World War posters 1914-1945
There are 161 Entities related to this resource.
Florence Nightingale (1820-1910), nursing pioneer and reformer, is regarded as the founder of modern nursing. Born in Florence, Italy, she dedicated her life to the care of the sick and war wounded. In 1844, she began to visit hospitals; in 1850, she spent some time with the nursing Sisters of St. Vincent de Paul in Alexandria and a year later studied at the institute for Protestant deaconesses in Kaiserswerth, Germany. In 1854, she organized a unit of 38 nurses for service in the Crimean War. I...
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as the 34th vice president in early 1945. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO to contain communist expansion. He proposed numerous liberal domestic reforms, but few were enacted by the Conservative Coalition that dominated Congres...
William II was German Emperor and King of Prussia (ruled 1888-1918) From the description of Letters : to George Sylvester Viereck, 1922-1940. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 80954785 ...
Woodrow Wilson (b. Thomas Woodrow Wilson, December 28, 1856, Staunton, Virginia-d.February 3, 1924, Washington, D.C.), was the twenty-eight President of the United States, 1913-1921; Governor of New Jersey, 1911-1913; and president of Princeton University, 1902-1910. Biographical Note 1856, Dec. 28 Born, Staunton, Va. 1870 ...
Henry Reuterdahl (August 12, 1871 – December 21, 1925) was a Swedish-American artist, author, and lecturer highly acclaimed for his nautical artwork. Reuterdahl had a long relationship with the United States Navy. After being sent to illustrate the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893, he decided to remain in the United States where he began work as an illustrator for Chicago Graphic. Reuterdahl became well known for his maritime art after he did a series of vivid illustrations of navy warships for Har...
The special operations Branch, Office of Strategic Services, London was charged with conducting in enemy or enemy-occupied territories of the European Theater, sabotage operations, the support and supply of resistance groups, and guerrilla warfare. From the description of OSS/London: Special Operations Branch and Secret Intelligence Branch war diaries, 1944, [microfilm]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122640182 ...
The Continental Congress on June 17, 1775, appointed an Adjutant General of the Continental Army. After 1783 no further provision was made for such an officer until an act of March 5, 1792, provided for an adjutant, who was also to do the work of inspector. An act of March 3, 1813, established an Adjutant General's Department and an Inspector General's Department which were united the following July under one head, the Adjutant and Inspector General. Separate heads for the two Depar...
The United States Department of Agriculture was established in 1862 by President Abraham Lincoln and was elevated to a Cabinet level organization by President Grover Cleveland in 1889. The Department of Agriculture assists farmers and producers of food as well as creating policies and programs related to food distribution and nutrition information. The United States Department of Agriculture controls a number of regional offices through out the continential United States and its territories....
The Department of Foreign Affairs was established by an act of July 27, 1789 (1 Stat. 28) and redesignated the Department of State by an act of September 15, 1789 (1 Stat. 68). It was the agency of the United States created by law to assist the President in the formulation and execution of the Nation's foreign policy, and in the conduct of foreign affairs and of certain domestic affairs. The Department made plans for peace and security among all nations, participated in the United Nations and o...
Henry Agard Wallace (October 7, 1888 – November 18, 1965) was an American politician, journalist, and farmer who served as the 11th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, the 33rd vice president of the United States, and the 10th U.S. Secretary of Commerce. He was also the presidential nominee of the left-wing Progressive Party in the 1948 election. The oldest son of Henry C. Wallace, who served as the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture from 1921 to 1924, Henry A. Wallace was born in Adair County, Iowa in...
Illustrator, painter; Norman Rockwell painted and illustrated 317 covers for the Saturday Evening Post from 1916-1963. From the description of Norman Rockwell collection of Saturday Evening Post covers, 1919-1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 777815899 Norman Rockwell was among the most popular and successful American artists of the 20th century. His signature style of representational realism, used to express themes of traditional American values, was easily recognized an...
The Rock of Ages Light is a U.S. Coast Guard lighthouse on a small rock outcropping approximately 2.25 miles west of Washington Island and 3.5 miles west of Isle Royale, in Keweenaw County, Michigan. It is an active aid to navigation. From the description of Rock of Ages Lighthouse Logbook, 1939-1945. (Michigan Technological University). WorldCat record id: 758507044 "The U.S. Coast Guard is one of the five armed forces of the United States and the only military organization...
