Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-1995

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Margaret Chase Smith was born in Skowhegan, Maine, on December 14, 1897. Her entry into politics came through the career of Clyde Smith, the man she married in 1930. Clyde was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1936. Margaret served as his secretary. When Clyde died in 1940, she succeeded her husband. After four terms in the House, she won election to the United States Senate in 1948. In so doing, she became the first woman elected to both houses of Congress.

Senator Smith came to national attention on June 1, 1950, when she became the first member of the Senate to denounce the tactics used by colleague Joseph McCarthy in his anti-communist crusade. Following her "Declaration of Conscience" speech, some pundits speculated that she might be the vice-presidential candidate on the 1952 Republican ticket. The opportunity, however, never materialized. In 1964, Senator Smith pursued her own political ambitions, running in several Republican presidential primaries. She took her candidacy all the way to the Republican National Convention in San Francisco, where she became the first woman to have her name placed in nomination for the presidency by either of the two major parties. In the final balloting, Smith refused to withdraw and so came in second to the Republican nominee, Senator Barry Goldwater.

After four terms in both the House and Senate, and over thirty-two years in Congress all together, Senator Smith lost re-election in 1972. She retired to her home in Skowhegan and began planning for the establishment of a library. The Margaret Chase Smith Library opened in 1982 and for the next dozen years, she presided over the facility, meeting with admirers, former constituents, politicians, policymakers, researchers, and school children. Margaret Chase Smith died at her home on Memorial Day, May 29, 1995.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer Papers, 1898-1978, (bulk 1933-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records of the Central Intelligence Agency. 1894 - 2002. Moving Images Relating to Intelligence and International Relations. 1947 - 1984. Senator Margaret Chase Smith's Daily Schedule National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961, Papers, 1822, 1831, 1845, 1903-2007 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Whitney, George Herbert, 1878-1965. Interesting interviews : photographs, 1922-1940. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. William H. Pickering Speech Collection, 1955-1975. Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Jan. 29) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Sage Colleges Archives. Honorary degree recipient for 1956, Margaret Chase Smith. The Sage Colleges Libraries
referencedIn Academy of Political Science letters, 1923-1970 Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Daniel Brewster papers, 1950-2007, 1962-1968 University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Alexander, Dolores, 1931-2008. NOW officer papers, 1960-1973 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dennis J. Roberts papers, Roberts (Dennis J.) papers, 1927-1972 Phillips Memorial Library, Special and Archival Collections
referencedIn Records of the War Assets Administration, 1939 - 1958. Real Property Disposal Case Files, 1946 - 1949 National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Alexander, Dolores. Papers, 1960-1973 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Williams, Helene Kravadze, d. 1993. Helene Kravadze Williams papers, 1932-1987. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
referencedIn Records of the Office of Presidential Correspondence, 1/20/2001 - 1/20/2009. Blue Line Proclamations, 1/20/2001 - 1/20/2009 George W. Bush Library
referencedIn Records of the Women's Equity Action League, 1966-1979 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Correspondence, 1939-1965. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
contributorOf Records of the U.S. Senate, 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers, 1816 - 2011 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn U.S. Representative Margaret Chase Smith christens the "Pine Tree III", 1943 June 5. Camden Public Library
referencedIn Stein and Day Publishers. Records, 1963-1988. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn California State University Public Affairs Office Collection, 1959-2002 California State University Historical Archives California State University, Dominguez Hills
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Associates Newspaper Clippings, 1936 - 1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Daniel Brewster papers, 1950-2007, 1962-1968 University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers: Series III-IV, 1900-1972 (inclusive) [microform]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, ca.1905-1989 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Emery, Josephine. Emery-Kinney family papers, 1864-2000. Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Newman, Pauline, ca. 1890-1986. Papers, 1900-1980 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966. Papers of Florence Ellinwood Allen, 1907-1965. Library of Congress
