Papers, 1897-1981.

ArchivalResource

Papers, 1897-1981.

Collection includes correspondence, memoranda, agenda and minutes of meetings, reports, summaries, statistical tables, financial statements, lists, legal documents, legislative documents, holograph notes and drafts, typescripts of speeches and writings, galleys, newspaper clippings including photo clippings, other printed items, photographs, and diaries. Papers reflect four aspects of Brooks' professional and personal life: his activities and concerns as attorney and judge; his championship of civil liberties; his efforts on behalf of international cooperation; and his personal relationships and interests. The bulk of his judicial papers consists of his opinions, findings, and rulings while he was serving on Middlesex, Mass. courts. Subjects include alcohol abuse and the drunken driver, automobile theft; illegal gambling, juvenile delinquency, and narcotics use. His involvement in the civil liberties movement is documented by correspondence and other material with liberal organizations, such as the American Civil Liberties Union. Brooks' activities in the effort to bring about international cooperation included membership in the United Council on World Affairs, Hugh Cabot Memorial Fund, Committee for International Reduction of Armaments, League of Nations Non-Partisan Association, American Society for Russian Relief and the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee. Many of his personal friendships and interests are documented in his correspondence and writings. Correspondents include Wayne N. Aspinwall, Roger N. Baldwin, Francis Biddle, Robert F. Bradford, Edward Brooke, William Butler, Edward C. Carter, (Cardinal) Richard Cushing, Frederick W. Dallinger, Bob Dole, Robert F. Drinan, Frederick Gillett, Samuel Gompers, Carl R. Gray, Robert Haas, Richard W. Hale, Sidney Howard, Manley O. Hudson, Charles Evans Hughes, Hubert H. Humphrey, Edward M. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy, Esther Lape, James R. Lawton, Henry Cabot Lodge, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., George McGovern, Joseph Mire, Endicott Peabody, Louis F. Post, Walt W. Rostow, Harrison E. Salisbury, Leverett Saltonstall, Alfred P. Sloane, Robert A. Taft, Norman Thomas, Oswald Garrison Villard, John A. Volpe, Joseph Walsh, and David I. Walsh.

15 boxes.

Related Entities

There are 49 Entities related to this resource.

Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981

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Political reformer. From the description of Reminiscences of Roger Nash Baldwin : oral history, 1975. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309721453 From the description of Reminiscences of Roger Nash Baldwin : oral history, 1974. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309721472 From the description of Reminiscences of Roger Nash Baldwin : oral history, 1965. (Columbia University In the City of New York). Wor...

Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892-1979

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Leverett A. Saltonstall (September 1, 1892 – June 17, 1979) was an American lawyer and politician from Massachusetts. He served three two-year terms as the 55th Governor of Massachusetts, and for more than twenty years as a United States Senator (1945–1967). Saltonstall was internationalist in foreign policy and moderate on domestic policy, serving as a well-liked mediating force in the Republican Party. He was the only member of the Republican Senate leadership to vote for the censure of Joseph...

Cushing, Richard James Cardinal, 1895-1970

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Richard James Cushing (August 24, 1895 – November 2, 1970) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Boston from 1944 to 1970 and was made a cardinal in 1958. Cushing's main role was as fundraiser and builder of new churches, schools, and institutions. Unlike his predecessor, he was on good terms with practically the entire Boston elite, as he softened the traditional confrontation between the Catholic Irish and the Protestant upper-class. He built useful r...

Bradford, Robert Fiske, 1902-1983

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Robert Fiske Bradford (December 15, 1902 – March 18, 1983) was an American lawyer and politician who served one term as the 57th Governor of Massachusetts, from 1947 to 1949. Robert Fiske Bradford was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Edward and Edith (Fiske) Bradford. His father was from an old traditional New England Yankee Brahmin family, a successful physician, and dean of Harvard Medical School, and his mother was the founder of the private Fiske School in Boston. Through an entirely pate...

Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924

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Samuel Gompers (1850-1924) was President of the American Federation of Labor and a member of the President's First Industrial Conference in 1919. He was a member of the President's Unemployment Conference in 1921. ...

McGovern, George S. (George Stanley), 1922-2012

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George Stanley McGovern (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American politician, historian, U.S. representative, U.S. senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election. McGovern grew up in Mitchell, South Dakota, where he was a renowned debater. He volunteered for the U.S. Army Air Forces upon the country's entry into World War II and as a B-24 Liberator pilot flew 35 missions over German-occupied Europe from a base in Italy. Among the medals besto...

Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948

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Charles Evans Hughes Sr. (April 11, 1862 – August 27, 1948) was an American statesman, Republican Party politician, and the 11th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the 36th Governor of New York, the Republican nominee in the 1916 presidential election, and the 44th United States Secretary of State. Born to a Welsh immigrant preacher and his wife in Glens Falls, New York, Hughes pursued a legal career in New York City. After working in private practice for several ye...

Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978

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Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th vice president of the United States from 1965 to 1969. He twice served in the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from 1949 to 1964 and 1971 to 1978. He was the Democratic Party's nominee in the 1968 presidential election, losing to Republican nominee Richard Nixon. Born in Wallace, South Dakota, Humphrey attended the University of Minnesota. At one point he helped run his ...

Gillett, Frederick Huntington, 1851-1935

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Frederick Huntington Gillett (October 16, 1851 – July 31, 1935) was an American politician who served in the Massachusetts state government and both houses of the U.S. Congress between 1879 and 1931, including six years as Speaker of the House. Frederick H. Gillett was born in Westfield, Massachusetts, to Edward Bates Gillett (1817–1899) and Lucy Fowler Gillett (1830–1916). He graduated from Amherst College, where he was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, in 1874 and Harvard Law Scho...

League of nations non-partisan association, New York.

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Hugh Cabot Memorial Fund.

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Thomas Norman Mattoon, 1884-1968

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Norman Mattoon Thomas (1884-1968), was a leading American socialist, pacifist, author, and six-time presidential candidate on the Socialist Party of America ticket, between 1928 and 1948. Born in Marion, Ohio, he was a graduate of Princeton University, attended Union Theological Seminary, where he became a socialist, and was ordained as a Presbyterian minister in 1911. Thomas opposed the United States' entry into the First World War, a position that earned him the disapproval of many in his soci...

Drinan, Robert F.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63r18j6 (person)

Jesuit priest, professor, and former Congressman. Drinan was born in Boston in 1920. He attended Boston College and Georgetown University, and was ordained in 1953. From 1956 to 1970 he was Dean of the Boston College Law School, and from 1971 to 1980 he served in the United States House of Representatives. While in Congress Drinan advocated human rights, was involved in the Nixon impeachment hearings, helped revise the U.S. Criminal Code, and spearheaded abolishment of t...

Walsh, David I. (David Ignatius), 1872-1947

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Dallinger, Frederick W.

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Volpe, John A.

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Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 1881-

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Attorney, judge, and civic leader. Harvard, B.A., 1902; M.A. 1903; Harvard Law School, LL.B., 1905. Practiced law in Massachusetts, 1905-1928; judge in Middlesex, Mass. County courts, 1928-1970; member of various legal and political groups. From the description of Papers, 1897-1981. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 236047331 Lawrence Graham Brooks (1881-1981) earned his Harvard AB 1902. From the description of Student notes and papers, 1899-1901....

Peabody, Endicott.

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Permanent Court of International Justice

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Biddle, Francis, 1886-1968

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Francis Beverley Biddle (1886-1968) was a graduate of Groton and Harvard. After Harvard Law School he served for one year as secretary to Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. A practicing attorney in Philadelphia for twenty-five years, Biddle was named the first chairman of the National Labor Relations Board in 1934, filling the post for one year. In 1939, Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed him judge of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals. In 1940, he was appointed Solicitor General of the U...

Post, Louis F.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67122j3 (person)

Salisbury, Harrison E. (Harrison Evans), 1908-1993

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qf92kp (person)

Epithet: Associate Editor `The New York Times' British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000561.0x00005b The American journalist Harrison E. Salisbury (1908-1993) was well-known for his reporting and books on the Soviet Union. A distinguished correspondent and editor for the New York Times, he was the first American reporter to visit Hanoi during the Vietnam War. After editing the campus daily at the University of Minnes...

Lawton, James R.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fr3xmt (person)

Gray, Carl R. (Carl Raymond), 1867-1939

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Howard, Sidney Coe, 1891-1939

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn4c1m (person)

Sidney Coe Howard was a popular and successful American playwright and screenwriter, becoming the first person to win both a Pulitzer Prize and an Academy Award. Born in Oakland, California, and educated at the University of California at Berkeley and Harvard, he served as an aviator in World War I. After the war he established a reputation as a journalist, investigating the social issues of the day, and publishing both short stories and translations; he found great success as a playwright, winn...

Dole, Robert Joseph "Bob", 1923-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61j9m1z (person)

Bob Dole Politician. Republican. Born: July 22, 1923, Russell, Kansas. Served in U.S. House of Representatives, 6th and 1st Districts: January 3, 1961, to January 3, 1969. Served in U.S. Senate: January 3, 1969, to June 11, 1996. Robert Joseph “Bob” Dole was born in Russell in 1923, to Doran Ray and Bina N. (Talbott) Dole. As a boy growing up in western Kansas during the Great Depression, he worked a number of odd jobs. Forrest "Phog" Allen went to Russell to recruit Dole to play basketball ...

Mire, Joseph

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Lodge, Henry Cabot, Jr., 1902-1985

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U.S. representative to the United Nations. From the description of Correspondence 1957. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 50307057 United States Senator and ambassador. From the description of Henry Cabot Lodge letter to Harriet L. White [manuscript], 1960 August 8. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 466876849 Henry Cabot Lodge (1902-1985) was a journalist, U.S. Senator, and diplomat, and the grandson of statesman Henry Cabot Lodge,...