Illustrator; Westport, Conn. From the description of Harold Von Schmidt interview, 1965 Aug. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220199054 From the description of Oral history interview with Harold Von Schmidt, 1965 Aug. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 233007152 ...
Epithet: (Mrs -), of Hampnett British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000245.0x0003a2 Epithet: of Add MS 32970 British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001305.0x000177 ...
Louise Dahl-Wolfe (1895-1989) was a photographer who worked for Harper's Bazaar. She was married to sculptor Meyer (Mike) Wolfe. From the description of Louise Dahl-Wolfe and Meyer (Mike) Wolfe Christmas card to unidentified recipient, 194-? (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 779477707 ...
Career Army officer who served in the Philippines as an adjutant general and engineer officer, collector of customs, and cavalry squadron commander, participating in actions against the Tausug (Moros), 1899-1903; later apppointed governor of Moro Province and commander, Department of Mindanao, 1909-1913. Well-known for his command of the American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I, 1917-1919. From the description of General John J. Pershing photograph collection [pictu...
Australian-born photographer Anton Bruehl was born in 1900 in the small town of Naracoorte, South Australia. Having trained in Melbourne as an electrical engineer, he arrived in New York in 1918 under the employ of Western Electric. After attending an exhibition of photography by the students of the Clarence H. White School of Photography in 1923, Bruehl took six months leave from Western Electric to study privately under Clarence White. During this period he also worked in the studio of Jessie ...
Albert E. Sterner (1863-1946) was an American painter, etcher and lithographer. He opened a studio in New York City in 1885, was one of the founders of Painter-Gravers of America, and taught at the Art Students League. His paintings were purchased by and exhibited at museums in Europe and the U.S. From the guide to the Albert E. Sterner correspondence, 1899-1945, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) Illustrator and painter; New York City. Sterner...
History Roy Pearson was a labor representative from the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America, or IUMSWA, Local No. 9 in San Pedro, California. The IUMSWA was a labor union that represented all shipyard workers. Established in the 1930’s, the Congress of Industrial Relations, or C.I.O, was a federation that organized industrial unions, such as the IUMSWA, in the United States and Canada. The C.I.O. merged ...
A child of evangelical Protestantism, the YMCA at first considered itself a specialized agency for bringing young men to Christ. Although the early Y's mission was unabashedly religious in nature, the organization focused on method rather than doctrine or philosophy. Dominated by business men rather than professional religious leaders, the movement tended to emphasize facilities, expansion, practical usefulness, and specific influence. Early work included not only the distribution of tracts, Bib...
United War Work Campaign, an American private organization, coordinated fundraising for World War I war work with American servicemen. The Campaign did fundraising for seven welfare societies: National War Work Council of the Young Men's Christian Associations, War Work Council of the National Board of the Young Women's Christian Associations, National Catholic War Council (Knights of Columbus), Jewish Welfare Board, War Camp Community Service, American Library Association, and the Salvation Arm...
Bernard Perlin, painter. From the description of Bernard Perlin letters to Glenway Wescott, 1940-1961. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702164957 ...
Gordon Grant was born June 7, 1875 in San Francisco California, and died May 6, 1962 in New York City. He was a newspaper and magazine artist and book illustrator. He also wrote a number of self-illustrated books. He was most noted as a painter of ships and the sea. Biographical Source: Something About the Author vol. 25. From the description of Gordon Grant papers n.d. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 428024720 Marine painter, illustrator; East Gl...
The National Congress of Parents and Teachers (now the PTA) was organized by Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst in December 1896. The first national meeting of the National Congress of Mothers (as it was first called) was held in Washington D.C. in February, 1897. In 1908 the name was changed to the National Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations in an effort to recognize the importance of the parent-teacher partnership. In 1924, the name was changed to the National Co...
Illustrator; New York, N.Y. Born 1913. From the guide to the David Stone Martin posters, (The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.) Illustrator; New York, N.Y. Born 1913. Died 1992. From the description of David Stone Martin papers, 1939-1991. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122515853 Illustrator; New York, N.Y. Born 1913. From the description of David Stone Martin posters. (New York Public Library). W...
Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969) was leader of the Allied forces in Europe in World War II, commander of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), and the thirty-fourth president of the United States, from January 20, 1953, to January 20, 1961. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas, the third son of David Jacob Eisenhower, a railroad worker, and Ida Elizabeth Stover. In 1891, the family moved to Abilene, Kansas, where David accepted a job at a local creamery run by ...
