Papers of Louis Arthur Johnson [manuscript] 1930-64.

ArchivalResource

Johnson, Louis Arthur, 1891-1966. Papers of Louis Arthur Johnson [manuscript] 1930-64.

Papers of Louis Arthur Johnson [manuscript] 1930-64.

The collection documents Johnson's career as Assistant Secretary of War, 1937-40, President Roosevelt's personal representative to India, 1942, & Secretary of Defense, 1949-50. It consists chiefly of correspondence but also contains memoranda, appointment schedules, speeches, press releases, cartoons, photographs, maps & charts, phonograph records & movies of speeches, scrapbook & relevant printed material. National defense is the chief topic, specifically Johnson's concern for a larger air force and industrial mobilization before World War II, and armed forces unification and reduced military expenditures after the war. Of interest are case files of topics and problems Johnson tackled while Assistant Secretary, his annual reports, 1937-39, testimony during the Senate (MacArthur) hearings on Korea, papers regarding the decision to intervene in Korea, and summaries of Defense staff meetings, 1950. Many files are devoted to routine political and administrative matters such as appointments, patronage, invitations, his interest in the American Legion, and the Bohemian Club of San Francisco. The India material was generated by Johnson's mission to determine how the U.S. could aid Indian war production. Letters from Jawaharlal Nehru and other leaders discuss Indian independence, defense of the subcontinent, Gandhi's civil disobedience and Indian minority problems. Among the many correspondents of note are Frank Bane, Alben W. Barkley, Bernarnd M. Baruch, Indian industrialist G.D. Birla, James Bruce, C. L. Chennault, Thomas C. Clark, Charles C. Collingwood, Malin Craig, U.S. ambassador to the Philippines Myron Cowan, Homer S. Cummings, John W. Davis, Thomas E. Dewey, Hardy Cross Dillard, Frank M. Dixon, William O. Douglas, Dwight D. Eisenhower, James A. Farley, W. Averell Harriman, J. Edgar Hoover, Herbert C. Hoover, Cordell Hull, Harry L. Hopkins, Harold L. Ickes, Joseph P. Kennedy, John L. Lewis, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall, Wayne Morse, Chester W. Nimitz, Drew Pearson, John J. Pershing, A. Philip Randolph, Jennings Randolph, Edward V. Rickenbacker, Lucius M. Rivers, A. Willis Robertson, W. Pierce Rogers, Robert L. Sherrod, Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., Henry L. Stimson, Lewis L. Strauss, Arthur Hays Sulzberger, W. Stuart Symington, Robert A. Taft, Harry S. Truman, Millard Tydings, Arthur H. Vandenberg, James K. Vardaman, Tracy S. Voorhees, Sumner Welles, & Walter Winchell. There are photographs of Johnson at numerous events and with various national dignitaries including Omar Bradley, Harold Ickes, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Harry Truman. Phonograph records include speeches of Johnson and of Herbert Hoover.

ca.56 ft.

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Alben Barkley: Congressional Voice of Liberty "A good story," said Alben Barkley, "is like fine Kentucky bourbon, it improves with age and, if you don't use it too much, it will never hurt anyone." One of Congress' most proficient storytellers, Barkley used his booming baritone, endless repertoire of anecdotes, and rousing speech-making ability to propel himself from congressman to senator to majority leader and vice president. Well liked, he earned the esteem of his colleagues in 1944, wh...

Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nc607x (person)

Elie Abel (1920- ) was Dean of Journalism, Columbia University. (M.S., 1942). From the description of William Averell Harriman papers on Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin, 1941-1946, 1941-1974. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 460880054 Diplomat, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and politician. From the description of Papers of W. Averell Harriman, 1869-1988 (bulk 1895-1986). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71071710 Gove...

Rickenbacker, Eddie (Edward Vernon), 1890-1973

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nk3q29 (person)

Army officer and aviator. Full name: Edward Vernon Rickenbacker. From the description of Papers of Eddie Rickenbacker, 1915-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83923451 Air pilot, executive. From the description of Reminiscences of Edward Vernon Rickenbacker : oral history, 1960. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122631724 Air pilot. From the description of Reminiscences of Edward Vernon Rickenbacker : oral h...

Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k64kms (person)

U.S. Senator from Michigan (1928-1951). From the description of Arthur H. Vandenberg papers, 1936-1941. (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 620820101 Republican member of the U.S. Senate from Michigan, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and delegate to the United Nations Conference in San Francisco in 1945. From the description of Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg visual materials series [microform]. ca. 1896-1950. (University of Michigan). Wo...

National Military Establishment (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61s0gfp (corporateBody)

Davis, John W. (John William), 1873-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6st80zt (person)

John William Davis received his L.L.B. in 1895 and began practicing law. He was elected to Congress from West Virginia in 1910 and 1912. Davis was solicitor general of the United States from 1913-1918 and ambassador to Great Britain from 1918-1921. He was the Democratic candidate for president in 1924. From the description of John William Davis papers, 1846-1959 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702205527 From the description of John William Davis papers, 1846-1959...