Records, 1919-1990.

ArchivalResource

National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.). Records, 1919-1990.

Records, 1919-1990.

The collection contains materials generated by the organization's activities, including invitations, flyers, transcripts from speeches, records of planning meetings, and conference reports; correspondence; minutes; scrapbooks, materials pertaining to the Council's travel programs to the Soviet Union; administrative materials from the Campaign for a People's Peace Treaty, and materials from the Council's legal defense against the activities of of the Subversive Activities Control Board. The Administration series is divided into nine subseries. Subseries 1 documents the Council's formation and antecedents while subseries 2 documents the personal achievements of the Council's most eminent leaders, officers and supporters. Subseries 3 contains fairly complete minutes of the Executive Council and Board of Directors, while the minutes for the National Executive Board are incomplete. Subseries 4 contains reports, position papers, and statements for press release as well as documents meant for internal circulation. These materials reflect the Council's position on current events, including several unpopular Soviet actions and policies, and some organizational self-criticism. Subseries 5, Correspondence, is principally among Council members and with leaders of other progressive organization, as well as with celebrities who sponsored the work of the NCASF. About half of the correspondence is that of Richard Morford. Some prominent individuals with whom Morford corresponded were: Elmer Benson, Jerome Davis, Howard Fast, Shirley Graham DuBois, Alphaeus Hunton, A.J. Muste, Otto Nathan, Scott Nearing, Paul Robeson, Jessica Smith, Anna Louise Strong, Alexander Trachtenberg, Mary Van Kleeck and Harry Ward. Thc Council's general correspondence contains letters from Claude Pepper, Edward Stettinius, Henry Stimson and Willard Uphaus. Subseries 6, Legal, contains several charters and contracts, as well as all correspondence and documents such as motions, court transcripts, etc. pertaining to the Council's legal defense. It also contains documents pertainent to individual indictments of Council officers Morford, Corliss Lamont, John Kingsbury, and Alan Thomson. Subseries 7 contains records of early members and sponsors, and the subsequent withdrawal of many of them. Subseries 8, Committees and Local Councils contains materials generated by the NCASF's various committees (several of which represented progressives in the professions), and by the local branches in 25 cities and regions. Subseries 9 documents the Council's creation and distribution of educational materials, its Russian language classes, and circulation of Soviet films in the U.S. Series II is divided into four subseries. The first, Activities, is the largest in the collection. The bulk of this series documents events from the 1940's and 1950's, such as rallies, concerts, art exhibits, conference and receptions. Also included are files on recurring NCASF events, such as the annual Red Army Dinners. Beginning in the late 1940's the scale and kind of activities gradually changed, from mass political rallies to smaller, cultural events, reflecting the changes in the national political climate and the onset of the Cold War. Subseries 2, contains material from travel programs and tours, chiefly applications and lists of delegations to the Council's Camp Artek program. Subseries 3, Campaign for a People's Peace Treaty/People's Appeal fof Peace (1982-89), documents the administration and activities of this Council-sponsored organization which circulated a peace petition to Mikhail Gorbachev, and to Ronald Reagan, who refused to accept the petition. Subseries 4 contains publications and newsletters of, and some correspondence with, other organizations concerned with American-Soviet relations. Series IX. Scrapbooks, consists of nine scrapbooks containing clippings documenting aspects of the NCASF's activities from 1942-1950, including the Denver chapter, and the 1945 visit of the Dean of Canterbury.

15.0 linear ft.

Related Constellations

There are 28 Constellations related to this resource.

Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65q4xdp (person)

Henry Lewis Stimson, the politician, was one of Eleanor Stimson Brooks's cousins. He took an interest in the family and had given her support throughout Van Wyck's struggles with depression (1926-1930). From the description of Correspondence to Charles Van Wyck Brooks, 1930-1945. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 191821881 Stimson served as U.S. Secretary of war (1911-1913, 1940-1945), was governor general of the Philippine Islands (1927-1929) and U.S...

Ward, Henry Frederick 1873-1966.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sb43p4 (person)

Kingsbury, John H.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v43pzx (person)

John Kingsbury owned property in Newton, Mass., and was the paternal grandfather of Mary Kingsbury Simkhovitch, settlement worker and housing reformer. From the description of Papers, 1792-1804 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007299 ...

Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69p3mdg (person)

Shirley (Graham) Du Bois was a political activist, writer, playwright, and composer. She was born in 1896, the only daughter of five children of David A. and Etta (Bell) Graham. Her father, a minister of the African Methodist Episcopal church, was appointed president of Monrovia College, Liberia, in 1926. Du Bois had two sons, Robert (b. 1923) and David (b. 1925), from an early short-lived marriage. In 1931 she entered Oberlin College to study music. The following year, ...

Nathan, Otto, 1893-1987

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zk5wx4 (person)

Morford, Richard, 1903-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qv7xhh (person)

Trachtenberg, Alexander, 1884-1966

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64b4j2j (person)

Campaign for a Peoples' Peace Treaty.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6355bw5 (corporateBody)

Melish, William Howard, 1910-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw1jrb (person)

John Howard Melish was born in Milford, Ohio in 1874; attended the University of Cincinnati, Harvard Divinity School, and the Episcopal Theological School in Cambridge, Mass.; became associate rector of Christ Church in Cincinnati in 1900; and came to Brooklyn to serve as the rector for the Church of the Holy Trinity in 1904. In 1915-16, he gained some fame within the church for his efforts to give women the right to vote in the annual parish meetings of the Episcopal Church. He was...

Stettinius, Edward R., Jr. (Edward Reilly), 1900-1949

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63776wz (person)

Industrialist and statesman. From the description of Clippings relating to Edward R. Stettinius, 1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068013 Industrialist, Secretary of State, delegate to the United Nations. From the description of Letter [manuscript] : to Darryl F. Zanuck, Beverly Hills, California, 1944 November 11 [manuscript]. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647836060 From the description of Financial records of Edward R. Stettinius [...

Muste, A. J. (Abraham John), 1885-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sx6c4w (person)

Clergyman, pacifist. From the description of Reminiscences of Abraham John Muste : oral history, 1954. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309741542 From the description of Reminiscences of Abraham John Muste : oral history, 1965. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122681124 A.J. Muste (1885-1967). Muste's involvement as a labor organizer began in 1919. When he led strikes in the textile mills of Lawrenc...

Fast, Howard, 1914-2003

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68051js (person)

Popular and prolific novelist Howard Fast was born in New York City. His parents were poor immigrants, and he worked odd jobs as a youth, crediting his love of reading to a job as a page at the New York Public Library. He published his first novel at eighteen, and found early success writing adventures set in America's past. He worked for the Office of War Information during World War II, writing for the radio program Voice of America. A Communist from about 1944-1956, Fast appeared before the H...

Lamont, Corliss, 1902-1995

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63b5z14 (person)

John Reed (1887-1920) was an American journalist and revolutionary. He graduated from Harvard College in 1910, joined the staff of The Masses in 1913, was a war correspondent in Mexico and Europe for Metropolitan Magazine, publicist for the Russian Revolution, and head of the American Communist Labor Party. From the guide to the Corliss Lamont papers concerning John Reed, 1910-1967., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) Reed (1887-1920) was an Amer...

Pepper, Claude, 1900-1989

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z60wjh (person)

Senator, Congressman. From the description of Reminiscences of Claude Denson Pepper : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122684146 Claude Pepper, 1900-1989, was a Democratic senator from Florida from 1936 to 1951 and a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1963 until his death. Arthur J. Goldsmith, 1889-1964, was a New York financier and manufacturer. From the description of [Claude Pepper le...

Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6td9w2g (person)

Painter; New York, N.Y. From the description of Rockwell Kent interview, 1957 Sept. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80242441 Painter, illustrator, writer, lecturer; Ausable Forks, New York. From the description of Rockwell Kent letters to Robert T. Hatt, 1935-1936. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122553040 In addition to being a successful painter, printmaker, illustrator, designer, and commercial artist, Kent pursued careers as a writer, professional ...

Smith, Jessica, 1895-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n01846 (person)

Society of Friends relief worker in Russia, 1923. From the description of Jessica Smith reports, 1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754867413 Biographical/Historical Note Society of Friends relief worker in Russia, 1923. From the guide to the Jessica Smith reports, 1923, (Hoover Institution Archives) ...