The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is one of the largest Scouting organizations in the United States of America and one of the largest youth organizations in the United States, with more than 2.4 million youth participants and nearly one million adult volunteers. The BSA was founded in 1910, and since then, more than 110 million Americans have been participants in BSA programs at some time. The BSA is part of the international Scout Movement and became a founding member organization of the World Or...
American illustrator. From the description of Letter, 1900. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78052418 ...
B. 1900 d. 1952. From the description of John Atherton artist file. (Whitney Museum of American Art). WorldCat record id: 228432481 ...
The Department of the Treasury was created by an act of Congress (1 Stat. 65), approved September 2, 1789. The orginal act established the Department to superintend the manage the National finances. This act charged the Secretary of the Treasury with the preparation of plans for the improvement and management of the revenue and the support of public credit. It further provided that the Secretary should prescribe the forms for keeping and rendering all manner of public accounts and for the ma...
The office of the Director of Liquidation and the Liquidation Advisiory Committee were created within the Office for Emergency Management, Executive Office of the President, by Executive Order 9674, dated January 4, 1946. Their function was to direct, advise, and assist in the orderly and timely winding up of affairs of temporary war agencies and activities, particularly with respect to personnel, records, property, space, and accounts. The Director was appointed by the ...
xmlns="urn:isbn:1-931666-33-4">Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) was the most prolific American inventor to date. This collection contains typescript reproductions of his laboratory notebooks recording research for a domestic source of natural rubber sponsored by his Edison Botanic Research Corp. of Fort Myers. The company was founded in Florida by Edison, Harvey Firestone and Henry Ford. In collaboration with John Kunkel Small (1869-1938) of the New York Botanical Garden, over 17,000 plants were ...
Painter, sculptor, illustrator; New York, N.Y. and Ohio. From the description of Howard Chandler Christy letters, 1949. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122545978 Howard Chandler Christy was a noted American illustrator and painter. From the description of Howard Chandler Christy Papers, 1873-2001. (Lafayette College). WorldCat record id: 71520652 American artist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Chester, N.J., to Helen F. Levy...
Veteran's organization. From the description of Records, 1893-1927. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 36805972 Association of veterans of American wars. Formed by a group of World War I officers, the American Legion is the world's largest veteran's organization. From the description of Records, 1960-1987. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 61206804 The American Legion was founded in 1919 by veterans returning from Europe after Worl...
Painter and illustrator; b. in the Dakota Territory; studied at Howard Pyle School of Art. From the description of Harvey Dunn papers, 1906-1989. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70972388 ...
Abraham Lincoln (born February 12, 1809, Sinking Spring Farm near Hodgenville, Kentucky-died April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C.) was the sixteenth President of the United States from 1861 until his death by assassination. He was the son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Thomas Lincoln, and Nancy Hanks. In 1816, Lincoln moved to Pigeon Creek, Indiana, where he worked on his family's farm. Following his mother's death two years later, he continued working on farms until moving with his father to New Sa...
Kaghan was the Chief of the Basic News Division, News and Features Bureau, in the Office of War Information; he was based in New York City. From the description of Correspondence to Franz Werfel, 1945. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155864677 During World War II, Carl Zigrosser spent a year co-ordinating a project for the Office of War Information. The program organized 4 sets of prints by American artists to uses as propaganda tools overseas. The ...
French artist. From the description of Letters, ca. 1875-1892. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 77663024 Epithet: painter British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000390.0x0003a5 ...
Doris Razook lived in Savannah, Georgia. From the description of Doris Razook ration book, 1943. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 166147794 During World War II the Office of Price Administration (OPA) was the government agency that rationed most consumer goods and regulated their prices. Some of the rationed items included, tires, cars, gas, coffee, meats, and other food stuffs. OPA was in place for the duration of the war and continued operations until 1947...
Director of the FBI. From the description of Typed letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Arthur William Brown, 1941 Sept. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269555861 John Edgar Hoover (1895-1972) served from 1924 to 1972 as the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). As its first director, Hoover molded the FBI into his image of a modern police force. He promoted scientific investigation of crime, the collection and analysis of fingerprints and the hiring and ...
Albert Dorne (Feb. 7, 1906-Dec. 15, 1965), American illustrator, was born in New York City. As a freelance artist his illustrations appeared in Life, Collier's and The Saturday Evening Post. From the description of Dorne, Albert, 1904-1965 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10615302 ...
Taxing agency of the United States government. From the description of Daily record of spirit stamps other than tax paid, 1872-1875. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122652961 Office of internal taxation in the United States. From the description of Monthly report of tobacco, snuff, and cigar stamps, 1872-1875. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122351647 ...
