McAfee, Mildred H. (Mildred Helen), 1900-1994

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Mildred Helen McAfee Horton (May 12, 1900 – September 2, 1994) was an American academic who served during World War II as first director of the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) in the United States Navy. She was the first woman commissioned in the U.S. Naval Reserve and the first woman to receive the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

In addition to her distinguished military service, Mildred H. McAfee was also the 7th president of Wellesley College. She was a U.S. delegate to the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and was co-chair of President John F. Kennedy's Women's Committee for Civil Rights.

As a pioneer for women's roles in the mid 20th Century, Mildred H. McAfee was the first woman to serve on the boards of New York Life Insurance, the New York Public Library, and RCA. She was the first woman chair of the Board of Trustees of the University of New Hampshire. As all of her work was compelled by her faith, she was first woman president of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and the first woman vice-president of the Federal Council of Churches and the National Council of Churches.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Pedro Salinas papers, ca. 1912-1975 (inclusive), 1936-1951 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information, 1926 - 1951. Photographs of Wartime Personalities, 1942 - 1945. McAfee, Mildred H. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965. Papers, 1903-2005 Harvard Art Museums. Archives
referencedIn Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937. The George Palmer Putnam Collection of Amelia Earhart Papers, 1785-1948 (inclusive), 1928-1937 (bulk). Purdue University Library
creatorOf MS Mus. 1640. Vol. xv. Constantinesco-Ramsay MacDonald.ff. 204. 305 x 230mmincludes:ff. 1-8. Harriet Cohen, CBE; pianist: Grégoire Constantinesco, Romanian Envoy: Letters from Grégoire Constantinesco to Harriet Cohen: 1931, n.d.: Fr.f. 7. Harriet... British Library
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Typed letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Miss [Mildred H.] McAfee May 31, 1939. Wellesley College
referencedIn Patton, Kennon B.H., 1918-. Papers, 1942-1945. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
creatorOf Wellesley College. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1942. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Collins, Winifred Quick, 1911-1999. Papers, ca. 1913-2000 (inclusive), 1937-1999 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. Interviews, 1981-1983 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Flagg, Mildred Buchanan, 1886-1980. Papers, 1876-1955 (inclusive), 1900-1955 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Correspondence, March, 1943. University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers, (inclusive), (bulk), ca.1913-2000, 1937-1999 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Aldrich, Eleanor L. Autograph letter signed Eleanor L. Aldrich (Mrs. Talbot Aldrich) to: Miss [Mildred Helen] McAfee January 24, [19]41. Wellesley College
referencedIn Pease, Arthur Stanley, 1881-1964. Correspondence and compositions, 1870-1963 Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers of Charlotte Hawkins Brown, 1900-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1878-1972. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Rich, Frances. Frances Rich papers, 1924-1988. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Records, 1951 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn John Mason Brown papers, 1922-1967. Houghton Library
referencedIn Wisdom, William B. William B. Wisdom collection of Thomas Wolfe. 1909-1959. Houghton Library
referencedIn Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. Records, 1981-1991 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958. Papers, 1935-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Horton, Mildred McAfee, 1900-1994. Reminiscences of Mildred McAfee Horton : oral history, 1982. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn American Council on Education. Records, 1951. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Horton, Mildred McAfee. Navy memories and commencement hopes : [commencement address delivered at] Mount Holyoke College, June 7, 1959 / Mildred McAfee Horton. Mount Holyoke College, Williston & Miles-Smith Library
Relation Name
associatedWith Aldrich, Eleanor L. person
associatedWith American Council on Education. corporateBody
associatedWith American Council on Education. Conference on Women in the Defense Decade, 1951. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Charlotte Hawkins, 1883-1961. person
correspondedWith Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969 person
associatedWith CHARLOTTE EUGENIA (HAWKINS) BROWN, 1883-1961 person
associatedWith Collins, Winifred Quick, 1911-1999. person
associatedWith Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937. person
associatedWith Flagg, Mildred Buchanan, 1886-1980. person
associatedWith Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. person
associatedWith La Piana, George, 1879-1971 person
associatedWith Mary (Ritter) Beard, 1876-1958 person
associatedWith Mount Holyoke College corporateBody
associatedWith Patton, Kennon B.H., 1918- person
correspondedWith Pease, Arthur Stanley, 1881- person
associatedWith Rich, Frances. person
associatedWith Sachs, Paul J., 1878-1965 person
associatedWith Salinas, Pedro, 1892-1951 person
associatedWith Sargeant, Helene K., person
associatedWith United States. Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith Wellesley College. corporateBody
correspondedWith Wisdom, William B., 1900-1977 person
associatedWith Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith World Council of Churches. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Parkville MO US
New Hampshire NH US
Subject
Work
Church and social problems
Women--Education (Higher)
Naval reserves
Women executives--Interviews
Church and state
Older people--Legal status, laws, etc
World War II, 1939-1945
Occupation
Academic Administrator
Naval Officer
Activity

Person

Birth 1900-05-12

Death 1994-09-02

Female

Americans

English

Information

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