Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958


Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958

Correspondence, journals, notebooks, speeches, etc., from the unmicrofilmed portion of the Woman's Rights Collection.

85 file boxes, 7 oversize volumes, 39 framed items, 1 folio+ folder, 1 folio folder, 4 reels of microfilm (M-91, M-93, M-108)

Related Entities

There are 126 Entities related to this resource.

Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n40pt4 (person)

Florence Ellinwood Allen (March 23, 1884 – September 12, 1966) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. She was the first woman to serve on a state supreme court and one of the first two women to serve as a United States federal judge. In 2005, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. Allen was born on March 23, 1884, in Salt Lake City, Utah, the daughter of Clarence Emir Allen Sr., a mine manager, and later United States R...

Addams, Jane, 1860-1935

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jr1sc6 (person)

Social reformer; founder of Hull House settlement, Chicago. From the description of Letter: Hull-House, Chicago, to Louis J. Keller, Chicago, 1912 May 13. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 26496308 From the description of Letter: Hull-House, Chicago, to Paul M. Angle, Springfield, Ill., 1932 June 24. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 26496294 Founder of Hull House in Chicago. From the description of Cor...

League of Women Voters (U.S.)

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The League of Women Voters (LWV) is a nonprofit organization in the United States that was formed to help women take a larger role in public affairs after they won the right to vote. It was founded in 1920 to support the new women suffrage rights and was a merger of National Council of Women Voters, founded by Emma Smith DeVoe, and National American Woman Suffrage Association, led by Carrie Chapman Catt, approximately six months before the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution g...

Pinkham, Wenona Osborne, 1882-1930

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kx66qk (person)

Wenona Osborne was born in 1882, probably in the midwest. Her family traveled by "prairie schooner" to the plains of Colorado when WO was five. After her father died, perhaps while she was in high school, she became the chief financial support for her mother, three brothers, and a sister. While teaching in the Denver public schools, she earned a B.A. from the University of Denver. She married Henry W. Pinkham, a Unitarian minister and pacifist, in about 1911; they moved to Massachu...

Pitman, Mira H. (Almira Hollander), 1854-1939

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vf7q5n (person)

Chairman of Ways and Means Committee, MWSA; Hawaiian Suffrage Almira Pitman, nee Hollander, was born in Massachusetts in 1854 to Jacob Louis and Maria Theresa Hollander, founders of L. P. Hollander & Co, a successful women's clothing retailer. In 1875, she married the wealthy merchant Benjamin F. Pitman, and henceforth became commonly known as Mrs. Benjamin F. Pitman, but she also went by Almira Pitman and her nickname Mira H. Pitman. The couple had two sons: Benjamin and Theodore Baldwin Pit...

Page, Mary H. (Mary Hutcheson), 1860-1940

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60686nx (person)

Mary Hutcheson Page was an American Suffragist from Brookline, Massachusetts. She was a member and leader of suffrage organizations at both the state and national levels, wrote on the subject of suffrage for a variety of publications. She worked with other American suffragists Carrie Chapman Catt and Susan B. Anthony. Mary Hutcheson Page was born in Columbus, Ohio, in 1860. Her parents were Lucretia Deshler Hutcheson and Joseph Hutcheson, a banker. From ages nine to fourteen, Page lived in Eu...

Hay, Mary Garrett, 1857-1928

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pw7b34 (person)

Mary "Mollie" Garrett Hay (August 29, 1857 – August 29, 1928) was an American suffragist, community organizer, and president of the Women's City Club of New York, the Woman Suffrage Party and the New York Equal Suffrage League. Hay was known for creating woman's suffrage groups across the country. She was also close to the notable suffragist, Carrie Chapman Catt, with one contemporary, Rachel Foster Avery, stating that Hay "really loves" Catt. Hay was born in Charlestown, Indiana, in 1857. He...

Barron, Jennie L. (Jennie Loitman), 1891-1969

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67t8df3 (person)

Jennie Loitman Barron (October 12, 1891 – March 28, 1969) was an American suffragist, lawyer, and judge. She was the first woman to present evidence to a Grand Jury in Massachusetts and the first to prosecute major criminal cases. She was the first woman judge appointed for life to the Municipal Court in Boston (1937), and the first woman appointed to the Massachusetts Superior Court (1959). Jennie Loitman Barron was born in Boston to Jewish Russian immigrant parents. She attended Girls' High...

Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sk2b89 (person)

Helen Hamilton Gardener (1853–1925), born Alice Chenoweth, was an American author, rationalist public intellectual, political activist, and government functionary. Gardener produced many lectures, articles, and books during the 1880s and 1890s and is remembered today for her role in the freethought and women's suffrage movements and for her place as a pioneering woman in the top echelon of the American civil service. Alice Chenoweth, best remembered by her pen name, Helen Hamilton Gardener, w...

Luscomb, Florence, 1887-1985

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65r5msm (person)

Florence Hope Luscomb, social and political activist, was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, on February 6, 1887, the daughter of Otis and Hannah Skinner (Knox) Luscomb. With an S.B. in architecture (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1909), she worked as an architect until 1917, when she became executive secretary for the Boston Equal Suffrage Association. She held positions in the Massachusetts Civic League and other organizations and agencies until 1933, when she became a full-ti...

College Equal Suffrage League (1900-1920)

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In 1900, suffragists Maud Wood Park and Inez Haynes (later Irwin) founded the first College Equal Suffrage League in Boston. During the following decade, Park travelled across Massachusetts and then the United States founding branches, intending to persuade recent college alumnae to take an interest in suffrage work. The hope was that the alumnae would provide the suffrage ranks with younger members and interest current college women in the cause. MWP believed that college women be...

Foley, Margaret, 1873-1957

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b960vh (person)

Margaret Lillian Foley (February 19, 1873 - June 14, 1957) was an Irish-American labor organizer, suffragist, and social worker from Boston. Known for confronting anti-suffrage candidates at political rallies, she was nicknamed the "Grand Heckler." Margaret Foley was born to Peter and Mary Foley on February 19, 1873, in the Meeting House Hill section of Dorchester. She and her sister, Celia, grew up in Roxbury and attended Girls' High School. An aspiring singer, she paid for voice lessons out...

Breckinridge, Sophonisba P. (Sophonisba Preston), 1866-1948

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vv2hsg (person)

Sophonisba Preston Breckinridge (April 1, 1866 – July 30, 1948) was an American activist, Progressive Era social reformer, social scientist and innovator in higher education. She was the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in political science and economics then the J.D. at the University of Chicago, and she was the first woman to pass the Kentucky bar. In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent her as a delegate to the 7th Pan-American Conference in Uruguay, making her the first woman to represent t...

Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vz175r (person)

Alice Stone Blackwell, daughter of suffrage leaders Lucy Stone and Henry Browne Blackwell, was born in Orange, N.J., but spent most of her life in and around Boston. After graduating from Boston University in 1881, ASB joined her parents at The Woman's Journal, the woman's rights newspaper they had founded and edited. Over the next 35 years, she played a leading role in writing and editing the Journal. ASB was instrumental in bringing about the reconciliation of the Na...

Loines, Mary Hillard, 1844-1944

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hr4qjf (person)

Mary Hillard Loines (4 May 1844 - 1 April 1944) was a suffragist and civic worker, the daughter of writer Harriet Low. Mary Hillard Loines was born on 4 May 1844 in London, England, to American-born parents John Hillard and Harriet Low, who had emigrated to England soon after they married. The family returned to America in 1848, settling in Brooklyn, New York. For a period following the Civil War, Hillard worked as a teacher for the National Freedmen's Relief Association, helping to educate t...

Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66r2ntn (person)

Susan B. Anthony (born Susan Anthony; February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. In 1856, she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. In 1851, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became her lifelong friend and co-worker in social reform activ...

Lenroot, Katharine F. (Katharine Frederica), 1891-1982

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mx37q5 (person)

Katharine F. Lenroot, child welfare leader and the third Chief of the United States Children's Bureau (1934-1951) was born in Superior, Wisconsin on March 8, 1891 to Irvin Luther and Clara C. Lenroot. From early on, her father's political career made Lenroot aware of social and political issues. Admitted to the bar in 1898, Irvine was elected to the Wisconsin state legislature in 1901. After his service in Wisconsin until 1907, he was elected to the national House of Repre...

