Salisbury, Harrison E. (Harrison Evans), 1908-1993

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Epithet: Associate Editor `The New York Times'

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000561.0x00005b

The American journalist Harrison E. Salisbury (1908-1993) was well-known for his reporting and books on the Soviet Union. A distinguished correspondent and editor for the New York Times, he was the first American reporter to visit Hanoi during the Vietnam War. After editing the campus daily at the University of Minnesota and working as a reporter for the Minneapolis Journal, he decided to pursue a career in journalism. Salisbury took a job with the United Press in St. Paul, soon circulating through other UP bureaus in Chicago, Washington D.C., and New York before being sent to Europe in 1942, where he visited London and Moscow on assignment. In 1944, Salisbury covered the Russian army's victory over the retreating German troops, which he later used as the basis for a series of articles for Colliers magazine and as a book entitled Russia on the Way 1946. Then, he joined the New York Times and returned to the Soviet Union in 1949 as the Times Russian correspondent. His reports from Moscow were heavily censored and were seen as controversial in the McCarthy anti-Communist atmosphere. After travelling through Siberia in the spring of 1954, he wrote a 14-part report "Russia Re-viewed," which received the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for international reporting. Although barred from the Soviet Union for five years after receiving the Pulitzer Prize, Salisbury was able to tour Poland Bulgaria Rumania and Albania in 1957 and his report on the deterioration of Communism in Eastern Europe led to a George Polk Memorial award for foreign news coverage. Allowed to visit the Soviet Union in 1959 and 1961-1962 Salisbury wrote several books describing the changes in the post-Stalin era. He also published Moscow Journal The End of Stalin 1961 which included the censored dispatches from his earlier five-year residence in Moscow. His knowledge of Stalin's regime provided the background for his well-received first novel The Northern Palmyra Affair (1962). In 1962 Salisbury was named national news editor of the Times. He supervised the paper's excellent coverage of President Kennedy's assassination and in 1964 became assistant managing editor. In 1972 he was elevated to the rank of associate editor. At the end of 1973 he retired from the New York Times. After leaving The Times Salisbury continued to write and publish. He wrote about the Soviet Union in a series of books including Black Night White Snow (1978), One Hundred Years of Revolution (1983), and A Journey for Our Times A Memoir (1983, which also narrates his boyhood and early career as a journalist. His memoirs were elaborated in another book published in 1988 entitled A Time of Change. In retirement Salisbury traveled several times to China and wrote a book describing his history of the making of the Chinese Red Army following the course of the Long March: The Long March: The Untold Story (1985). Salisbury's reports on North Vietnam were given the Overseas Press Club and George Polk Memorial Awards and his experience was described in the book Behind the Lines (1967); he also wrote Orbit of China (1967), the best-seller The 900 Days: The Siege of Leningrad (1969) and War Between Russia and China (1969). Salisbury's coverage of Al Capone's trial to his presence at the 1989 Tianamen Square uprising were described in Tianamen Diary Thirteen Days in June (1988). Salisbury's other works inlcude The Kingdom and the Power (1966), Russia in Revolution (1979), The New Emperors: China in the Era of Mao and Deng (1992), and Heroes of My Time (1993). Salisbury wrote an authorized but independent history of the New York Times which was published as Without Fear or Favor (1980), which discusses the shift in the paper from news reporting to an active engagement in political events. Salisbury focuses his story on the decision of the Times to print the secret study of the Vietnam War, the Pentagon Papers which provoked a confrontation with the Nixon administration. In 1964 he married Charlotte Young Rand and they lived in Manhattan and Taconic, Connecticut.

From the description of Harrison E. Salisbury Papers, 1927-1999. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 470401265

Journalist.

From the description of Reminiscences of Harrison Evans Salisbury : lecture, 1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122419173

From the description of Reminiscences of Harrison Evans Salisbury : lecture, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122451412

Journalist, author.

From the description of Reminiscences of Harrison Evans Salisbury : oral history, 1972. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122512825

BIOGHIST REQUIRED The American journalist Harrison E. Salisbury (1908-1993) was well-known for his reporting and books on the Soviet Union. A distinguished correspondent and editor for the New York Times, he was the first American reporter to visit Hanoi during the Vietnam War. After editing the campus daily at the University of Minnesota and working as a reporter for the Minneapolis Journal, he decided to pursue a career in journalism. Salisbury took a job with the United Press in St. Paul, soon circulating through other UP bureaus in Chicago, Washington D.C., and New York before being sent to Europe in 1942, where he visited London and Moscow on assignment. In 1944, Salisbury covered the Russian army's victory over the retreating German troops, which he later used as the basis for a series of articles for Colliers magazine and as a book entitled Russia on the Way 1946.