referencedIn Stein and Day Publisher Records, 1963-1988 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Unity Sesquicentennial Society. Records, 1954. Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Furlong, William Rea, 1881-1976. Papers, 1892-1985 (bulk 1930-1945). Library of Congress
referencedIn Neuberger, Richard L. (Richard Lewis), 1912-1960,. Neuberger Family Photographs Collection [graphic], 1893-ca. 1997, (bulk 1950-1966). Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Letters and documents. Hollins University, Wyndham Robertson Library
creatorOf Lyndon Baines Johnson Archives Collection. 1931 - 1968. Congressional Correspondence Files Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf International Brotherhood of Paper Makers. Local 410 (Lincoln, Me.). Records, 1937-1965. Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976 George Mason University. Special Collections and Archives.
referencedIn Papers, 1948 (1950-1956) 1964 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976. George Mason University, Fenwick Library
referencedIn Records of the President of Radcliffe College, 1972-1989 Radcliffe College Archives, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 479 Richard Nixon Library
creatorOf Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. Letters of tribute to Carl Sandburg [manuscript], 1951-1952. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Marie Manning Papers MS 385., 1901-2000, 1930-1945 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers, 1833-1975 (bulk: 1884-1972) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Weis, Jessica McCullough, 1901-1963. Papers, 1922-1963 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Solotko, Leslie Anne. Frances Payne Bolton oral history interviews, 1989. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Batten, Pluma Burroughs Penton, 1894-. Papers, 1948-1964 (inclusive), 1950-1956 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Flagg, Mildred Buchanan, 1886-1980. Papers, 1876-1955 (inclusive), 1900-1955 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Academy of Political Science letters, 1923-1970. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Records of Naval Districts and Shore Establishments, 1784 - 2000. Correspondence Concerning Ships, 1937 - 1954. U.S. Representative Margaret Chase Smith, Rear Admiral Thomas Withers, and Mrs. J.R. Bertrand at the Launch of the USS Sea Leopard, 3/2/1945. National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. Papers, 1870-1978 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Citizens Committee for the Protection of the Environment Papers, 1966-1969. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Papers, 1922-1963 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Goss, Harold I. Maine elections : broadsides and ballots, 1953-1958. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Furlong, William Rea, 1881-1976. Papers of William Rea Furlong, 1892-1985 (bulk 1930-1945). Library of Congress
referencedIn Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Papers, 1885-1961 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Citizens Committee for the Protection of the Environment (Ossining, N.Y.). Records, 1966-1969. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bingham, Millicent Todd, 1880-1968. Millicent Todd Bingham papers, 1865-1968 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Peffer, Crawford A., 1868-1961. Crawford and Ella Peffer/Redpath Chautauqua collection, 1912-1997. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Harrell, Flynn T., 1934-. Flynn T. Harrell papers, 1948-1981 : collection of photographs and letters, chiefly of national political figures. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Nash, Ruth Cowan, 1901-. Papers: Series V-VII, 1935-1979 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966. Papers, 1856-1967, bulk 1901-1967. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Emery, Roscoe C., 1886-1969. Papers, 1830-1969 (bulk 1930-1968). Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Papers, ca. 1967 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-1995. Margaret Chase Smith typed letter signed, 1944 May 12. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Harvard Law School Forums Records Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Roberts, Dennis Joseph, 1903-1994. [Guide to the Dennis J. Roberts papers ] Providence College, Phillips Memorial Library, Phillips Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1975 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Ayers, Ross. Papers, 1968-1973. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Associates Newspaper Clippings, 1936 - 1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