Robert Riggs (1896-1970) was an American painter, illustrator, and lithographer. From the guide to the Robert Riggs Papers, 1912-1970, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries) ...
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York. He was the son of James (lawyer, financier) and Sara (Delano) Roosevelt. He married Anna Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17, 1905, and had six children: Anna, James, Franklin, Elliott, Franklin Jr., John. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1904 and later attended Columbia University Law School. Roosevelt was admitted to the Bar in 1907 and worked for the Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn firm in New York City from 1907 to 19...
Marcy served as Secretary of War under James K. Polk, 1845-1849. From the description of William L. Marcy letter : Washington [D.C.], to Col. J.D. Stevenson, New York City, ALS, 1846 June 26. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 43771263 Officer, Second U.S. Cavalry, 1868-1892. From the description of Report of Lieutenant Gustavus C. Doane, 1870 Dec.15. (Montana State University Bozeman Library). WorldCat record id: 43955079 U.S. gov...
The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution, Article 2, Section 2, Clause 1 and United States Code, Title 10, Subtitle B, Chapter 301, Section 3001. As the largest and senior branch of the U.S. military, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which wa...
Joseph Pennell was an American artist and educator, primarily known for his etchings and illustrations. Much of his early work consisted of city scenes, published in magazines. He later worked on a variety of projects, often illustrating books in collaboration with his wife, author Elizabeth Robins. After spending time in Europe, notably London, Pennell taught art, and the couple collaborated on a biography of James McNeill Whistler. From the description of Joseph Pennell letter to M...
American illustrator and author of children's books, winner of the 1940 Newbery for his self-illustrated Daniel Boone. From the description of Better known as Johnny Appleseed : production material, 1950. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 62495708 From the description of Daniel Boone : production material, 1939. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 62495709 From the description of American life in literature : product...
American food regulatory agency. From the description of Food Administration records, 1917-1919. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754866949 Organized in 1917; managed civilian food production, distribution, conservation and pricing during World War I; using both volunteers and a paid staff, accomplished its work in New Jersey through an enforcement division, through committees representing different food trades, through county-level food administrators and through publicity ef...
On Aug. 19, 1916, with the prospect of World War I looming, the Navy Reserve Force was formally organized. The first official U.S. Navy Reservists hunted enemy U-boats from the cockpits of biplanes. When World War II erupted on September 1, 1939, the Navy Reserve was ready. By the summer of 1941, virtually all of its members were serving on active duty, their numbers destined to swell when Japanese planes roared over Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Over the course of the ensuing four years, th...
Pack was an expert in forestry, conservation, war gardens and stamp collecting. He served as President of the National Conservation Congress, the National War Garden Commission and the American Forestry Association. He founded the American Tree Association. From the description of Charles Pack papers, 1871-1954 1910-1934. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 35000945 ...
American illustrator and artist; also worked in motion picture industry, primarily with Paramount Pictures and Cecil B. DeMille. From the description of Collection, 1899-2000. (Brigham Young University). WorldCat record id: 53111119 From the guide to the Dan Sayre Groesbeck collection, 1899-2000, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections) ...
Biographical Chronology 1882 Henry John Kaiser born in Sprout Brook (near Canajoharie), New York, on May 9, son of Francis J. and Mary Yops Kaiser, German immigrants. 1895 Left school at age 13, to help support his parents and three sisters, by working in a dry goods store in ...
The U.S. Marine Corps was established on November 10, 1775. From the description of Papers, 1933-1945. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 754107146 The history of the Marine Corps Navajo Code Talkers dates from 1942-1945. In 1942, a white man by the name of Phillip Johnston, who had lived on a Navajo reservation for many years of his life, conceived an idea that he thought might help the war. He believed that the Navajo language, a verbal, rarely-written language, coul...
Cecil Calvert Beall (b. 1892, Saratoga, Wyoming-d. 1967), American illustrator. From the description of Beall, C. C. (Cecil Calvert), 1892-1967 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10574522 ...
Built and launched at New York Navy Yard; commissioned Nov. 12, 1944; scraped in 1993. Served in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. From the description of USS Bon Homme Richard (CV/CVA-31) photograph collection 1944-1971. (The Mariners' Museum Library). WorldCat record id: 41657866 The federal government decided in 1941 to send Supply Corps personnel to Harvard Business School for training in the business of equipping the Navy. This was effected by a transfer...
