Guide to the Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives Moving Images Collection, 1920-1969
There are 100 Entities related to this resource.
Herbert Henry Lehman (March 28, 1878 – December 5, 1963) was an American investment banker and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he notably served from 1933 until 1942 as the 45th Governor of New York and as U.S. Senator from New York between 1949 and 1957. Born in Manhattan, he attended The Sachs School and Sachs Collegiate Institute before earning a B.A. from Williams College. After graduating, Lehman worked in textile manufacturing, eventually becoming vice-president and treasu...
Arthur Joseph Goldberg (August 8, 1908 – January 19, 1990) was an American statesman and jurist who served as the 9th U.S. Secretary of Labor, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the 6th United States Ambassador to the United Nations. Born in Chicago, Illinois, Goldberg graduated from the Northwestern University School of Law in 1930. He became a prominent labor attorney and helped arrange the merger of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Indus...
Pete Seeger (1919-2014) was an American folk singer and social activist. As a member of the Weavers, Seeger was often heard on the radio in the early 1950s, most notably on their recording of Lead Belly's "Goodnight, Irene". In the 1960s, Seeger re-emerged on the public scene as a prominent singer of protest music in support of international disarmament, civil rights, counterculture, workers' rights, and environmental causes. A prolific songwriter, his best-known songs include "Where Have ...
Fiorello Henry La Guardia (born Fiorello Enrico La Guardia; December 11, 1882 – September 20, 1947) was an American attorney and politician who represented New York in the House of Representatives and served as the 99th Mayor of New York City from 1934 to 1945. Known for his irascible, energetic, and charismatic personality and diminutive stature, La Guardia is acclaimed as one of the greatest mayors in American history. Though a Republican, La Guardia was frequently cross-endorsed by other part...
The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), a Marxist-Leninist party aligned with the Soviet Union, was founded in 1919 in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution by the left wing members of the Socialist Party USA. These split into two groups, with each holding founding conventions in Chicago in September 1919: one which established the Communist Labor Party, and a second which established the Communist Party of America. In a 1920 Joint Unity Convention, a minority faction of t...
Cleveland Robinson was born in 1914 in Swabys Hope, a rural parish of Jamaica. After serving as a local constable and an elementary school teacher, he emigrated to the United States in 1944. On arrival he took a job in a Manhattan dry goods store and very soon became active in District 65, Distributive Workers. After organizing his own shop in 1947, he went on to become a steward, and then a full-time organizer for the union. He was elected vice-president in 1950 and secretary-treasurer in 1952,...
Eugene Victor "Gene" Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American socialist, political activist, trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States. Through his presidential candidacies as well as his work with labor movements, Debs eventually became one of the best-known socialists living in the United States. Early in his political career, Debs...
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company was the largest railroad in the United States in terms of corporate assets and traffic from the last quarter of the nineteenth century until the decline of the northeast's and midwest's dominance of manufacturing, caused by the evolution of the interstate highway system and the advancements in air transportation. Originally created by Philadelphia merchants in 1846, it sought to build a trunk route from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh via the Allegheny Mountains to c...
Harry Weinberger was born in New York City in 1888. He attended New York University and was admitted to the bar in 1908. A staunch believer in civil liberties, Weinberger defended many aliens, immigrants, anarchists, and other radicals, including Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, whom he believed had been deprived of their rights. He also developed an expertise in copyright law, representing many writers, including Eugene O'Neill. Weinberger died in 1944. From the description of Ha...
The AFL-CIO New York Central Labor Council (NYC CLC) had its origin in the Central Trades and Labor Council of Greater New York, a federation of New York City area unions affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. The CTLC was chartered by the AFL in 1920 and existed until it merged with the New York City CIO Council in 1959. Harry Van Arsdale Jr., Business Manager of the International Brotherhood of Electricians Local 3, became president of the Council in 1957 and served in that office u...
The Jewish Labor Committee was founded on February 25, 1934. Its first efforts were directed toward relieving the suffering of the victims of Nazi terror, participating in rescue work, and supporting the growing anti-Nazi labor resistance movement in Europe. Eventually, JLC became an organization that would articulate the Jewish perspective and interests of American Jewish workers on issues of national and international importance. JLC serves as a bridge between Jewish workers and the trade unio...
