Papers of NOW officers, 1960-1973
There are 63 Entities related to this resource.
Margaret Chase Smith was born in Skowhegan, Maine, on December 14, 1897. Her entry into politics came through the career of Clyde Smith, the man she married in 1930. Clyde was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1936. Margaret served as his secretary. When Clyde died in 1940, she succeeded her husband. After four terms in the House, she won election to the United States Senate in 1948. In so doing, she became the first woman elected to both houses of Congress. Senator Smi...
Lyndon Baines Johnson was born on August 27, 1908 at Stonewall, Texas. He was the first child of Sam Ealy Johnson, Jr., and Rebekah Baines Johnson, and had three sisters and a brother: Rebekah, Josefa, Sam Houston, and Lucia. In 1913, the Johnson family moved to nearby Johnson City, named for Lyndon''s forebears, and Lyndon entered first grade. On May 24, 1924 he graduated from Johnson City High School. He decided to forego higher education and moved to California with a few friends, where he pe...
National Woman’s Party (NWP), formerly (1913–16) Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, American political party that in the early part of the 20th century employed militant methods to fight for an Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Formed in 1913 as the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, the organization was headed by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns. Its members had been associated with the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), but their insistence that woman suffr...
Betty Goldstein Friedan (1921- ), a writer, publicist, political activist, and speaker on the subject of women, helped found the National Organization for Women, and served as its first president (1966-1970). For additional information see: Britannica Book of the Year (1970-1971), Current Biography (1970), and Who's Who of American Women (1991-1992). From the description of Papers, 1933-1980 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232006604 Feminist, activist,...
New York Radical Feminists was a radical feminist group co-founded primarily by Shulamith Firestone and Anne Koedt with the October 3, 1969, Stanton-Anthony Brigade, after they and other brigade members left Redstockings. Central to NYRF's philosophy was the idea that men consciously maintained power and a climate of supremacy over women in order to strengthen their egos. New York Radical Feminists members organized small 10-12 women consciousness-raising groups throughout NYC that all came toge...
As director of continuing education at the University of Wisconsin, Clarenbach initiated projects to improve women's education and to widen job opportunities through apprenticeship and vocational programs. She was a co-founder and board member of the National Organization for Women, chair of the Wisconsin Governor's Commission on the Status of Women, and the first president of the National Association of Commissions for Women. Clarenbach also chaired the convening conference of the National Wome...
Catherine Shipe East (b. May 15, 1916, Barboursville, W. Va.-d. Aug. 17, 1996, Ithaca, N.Y.), began her career an a junior civil service examiner with the U.S Civil Service Commission in 1939. She advanced to become the chief of the career service division before going to work for the Department of Labor in 1977. She served as the technical adviser to the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women and participated in the research and writing of the commissions report, American Women, publish...
Robert Francis Kennedy (1925-1968), brother of former President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, was a Senator from New York. He graduated from Milton Academy in Massachusetts, and served in the United States Navy Reserve from 1944 to 1946. Kennedy later graduated from Harvard University in 1948 and then from the University of Virginia Law School in 1951. He was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1951. He worked as an attorney in the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice from 1951 ...
Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm (1924-2005) activist, educator, politician and author was born in Brooklyn, New York, the oldest of four girls. She lived in the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn with her factory worker father, Charles (originally from British Guyana) and her seamstress and domestic worker mom, Ruby Seale (who came from Barbados). Between 1927 and 1934, Chisholm was sent to live with her grandmother, Emaline Seale, in Christ Church, Barbados. Chisholm attended local school, ...
The National Organization for Women Legal Defense & Education Fund was established in 1970 as a "public service organization dedicated to achieving equality for women and girls." LDEF has focused its efforts on gaining legal rights for women in educational and employment opportunity, cases of physical abuse and sexual harassment, and in marriage and divorce laws. During the 1970s, it campaigned for passage of the Equal Rights Amendment. NOW LDEF has sponsored the Women's Media Project, the P...
Wilma Scott Heide was a sociologist and former chair and president of the National Organization for Women. She obtained her R.N. from Brooklyn State Hospital (1945), her B.A. in sociology (1950) and a Litt.M. (1955) from the University of Pittsburgh, and her Ph.D. in feminist theory and public policy from the Union of Experimenting Colleges and Universities (1978). She was married to Eugene E. Heide from 1951 to 1972; they had two children, Tamara and Terry. Heide was a ...
Dolores Alexander, freelance writer, reporter, and first executive director of the National Organization for Women (NOW), received her B.A. in Language and Literature from the City College of New York in 1961. During her senior year of college she was chosen by The New York Times to work for 10 months as a paid "stringer" or "cub reporter" to gain experience in journalism. After graduation, she worked from 1961 to 1964 as a reporter, copy editor, and bureau chief for Newark Evening ...
Lawyer and feminist Rawalt has served as legal counsel for the National Organization for Women (NOW) and the Women's Equity Action League (WEAL), chaired the Civil and Political Rights Committee (CPR) of the President's Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW), and worked with the Citizens' Advisory Council on the Status of Women (CACSW). From the description of [Audiotape collection] [sound recording]. 1953-1979. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122583145 Lawyer, i...