He joined the New York Times and returned to the Soviet Union in 1949 as the Times Russian correspondent. His reports from Moscow were heavily censored and were seen as controversial in the McCarthy anti-Communist atmosphere. After travelling through Siberia in the spring of 1954, he wrote a 14-part report "Russia Re-viewed," which received the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for international reporting. Although barred from the Soviet Union for five years after receiving the Pulitzer Prize, Salisbury was able to tour Poland Bulgaria Rumania and Albania in 1957 and his report on the deterioration of Communism in Eastern Europe led to a George Polk Memorial award for foreign news coverage. Allowed to visit the Soviet Union in 1959 and 1961-1962 Salisbury wrote several books describing the changes in the post-Stalin era. He also published Moscow Journal The End of Stalin 1961 which included the censored dispatches from his earlier five-year residence in Moscow. His knowledge of Stalin's regime provided the background for his well-received first novel The Northern Palmyra Affair (1962).

In 1962 Salisbury was named national news editor of the Times. He supervised the paper's excellent coverage of President Kennedy's assassination and in 1964 became assistant managing editor. In 1972 he was elevated to the rank of associate editor. At the end of 1973 he retired from the New York Times. After leaving The Times Salisbury continued to write and publish. He wrote about the Soviet Union in a series of books including Black Night White Snow (1978), One Hundred Years of Revolution (1983), and A Journey for Our Times A Memoir (1983, which also narrates his boyhood and early career as a journalist. His memoirs were elaborated in another book published in 1988 entitled A Time of Change . In retirement Salisbury traveled several times to China and wrote a book describing his history of the making of the Chinese Red Army following the course of the Long March: The Long March: The Untold Story (1985). Salisbury's reports on North Vietnam were given the Overseas Press Club and George Polk Memorial Awards and his experience was described in the book Behind the Lines (1967); he also wrote Orbit of China (1967), the best-seller The 900 Days: The Siege of Leningrad (1969) and War Between Russia and China (1969). Salisbury's coverage of Al Capone's trial to his presence at the 1989 Tianamen Square uprising were described in Tianamen Diary Thirteen Days in June (1988).

Salisbury's other works inlcude The Kingdom and the Power (1966), Russia in Revolution (1979), The New Emperors: China in the Era of Mao and Deng (1992), and Heroes of My Time (1993). Salisbury wrote an authorized but independent history of the New York Times which was published as Without Fear or Favor (1980), which discusses the shift in the paper from news reporting to an active engagement in political events. Salisbury focuses his story on the decision of the Times to print the secret study of the Vietnam War, the Pentagon Papers which provoked a confrontation with the Nixon administration. In 1964 he married Charlotte Young Rand and they lived in Manhattan and Taconic, Connecticut.

From the guide to the Harrison Salisbury Papers, 1927-1999, (Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library, )