Coe, Evelyn Peverly, 1881-1966

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rs2psx (person)

Isabella Evelyn Peverley was born to Ralph Peverley and Caroline Lodge Peverley on October 14, 1881 in Delaware. Her parents had social connections to Philadelphia and Quebec. In 1900, she married West Point graduate Arthur Penhram Stanly Hyde, whom she divorced shortly after meeting Richard Davenport Coe in 1906. She married Coe, a Massachusetts native, in 1906 and the couple moved to Massachusetts, though Coe worked for a Boston-based company in Puerto Rico. Evelyn Coe was involved in sever...

Irwin, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xj0gpg (person)

Inez Haynes Gillmore was a suffragist, activist and writer, and the wife of Will Irwin. From the description of The adventure of California : typescript, [19--]. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 214983819 Inez Haynes Irwin (March 2, 1873 – September 25, 1970) was an American feminist author, journalist, member of the National Women's Party, and president of the Authors Guild. Many of her works were published under her former name Inez Haynes Gillmore...

Bird, Anna Julia Child, 1856-1942

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67b4w6d (person)

Anna Julia Child was born on January 12, 1856 in Worcester County, Massachusetts to Elisha Norwin Child and Elizabeth Humphrey Martin. She attended public school, at Oreall Institute in Worcester, and then boarded at Miss Putnam's School in Boston. Child married Charles Sumner Bird on October 19, 1880. He was a graduate of Harvard, class of 1877, and owned one of the nation's largest paper manufacturing firms, F.W. Bird & Son. He was a leading figure in the political life of Massachusetts, and a...

Stantial, Edna Lamprey, 1897-1985

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c35mz5 (person)

Edna Lamprey Stantial (1897-1985) was an American suffragist and archivist. Edna Frances Lamprey was born in 1897 in Reading, Massachusetts. Her parents were Mollie McClelland Stantial and Frank Stantial. She attended Melrose High School and graduated in 1913. She attended Burdette College, a now defunct business school in Massachusetts, where she was certified as a secretary in 1914. She served as a secretary at the Economic Club of Boston from 1914 until 1916. On June 8, 1918, Stantial marr...

Crowley, Teresa A. O'Leary, 1874-1930

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gr7pb5 (person)

Chairman, Legislative Committee, Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association Teresa A. O'Leary was born one of seven children in Wakefield, Massachusetts in 1874. She served many roles throughout her life: wife, mother, lawyer, actress, and suffragist. Known for her erudite nature, Teresa spent much of her time studying Latin with her brother -who attended Harvard Medical School- and reading about law at the Boston Public Library. She worked as a secretary at a prominent law firm in Boston after...

McCormick, Katharine Dexter, 1876-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s866vp (person)

Katharine Dexter McCormick (August 27, 1875 – December 28, 1967) was a U.S. suffragist, philanthropist and, after her husband's death, heir to a substantial part of the McCormick family fortune. She funded most of the research necessary to develop the first birth control pill. Katharine Dexter was born on August 27, 1875, in Dexter, Michigan, in her grandparents' mansion, Gordon Hall, and grew up in Chicago where her father, Wirt Dexter, was a prominent lawyer. Following the early death of he...

Ames, Blanche Ames, 1878-1969

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f010t0 (person)

Blanche Ames Ames (February 18, 1878 – March 2, 1969) was an American artist, political activist, inventor, writer, and prominent supporter of women's suffrage and birth control. Born Blanche Ames in Lowell, Massachusetts, Ames was the daughter of Adelbert Ames, a West Point graduate who became a Civil War General and Mississippi Governor, and Blanche Butler Ames, who attended the Academy of the Visitation and enjoyed painting and the arts. The fourth of six children, she was the sister of Ad...