Lawyer, public official, and U.S. representative from Hawaii. From the description of Patsy T. Mink papers, 1883-2005 (bulk 1953-2002). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71014567 Patsy Mink was born in Paia Maui, Hawaii on December 6, 1927, the daughter of Suematsu and Mitama (Tateyama) Takemoto. She was valedictorian of the Maui High School Class of 1944. Mink began her collegiate studies at the University of Hawaii, but left after her sophomore year to attend Wil...
Civil rights, union and women's rights activist Aileen Clarke Hernandez was born Aileen Clarke on May 23, 1926, in Brooklyn, New York. Her Jamaican-born parents, theatrical seamstress Ethel Louise Hall Clarke and Garveyite brushmaker Charles Henry Clarke, named their daughter for Aileen Pringle, a film actress. Hernandez, who grew up in the ethnically-mixed Bay Ridge neighborhood of New York City, attended elementary school at P.S. 176 and graduated in 1943 as school newspaper editor, vice presi...
Edith Green served ten consecutive terms in the United States House of Representatives, from 1955 to 1974, as the Representative for the 3rd District of the State of Oregon. Mrs. Green was born Edith Louise Starrett, January 17, 1910; her family moved to Oregon from South Dakota in 1916. She received her education in Salem schools, including two years at Willamette University. Financial hardship delayed completion of her degree, which she finally earned from the University of Oregon in 1939. A s...
Representative from Washington State to the United States House of Representatives, 1960-1974. From the description of That day remembered [a play in three acts], 1952 (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 59824876 From the guide to the That day remembered [a play in three acts], 1952, (Washington State University Libraries) Julia Butler Hansen (1907-1988) represented citizens of southwest Washington in both the State Legislature and in Con...
The National Organization for Women (NOW) was formed in Washington D.C. in 1966, and incorporated in 1967. The organization was formed to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of society, assuming all privileges and responsibilities in fully equal partnership with men. Local chapters were formed throughout the country and task forces were set up to deal with problems of women in areas such as employment, education, religion, poverty, law, politics, and image in the media....
A lawyer employed by the federal government, Eastwood was active in the formation of the National Organization for Women (NOW); a board member of Human Rights for Women (HRW), an organization formed in 1968 to help finance sex discrimination litigation and research projects on women's issues; and a member of Federally Employed Women (FEW), a group that sought an end to sex discrimination in the federal government. From the description of Papers, 1915-1982 (inclusive), 1945-1982 (bulk...
Muriel Fox was a public relations executive and one of the founders of the National Organization for Women. She served NOW as vice president (1967-1970), chair of the board (1971-1973), and chair of the national advisory committee (1973-1974). A spokeswoman for women's rights for almost 40 years, she was also active in the NOW Legal Defense & Education Fund and the National Women's Political Caucus. From the description of Papers of NOW officers, 1966-1971 (inclusive). (Harvard U...
Detroit, Michigan, attorney, Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and member of the House Ways and Means Committee. From the description of Martha W. Griffiths papers, 1956-1974. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34423241 Detroit, Michigan, attorney, Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1955-1974, and member of the House Ways and Means Committee. From the description of Martha W. Griffiths papers, 1956-1976. (Univ...
Hale Boggs was a United States representative from Louisiana. DeLesseps Story Morrison (1912-1964), an attorney, politician, and mayor of New Orleans, was active in encouraging new industry and foreign trade in Louisiana, particularly, trade with Latin America. From the description of Thomas Hale Boggs correspondence, 1964. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 122335887 Hale Boggs was a United States representative from Louisiana. From the descriptio...
An active member of the National Organization for Women, Mary Jean Collins was Midwest Regional Director (1970-1972), president and executive director of Chicago NOW (1978-1980), and co-director of the NOW equal rights (ERA) campaign. A member of the National Board, she was in charge of task forces (1972-1975) and she also served as National Action vice-president where she focussed on lesbian and minority women's rights as well as reproductive choice and pay equity. Collins was also on the board...
Pauli Murray (1910-1985) was a lawyer, scholar, writer, educator, administrator, religious leader, civil rights and women's rights activist. She was a co-founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW) and the first black woman to be ordained as an Episcopal minister. She spent much of her life in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, and Washington, D.C. From the description of Proud shoes : the story of an American family : typescript, 1956 / by Pauli Murray. (New York Public Library)....
WEAL was founded in 1968 by a group of professional women, mostly lawyers, in Cleveland, Ohio, who originally hoped to begin a NOW (National Organization for Women) chapter. Realizing NOW's agenda would not garner widespread support in Cleveland, they began their own group and limited their concerns to education, legislation, and the economic rights of women. WEAL challenged sex discrimination on college campuses, in the military, and in the work place. The WEAL Fund was established in 1972 as t...
An active member of the National Organization for Women, Bernard was Western Membership Task Force chair (1967), co-convener of Orange County (Calif.) NOW (1968-1969), on the national board (1968-1972), and Western Regional director (1970-1972). She earned a Ph.D. in women's studies from Union Graduate School (1975), and taught at Fullerton College in California. Bernard was also a founder of the Southern California branch of the National Women's Political Caucus and California Women in Higher E...