Melish, William Howard, 1910-

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John Howard Melish was born in Milford, Ohio in 1874; attended the University of Cincinnati, Harvard Divinity School, and the Episcopal Theological School in Cambridge, Mass.; became associate rector of Christ Church in Cincinnati in 1900; and came to Brooklyn to serve as the rector for the Church of the Holy Trinity in 1904. In 1915-16, he gained some fame within the church for his efforts to give women the right to vote in the annual parish meetings of the Episcopal Church. He was also a fraternal delegate to the Central Trades Labor Council of Greater New York and Chairman of the Brooklyn Committee for Better Housing. His son, William Howard Melish, was born in Brooklyn in 1910; attended Harvard, Union Theological Seminary, Jesus College at Cambridge University, and the Episcopal Theological School in Cambridge, Mass.; began his ministry at Christ Church in Cincinnati in 1935, and joined his father as assistant rector at the Church of the Holy Trinity in 1938. At various times he served as the Chairman of the Cincinnati Forum Committee, Vice-President of the Kings County American Labor Party, and Chairman of the National Council for Soviet-American Friendship. It was this last position in particular that led to the famed "Melish Controversy."

The Attorney General of the United States in 1948 labeled the National Council for Soviet-American Friendship a subversive organization. Soon after, the vestry sought to persuade the elder Melish to dismiss his son from the position of associate minister because they considered "that certain outside activities of the Assistant Rector were most detrimental to the interests of Holy Trinity Church." The elder Melish declined, and the vestry attempted to remove them both. The ensuing battle involved the parishioners of Holy Trinity church and Bishop James Pernette DeWolfe, the Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Long Island, and wound up going to the New York Supreme Court twice in the course of the ensuing decade. Increasing conflict between the bishop's new rector and some parishioners brought about the closing of the church in 1957, by order of the Bishop. After a few years spent in an effort to re-open Holy Trinity, William Howard Melish was called to be the rector of Grace Church, in Corona, Queens. Holy Trinity was eventually re-opened by the congregation of St. Ann's, and was henceforth known as the Church of St. Ann and the Holy Trinity. John Howard Melish lived in the rectory of Holy Trinity Church until his death in 1969.

A significant portion of the material in the collection came from Anna May Mason, who was a longtime parishioner in the Church of the Holy Trinity and active in its committees. Among these was the Trinity House Committee, of which Mason was Chairman during the 1950s, responsible for overseeing the operation of a co-ed residence sponsored by the Church. Mason was born in 1876 and baptized in Holy Trinity, and when she died in 1969, her funeral was held in the Church of St. Ann and the Holy Trinity. During the period of the Melish Controversy, she was the most senior member of the parish and a supporter of the Melishes. She was a co-defendant or co-petitioner with the Melishes in at least some of their court cases.

The Church of the Holy Trinity, now known as the Church of Saint Ann's and the Holy Trinity, is located in Brooklyn Heights at 157 Montague Street. It is well known in architectural circles for its Gothic Revival style and stained glass windows by William Jay Bolton, thought to be the earliest stained glass windows in the United States, circa 1822.

From the guide to the John Howard Melish, William Howard Melish and Protestant Episcopal Church of the Holy Trinity collection, Bulk, 1947-1958, 1904-1985, bulk 1947-1958, (Brooklyn Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.). Records, 1919-1990. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn National Council of American-Soviet Friendship Records, 1919-1990 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Penn School Papers, 1862-2004 and undated (bulk 1862-1978) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Church of the Holy Trinity collection, 1851-1958 Center for Brooklyn History (2020-)
referencedIn Guide to the Richard Morford Papers, 1918-1986 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Papers of Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth) Dreier, 1797-1968 (inclusive), 1897-1968 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. Papers, 1865-1998 (inclusive), 1905-1975 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn William Ernest Hocking papers Houghton Library
creatorOf Wanda Gág papers University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf John Howard Melish, William Howard Melish and Protestant Episcopal Church of the Holy Trinity collection, Bulk, 1947-1958, 1904-1985, bulk 1947-1958 Center for Brooklyn History (2020-)
referencedIn National Council of American-Soviet Friendship Records, Bulk, 1943-1988, 1919-1990 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Church of the Holy Trinity (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.). Records, 1928-1969. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Benevolent Association of the Church of the Holy Trinity (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Church of the Holy Trinity (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Du Bois, Shirley Graham, 1896-1977. person
associatedWith Du Bois, W. E. B., (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 person
associatedWith Fletcher, Joseph F. person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith International Labor Defense. corporateBody
associatedWith Kahn, Kathy person
associatedWith Mason, Anna May person
associatedWith Melish Defense Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Melish, John Howard, b. 1875 person
associatedWith Miller, Arthur, 1915-2005 person
associatedWith Morford, Richard, 1903-1986 person
associatedWith National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Penn School (Saint Helena Island, S.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Touchet, Francis H. person
correspondedWith Wager, Ralph Edmond, 1881-1979 person
associatedWith White, Bouck, 1874-1951 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) |x Church history
Brooklyn Heights (New York, N.Y.) |x Intellectual life
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) |x History |v Archival resources.
Subject
Anti-communist movements
Church controversies
City churches
City clergy
Cold War
Cold War
Cold War
Episcopalians
Episcopalians United States
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1910

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