The Fifth Avenue Coach Company was incorporated in New York on July 25, 1896, as a reorganization of the Fifth Avenue Transportation Company, Ltd. (1885-95). The earlier firm held a franchise for operating horse-drawn omnibuses on Fifth Avenue from Bleecker to 89th Streets, streetcar tracks being banned from that fashionable thoroughfare. The reorganized company expanded the system by adding a number of branch lines. The company became a subsidiary of the Third Avenue Ra...
Joseph Sill Clark was a Democratic reform politician from Philadelphia. Early in his career he served as Campaign Manager for Richardson Dillworth's mayoral campaign, 1947, and as Philadelphia City Controller, 1950-1951. He served as Mayor of Philadelphia, 1951-1956, and from 1957-1968 he was a United States Senator from Pennsylvania. From the description of Papers, 1947-1968 (inclusive), 1956-1968 (bulk). (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122624830 ...
Ben Josephson (1895-1980), served in various administrative capacities at Camp Tamiment in Pennsylvania from 1941-1968. He was active in the Socialist Party and the labor movement. He was associated with the Rand School and was instrumental in the establishment of the Tamiment Library at NYU. Josephson gave support to the New Leader and Labor History and was elected, in 1976, President of the People's Educational Camp Society (PECS), the corporate entity that founded and oversaw Camp Tamiment. ...
The International Labour Organization was established in Geneva in 1919 at the end of the First World War, during the Peace Conference that convened at Paris and Versailles. Its aim was to promote the welfare of workers. From the description of Collection, 1919-1941, 1998. (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 70875785 ...
Frank Sheehan was a Labor MLA for Ballarat South, Victoria. From the description of Papers. 1983-1992. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 222128408 ...
Philip Murray was one of the most important American labor leaders of the twentieth century. As president of the Steelworkers Organizing Committee (SWOC), the United Steelworkers of America (USWA), and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), he played a pivotal role in the creation of industrial unions as well as the utilization of federal government support in the growth of unions in the United States. Philip Murray (May 25, 1886-November 9, 1952) was born in Blantyre, Scotland, on May ...
Labor leader. From the description of Reminiscences of Louis Hollander : lecture, 1963. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122574524 ...
Epithet: Director of Marks and Spencer Ltd British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000622.0x0002d2 ...
Labor union executive. From the description of Reminiscences of Joseph Curran : oral history, 1964. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309731534 ...
Much of the Transport Workers of America’s (TWU) history centers around the fiery figure of Mike Quill, President of the TWU from 1935 to 1966. Quill, born in Kilgarven, Ireland in 1905, started with the IRT subway as a ticket taker. With the financial support of the Communist Party, Quill, together with Maurice Forge, Austin Hogan, and Harry Sacher, was able to lead a successful organizing drive among New York City transit workers beginning in 1934. With Quill as President, the TWU...
The Teachers' Union (TU) of New York City was organized in 1916 and chartered as Local 5 of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT). Although constrained by the AFT's no-strike pledge, laws against strikes by public employees, the authoritarian and paternalistic policies of the Board of Education, and the resistance of many teachers to trade-union appeals, the Teacher' Union soon won a reputation for militancy. The Teachers' Union not only addressed the bread and butter issues of salaries, pen...
The People's Educational Camp Society (PECS), incorporated in New York in 1920, owned and operated Camp Tamiment, an educational and recreational summer resort (originally) for socialists and their families near Bushkill, Pa., until its sale in 1965 to commercial interests. As envisioned by its founders, members of the American Socialist Society, the Rand School's governing body, Camp Tamiment revenues helped support the Rand School and other progressive organizations, and provided the majority ...
Maurice Forge was born on October 6, 1902, in New York City. He worked as a commercial artist in the 1920s. After losing his job in 1930, he became a bus driver and later volunteered as an organizer for the fledgling Transport Workers Union. Forge eventually became editor of the union's newspaper, the TWU Bulletin, and the leading force in the union's Publicity Department. In the late 1930s he became a TWU vice-president and director of the union's new Air Transport Division. Airline organizing ...