contributorOf Lyndon Baines Johnson Archives Collection. 1931 - 1968. Congressional Correspondence Files Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Dean Acheson Papers. 1928 - 1972. Secretary of State Files, 1945 - 1972 Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Papers, ca. 1967 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Mueller, G. E. (George Edwin), 1918-. G.E. Mueller papers, 1876-1997 (bulk 1935-1995). Library of Congress
referencedIn Cumming, Adelaide Fish Hawley, 1905-. Papers, 1922-1967 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1935-1993 (inclusive), 1940-1968 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Morton, Thruston B. (Thruston Ballard), 1907-1982. Thruston B. Morton papers, 1933-1969, 1957-1961 (bulk dates). University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Bingham, Millicent Todd, 1880-1968. Papers, 1865-1968 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1922-1967 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records of the War Assets Administration, 1939 - 1958. Real Property Disposal Case Files, 1946 - 1949. Letter from U.S. Representative Margaret Chase Smith to Brigadier General John J. O'Brien, 6/28/1946. National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Records of Naval Districts and Shore Establishments, 1784 - 2000. Correspondence Concerning Ships, 1937 - 1954. Employees of the Portsmouth Navy yard Present a Gift to Sponsor U.S. Representative Margaret Chase Smith, 3/2/1945. National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAR. 1] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [AUG. 31] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Koo, V. K. Wellington, 1888-1985. Papers, [ca. 1906]-1976. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Manning, Marie, d. 1945. Papers, 1909-2000 (bulk 1930s-1945). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Candidates for public office campaign materials, 1966-1976 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966. Papers of Harry Flood Byrd [manuscript] 1911-65. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records of Naval Districts and Shore Establishments, 1784 - 2000. Property Disposal Files, 1960 - 1965. Letter of Inquiry Regarding U.S. Marine Corps Building in Lewiston, Maine, 5/17/1962. National Archives at Boston
referencedIn G. E. Mueller Papers, 1876-1997, (bulk 1935-1995) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988. Stellanova Osborn papers, 1916-1992. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Harry S. Truman Papers Pertaining to Family, Business and Personal Affairs, 1280 - 1975. Family Correspondence Files, 1910 - 1964. Correspondence from Harry S. Truman to Bess Wallace Truman, 1921-1959: June 1, 1950. Letter from Harry S. Truman to Bess W. Truman, 6/1/1950. Harry S. Truman Library
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (July 11) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Charl Ormond Williams Papers, 1924-1959, (bulk 1935-1945) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Linnell, Hazel E., 1905-2005. Hazel E. Linnell correspondence with Margaret Chase Smith, 1966-1969 (bulk, 1968). Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, 1892-1977. Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer papers, 1898-1978 (bulk 1933-1978). Library of Congress
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [SEPT. 22] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Newman, Pauline. Papers, 1903-1982 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 803 Richard Nixon Library
referencedIn Freedom House (U.S.). Freedom House archives, 1936-1997. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994. Papers of Hugh Scott [manuscript], 1925-1979. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-1995. Margaret Chase Smith : in her own words. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn William Rea Furlong Papers, 1892-1985, (bulk 1930-1945) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Stellanova Osborn papers, 1907-1988 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Williams, Charl Ormond, 1885-1969. Papers of Charl Ormond Williams, 1924-1959 (bulk 1935-1945). Library of Congress
referencedIn Curtis Putnam Nettels papers, 1917-1981. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Anne Henrietta Martin papers, 1892-1951. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Blair Moody Papers, 1928-1954, 1934-1952 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn John E. Fogarty papers, Fogarty, (John E, ) papers, 1941-1967 Phillips Memorial Library
referencedIn Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers, 1907-1965 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-. Miscellaneous papers. Jacksonville University, Carl S. Swisher Library
referencedIn Nettels, Curtis Putnam, 1898-1981. Curtis Putnam Nettels papers, 1917-1981. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Brewster, Daniel B. (Daniel Baugh), 1923-2007. Daniel B. Brewster Papers, 1950-2007 (bulk 1962-1968). University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
