Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945

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President emeritus of Wellesley College.

From the description of Correspondence, March, 1943. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34369957

Caroline Hazard, educator and author, was born in Peace Dale, Rhode Island, to Rowland and Margaret (Rood) Hazard on June 10, 1856. She was educated by private tutors at Mary A. Shaw's School in Providence and through private study in Europe. She subsequently assisted her father in his various business interests, in addition to maintaining a welfare center in Peace Dale where she taught sewing and other domestic skills.

In 1899 Hazard was elected to the presidency of Wellesley College, where she remained until her resignation for health reasons in 1910. As president of Wellesley, Hazard introduced household economics into the curriculum, placed the department on an academic basis, established a department of hygiene and physical education, founded the college choir, and had built with her own funds the home subsequently occupied by Wellesley College presidents. She presented the college library with 284 letters of Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning and, in her will, left the college a water color by John Ruskin.

In 1926 Hazard donated twenty thousand dollars to the Yale Divinity School for the Two Brothers Fellowship for biblical study abroad. The gift was made in memory of her two brothers, Frederick Rowland and Rowland Gibson Hazard.

In addition to her accomplishments in education, Hazard was also a prolific writer. During her long career, she authored The Memoirs of J.L. Diman (1886), Thomas Hazard, Son of Robert, Called College Tom (1893), Narragansett Ballads (1894), The Narragansett Friends Meeting (3 vols. 1899), Some Ideals in the Education of Women (1900), Scallop Shell of Quiet (1908), A Brief Pilgrimage in the Holy Land (1909), The College Year (1910), The Yosemite and Other Verse (1917), Anchors of Tradition (1924), From College Gates (1925), Songs in the Sun (1927), Transplanted Puritan (a novel, 1927), Homing (verse, 1929), A Precious Heritage (1929), Shards and Scarabs (verse, 1931), Threads From the Distaff (1934), The Golden State (verse, 1939), and Introduction to an Academic Courtship (1940). She also edited The Works of Rowland Gibson Hazard (4 vols.,1899), Esther B. Carpenter's South County Studies (1924), John Saffin, His Book,1664-1707 (1928), and Nailer Tom's Diary, 1778-1840 (1930). In addition, she was a frequent contributor of articles, essays, and verse to magazines and newspapers, including a column entitled "The Distaff" for the Providence Evening Bulletin.

As well as being an educator and author, Hazard was an active member of many philanthropic and cultural organizations. Her activities included the Gilbert Stuart Memorial, Inc. (president), the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History (honorary president), Rhode Island Historical Society (life member), American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, American Historical Association, American Political Science Association, Archaeological Institute of America, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Religious Educational Association, Daughters of the American Revolution (corporate member), Colonial Dames of Rhode Island, American Board of "Commissioners for Foreign Missions of the Congregational Church," and the Hall of Fame of New York University (elector).

During her life, Hazard was the recipient of honorary degrees from the University of Michigan and Brown University in 1899, Tufts College in 1905, Wellesley College in 1925, Mills College in 1931, and Rhode Island State College in 1942. Caroline Hazard died in Santa Barbara, California on March 19, 1945.