Edith Abbott was born in Grand Island, Nebraska, in 1876. She received her A.B. from the University of Nebraska in 1901 and her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1905. From 1906 to 1908, she continued post-graduate studies in economics and political science at the University of London. In 1908, Edith returned to Chicago and became a resident of Hull House until 1920. Between 1908 and 1920, she served as Associate Director of the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy at the...
The Tamiment Library Web Archive (Labor and the Left): Education and Student Movements, was created with the Web Archiving Service from the California Digital Library. This service employs open source web archiving utilities developed by Internet Archive with the support of the The International Internet Preservation Consortium. The Web Archiving Service was made possible with support from the National Digital Information and Infrastructure Preservation Program and the University of California, ...
Presbyterian clergyman, of Sayreville, N.J. From the description of Papers, 1881-1929. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 28408996 ...
The New York Pubic Library purchased Arthur A. Schomburg's collection of books, pamphlets, prints and photographs in 1926 with funds from the Carnegie Corporation and housed at the 135th Street Branch Library of The New York Public Library. L. Hollingsworth Wood was appointed in 1925 by the Board of Trustees of The New York Public Library to purchase and provide guidelines for the Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature. Members of the Advisory Committee of the Arthur A. Schomburg Collection, i...
Algernon Lee was a socialist, educator and New York City alderman. After attending the University of Minnesota in the early 1890s, Lee worked as a political organizer for the Socialist Labor Party and served as editor of several socialist publications. In 1909 Lee became the Director of Education at the Rand School of Social Science. He held this position until his death in 1954. Lee was also an instructor in economics and American history at the Rand School. On the New York City Bo...
Labor official; interviewee d.1980. From the description of Reminiscences of George Meany : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122587289 President, AFL-CIO, 1955-1980. George Meany (1894-1980) was elected president of the American Federation of Labor (A.F. of L.) in 1952. His efforts to unite his organization with its rival, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), was successful, and he was ...
BIOGRAPHY NOTES: Michael John 0'Donovan, who wrote under the name Frank O'Connor, was born in 1903, in Cork, Ireland, and died of a heart attack on March 10, 1966 in Dublin, Ireland. Primarily known for his writing, his career included work as a librarian and theatre director. He taught at Harvard University, Northwestern University, and Stanford University. He received a Doctor of Letters from Dublin University and was associated with the Ir...
Jimmy Hoffa a U.S. union and labor leader. He was born in Brazil, Indiana in 1913 and began his work as a union organizer with Detroit's Local 299 of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters in 1932. By December, 1946 he was president of Local 299. In 1952 he was elected international vice president of the Teamsters Union, and in 1957 he became international president. Under his leadership, the Teamsters negotiated the National Master Freight Agreement, the first nationwide collective bargaini...
The Battle of Long Island (also known as the Battle of Brooklyn) occurred on August 27, 1776 in what is now the borough of Brooklyn, N.Y. The battle was the largest of the American Revolutionary War. It resulted in a victory for the British army and the retreat of the Continental Army through Manhattan and New Jersey into Pennsylvania. From the guide to the Battle of Long Island 200th anniversary proclamations, 1976, (Brooklyn Historical Society) ...
Much of the Transport Workers Union (TWU) history centers around the fiery figure of Michael Quill, President of the TWU from 1935 to 1966. Quill, born in Kilgarven, Ireland in 1905, started with the IRT subway as a ticket taker. It was only with the financial support of the Communist Party that Quill, together with Maurice Forge, Austin Hogan and Harry Sacher, was able to lead a successful organizing drive among New York City transit workers beginning in 1934. With Quill as President, the TWU o...
John L. Lewis was born in Lucas, Iowa in 1880. From 1917 until his death in 1969 he served the United Mine Workers of America, acting as its president from 1920 to 1960. Lewis led in the establishment of the Congress of Industrial Organizations and served as CIO president until his resignation from that post in 1940. From the description of Papers, 1879-1969. [microform] (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64091529 From its founding in 1935 until 1942, the hist...
The Committee for Industrial Organization was formed by the presidents of eight international unions in 1935. The presidents of these unions were dissatisfied with the American Federation of Labor's unwillingness to commit itself to a program of organizing industrial unions. In 1936, the A.F. of L. suspended the ten unions which proceeded to organize an independent federation, the Congress of Industrial Organizations. The CIO subsequently became the A.F. of L.'s chief rival for the leadership of...