Johnson, Grace Allen Fitch, 1871-1952

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66f6jj7 (person)

Grace Allen Johnson, educator, suffragist, civic reformer, internationalist, and lecturer, was born on September 29, 1871, in Maples, Ind., the fourth of the five daughters of Elizabeth Harriet (Bennett) and Appleton Howe Fitch, both from New England. Among her sisters was the well-known children's author and illustrator Lucy (Fitch) Perkins. The family lived in Indiana and Michigan, settling for a time in Kalamazoo; they returned to Hopkinton, Mass. (ancestral home of the Howe and...

Fisher, Dorothy Canfield, 1879-1958

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66r2nrr (person)

Dorothy Canfield Fisher (February 17, 1879 – November 9, 1958) was an educational reformer, social activist, and best-selling American author in the early 20th century. She strongly supported women's rights, racial equality, and lifelong education. Eleanor Roosevelt named her one of the ten most influential women in the United States. In addition to bringing the Montessori method of child-rearing to the U.S., she presided over the country's first adult education program and shaped literary taste...

Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p953f3 (person)

Maud Wood Park (January 25, 1871 – May 8, 1955) was an American suffragist and women's rights activist. She was born in Boston, Massachusetts. In 1887 she graduated from St. Agnes School in Albany, New York, after which she taught for eight years before attending Radcliffe College. While there she married Charles Edward Park. She graduated from Radcliffe, where she was one of only two students who supported suffrage for women, in 1898. In 1900 she attended the National American Women Suffrage...

Hodder, Jessie Donaldson, 1867-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zx2bfj (person)

Jessie Donaldson Hodder (March 30, 1867 – November 19, 1931) was a women's prison reformer. Jessie Donaldson was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. Her mother died when she was a toddler and her father, upon remarrying, gave her to his Scottish-born mother to raise along with four other sons still at home. Her grandmother taught Jessie to be a housekeeper and seamstress; while the grandmother did not encourage her to go to school, she did allow her to have piano lessons. In 1885, Jessie moved with her...

Brown, Dorothy Kirchwey, 1888-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gv6cpk (person)

Dorothy Browning Kirchwey was born in Albany, New York, on September 3, 1888, to Dora Child Wendell and George Washington Kirchwey. She was one of four children: Mary Fredericka "Freda" (1893-1976), Karl (1885?-1943) and George Washington (1897?-1905). The elder George Washington Kirchwey (1855-1942) was a noted criminologist, law professor, and dean at Albany Law School and Columbia Law School, as well as a New York State commissioner on prison reform and warden at the Sing Sing state prison in...

United States. Department of Labor

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Sherwin, Belle, 1868-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hn60xd (person)

Belle Sherwin was born on March 20, 1868 in Cleveland, Ohio. She was the oldest of three daughters of Frances M. (Smith) and Henry Alden Sherwin, a founder of the Sherwin-Williams Paint Company. BS received her primary education in Cleveland, attended St. Margaret's School in Connecticut and graduated from Wellesley College in 1890. She taught history for a short period at St. Margaret's and in 1894-1895 did graduate work at Oxford University. For the next several years she taught ...

Dewson, Mary (Molly) Williams, 1874-1962

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nt1kds (person)

From the guide to the Papers, 1893-1962, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute) Mary ("Molly") Williams Dewson (February 18, 1874 - October 21, 1962) was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, to Edward Henry Dewson and Elizabeth Weld (Williams) Dewson. After earning her A.B. degree from Wellesley College (1897), Dewson was hired as secretary of the Domestic Reform Committee of the Women's Educational and Industrial Union in Boston. She left this position in 1900 ...

Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68f0mp6 (person)

James Freeman Clarke (April 4, 1810 – June 8, 1888) was an American theologian and author. Born in Hanover, New Hampshire, on April 4, 1810, James Freeman Clarke was the son of Samuel Clarke and Rebecca Parker Hull, though he was raised by his grandfather James Freeman, minister at King's Chapel in Boston, Massachusetts. He attended the Boston Latin School, and later graduated from Harvard College in 1829, and Harvard Divinity School in 1833. Ordained into the Unitarian church he first became...

Kelley, Florence, 1859-1932

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hb9wdg (person)

Florence Kelley (A.B., Cornell, 1882) was born in Philadelphia. In 1884 she married Lazare Wischnewetzky; they had three children. In 1891 Kelley divorced him, reclaimed her maiden name, and became a resident of Chicago's Hull-House. In 1892 the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics hired her to investigate the "sweating" system in the garment industry and the federal commissioner of labor asked her to participate in a survey of city slums. Illinois Governor John Peter Altgeld later...

Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wr0tw2 (person)

Lucy Stone (b. Aug. 13, 1818, West Brookfield, MA–d. Oct. 18, 1893, Boston, MA) was born to parents Hannah Matthews and Francis Stone. At age 16, Stone began teaching in district schools always earning far less money than men. In 1847, she became the first woman in Massachusetts to earn a college degree from Oberlin College. After college, Stone began her career with the Garrisonian Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and began giving public speeches on women's rights. In the fall of 1847, with...

Tilton, Elizabeth, 1869-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w658233g (person)

Elizabeth (Hewes) Tilton, Unitarian feminist and temperance crusader, was born on March 13, 1869, in Salem, Massachusetts, the daughter of Eleanor Fox (Jewett) and James Tracy Hewes. She attended Radcliffe College in 1887-1888. On January 10, 1911 she married William F. Tilton of Cambridge. She died on March 17, 1950, after a long illness, at her winter home in Winter Park, Florida. Beginning in 1911 and until failing health curtailed her activities in the mid-'30's, E...

Upton, Harriet Taylor, 1853-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p66cj3 (person)

Suffragist and author Harriet Taylor Upton (1853-1945) was born in Ravenna, Ohio. Upon her father's election to Congress in 1880, she moved to Washington, D.C., where she developed a close acquaintance with national Republican leaders and came in contact with leading suffragists. In 1890 Harriet Upton joined the National American Woman Suffrage Association, serving as treasurer from 1894-1910. In addition, she was president of the Ohio Woman Suffrage Association (1899-1908 and 1911-19...

Van Kleeck, Mary, 1883-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sz748h (person)

Mary Abby Van Kleeck was born on June 26, 1883, in Glenham, New York, to Eliza Mayer and Episcopalian minister Robert Boyd Van Kleeck. (Mary van Kleeck changed the capitalization of her last name in the 1920s.) Following her father''s death in 1892, her family moved to Flushing, New York, where she attended Flushing High School. She earned an A.B. from Smith College in 1904. In the fall of 1905 she began working as a fellow for the College Settlement Association on New York''s Lower East Side, w...

Wambaugh, Sarah, 1882-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xq7w19 (person)

An instructor in history and government, and an expert in international affairs, Wambaugh was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the daughter of Eugene and Betty Wambaugh, and earned degrees from Radcliffe College (A.B. 1902, A.M. 1917). She was an advisor to the Peruvian government for the Tacna-Arica Plebiscite (1925-1926), to the Saar Plebiscite Commission (1934-35), to the American observers of the Greek national elections (1945-1946) and to the U.N. Plebiscite Commission to Jamma and K...

Willard, Mabel Caldwell, 1862-1940

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Willard, Emma, 1787-1870

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fp1x7f (person)

American educator; founder of the Emman Willard School for girls. From the description of Letters of Emma Willard [manuscript], 1818-1861. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647996500 Note: The following chronology was prepared by Lucy Townsend and Barbara Wiley for The Papers of Emma Hart Willard, 1787-1870. Guide to the Microfilm Edition . It is based on Emma Willard's memoir addressed to Professor Coggswell (1842), as well as her corr...

White, Martha E. Davis, 1863-1944

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69x15k0 (person)

Wells, Marguerite M. (Marguerite Milton), 1872-1959

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6650dt4 (person)

Wells, a suffrage leader, was president of the Minnesota League of Women Voters (1922-1932) and president of the National league (1934-1944). From the description of Papers, 1895-1959 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232006894 ...

Sleeper, Mary P. (Mary Peet), 1867-1950

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Willard, Frances E. (Frances Elizabeth), 1839-1898

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kf2p0m (person)

Best known for her leadership (1879-1898) of the influential Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Willard also supported and often spearheaded a wide variety of social reforms, including woman suffrage, economic equality, and fair labor laws. Willard gained an international reputation through her speeches and publications. She was the first woman to be honored with a statue in the U.S Capitol building, and her Evanston home was one of the first house museums to in the country. ...

Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tz45h7 (person)

Woodrow Wilson (b. Thomas Woodrow Wilson, December 28, 1856, Staunton, Virginia-d.February 3, 1924, Washington, D.C.), was the twenty-eight President of the United States, 1913-1921; Governor of New Jersey, 1911-1913; and president of Princeton University, 1902-1910. Biographical Note 1856, Dec. 28 Born, Staunton, Va. 1870 ...

Evans, Elizabeth Glendower, 1856-1937

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r60fv9 (person)

Social reformer Elizabeth Glendower Evans was involved in prison reform, support of striking workers, the Massachusetts campaign for the first minimum wage act for women, the movement for women's suffrage, and peace. She was a contributing editor and financial supporter of La Follette's Magazine and the Progressive, and national director of the American Civil Liberties Union (1920-1937). From the description of Papers, 1859-1944 (inclusive), 1882-1944 (bulk). (Harvard University...

Adams, Abigail, 1744-1818

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z14062 (person)

Hailed for her now-famous admonition that the Founding Fathers “remember the ladies” in their new laws, Abigail Adams was not only an early advocate for women’s rights, she was a vital confidant and advisor to her husband John Adams, the nation’s second president. She opposed slavery and supported women’s education. Born to a prominent family in Weymouth, Massachusetts on November 11, 1744, Adams’ father, Reverend William Smith, was part of a prestigious ministerial community within the Congr...

Brown, Gertrude Foster, 1867-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60w93t6 (person)

Gertrude (Foster) Brown was born in Morrison, Illinois, on July 29, 1867, to Charles Foster and Anna (Drake) Foster. Musical as a child, Brown studied piano at home and then entered the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, graduating in August 1885 after completing the four-year course in two years. She taught piano for a year at a private school in Dayton, Ohio, then studied in Berlin with Xaver Scharwenka and in Paris with Delaborde. She made her professional debut as a pianist with th...

National Woman's Party

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National Woman’s Party (NWP), formerly (1913–16) Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, American political party that in the early part of the 20th century employed militant methods to fight for an Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Formed in 1913 as the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, the organization was headed by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns. Its members had been associated with the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), but their insistence that woman suffr...

McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66j56w7 (person)

Catharine Gouger Waugh McCulloch (June 4, 1862 – April 20, 1945) was an American lawyer, suffragist, and reformer. She actively lobbied for women's suffrage at the local, state, and national levels as a leader in the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association, Chicago Political Equality League, and National American Woman Suffrage Association. She was the first woman elected Justice of the Peace in Illinois. Born in 1862 in Ransomville, New York as Catherine Gouger Waugh, she entered Rockford Colleg...

Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910

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Julia Ward Howe, née Julia Ward, (born May 27, 1819, New York, New York, U.S.—died October 17, 1910, Newport, Rhode Island), American author and lecturer best known for her “Battle Hymn of the Republic.” Julia Ward came of a well-to-do family and was educated privately. In 1843 she married educator Samuel Gridley Howe and took up residence in Boston. Always of a literary bent, she published her first volume of poetry, Passion Flowers, in 1854; this and subsequent works—including a poetry collec...

Foster, Abby Kelley, 1811-1887

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67t8c4n (person)

Abby Kelley Foster (January 15, 1811 – January 14, 1887) was an American abolitionist and radical social reformer active from the 1830s to 1870s. She became a fundraiser, lecturer and committee organizer for the influential American Anti-Slavery Society, where she worked closely with William Lloyd Garrison and other radicals. She married fellow abolitionist and lecturer Stephen Symonds Foster, and they both worked for equal rights for women and for Africans enslaved in the Americas. Foster wa...

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6524nmh (person)

Charlotte Perkins Stetson Gilman (1860-1935) was the leading public intellectual of the women’s movement in the early 20th century. Born into the prestigious Beecher family, she struggled through a lonely childhood and disastrous marriage, which caused a nervous breakdown. Her mental health returned once she separated from her husband; she later gave him custody of their young daughter, and he had a happy second marriage to one of her close friends. She moved to California, and threw herself int...