Relation Name
associatedWith Academy of Political Science (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Adelaide Fish Hawley Cumming person
associatedWith Alexander, Dolores. person
associatedWith Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966. person
associatedWith Arthur E. Scott, 1917-1976 person
associatedWith Ayers, Ross. person
associatedWith Batten, Pluma Burroughs Penton, 1894- person
associatedWith Bingham, Millicent Todd, 1880-1968. person
correspondedWith Brewster, Daniel B. (Daniel Baugh), 1923-2007. person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966. person
associatedWith California State University. Office of the Chancellor. Public Affairs Office corporateBody
associatedWith Citizens Committee for the Protection of the Environment (Ossining, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Cumming, Adelaide Fish Hawley, 1905- person
associatedWith Dolores Alexander corporateBody
associatedWith Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. person
associatedWith Emery, Roscoe C., 1886-1969. person
associatedWith Emma (Guffey) Miller, 1874-1970 person
associatedWith Flagg, Mildred Buchanan, 1886-1980. person
associatedWith Fogarty, John Edward, 1913-1967 person
correspondedWith Freedom House (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Furlong, William Rea, 1881-1976. person
associatedWith Harrell, Flynn T., 1934- person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith International Brotherhood of Paper Makers. Local 410 (Lincoln, Me.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Jane Barton person
associatedWith Jessica Weis, 1901-1963 person
associatedWith Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. person
associatedWith Koo, V. K. Wellington, 1888-1985. person
associatedWith Lamson, Peggy. person
correspondedWith Linnell, Hazel E., 1905-2005. person
correspondedWith Manning, Marie person
correspondedWith Manning, Marie, d. 1945. person
correspondedWith Marshall, Effie Lawrence, 1873-1970 person
associatedWith Marshall, Harry Ignatius, b. 1878 person
associatedWith MARTHA MAY ELIOT, 1891-1978 person
associatedWith Martin, Anne, 1875-1951. person
correspondedWith Matina Horner person
associatedWith Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. person
associatedWith Moody, Blair, 1902-1954 person
associatedWith Morton, Thruston B. (Thruston Ballard), 1907-1982. person
correspondedWith Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, 1892-1977. person
correspondedWith Mowrer, Lilian T. (Lilian Thomson). Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Lilian T. Mowrer papers. 1910-1970 person
correspondedWith Mueller, G. E. (George Edwin), 1918- person
associatedWith Nash, Ruth Cowan, 1901- person
associatedWith Nettels, Curtis Putnam, 1898-1981. person
associatedWith Neuberger, Richard L. (Richard Lewis), 1912-1960, person
associatedWith Newman, Pauline. person
associatedWith Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988. person
associatedWith PAULINE NEWMAN, 1888-1986 person
correspondedWith Peffer, Crawford A., 1868-1961. person
associatedWith Peggy Lamson person
associatedWith Pickering, William H., 1910-2004. person
associatedWith Pluma Burroughs (Penton) Batten, 1894- person
associatedWith Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 person
memberOf Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Roberts, Dennis Joseph, 1903-1994. person
associatedWith RUTH BALDWIN (COWAN) NASH, 1901-1993 person
associatedWith Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. person
associatedWith Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. person
associatedWith Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994. person
spouseOf Smith, Clyde Harold, 1876-1940 person
associatedWith Stein and Day Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. person
correspondedWith Unitarian Service Committee. corporateBody
memberOf United States. Air Force corporateBody
memberOf United States. Congress. House corporateBody
memberOf United States. Congress. Senate corporateBody
associatedWith Unity Sesquicentennial Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Warford, Pamela Neal. person
associatedWith Weis, Jessica McCullough, 1901-1963. person
associatedWith Whitney, George Herbert, 1878-1965. person
associatedWith Williams, Charl Ormond, 1885-1969. person
correspondedWith Williams, Helene Kravadze, d. 1993. person
correspondedWith Women's Equity Action League corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Skowhegan ME US
District of Columbia DC US
Skowhegan ME US
Subject
Women--Political activity
Women--Correspondence
Marriage
Women legislators
Occupation
Women legislators
Barbers
Professors (teacher)
Senators, U.S. Congress--Maine
Teachers
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Maine
Business executive
Function

Person

Birth 1897-12-14

Death 1995-05-29

Female

Americans

English

Information

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