In 1945, four individuals who had worked on the Manhattan project-John L. Balderston, Jr., Dieter M. Gruen, W.J. McLean, and David B. Wehmeyer-formed a committee and wrote a letter to 154 public figures asking for their opinions about the possibility of the creation of a world government. Over the next year, as the various public figures responded to the letter, the responses were correlated into a report that was released in 1947. From the guide to the Balderston, John L., Jr. Colle...
Painter, photographer; Roosevelt, N.J. From the description of Ben Shahn interview, 1964 Apr. 14 [sound recording]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82606033 Artist Ben Shahn was a Russian Jewish immigrant to New York. He apprenticed with a lithographer, studied at several New York colleges, and toured Europe, acquiring the skills to express his artistic ability. He is chiefly remembered as a muralist, painter, photographer, and printmaker, visually chronicling America during ...
Artist, primarily mural painter. Painted some of the murals in the Detroit Public Library, Main Building. From the description of Vincent Aderente papers, 1899-1965. (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 301710647 ...
On December 2, 1905, Mrs. Tunis G. Bergen brought together a group of Brooklyn residents at the Barnard Club House on Remsen Street to form New York City's first borough-based Red Cross organization. With an initial membership roster of 300, the Brooklyn Chapter of the American Red Cross embarked on its first major campaign to aid victims of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, collecting over $100,000 and thousands of articles of clothing to contribute to the relief effort. From this point on, th...
Lawyer, business executive, Democratic Party leader, U.S. secretary of the treasury, Director General of Railroads, and U.S. senator from California. From the description of Papers of William Gibbs McAdoo, 1786-1941 (bulk 1880-1941). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71063506 McAdoo was born near Marietta, Cobb County, GA, on Oct. 31, 1863; attended the Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville; admitted to TN bar in 1885 and began law practice in Chattanooga, TN; moved to NYC, 1892; devel...
The Engineering, Science, and Management War Training (ESMWT) program trained students to participate in defense activities, in order to meet the shortage of engineers, chemists, physicists, and production supervisors during World War II. The Duke University ESMWT was administered by A.S. Brower, and was overseen by the United States Department of Education. From the description of Engineering, Science, and Management War Training Program records, 1940-1945. (Duke University Library)...
The War Resources Board was established August 9, 1939, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, as a civilian advisory group to collaborate with the Joint Army and Navy Munitions Board in formulating economic mobilization policies. It was abolished November 24, 1939. The Advisory Commission to the World War I Council of National Defense was revived, May 29, 1940. Three of its functional divisions (Industrial Production, Industrial Materials, and Labor), responsible for the stockpiling and delivery o...
Price was born in Kansas in 1895 and his family later settled in Saratoga, Wyoming. He enrolled at the University of Wyoming from 1912-1914 before attending the Chicago Institute of Art. Following graduation he worked at the Chicago "Tribune" from 1916-1925 as an illustrator. Price later moved to New York City where he worked as a freelance illustrator and artist before working for "The New Yorker" for the next forty years as an illustrator and cartoonist. Price also created artwork and covers f...
British designer, painter, and printmaker. From the description of Designs, letters, and essay, ca. 1910-1937. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 78132545 English painter. From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to an unidentified recipient, 1921 Feb. 24 or July 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270875796 ...
James Montgomery Flagg (b. June 18, 1877, Pelham Manor, N.Y.-d. May 27, 1960, New York City), American artist and illustrator, worked in media ranging from fine art painting to cartooning. He is best remembered for political posters, such as the Uncle Sam recruitment poster. From the description of Flagg, James Montgomery, 1877-1960 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10568600 American artist and illustrator. From the description of Sketch ...
The FBI established this classification when it assumed responsibility for ascertaining the protection capabilities and weaknesses of defense plants. Each plant survey was a separate case file, with the survey, supplemental surveys, and all communications dealing with a plant insofar as plant protection was concerned, filed together. On June 1, 1941, and January 5, 1942, the Navy and Army, respectively, assumed responsibility for surveying defense plants in which they had interests. Thereafter, ...
Henry Koerner (1915-1991) was an Austrian-born American painter and illustrator, considered a master of "magical realism." He designed war posters for the American Office of War Information and the Office of Strategic Services during World War II, and his portraits of celebrities appeared on the cover of TIME magazine more than 25 times between 1955 and 1967. From the guide to the Henry Koerner Papers, 1947-1964, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries) ...