Butler, William Elliott, 1939-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69p4kdf (person)

Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949

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Epithet: US journalist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000429.0x000092 Villard, a journalist and author, was president of the New York Evening Post (1897-1918), editor and owner of The Nation (1918-1932), publisher and contributing editor of The Nation (1932-1935), a founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and of Yachting Magazine, and owner of the Nautical Gazette. His father ...

Haas, Robert, 1961-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bc4j36 (person)

Hudson, Manley O. (Manley Ottmer), 1886-1960

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Epithet: Professor of International Law Harvard University British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001137.0x000133 Law professor, judge, international mediator, legal scholar. Prof., U. of Mo. Law School, 1910-1919, Harvard L.S., 1919-1954. Attached to American Comm. to Negotiate Peace, Paris, 1918-1919. Member, legal section of League of Nations Secretariat, 1922-1933. Appointed member, Permanent Court of Arbitration,...

Foreign Policy Association.

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Brooke, Edward W., III (Edward William, III), 1919-2015

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Edward William Brooke III (October 26, 1919 – January 3, 2015) was an American Republican politician. In 1966, he became the first African American popularly elected to the United States Senate. He represented Massachusetts in the Senate from 1967 to 1979. Born and raised in Washington, D.C., Brooke graduated from the Boston University School of Law after serving in the United States Army during World War II. After serving as chairman of the Finance Commission of Boston, Brooke won election a...

American Society for Russian Relief, Inc.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6131v9x (corporateBody)

Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932-2009

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Edward Moore Kennedy (b. Feb. 22, 1932, Boston, Mass.-d. Aug. 25, 2009), graduated from Harvard University with a B.A. in government in 1956, and received his LL.B. from the University of Virginia in 1959. He served in the United States Army from 1951 to 1953. He was elected democratic senator from Massachusetts in 1962, served until his death in August 2009. He was the Assistant District Attorney for Suffolk County from 1961 to 1962, and sought the Democratic nomination for president in 1980....

Carter, Edward Carlos, 1928-....

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Benjamin Henry Latrobe was an architect and engineer. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1799. From the guide to the The papers of Benjamin Henry Latrobe, the microtext edition /Edward C. Carter II, editor in chief; Thomas E. Jeffrey, microfiche editor., 1976, (American Philosophical Society) ...

Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963

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John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, to Joseph P. Kennedy and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy of Brookline, Massachusetts. John Kennedy, the second of nine children, attended Choate Academy (1932-1935), Princeton University (1935-36), Harvard College (1936-40), and Stanford Business School (1941). In 1940, he published a book based on his senior thesis entitled "Why England Slept." The book criticized British policy of Appeasement. In 1941, Kennedy enlisted in the Navy. In August 1943, Kenn...

Sloane, Alfred P.

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Walsh, Joseph (Joseph F.)

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Epithet: Subject of Mss Eur D546 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001569.0x00001f ...

Taft, Robert A. (Robert Alphonso), 1889-1853

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Robert A. Taft More than "Mr. Republican" In 1947, Republican Senator Robert A. Taft was at the peak of his power, commanding a coalition of conservative Republicans and southern Democrats to thwart President Harry S. Truman's domestic agenda. Taft's most impressive achievement came in June. The labor-restricting Taft-Hartley Act survived Truman's veto and won Taft the admiration of the press corps. Yet he did not seek the highest political office in the Senate; indeed, the title "majority...

Hale, Richard W.

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Committee for International Reduction of Armaments.

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Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee

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The Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee (JAFRC) emerged in 1941superseding several earlier committees and organizations that had been developed to secure humanitarian aid for refugees of the Spanish Civil War. Along with providing humanitarian aid, the JAFRC was “dedicated to the rescue and relief of thousands of anti-fascist fighters trapped in Vichy France, and North Africa so that they [could] return to the active fight against the Axis.” Dr. Edward Barsky, leader of American me...

Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924

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Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924) was born into a prominent Boston family in 1850. Through his mother’s family, the Cabots, Lodge traced his lineage back to the 17th century, with one great-grandfather a leading Federalist during the Revolutionary period. Growing up in both an intellectual and privileged household, "Cabot" took naturally to academic subjects, particularly history and literature. Beyond his early devotion to scholarly pursuits, Lodge also enjoyed numerous sports and the great outdoor...

American Civil Liberties Union

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Founded in 1920 in New York City by Roger Baldwin and others; the ACLU was an outgrowth of the American Union Against Militarism's National Civil Liberties Bureau, which in 1920 changed its name to the American Civil Liberties Union. From the description of Collection, 1917- (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 42740878 The Southern Women's Rights Project (SWRP) located in Richmond is affiliated with the American Civil Liberties Union. The project deal...

Aspinwall, Wayne N.

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Lape, Esther Everett, 1881-1981

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Teacher. Lape was a friend of Eleanor Roosevelt, a peace activist, and a promoter of international cooperation. From the description of Papers, 1920-1978. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155523660 ...

World Affairs Council

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