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Loebl, Eugen, 1909-1987. Eugen Loebl Papers, 1969-1987. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn New York Times Company. New York TImes Company records. Clifton Daniel papers, 1955-1979. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence, 1881-1981 (inclusive), 1940-1979 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hatcher, Harlan, 1898-1998. Harlan Henthorne Hatcher papers, 1837-1998 (bulk 1891-1986). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Hawkins, John R. John R. Hawkins '56 literary manuscript collection, 1972-80. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, 1933-. Papers, ca. 1920-1999, ca. 1945-1997 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Salisbury, Harrison E. (Harrison Evans), 1908-1993. Salisbury, Harrison : [photography bio file]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 1881-1981. Papers, 1897-1981. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Harlan Henthorne Hatcher Papers, 1837-1998, 1891-1986 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Konstantinow, Dimitry, 1908-. Papers, 1951-1983. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-1997. Allen Ginsberg papers, 1944-1991. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Ruth and Augustus Goetz papers, 1930-1966 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Pierson, Emily. Emily Pierson papers, 1939-1970 (bulk 1950-1970). University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn Robert Manning papers, 1938-1993. Houghton Library.
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Joseph Barnes Papers, 1923-1970 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Mebane, Mary E., 1933-1992. Mary E. Mebane papers, 1970s-1980s. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Salisbury, Harrison E. (Harrison Evans), 1908-1993. Reminiscences of Harrison Evans Salisbury : lecture, 1967. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf I︠U︡rkevich, Vladimir Ivanovich, 1885-1964. Vladimir Ivanovich and Ol'ga Vsevolodovna Iurkevich Papers, 1929-1976. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Mebane, Mary E., 1933-. Mary E. Mebane papers, 1971-1977. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Sally Belfrage Papers, Bulk, 1960-1990, 1903-1994, (Bulk 1960-1990) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Baldwin, Hanson Weightman, 1903-1991. Hanson Weightman Baldwin papers, 1900-1988 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1920-1995. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Belfrage, Sally, 1936-. Papers, 1903-1994 (bulk 1960-1990). Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Skri︠a︡bina, Elena, 1906-1996. Papers of Helene Scriabine, 1937-1993 (bulk 1960-1993). University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Irving Brant Papers, 1910-1977, (bulk 1938-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf MARGARET GARDINER PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 129). 'Vietnam: an American View'; 1967.includes:ff. 2, 34 Harrison Evans Salisbury, Associate Editor, 'The New York Times': Letters to Margaret Gardiner of Harrison Evans Salisbury: 1967: Signed.ff. 3, 40 ..., 1967 British Library
referencedIn Gruneck, Sidney. Sidney Gruneck papers, 1941-1974. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Mary E. Mebane papers, 1971-1977. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Minnesota News Council. Minnesota News Council records, 1970-1992. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Brant, Irving, 1885-1976. Irving Brant papers, 1910-1977 (bulk 1938-1975). Library of Congress
referencedIn Records, 1946-2000 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Dobbs, Farrell. Papers, 1928-1983. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Charlotte Salisbury papers, 1925-2001, [Bulk Dates: 1965-1993]. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Paul S. Swensson papers., 1940-2000. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Novack, George Edward. George Edward Novack and Evelyn Reed papers, 1933-1992. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Barnes, Joseph, 1907-1970. Joseph Barnes papers, 1907-1970, 1923-1970. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Salisbury, Harrison E. (Harrison Evans), 1908-1993. Reminiscences of Harrison Evans Salisbury : oral history, 1972. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1897-1981 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Arnoni, M. S. (Menachem S.), 1922-1985. Menachem Arnoni collection, 1961-1968. Boston University. School of Medicine
creatorOf Graham family. Papers of the Graham and related Sanders and Tate families [manuscript], 1844-1990 (bulk 1920-1990). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Harrison Salisbury Papers, 1927-1999 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn R. Buckminster Fuller papers, ca. 1920-1983 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Salisbury, Harrison E. (Harrison Evans), 1908-1993. Democracy sweeps the world [sound recording] / by Harrison Salisbury. Sarah Lawrence College, Esther Raushenbush Library
referencedIn Papers, 1920-1995. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bliven, Bruce, 1889-1977. Bruce Bliven papers, 1906-1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Antioch Review mss., 1940-2007 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Daniel, Clifton, 1912-2000. Papers, 1955-1977. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Salisbury, Harrison E. (Harrison Evans), 1908-1993. Reminiscences of Harrison Evans Salisbury : lecture, 1959. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Salisbury, Harrison E. (Harrison Evans), 1908-1993. Harrison E. Salisbury Papers, 1927-1999. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Minnesota News Council records., 1970-1992. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, 1933-. Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko papers, circa 1945-2006. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Swensson, Paul S. (Paul Sigfrid), 1907-2001. Paul S. Swensson papers, 1940-2000. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Hanson Weightman Baldwin papers, 1900-1988 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Antioch review. corporateBody
correspondedWith Arnoni, M. S. (Menachem S.), 1922-1985. person
associatedWith Baldwin, Hanson Weightman, 1903-1991. person
associatedWith Barnes, Joseph, 1907-1970. person
associatedWith Belfrage, Sally, 1936- person
associatedWith Berliner, David, person
associatedWith Bliven, Bruce, 1889-1977. person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
correspondedWith Brant, Irving, 1885-1976. person
associatedWith Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 1881-1981. person
associatedWith Columbia University. Graduate School of Journalism. corporateBody
associatedWith Daniel, Clifton, 1912-2000. person
associatedWith Dobbs, Farrell. person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-1983 person
associatedWith Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-1997. person
associatedWith Goetz, Ruth person
associatedWith Graham family. family
correspondedWith Gruneck, Sidney. person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Hatcher, Harlan, 1898-1998. person
associatedWith Hawkins, John R. person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith I︠U︡rkevich, Vladimir Ivanovich, 1885-1964. person
associatedWith Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971. person
associatedWith Konstantinow, Dimitry, 1908-. person
correspondedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
associatedWith Loebl, Eugen, 1909-1987. person
associatedWith Manning, Robert, 1919- person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Mebane, Mary E., 1933- person
associatedWith Minnesota News Council. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Novack, George Edward. person
associatedWith Oakes, John B. (John Bertram), 1913-2001. person
associatedWith Pierson, Emily. person
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Salisbury, Charlotte Y. person
associatedWith Sarah Lawrence College Friends of the Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Skri︠a︡bina, Elena, 1906-1996. person
associatedWith Swensson, Paul S. (Paul Sigfrid), 1907-2001. person
associatedWith Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, 1933- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Vietnam
United States
Soviet Union
Soviet Union
United States
Subject
Newspapers--Sections, columns, etc
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Journalists
Journalists--Interviews
Press conferences
Newspaper publishing
Democracy
Newspaper editors
Journalism
Occupation
Photographers
Function

Person

Birth 1908-11-14

Death 1993-07-05

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 67121846