Livermore, Mary A. (Mary Ashton), 1820-1905

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63z8wwv (person)

Mary Livermore, born Mary Ashton Rice, (December 19, 1820 – May 23, 1905) was an American journalist, abolitionist, and advocate of women's rights. When the American Civil War broke out, she became connected with the United States Sanitary Commission, headquarters at Chicago, performing a vast amount of labor of all kinds—organizing auxiliary societies, visiting hospitals and military posts, contributing to the press, answering correspondence, and other things incident to the work done by tha...

Grimké, Sarah Moore, 1792-1873

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zd8s40 (person)

Even though Sarah Moore Grimké was shy, she often spoke in front of large crowds with her sister Angelina. The two sisters became the first women to speak in front of a state legislature as representatives of the American Anti-Slavery Society. They also became active writers and speakers for women’s rights. Their ideas were so different from most of the ideas in the community that people burned their writings and angry mobs protested their speeches. However, Grimké and her sister would not let t...

Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r63d9v (person)

du Pont, Zara, 1869-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jj7sn0 (person)

Lathrop, Julia, 1858-1932

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cm2mtd (person)

Boyer, Ida Porter, 1859-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w80vft (person)

Robins, Margaret Dreier, 1868-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wn50md (person)

Shaw, Pauline Agassiz, 1841-1917

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61h4018 (person)

Bushnell, Katherine C.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hc3bk5 (person)

Blackwell, Henry B., 1825-1909

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z46ksh (person)

Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown, 1825-1921

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61p8q7w (person)

Antoinette Louisa Brown, later Antoinette Brown Blackwell (May 20, 1825 – November 5, 1921), was the first woman to be ordained as a mainstream Protestant minister in the United States. She was a well-versed public speaker on the paramount issues of her time and distinguished herself from her contemporaries with her use of religious faith in her efforts to expand women's rights. Brown was born the youngest of seven in Henrietta, New York, to Joseph Brown and Abby Morse. Brown was recognized as...

Stanley, Louise, 1883-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qd3sc2 (person)

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69706n1 (person)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, New York in 1815. She organized the first Women's Rights Convention at Senecca Falls, New York, in 1848 and for more than fifty years thereafter was a crusader for women's rights, especially women's suffrage. She died in New York City in 1902....

Coleman, Greta

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61q1twb (person)

Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6750b8f (person)

League of Nations Association

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Bradwell, Myra, 1831-1894

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nx30gf (person)

Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hr4p19 (person)

Carrie Lane Chapman Catt, suffragist, early feminist, political activist, and Iowa State alumna (1880), was born on January 9, 1859 in Ripon, Wisconsin to Maria Clinton and Lucius Lane. At the close of the Civil War, the Lanes moved to a farm near Charles City, Iowa where they remained throughout their lives. Carrie entered Iowa State College in 1877 completing her work in three years. She graduated at the top of her class and while in Ames established military drills for women, became the first...

Jeffrey, Jennette A. S., 1872-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p12g1c (person)

Forbes, Rose Dabney, 1865-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61975wm (person)

Gordon, Kate M., 1861-1932

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6402571 (person)

American Woman Suffrage Association

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The American Woman Suffrage Association was founded in November 1869 at the convention in Cleveland organized by New England Woman Suffrage Association. In 1870, its leader, Lucy Stone, began publishing Woman's Journal as the voice of AWSA. The AWSA included both men and women, believed success could be more easily achieved through state-by-state campaigns, and employed less militant lobbying tactics. In 1890 it merged with the National Woman Suffrage Association to become National American Woma...

