Mitchell, John, 1870-1919

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John Mitchell was born in Braidwood, Ill., on February 4, 1870. Between the ages of twelve and twenty he worked in the coal mines of Illinois, Colorado, and other states. Mitchell joined the United Mine Workers of America upon its founding in 1890, became an Illinois sub-district official in 1894, and was elected national vice-president in 1898. He assumed the presidency the following year.

Mitchell's greatest success was the organizing of the Pennsylvania anthracite fields and directing the Anthracite Strikes of 1900 and 1902. The latter was settled through the intervention of President Theodore Roosevelt and resulted in the appointment of the Anthracite Coal Strike Commission and a permanent board of conciliation to settle grievances. Mitchell also served as vice-president of the American Federation of Labor from 1898 to 1914.

Mitchell had assisted in the formation of the National Civic Federation in 1900 and, after resigning the UMWA presidency for reasons of health in March 1908, he became chairman of the NCF's Trade Agreement Department. The centrist, reform-minded NCF was anathema to the radical elements within the UMWA, since its membership also included bitter opponents of unionism. In 1911 they succeeded in making membership in the NCF grounds for expulsion from the miners' union, thus forcing Mitchell's resignation from the NCF.

After 1911 Mitchell became involved in the activities of a number of labor-oriented service organizations, including the National Child Labor Committee, the American Association for Labor Legislation, the New York Peace Society, the National Committee on Prison Labor, and the National Women's Trade Union League. He was a member of the New York State Workmen's Compensation Commission (1914-1915) and was named chairman of the New York State Industrial Commission in 1915. During World War I, he was also chairman of the New York Food Commission, which monitored food production and combatted price gouging. He died in New York City on September 9, 1919.

From the description of Papers, 1885-1919. [microfilm]. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86094009

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Kosik, Michael J., 1898-1967. Michael J. Kosik anthracite mineworkers collection, 1863-1916. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Curran, J. J. (John Joseph), 1859-1936. Papers, 1902-1926. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 1, part b. Correspondence (I-W), 1905-1910. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn Immigration Restriction League (U.S.) records, 1893-1921. Houghton Library.
referencedIn National Civic Federation records, 1894-1949, 1900-1920 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Labadie, Jo, 1850-1933. Jo Labadie papers, 1880-1931. University of Michigan
referencedIn United Mine Workers of America. International Executive Board. United Mine Workers of America, International Executive Board records, 1900-1989. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Mitchell, John, 1870-1919. Papers, 1885-1919. [microfilm]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Weyl, Walter E. (Walter Edward), 1873-1919. Walter E. Weyl papers, 1862-1956 (bulk 1911-1919). Rutgers University
creatorOf Mitchell, John, 1870-1919. John Mitchell papers, 1885-1919 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 2, part b. Correspondence (H-M), 1910-1915. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library.
referencedIn American Federation of Labor. American Federation of Labor records, 1883-1925. Library of Congress
referencedIn Buck's Stove & Range Company. Buck's Stove and Range Company vs. American Federation of Labor : legal documents, 1907-1913, bulk 1908-1910. Cornell University Library
referencedIn American Federation of Labor Records, 1883-1925 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Charles Francis, 1835-1915. person
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith Altgeld, John Peter, 1847-1902. person
associatedWith American Association for Labor Legislation. corporateBody
correspondedWith American Federation Labor person
correspondedWith American Federation of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith Baer, George F. (George Frederick), 1842-1914. person
associatedWith Beech Flats Coal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Betts, Charles H. (Charles Henry), 1863-1929. person
associatedWith Buck's Stove & Range Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Commons, John R. (John Rogers), 1862-1945. person
associatedWith Curran, J. J. (John Joseph), 1859-1936. person
associatedWith Darrow, Clarence, 1857-1938. person
associatedWith Davis, Thomas W. person
associatedWith Delaware and Hudson Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Dempsey, John T. (John Thomas), 1877- . person
associatedWith Dolan, Patrick, d. fl. 1900. person
associatedWith Duncan, James, 1857-1928. person
associatedWith Easley, Ralph M. (Ralph Montgomery), 1856-1939. person
associatedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969. person
associatedWith Fahy, John. person
associatedWith Farrington, Frank, 1873-1939. person
associatedWith George, Henry, 1862-1916. person
associatedWith Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924. person
associatedWith Green, William, 1870-1952. person
associatedWith Hanna, Marcus Alonzo, 1837-1904. person
associatedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964. person
associatedWith Illinois Coal Operators Association. corporateBody
correspondedWith Immigration Restriction League (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Jones, Mother, 1837-1930. person
associatedWith Keefe, Daniel J., 1855-1929. person
associatedWith Kehota Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Kosik, Michael J., 1898-1967. person
associatedWith Labadie, Jo, 1850-1933. person
associatedWith Lennon, John B. (John Brown), 1850-1923. person
associatedWith Lovejoy, Owen R. (Owen Reed), 1866-1961. person
associatedWith Low, Seth, 1850-1916. person
associatedWith Lynch, James M. (James Matthew), 1867-1930. person
associatedWith M. A. Hanna & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith McHenry, John G. (John Geiser), 1868-1912. person
associatedWith Morrison, Frank, 1859-1949. person
associatedWith National Child Labor Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Civic Federation. corporateBody
associatedWith National Committee on Prison Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith National Women's Trade Union League. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Food Commission (1917-1919) corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Industrial Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Workmen's Compensation Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Peabody Coal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Peabody, Francis S. person
associatedWith Penrose, Boies, 1860-1921. person
associatedWith Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946. person
associatedWith Pittsburgh Coal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Powderly, Terence Vincent, 1849-1924. person
associatedWith Ratchford, Michael D. b. 1860. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Southern Coal and Transportation Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Susquehanna Coal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944. person
associatedWith Turcheneske, John A., person
associatedWith United Mine Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith United Mine Workers of America. International Executive Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Anthracite Coal Strike Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Walker, John Hunter, 1872-1955. person
associatedWith Weyl, Walter E. (Walter Edward), 1873-1919. person
associatedWith White, John P. (John Phillip), 1870-1934. person
associatedWith Wilson, William Bauchop, 1862-1934. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Ohio
Illinois
Pennsylvania
Subject
Strip mining
Industrial relations
Anthracite Coal Strike, Pa., 1902
Anthracite Coal Strike, Pa., 1900
Coal miners
Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry
Eight-hour movement
Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining
Labor and laboring classes
Coal mines and mining
Anthracite coal industry
Grievance arbitration
Occupation
Miners
Function

Person

Birth 1870-02-04

Death 1919-09-09

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