The American Council on Education was established in 1918 to coordinate the services that educational institutions and organizations could contribute to the federal government during World War I. After the war it broadened and intensified its study of American education, developed a series of national educational examinations, expanded its services to member institutions and to educational institutions in general, and initiated and supported projects designed to promote better international understanding and relations.
The ACE Conference on Women in the Defense Decade was convened for the purpose of stimulating discussion as to "what women's attitudes, philosophy and activities should be" for the years 1951-1960. With the onset of the Cold War and the Korean conflict, particular emphasis was placed on the ways in which women could contribute to the defense and development of the United States.
From the guide to the Records, 1951, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)