M. (Bernard Mannes), 1870-1965

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v2fwv (person)

Baruch, a financier and public adviser, was a millionaire by the age of thirty thanks to his investments in the stock market. He put his wealth to use in politics and public affairs and became an adviser to Woodrow Wilson, who appointed him chairman of the War Industries Board and a member of the president's war council. After World War I, he took part in the postwar peace conference and later became an adviser to President Roosevelt on defense matters and industrial preparedness for war. After ...

Dillard, Hardy Cross, 1902-1982

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k073zj (person)

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. In late 1943 and early 1944 Dillard served as director of training with the Civil Affairs Division of the U.S. First Army in England preparing for the aftermath of the invasion of Europe. From the description of Papers, 1943-1944. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 704074218 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. Born in Louisiana; educated at West Point, 1920-1924, and University of Virginia School of Law, 1924-1927; law professor at Virginia, 1927-1970; U.S. ...

Lodge, Henry Cabot, Jr., 1902-1985

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tz44fx (person)

U.S. representative to the United Nations. From the description of Correspondence 1957. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 50307057 United States Senator and ambassador. From the description of Henry Cabot Lodge letter to Harriet L. White [manuscript], 1960 August 8. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 466876849 Henry Cabot Lodge (1902-1985) was a journalist, U.S. Senator, and diplomat, and the grandson of statesman Henry Cabot Lodge,...

Sulzberger, Arthur Hays, 1891-1968

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pc33qm (person)

Publisher and President of the New York Times Company. From the description of Papers, 1935-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155540220 ...

Symington, Stuart, 1901-1988

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jw8hzj (person)

Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62j6b45 (person)

Alben Barkley: Congressional Voice of Liberty "A good story," said Alben Barkley, "is like fine Kentucky bourbon, it improves with age and, if you don't use it too much, it will never hurt anyone." One of Congress' most proficient storytellers, Barkley used his booming baritone, endless repertoire of anecdotes, and rousing speech-making ability to propel himself from congressman to senator to majority leader and vice president. Well liked, he earned the esteem of his colleagues in 1944, wh...

Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k64kms (person)

U.S. Senator from Michigan (1928-1951). From the description of Arthur H. Vandenberg papers, 1936-1941. (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 620820101 Republican member of the U.S. Senate from Michigan, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and delegate to the United Nations Conference in San Francisco in 1945. From the description of Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg visual materials series [microform]. ca. 1896-1950. (University of Michigan). Wo...

National Military Establishment (U.S.)

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