29. World Court

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xlii. Fitzgerald, Susan W., 1871-1943

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dh0r0t (person)

24. Woman's Journal

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xci. Sewall, Samuel Edmund

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x770vg (person)

xx. Bowles, Ada C., 1836-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65c4kd3 (person)

xcvii. Smith, Judith Winsor

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jn6xxw (person)

11. League of Nations - Societies

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lxxxix. Roche, Josephine (1886- )

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cm2g1f (person)

xxxv. Corbin, Hannah Lee

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mb4nww (person)

lxxvi. O'Sullivan, Mary Kenny, 1864-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68t990q (person)

lxxv. Osgood, Fanny C. (18-? -1929?)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j52pn2 (person)

lxix. Mansfield, Bella, 1846-1911

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v55d22 (person)

2. Boston Equal Suffrage League

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xiii. Beatley, Clara Bancroft, 1858-1923

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lxxiii. Morris, Esther, 1814-1902

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63g8cf0 (person)

lxiii. Lindsley, Virginia, 1856-1941

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rk8rb4 (person)

Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q05zwg (person)

Anna Howard Shaw (February 14, 1847 – July 2, 1919) was a leader of the women's suffrage movement in the United States. She was also a physician and one of the first ordained female Methodist ministers in the United States. Born in northern England in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1847, her family left England and immigrated to the United States. In their new country, the Shaws made several moves. After settling in the bustling port city of New Bedford, Massachusetts, they uprooted again, this time ...

xix. Blair, Emily Newell, 1877-1951

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dh07xq (person)

liv. Hutchinson, Anne, 1591-1643

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cw8q1c (person)

Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government

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Suffragists Maud Wood Park, Pauline Agassiz Shaw, and Mary Hutcheson Page were among those who in 1901 founded the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government (BESAGG) "to promote a better civic life, the true development of the home and the welfare of the family, through the exercise of suffrage on the part of the women citizens of Boston." After 1920, BESAGG became the Boston League of Women Voters. For further historical information see Lois Bannister Merk, Massachusetts and the Wom...

xlvii. Garrison, Edith S.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q097gx (person)

lxx. Martineau, Harriet, 1802-1876

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vii. Ames, Oakes, 1874-1950

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x. Bagley, Grace Hodges, 1860-1944

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6110m38 (person)

xxiii. Brandeis, Elizabeth

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cw8k8v (person)

Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association

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In 1870, within a year of forming the American Woman Suffrage Association, Lucy Stone, Henry Blackwell, Julia Ward Howe, and others founded the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association. MWSA was affiliated with AWSA and shared both its goals and activities. The merger, in 1890, of AWSA with the National Woman Suffrage Association to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), prompted Alice Stone Blackwell and Ellen Batelle Dietrick to write a new constitution in April 1892. T...

lxii. Leonard, Gertrude Halladay (1868-19- )

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rd1c4h (person)

xl. Fall, Anna Christy, 1855-1930

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68j2x0r (person)

Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wx86s1 (person)

Lucretia Mott (née Coffin) was born Jan. 3, 1793 in Nantucket, MA. She was a descendent of Peter Folger and Mary Morrell Folger and a cousin of Framer Benjamin Franklin. Mott became a teacher; her interest in women's rights began when she discovered that male teachers at the school were paid significantly more than female staff. A well known abolitionist, Mott considered slavery to be evil, a Quaker view. When she moved to Philadelphia, she became Quaker minister. Along with white and black wo...

xxv. Brent, Margaret (1600-1670/71)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dw55rb (person)

vi. Ames, Fanny B., 1840-1931

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r92mdb (person)

i. Abbott, Grace, 1879-1939

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65k1w62 (person)

28. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

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lvii. Johnson, Ethel M. (18-? - )

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4. Cambridge Political Equality Association

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8. International Labor Office

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18. U.S. Department of Labor - Children's Bureau

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xxx. Claflin, Adelaide A., 1846-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zj17qq (person)

xc. Schofield, Emma Fall (1885- )

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z46ghp (person)

9. League of Nations

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xvii. Blackwell, Elizabeth, 1821-1910

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p12j6f (person)

lxxix. Perkins, Frances, 1882-1965

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66253z2 (person)

14. National American Woman Suffrage Association

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16a. Progressive Party

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lxxxiii. Robinson, Harriet Hanson, 1825-1911

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xciii. Shaw, Isabella Pratt

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pt1jt2 (person)

xii. Barton, Clara, 1821-1912

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dd1gkg (person)

lxxii. Miller, Helen Clarkson (1879- )

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66n7qrf (person)

lxxi. Mead, Lucia True (Ames), 1856-1936

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63w42j7 (person)

xxxi. Clark, Sue Ainslee

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c95pxm (person)