Robeson, Paul

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h993gh (person)

Paul Robeson was born April 9, 1898 in Princeton, New Jersey. Robeson entered Rutgers College in 1915, becoming a 12-letter athlete and two-time collegiate footbal All-American, a Phi Beta Kappa scholar, and valedictorian of his graduating class of 1919. He went on to receive a law degree from Columbia Law School in 1923, but chose acting over the practice of law. The year 1924 marked his Broadway and film debuts, beginning his career as a world renowned actor and singer. Robeson was one of the ...

Benson, Elmer Austin, 1895-1985

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g746dz (person)

Benson was appointed state commissioner of securities by Governor Floyd B. Olson in 1933 and commissioner of banks later the same year. In 1935 he was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill an unexpired term and served until 1936. He was elected governor of Minnesota in 1936 but was defeated for reelection in 1938. From the description of Oral history interview with Elmer A. Benson, 1969 March 28. (Minnesota Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 45441449 ...

Davis, Jerome, 1891-1979

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60k29qk (person)

Clergyman, college professor, lecturer interested in social reform. From the description of Papers, 1912-1965. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155522391 Jerome Davis was an American professor of Sociology at Yale University. From the description of Jerome Davis fonds. [1935]. (University of Victoria Libraries). WorldCat record id: 667848429 Jerome Davis (1891-1979) was born in Kyoto, Japan to Jerome Dean Davis and Frances Hooper Davis, both m...

Strong, Anna Louise, 1885-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g73c6z (person)

Epithet: US author and socialist in Moscow British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000351.0x0003de Anna Louise Strong was born in Nebraska and educated at Oberlin and the University of Chicago. Later moving to Seattle, she was the editor of the Seattle Union Record. She travelled extensively to Russia and China, and she wrote accounts of those journeys. In 1921 she travelled to famine-struck areas in Russia as part of ...

National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ht6cq0 (corporateBody)

Founded in 1943, the National Council and its various branches promoted educational activities, peace programs and cultural exchanges between American and Soviet citizens, involving peace coalitions from both countries. The Council's purpose was to overcome politicized separations during the period which became known as the Cold War. The Council successfully fought a court case, overcoming assertions that the group was composed of Communist sympathizers. From the description of Colle...

Hunton, Alphaeus, 1903-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6417krz (person)

William Alphaeus Hunton was an expert on Africa, political activist, administrator of the Council on African Affairs, 1943-1955, and the Encyclopedia Africana Project in Ghana, 1962-1966. From the description of William Alphaeus Hunton papers, 1926-1967. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122580347 Born in Atlanta, Georgia on September 18, 1903, William Alphaeus Hunton, Jr. was a scholar and a political activist. His grandfather, Stanton Hunton, a former slave, migr...

Thomson, A.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw5w4x (person)

Fairchild, Henry Pratt, 1880-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67h1gr6 (person)

Epithet: Professor of New York University British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000296.0x000382 ...

Van Kleeck, Mary, 1883-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t72shp (person)

Mary Abby Van Kleeck was born on June 26, 1883, in Glenham, New York, to Eliza Mayer and Episcopalian minister Robert Boyd Van Kleeck. (Mary van Kleeck changed the capitalization of her last name in the 1920s.) Following her father''s death in 1892, her family moved to Flushing, New York, where she attended Flushing High School. She earned an A.B. from Smith College in 1904. In the fall of 1905 she began working as a fellow for the College Settlement Association on New York''s Lower East Side, w...

Uphaus, Willard E. (Willard Edwin), 1890-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d22ck5 (person)

Nearing, Scott, 1883-1983

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nk3fv9 (person)

Radical professor; socialist; pacifist during World War I era; author and lecturer; leader of "back-to-the-earth" movement. From the description of Papers, 1943-1988. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 20061606 American sociologist. From the description of Letter [manuscript] : Toledo, Ohio, to Eckstein Case, Cleveland, Ohio, 1917 April 18. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647806119 Scott Nearing began his career as a t...

Refregier, Anton, 1905-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c8282z (person)

Painter; Woodstock, New York. From the description of Oral history interview with Anton Refregier, 1964 Nov. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220195819 Painter; Woodstock, N.Y. Died in 1979. From the description of Anton Refregier papers, 1900-1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 756821044 From the description of Anton Refregier papers, 1900-1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122291504 From the description of Anton Refregier papers, ca. 1900-...