From the guide to the Caroline Hazard Papers, 1871-1939, Hazard (Caroline) papers, 1871-1939, (University of Rhode Island Library Special Collections and Archives Unit)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Autograph letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Miss [Elizabeth] Manwaring November 7, [1941]. Wellesley College
referencedIn Frederic Alcott Pratt papers on Louisa May Alcott's literary estate, 1877-1908. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910. Autograph letter signed Julia Ward Howe to: "My dear Miss Hazard" February 15, [s.d.]. Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Autograph letter signed Caroline Hazard to: "Dear Professor Palmer" June 17, 1930. Wellesley College
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Hazard. Wellesley College
referencedIn Foote, Arthur, 1853-1937. Heart o' love manuscript Harvard Musical Association
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Typed letter signed Caroline Hazard to: "My dear Miss Brown" December 13, 1905. Wellesley College
referencedIn Roberts Brothers (Boston, Mass.). Correspondence, 1882-1898, bulk 1838-1932. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Autograph letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Mr. Plimpton January 26, 1907. Wellesley College
referencedIn J. T. (John Townsend) Trowbridge papers, 1855-1939. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Additional papers, 1839-1895. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ferguson, Margaret Clay, 1863-1951. Autograph note from Margaret Clay Ferguson to: [Hugh Fullerton]. Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Autograph letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Mrs. Plimpton. Wellesley College
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Hazard April 25, 1908? Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Typed letter signed Caroline Hazard to: "My dear Professor Palmer." December 2, 1912. Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Typed letter signed Caroline Hazard to: "My dear Professor Palmer" June 10, 1930. Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Correspondence with Lewis George Sterner, 1929. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931. Autograph letter signed Daniel C. French to: Miss Hazard June 17, 1909. Wellesley College
referencedIn North, S. S. North, Washington, D.C., letter to Dr. Blumer, 1906 April 13. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Typed letter signed Caroline Hazard to: George A. Plimpton July 14, 1904. Wellesley College
creatorOf Keyes, Alicia M. (Alicia Mulliken), 1855-1924. Alicia M. Keyes papers, 1877-1941 (bulk 1882-1924). Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
creatorOf Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923. Autograph letter signed Edna Dean Proctor to: "My dear Miss Hazard" October 3, 1899. Wellesley College
creatorOf Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909. Autograph letter signed R.W.Gilder to: "My dear Miss Hazard" June 6, 1907. Wellesley College
creatorOf Ward, Lydia Avery Coonley, 1845-1924. Autographs collected and letters received by Lydia Avery Coonley Ward, 1705, 1785, 1848, 1861-1922 (bulk 1861-1922). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Autograph letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Miss Elizabeth Manwaring July 14, 1931. Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Rhode Island to Massachusetts, 1930 : poem, 1930 Oct. 4. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf James, William, 1842-1910. Autograph letter signed Wm. James to: "Miss Hazard" Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Autograph letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Mrs. Plimpton April 5, 1900. Wellesley College
creatorOf Caroline Hazard Papers, 1871-1939, Hazard (Caroline) papers, 1871-1939 University of Rhode Island Library Special Collections and Archives Unit
creatorOf Sharp, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Amelia), 1856-1932. Autograph letter signed Elizabeth to: Miss Hazard November 22, [s.d.]. Wellesley College
creatorOf Van Dyke, Henry, 1852-1933. Autograph letter signed Henry Van Dyke to: Miss Hazard November 18, 1903. Wellesley College
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Emerson, Eugenie Homer, 1854-1940. Emerson and Nichols papers, 1806-1953 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916. Autograph letter signed Josiah Royce to: "My Dear Miss Hazard." May 12, 1900. Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Typed letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Mrs. Plimpton March 19, 1900. Wellesley College
creatorOf Rand, Benjamin, 1856-1934. Autograph letter signed to:"Miss Hazard" Wellesley College
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed William Sharp to: Miss Hazard. Wellesley College
referencedIn Fisher, Irving, 1867-1947. Irving Fisher papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive), 1894-1947 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Blake family. Blake family papers, 1773-1921 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Correspondence, March, 1943. University of Michigan
referencedIn Letters and family papers, 1783-1957. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Emerson-Nichols Papers, 1806-1953 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Typed letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Miss [Mildred H.] McAfee May 31, 1939. Wellesley College
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Hazard May 6?], 1908? Wellesley College
creatorOf Sharp, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Amelia), 1856-1932. Autograph letter signed Elizabeth A. Sharp to: "My dear Miss Hazard" December 9],[1904?]. Wellesley College
referencedIn Cabot, Ella Lyman. Papers, 1855-1934 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Autograph letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Mrs. Plimpton December 10, 1900. Wellesley College
creatorOf Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. Autograph letter signed Caroline Hazard to: Mrs. Plimpton November 28, 1899. Wellesley College
referencedIn Irving Fisher papers, 1861-1976, 1894-1947 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Atwater, Richard Mead, 1844-1922. Papers. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Papers, 1873-1934 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. Autograph letter signed Cecilia Beaux to: Miss Hazard October 31, [1901?]. Wellesley College
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Atwater, Richard Mead, 1844-1922. person
associatedWith Bacon, Leonard, 1887-1954. person
associatedWith Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942. person
associatedWith Blake family. family
associatedWith Brown, Abbie Farwell, d. 1927. person
associatedWith Cabot, Ella Lyman. person
associatedWith Cambell, Jane. person
associatedWith Campbell, Polly. person
associatedWith Chiang, May-ling Soong, 1897-2003. person
associatedWith Davis, Caroline L. Carter. person
associatedWith Ella (Lyman) Cabot, 1866-1934 person
associatedWith Emerson, Eugenie Homer, 1854-1940. person
associatedWith Ferguson, Margaret Clay, 1863-1951. person
associatedWith Fisher, Irving, 1867-1947. person
associatedWith Fisher, Irving Norton, 1900- person
associatedWith Foote, Arthur, 1853-1937 person
associatedWith French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931. person
associatedWith Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909. person
associatedWith Gordon, Geraldine. person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Horton, Midred McAfee, 1900- person
associatedWith Houghton, Henry Oscar, 1823-1895 person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910. person
associatedWith James, William, 1842-1910. person
associatedWith Keyes, Alicia M. (Alicia Mulliken), 1855-1924. person
associatedWith Manwaring, Elizabeth Wheeler, b. 1879. person
associatedWith McAfee, Mildred H., 1900- person
associatedWith New York University. Hall of Fame corporateBody
associatedWith North, S. person
associatedWith Palmer, George Herbert, 1842-1933. person
correspondedWith Peabody, Marian Lawrence, 1875- person
associatedWith Plimpton, Frances Taylor Pearsons, 1861-1900. person
associatedWith Plimpton, George A. (George Arthur), 1855-1936. person
correspondedWith Pratt, Frederic Alcott, 1862-1910 person
associatedWith Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923. person
associatedWith Rand, Benjamin, 1856-1934. person
associatedWith Roberts Brothers (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916. person
associatedWith Sharp, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Amelia), 1856-1932. person
associatedWith Sharp, William, 1855-1905. person
correspondedWith Trowbridge, J. T. (John Townsend), 1827-1916 person
associatedWith Van Dyke, Henry, 1852-1933. person
associatedWith Ward, Lydia Avery Coonley, 1845-1924. person
associatedWith Wellesley College. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, Lucy, 1888- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
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Birth 1856

Death 1945

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